Results for 'Jennifer Lipton'

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  1. Preschool Children's Mapping of Number Words to Nonsymbolic Numerosities.Jennifer S. Lipton & Elizabeth S. Spelke - unknown
    Five-year-old children categorized as skilled versus unskilled counters were given verbal estimation and number word comprehension tasks with numerosities 20 – 120. Skilled counters showed a linear relation between number words and nonsymbolic numerosities. Unskilled counters showed the same linear relation for smaller numbers to which they could count, but not for larger number words. Further tasks indicated that unskilled counters failed even to correctly order large number words differing by a 2 : 1 ratio, whereas they performed well on (...)
     
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  2.  50
    Preschool Children Master the Logic of Number Word Meanings.Jennifer S. Lipton & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2006 - Cognition 98 (3):57-66.
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  3.  39
    Non-Symbolic Arithmetic in Adults and Young Children.Hilary Barth, Kristen La Mont, Jennifer Lipton, Stanislas Dehaene, Nancy Kanwisher & Elizabeth Spelke - 2006 - Cognition 98 (3):199-222.
  4.  87
    Jennifer Hornsby.Jennifer Hornsby - 2005 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):107-130.
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  5.  57
    Jennifer McMahon, Art and Ethics in a Material World: Kant’s Pragmatist Legacy New York: Routledge, 2013 Pp. 250 ISBN 9780415504522 $125.00. [REVIEW]Jennifer K. Dobe - 2015 - Kantian Review 20 (2):336-341.
    Book Reviews Jennifer K. Dobe, Kantian Review, FirstView Article.
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  6.  55
    II—Jennifer Saul: What Are Intensional Transitives?Jennifer M. Saul - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):101-119.
  7. Liberalism, Democracy and Empire: Tocqueville on Algeria Jennifer Pitts.Jennifer Pitts - 2007 - In Raf Geenens & Annelien de Dijn (eds.), Reading Tocqueville: From Oracle to Actor. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 12.
     
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  8.  59
    Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions * by Jennifer Saul.Jennifer Saul - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):174-176.
    Philosophers of language have long recognized that in opaque contexts, such as those involving propositional attitude reports, substitution of co-referring names may not preserve truth value. For example, the name ‘Clark Kent’ cannot be substituted for ‘Superman’ in a context like:1. Lois believes that Superman can flywithout a change in truth value. In an earlier paper, Jennifer Saul demonstrated that substitution failure could also occur in ‘simple sentences’ where none of the ordinary opacity-producing conditions existed, such as:2. Superman leaps (...)
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  9. Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - London and New York: Routledge.
    "How do we go about weighing evidence, testing hypotheses and making inferences? According to the model of 'inference to the Best explanation', we work out what to inter from the evidence by thinking about what would actually explain that evidence, and we take the ability of a hypothesis to explain the evidence as a sign that the hypothesis is correct. In inference to the Best Explanation, Peter Lipton gives this important and influential idea the development and assessment it deserves." (...)
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  10.  2
    Dispositional Pluralism.Jennifer McKitrick - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Jennifer McKitrick offers an opinionated guide to the philosophy of dispositions. In her view, when an object has a disposition, it is such that, if a certain type of circumstance were to occur, a certain kind of event would occur. Since this is very common for this to be the case, dispositions are an abundant and diverse feature of our world.
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  11. The Paradoxical Home and Body in Jennifer Johnston’s The Christmas Tree (1981).Jennifer A. Slivka - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Humanities:1-15.
    Jennifer Johnston’s fiction presents the conditions of Irish culture and society by exploring the separations between interior and exterior realms and past and present temporalities persisting within the insulating privacy of the familial home space. In _The Christmas Tree_ (1981), the home is both haven and prison for Johnston’s heroine. In this paper, I argue that the home—which assumes the form of the individual body and the familial home—is paradoxical. The protagonist leaves 1950s Ireland because of the country’s rigid (...)
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  12.  4
    Alchemical Reading in Action: Jennifer M. Rampling: The Experimental Fire: Inventing English Alchemy, 1300-1700. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2020, 416 Pp, $35.00 HB. [REVIEW]Jennifer M. Rampling - 2021 - Metascience 30 (2):191-198.
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  13.  10
    Conversation Between Jennifer Herdt and Christopher Insole.Jennifer A. Herdt & Christopher Insole - 2021 - Studies in Christian Ethics 34 (3):283-289.
    This is a conversation held at the book launch for Christopher Insole’s Kant and the Divine: From Contemplation to the Moral Law, hosted jointly, in November 2020, by the Centre for Catholic Studies, Durham University, and the Australian Catholic University. The conversation covers the claim made by Insole that Kant believes in God, but is not a Christian, the way in which reason itself is divine for Kant, and the suggestion that reading Kant can open up new possibilities for dialogue (...)
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  14.  44
    Book Review: Jennifer Moberly, The Virtue of Bonhoeffer’s Ethics: A Study of Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s Ethics in Relation to Virtue Ethics. [REVIEW]Jennifer Moberly & Joel Biermann - 2015 - Studies in Christian Ethics 28 (2):240-242.
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  15. Dogwhistles, Political Manipulation, and Philosophy of Language.Jennifer Saul - 2018
  16.  29
    Plural but Equal: Group Identity and Voluntary Integration*: Jennifer Roback.Jennifer Roback - 1991 - Social Philosophy and Policy 8 (2):60-80.
    During this period, when disciples were growing in number, a grievance arose on the part of those who spoke Greek, against those who spoke the language of the Jews; they complained that their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution. When Americans think of ethnic conflict, conflict between blacks and whites comes to mind most immediately. Yet ethnic conflict is pervasive around the world. Azerbijanis and Turks in the Soviet Union; Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland; Arabs and Jews (...)
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  17.  24
    The Epistemology of Groups.Jennifer Lackey - 2020 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Jennifer Lackey presents a ground-breaking exploration of the epistemology of groups, and its implications for group agency and responsibility. She argues that group belief and knowledge depend on what individual group members do or are capable of doing, while being subject to group-level normative requirements.
  18. Rethinking Ibn ʻArabi.Gregory A. Lipton - 2018 - New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    The thirteenth century mystic Ibn ʻArabi was the foremost Sufi theorist of the premodern era. For more than a century, Western scholars and esotericists have heralded his universalism, arguing that he saw all contemporaneous religions as equally valid. In Rethinking Ibn ʻArabi, Gregory Lipton calls this image into question and throws into relief how Ibn ʻArabi's discourse is inseparably intertwined with the absolutist vision of his own religious milieu-- that is, the triumphant claim that Islam fulfilled, superseded, and therefore (...)
     
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  19. Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions • by Jennifer Saul.Jennifer Duke-Yonge - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):174-176.
    Philosophers of language have long recognized that in opaque contexts, such as those involving propositional attitude reports, substitution of co-referring names may not preserve truth value. For example, the name ‘Clark Kent’ cannot be substituted for ‘Superman’ in a context like:1. Lois believes that Superman can flywithout a change in truth value. In an earlier paper , Jennifer Saul demonstrated that substitution failure could also occur in ‘simple sentences’ where none of the ordinary opacity-producing conditions existed, such as:2. Superman (...)
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  20.  98
    Lipton on Compatible Contrasts.John W. Carroll - 1997 - Analysis 57 (3):170–178.
  21.  19
    Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - London and New York: Routledge.
    How do we go about weighing evidence, testing hypotheses, and making inferences? According to the model of _Inference to the Best Explanation_, we work out what to infer from the evidence by thinking about what would actually explain that evidence, and we take the ability of a hypothesis to explain the evidence as a sign that the hypothesis is correct. In _Inference to the Best Explanation_, Peter Lipton gives this important and influential idea the development and assessment it deserves. (...)
  22. Peter Lipton "Inference to the Best Explanation".Paschal O' Gorman - 1993 - Humana Mente:377.
  23. Learning From Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge.Jennifer Lackey - 2008 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Testimony is an invaluable source of knowledge. We rely on the reports of those around us for everything from the ingredients in our food and medicine to the identity of our family members. Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in the epistemology of testimony. Despite the multitude of views offered, a single thesis is nearly universally accepted: testimonial knowledge is acquired through the process of transmission from speaker to hearer. In this book, Jennifer Lackey shows that this (...)
  24. Peter Lipton, Inference to the Best Explanation Reviewed By.James Van Evra - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (3):207-208.
  25. Stand Up for Animal Welfare.Jennifer Stephan - 2022 - San Diego, CA: Referencepoint Press.
    Just like humans, animals experience pleasure and pain. Animals can be intelligent, curious, and social, but they can't speak for themselves. So, activists speak out for those that lack basic necessities and suffer mistreatment.
     
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  26. Peter Lipton, Inference to the Best Explanation. [REVIEW]James Van Evra - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12:207-208.
  27. Peter Lipton, Inference to the Best Explanation.G. Bowles - 1995 - Argumentation 9:863-867.
  28. The Epistemology of Testimony.Jennifer Lackey & Ernest Sosa (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Testimony is a crucial source of knowledge: we are to a large extent reliant upon what others tell us. It has been the subject of much recent interest in epistemology, and this volume collects twelve original essays on the topic by some of the world's leading philosophers. It will be the starting point for future research in this fertile field. Contributors include Robert Audi, C. A. J. Coady, Elizabeth Fricker, Richard Fumerton, Sanford C. Goldberg, Peter Graham, Jennifer Lackey, Keith (...)
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  29. Sara Lipton, Images of Intolerance: The Representation of Jews and Judaism in the “Bible Moralisée.” Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1999. Pp. Xvi, 241; 1 Diagram and 107 Black-and-White Figures. $60. [REVIEW]Andrew Colin Gow - 2001 - Speculum 76 (3):756-758.
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  30. Epistemic Territory.Jennifer Nagel - forthcoming - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association:67-86.
  31.  84
    Peter Lipton.Alien Abduction, Inference To & Best Explanation - 2007 - Episteme 7:239.
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  32.  49
    Possibilities of Perception.Jennifer Church (ed.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Jennifer Church presents a new account of perception, which shows how imagining alternative perspectives and possibilities plays a key role in creating and validating experiences of self-evident objectivity. She explores the nature of moral perception and aesthetic perception, and argues that perception can be both literal and substantive.
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  33. Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - London and New York: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.
    How do we go about weighing evidence, testing hypotheses, and making inferences? The model of " inference to the best explanation " -- that we infer the hypothesis that would, if correct, provide the best explanation of the available evidence--offers a compelling account of inferences both in science and in ordinary life. Widely cited by epistemologists and philosophers of science, IBE has nonetheless remained little more than a slogan. Now this influential work has been thoroughly revised and updated, and features (...)
  34.  26
    Peter Lipton (9th October 1954–25th November 2007).M. F.-S. & N. J. - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):1-.
  35.  17
    Algorithmic Fairness and the Situated Dynamics of Justice.Sina Fazelpour, Zachary C. Lipton & David Danks - 2022 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 52 (1):44-60.
    Machine learning algorithms are increasingly used to shape high-stake allocations, sparking research efforts to orient algorithm design towards ideals of justice and fairness. In this research on algorithmic fairness, normative theorizing has primarily focused on identification of “ideally fair” target states. In this paper, we argue that this preoccupation with target states in abstraction from the situated dynamics of deployment is misguided. We propose a framework that takes dynamic trajectories as direct objects of moral appraisal, highlighting three respects in which (...)
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  36.  4
    Theory, Evidence, and Explanation.Peter Lipton - 1995 - Dartmouth Publishing Company.
    This work on the philosophy of science shows how it cuts across the core areas of philosophy. Topics covered include the nature of natural laws; aleatory explanations; epistemology (The Dogma that Didn't Bark by Fodor); logic versus historical theories of confirmation; and much more.
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  37. Learning From Words.Jennifer Lackey - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):572-574.
    While much of our knowledge relies on testimony or the words of others, until recently few philosophers had much to say about the nature of testimony or how we learn from another's words, but testimony has now become a popular topic. Jennifer Lackey's Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge is a useful and intelligent guide, a well informed and appreciative but critical and provocative commentary on a large and growing body of literature.According to Lackey, most of (...)
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  38. Algorithmic Fairness From a Non-Ideal Perspective.Sina Fazelpour & Zachary C. Lipton - 2020 - Proceedings of the AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society.
    Inspired by recent breakthroughs in predictive modeling, practitioners in both industry and government have turned to machine learning with hopes of operationalizing predictions to drive automated decisions. Unfortunately, many social desiderata concerning consequential decisions, such as justice or fairness, have no natural formulation within a purely predictive framework. In efforts to mitigate these problems, researchers have proposed a variety of metrics for quantifying deviations from various statistical parities that we might expect to observe in a fair world and offered a (...)
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  39. The Costs of Upward Mobility.Jennifer M. Morton - 2023 - In Randall R. Curren (ed.), Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Routledge.
     
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  40. The Costs of Upward Mobility.Jennifer M. Morton - 2023 - In Randall R. Curren (ed.), Handbook of philosophy of education. Routledge.
     
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  41. Middle-Class Dharma: Women, Aspiration, and the Making of Contemporary Hinduism.Jennifer D. Ortegren - 2023 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    "You have to come to my wedding," Kavita told me, turning to face me where I sat next to her on the couch. "You can come with the other people from the street. You will get everything you need for your *research* there." "I will come, I will come!" I replied enthusiastically. I had only met Kavita and her two younger sisters, Arthi and Deepti (see Figure 2.1), mere minutes before this invitation was extended. I had initially come to Pulan (...)
     
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  42.  28
    Sara Lipton, Dark Mirror: The Medieval Origins of Anti-Semitism. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2014. Pp. Xi, 390; 111 Black-and-White Figures and 14 Color Plates. $37. ISBN: 978-0-8050-7910-4. [REVIEW]Pamela Patton - 2015 - Speculum 90 (2):556-558.
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  43. Lying, Misleading, and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics.Jennifer Mather Saul - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    1. Lying -- 2. The problem of what is said -- 3. What is said -- 4. Is lying worse than merely misleading? -- 5. Some interesting cases.
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  44.  5
    On Delusion.Jennifer Radden (ed.) - 2010 - Routledge.
    Delusions play a fundamental role in the history of psychology, philosophy and culture, dividing not only the mad from the sane but reason from unreason. Yet the very nature and extent of delusions are poorly understood. What are delusions? How do they differ from everyday errors or mistaken beliefs? Are they scientific categories? In this superb, panoramic investigation of delusion Jennifer Radden explores these questions and more, unravelling a fascinating story that ranges from Descartes’s demon to famous first-hand accounts (...)
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  45.  17
    Bochner and Ellis Collection on Autoethnography, Literature, Aesthetics.Jennifer L. Adams - 2005 - American Journal of Semiotics 21 (1/4):174-176.
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  46.  25
    Learning From Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Jennifer Lackey - 2012 - Philosophy Now 88:44-45.
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  47.  39
    Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (2):421-423.
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  48. Understanding Without Explanation.Peter Lipton - 2009 - In H. W. de Regt, S. Leonelli & K. Eigner (eds.), Scientific Understanding: Philosophical Perspectives. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 43-63.
  49. Explanation and Evidence.Peter Lipton - 1985
  50.  6
    Books Reviews.Peter Lipton - 1991 - Mind 100 (398):293-295.
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