Results for 'Jennifer M. Shutter'

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  1.  33
    Emotional Facial Expressions in Infancy.Linda A. Camras & Jennifer M. Shutter - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):120-129.
    In this article, we review empirical evidence regarding the relationship between facial expression and emotion during infancy. We focus on differential emotions theory’s view of this relationship because of its theoretical and methodological prominence. We conclude that current evidence fails to support its proposal regarding a set of pre-specified facial expressions that invariably reflect a corresponding set of discrete emotions in infants. Instead, the relationship between facial expression and emotion appears to be more complex. Some facial expressions may have different (...)
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  2.  22
    Complexities in the Study of Infant Emotional Facial Expressions.Jennifer M. Shutter & Linda A. Camras - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):137-138.
    In the target article, we reviewed empirical evidence regarding the relationship between facial expressions and emotion in infancy. In our response to commentators, we make three main points. First, we concur with Hertenstein that the field has thus far relied too heavily on deductive reasoning, and suggest that future research strike a balance between inductive and deductive reasoning. Second, we maintain that infant recognition of discrete emotions remains an open question. Third, we state our position regarding the revised version of (...)
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  3. Speaker Meaning, What is Said, and What is Implicated.Jennifer M. Saul - 2002 - Noûs 36 (2):228–248.
    [First Paragraph] Unlike so many other distinctions in philosophy, H P Grice's distinction between what is said and what is implicated has an immediate appeal: undergraduate students readily grasp that one who says 'someone shot my parents' has merely implicated rather than said that he was not the shooter [2]. It seems to capture things that we all really pay attention to in everyday conversation'this is why there are so many people whose entire sense of humour consists of deliberately ignoring (...)
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  4. The Immersive Spatiotemporal Hallucination Model of Dreaming.Jennifer M. Windt - 2010 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):295-316.
    The paper proposes a minimal definition of dreaming in terms of immersive spatiotemporal hallucination (ISTH) occurring in sleep or during sleep–wake transitions and under the assumption of reportability. I take these conditions to be both necessary and sufficient for dreaming to arise. While empirical research results may, in the future, allow for an extension of the concept of dreaming beyond sleep and possibly even independently of reportability, ISTH is part of any possible extension of this definition and thus is a (...)
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  5.  3
    Alchemical Reading in Action: Jennifer M. Rampling: The Experimental Fire: Inventing English Alchemy, 1300-1700. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2020, 416 Pp, $35.00 HB. [REVIEW]Jennifer M. Rampling - 2021 - Metascience 30 (2):191-198.
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  6. Wayne A. Davis, Implicature: Intention, Convention, and Principle in the Failure of Gricean Theory. [REVIEW]Jennifer M. Saul - 2001 - Noûs 35 (4):631-641.
  7. Racial Figleaves, the Shifting Boundaries of the Permissible, and the Rise of Donald Trump.Jennifer M. Saul - 2017 - Philosophical Topics 45 (2):97-116.
    The rise to power of Donald Trump has been shocking in many ways. One of these was that it disrupted the preexisting consensus that overt racism would be death to a national political campaign. In this paper, I argue that Trump made use of what I call “racial figleaves”—additional utterances that provide just enough cover to give reassurance to voters who are racially resentful but don’t wish to see themselves as racist. These figleaves also, I argue, play a key role (...)
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  8.  39
    Does Consciousness Disappear in Dreamless Sleep?Jennifer M. Windt, Tore Nielsen & Evan Thompson - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (12):871-882.
  9. Substitution and Simple Sentences.Jennifer M. Saul - 1997 - Analysis 57 (2):102–108.
  10.  30
    Categorical Perception for Emotional Faces.Jennifer M. B. Fugate - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):84-89.
    Categorical perception (CP) refers to how similar things look different depending on whether they are classified as the same category. Many studies demonstrate that adult humans show CP for human emotional faces. It is widely debated whether the effect can be accounted for solely by perceptual differences (structural differences among emotional faces) or whether additional perceiver-based conceptual knowledge is required. In this review, I discuss the phenomenon of CP and key studies showing CP for emotional faces. I then discuss a (...)
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  11.  21
    Accessing the Inaccessible: Redefining Play as a Spectrum.Jennifer M. Zosh, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Emily J. Hopkins, Hanne Jensen, Claire Liu, Dave Neale, S. Lynneth Solis & David Whitebread - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  12. Toward an Ecological Theory of the Norms of Practical Deliberation.Jennifer M. Morton - 2011 - European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):561-584.
    Abstract: Practical deliberation is deliberation concerning what to do governed by norms on intention (e.g. means-end coherence and consistency), which are taken to be a mark of rational deliberation. According to the theory of practical deliberation I develop in this paper we should think of the norms of rational practical deliberation ecologically: that is, the norms that constitute rational practical deliberation depend on the complex interaction between the psychological capacities of the agent in question and the agent's environment. I argue (...)
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  13.  97
    How to Integrate Dreaming Into a General Theory of Consciousness—A Critical Review of Existing Positions and Suggestions for Future Research.Jennifer M. Windt & Valdas Noreika - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1091-1107.
    In this paper, we address the different ways in which dream research can contribute to interdisciplinary consciousness research. As a second global state of consciousness aside from wakefulness, dreaming is an important contrast condition for theories of waking consciousness. However, programmatic suggestions for integrating dreaming into broader theories of consciousness, for instance by regarding dreams as a model system of standard or pathological wake states, have not yielded straightforward results. We review existing proposals for using dreaming as a model system, (...)
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  14. Beyond 'What'and 'How Many': Capacity, Complexity, and Resolution of Infants' Object Representations.Jennifer M. Zosh & Lisa Feigenson - 2009 - In Bruce M. Hood & Laurie Santos (eds.), The Origins of Object Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 25--51.
  15.  85
    Cultural Code‐Switching: Straddling the Achievement Gap.Jennifer M. Morton - 2014 - Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (3):259-281.
    The ability of agents to “culturally code-switch”, that is, switch between comprehensive, distinct, and potentially conflicting value systems has become a topic of interest to scholars examining the achievement gap because it appears to be a way for low-income minorities to remain authentically engaged with the values of their communities, while taking advantage of opportunities for further education and higher incomes available to those that participate in the middle-class. We have made some progress towards understanding code-switching in sociology, psychology, and (...)
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  16.  22
    Modelling the Effects of Semantic Ambiguity in Word Recognition.Jennifer M. Rodd, M. Gareth Gaskell & William D. Marslen-Wilson - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (1):89-104.
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  17.  22
    Tickle Me, I Think I Might Be Dreaming! Sensory Attenuation, Self-Other Distinction, and Predictive Processing in Lucid Dreams.Jennifer M. Windt, Dominic L. Harkness & Bigna Lenggenhager - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  18.  12
    Positive Emotions Enhance Recall of Peripheral Details.Jennifer M. Talarico, Dorthe Berntsen & David C. Rubin - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (2):380-398.
  19.  7
    Is Non-Conformity WEIRD? Cultural Variation in Adults’ Beliefs About Children’s Competency and Conformity.Jennifer M. Clegg, Nicole J. Wen & Cristine H. Legare - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (3):428-441.
  20.  55
    The Miseducation of the Elite.Jennifer M. Morton - 2021 - Journal of Political Philosophy 29 (1):3-24.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  21. Reply to Forbes.Jennifer M. Saul - 1997 - Analysis 57 (2):114–118.
  22.  8
    Memory for Multiple Visual Ensembles in Infancy.Jennifer M. Zosh, Justin Halberda & Lisa Feigenson - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (2):141-158.
  23. What is Said and Psychological Reality; Grice's Project and Relevance Theorists' Criticisms.Jennifer M. Saul - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (3):347-372.
  24. The Pragmatics of Attitude Ascription.Jennifer M. Saul - 1998 - Philosophical Studies 92 (3):363-389.
  25.  9
    Array Heterogeneity Prevents Catastrophic Forgetting in Infants.Jennifer M. Zosh & Lisa Feigenson - 2015 - Cognition 136:365-380.
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  26.  93
    Implementing the Responsibility to Protect: Where Expectations Meet Reality.Jennifer M. Welsh - 2010 - Ethics and International Affairs 24 (4):415-430.
    Scholars of RtoP need a much deeper understanding of both how norms evolve and the competing normative commitments that drive those who remain skeptical of endowing the international community with a responsibility to protect.
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  27.  35
    Conclusion: Humanitarian Intervention After 11 September.Jennifer M. Welsh - 2004 - In Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations. Oxford University Press.
    This concluding chapter assesses the debate over humanitarian intervention in the light of the events of September 11, 2001. On the one hand, it can be argued that 9/11 has reversed the momentum behind the norm of ‘sovereignty as responsibility’. In the course of waging the war on terrorism, the powers of sovereign states have been increased and the willingness of Western states to criticize the treatment of civilians within other sovereign jurisdictions appears to have weakened. On the other, there (...)
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  28. Reasoning Under Scarcity.Jennifer M. Morton - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (3):543-559.
    Practical deliberation consists in thinking about what to do. Such deliberation is deemed rational when it conforms to certain normative requirements. What is often ignored is the role that an agent's context can play in so-called ‘failures’ of rationality. In this paper, I use recent cognitive science research investigating the effects of resource-scarcity on decision-making and cognitive function to argue that context plays an important role in determining which norms should structure an agent's deliberation. This evidence undermines the view that (...)
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  29. Believing in Others.Sarah K. Paul & Jennifer M. Morton - 2018 - Philosophical Topics 46 (1):75-95.
    Suppose some person 'A' sets out to accomplish a difficult, long-term goal such as writing a passable Ph.D. thesis. What should you believe about whether A will succeed? The default answer is that you should believe whatever the total accessible evidence concerning A's abilities, circumstances, capacity for self-discipline, and so forth supports. But could it be that what you should believe depends in part on the relationship you have with A? We argue that it does, in the case where A (...)
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  30.  11
    Is Overconfidence a Motivated Bias? Experimental Evidence.Jennifer M. Logg, Uriel Haran & Don A. Moore - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (10):1445-1465.
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  31. The Road to Hell: Intentions and Propositional Attitude Ascription.Jennifer M. Saul - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (3):356–375.
  32.  17
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Modulates Efficiency of Reading Processes.Jennifer M. Thomson, Deniz Doruk, Bryan Mascio, Felipe Fregni & Carlo Cerruti - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  9
    The Problem with Hobby Lobby: Neoliberal Jurisprudence and Neoconservative Values.Jennifer M. Denbow - 2017 - Feminist Legal Studies 25 (2):165-184.
    This article explores the relationship between neoconservative values and neoliberalism in American jurisprudence through a critique of the US Supreme Court’s Hobby Lobby decision. The article uncovers how the Court imposes market-oriented logic on religious expression and in the process spiritualizes economic activity. In this way neoliberal rationality is intertwined with neoconservative values. For example, exercising religion through corporatization can be understood as a neoconservative moderation of the corrupting influence of excessive neoliberal individualism. Finally, while the decision furthers employer control (...)
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  34. Substitution, Simple Sentences, and Sex Scandals.Jennifer M. Saul - 1999 - Analysis 59 (2):106-112.
  35.  41
    The Evolution of Molecular Genetic Pathways and Networks.Jennifer M. Cork & Michael D. Purugganan - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (5):479-484.
  36. Taking Consequences Seriously: Objections to Humanitarian Intervention.Jennifer M. Welsh - 2003 - In Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations. Oxford University Press.
    Outlines and evaluates the political, legal, and ethical objections to humanitarian intervention. In so doing, it questions not only whether the doctrine of ‘sovereignty as responsibility’ has taken hold in international society, but also whether it should – particularly in the form suggested by Western states. The author argues that the ethical position of pluralism – as articulated by non-Western states – represents the most compelling case against humanitarian intervention, by emphasizing the impact on international society of relaxing the norm (...)
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  37.  13
    Adolescent Decisional Autonomy Regarding Participation in an Emergency Department Youth Violence Interview.Jennifer M. Cohn, Kenneth R. Ginsburg, Nancy Kassam-Adams & Joel A. Fein - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):70-74.
    Much attention has been given to determining whether an adolescent patient has the capacity to consent to research. This study explores the factors that influence adolescents' decisions to participate in a research study about youth violence and to determine positive or negative feelings elicited by being a research subject. The majority of subjects perceived their decision to participate to be free of coercion, and few felt badly about having participated. However, adolescents who were alone in the room during the assent (...)
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  38. Still an Attitude Problem.Jennifer M. Saul - 1993 - Linguistics and Philosophy 16 (4):423 - 435.
  39. Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations.Jennifer M. Welsh (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Should states use military force for humanitarian purposes? Leading scholars and practitioners provide practical and theoretical answers to this burning question, demonstrating why humanitarian intervention continues to be a controversial issue, not only for the UN, but also for Western states and humanitarian organizations.
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  40.  12
    Distinguishing Between Negative Emotions: Children's Understanding of the Social-Regulatory Aspects of Emotion.Jennifer M. Jenkins & Susan Ball - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (2):261-282.
  41.  51
    Depicting the Medieval Alchemical Cosmos.Jennifer M. Rampling - 2013 - Early Science and Medicine 18 (1-2):45-86.
  42. The Non-Cognitive Challenge to a Liberal Egalitarian Education.Jennifer M. Morton - 2011 - Theory and Research in Education 9 (3):233-250.
    Political liberalism, conceived of as a response to the diversity of conceptions of the good in multicultural societies, aims to put forward a proposal for how to organize political institutions that is acceptable to a wide range of citizens. It does so by remaining neutral between reasonable conceptions of the good while giving all citizens a fair opportunity to access the offices and positions which enable them to pursue their own conception of the good. Public educational institutions are at the (...)
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  43.  7
    Introduction.Jennifer M. Welsh - 2004 - In Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations. Oxford University Press.
    Three main themes emerge from this edited collection. First, there has been an increased incidence of intervention for humanitarian purposes since the end of the Cold War. In these cases, the alleged conflict between sovereignty and human rights has been addressed in one of two ways: through an evolution in the notion of sovereignty, from ‘sovereignty as authority’ to ‘sovereignty as responsibility’; and through an expanded definition of what constitutes a threat to international peace and security under Chapter VII of (...)
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  44. Altered Consciousness in Philosophy.Jennifer M. Windt - 2011 - In E. Cardeña & M. Winkelman (ed.), Altering Consciousness. Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Praeger..
     
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  45.  67
    Durkheim's Response to Feminism: Prescriptions for Women.Jennifer M. Lehmann - 1990 - Sociological Theory 8 (2):163-187.
  46.  25
    On Intuitionistic Modal and Tense Logics and Their Classical Companion Logics: Topological Semantics and Bisimulations.Jennifer M. Davoren - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (3):349-367.
    We take the well-known intuitionistic modal logic of Fischer Servi with semantics in bi-relational Kripke frames, and give the natural extension to topological Kripke frames. Fischer Servi’s two interaction conditions relating the intuitionistic pre-order with the modal accessibility relation generalize to the requirement that the relation and its inverse be lower semi-continuous with respect to the topology. We then investigate the notion of topological bisimulation relations between topological Kripke frames, as introduced by Aiello and van Benthem, and show that their (...)
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  47.  21
    Know My Own Mind? I Should Be so Lucky!Jennifer M. Gurd & John C. Marshall - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):47-48.
  48.  67
    Deliberating for Our Far Future Selves.Jennifer M. Morton - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (4):809-828.
    The temporal period between the moment of deliberation and the execution of the intention varies widely—from opening an umbrella when one feels the first raindrops hit to planning and writing a book. I investigate the distinctive ability that adult human beings have to deliberate for their far future selves exhibited at the latter end of this temporal spectrum, which I term prospective deliberation. What grounds it when it is successful? And, why does it fail in some cases? I shall argue (...)
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  49. Conclusion: The Evolution of Humanitarian Intervention in International Society.Jennifer M. Welsh - 2006 - In Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations. Oxford University Press. pp. 176--188.
  50.  10
    Author Meets Critics for Moving Up Without Losing Your Way: The Ethical Costs of Upward Mobility.Jennifer M. Morton - 2021 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 40 (6):677-681.
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