Results for 'Jennifer S. Pardo'

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  1.  51
    Is alignment always the result of automatic priming?Robert M. Krauss & Jennifer S. Pardo - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):203-204.
    Pickering & Garrod's (P&G's) mechanistic theory of dialogue attempts to detail the psychological processes involved in communication that are lacking in Clark's theory. By relying on automatic priming and alignment processes, however, the theory falters when it comes to explaining much of dialogic interaction. We argue for the inclusion of less automatic, though not completely conscious and deliberate, processes to explain such phenomena.
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  2.  28
    On the perceptual organization of speech.Robert E. Remez, Philip E. Rubin, Stefanie M. Berns & Jennifer S. Pardo - 1984 - Psychological Review 101 (1):129-156.
  3.  33
    The multiattribute linear ballistic accumulator model of context effects in multialternative choice.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Scott D. Brown & Andrew Heathcote - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (2):179-205.
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  4.  9
    Narratives of Participation in Autism Genetics Research.Jennifer S. Singh - 2015 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 40 (2):227-249.
    This article provides empirical evidence of the social context and moral reasoning embedded within a parents’ decision to participate in autism genetics research. Based on in-depth interviews of parents who donated their family’s blood and medical information to an autism genetic database, three narratives of participation are analyzed, including the altruistic parent, the obligated parent, and the diagnostic parent. Although parents in this study were not generally concerned with bioethical principles such as autonomy and the issues of informed consent and/or (...)
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  5.  20
    The fragile nature of contextual preference reversals: Reply to Tsetsos, Chater, and Usher (2015).Jennifer S. Trueblood, Scott D. Brown & Andrew Heathcote - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (4):848-853.
  6.  39
    A Quantum Probability Model of Causal Reasoning.Jennifer S. Trueblood & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  7.  27
    Quantum probability theory as a common framework for reasoning and similarity.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Emmanuel M. Pothos & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  8. Breif Summary of Current Book Project: Faring Well: A Theory of Well-Being.Jennifer S. Hawkins - manuscript
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  9.  95
    Beyond valence: Toward a model of emotion-specific influences on judgement and choice.Jennifer S. Lerner & Dacher Keltner - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (4):473-493.
    Most theories of affective influences on judgement and choice take a valence-based approach, contrasting the effects of positive versus negative feeling states. These approaches have not specified if and when distinct emotions of the same valence have different effects on judgement. In this article, we propose a model of emotion-specific influences on judgement and choice. We posit that each emotion is defined by a tendency to perceive new events and objects in ways that are consistent with the original cognitive-appraisal dimensions (...)
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  10. Preschool Children's Mapping of Number Words to Nonsymbolic Numerosities.Jennifer S. Lipton & Elizabeth S. Spelke - unknown
    Five-year-old children categorized as skilled versus unskilled counters were given verbal estimation and number word comprehension tasks with numerosities 20 – 120. Skilled counters showed a linear relation between number words and nonsymbolic numerosities. Unskilled counters showed the same linear relation for smaller numbers to which they could count, but not for larger number words. Further tasks indicated that unskilled counters failed even to correctly order large number words differing by a 2 : 1 ratio, whereas they performed well on (...)
     
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  11.  16
    Unruly Voices: Artists’ Books and Humanities Archives in Health Professions Education.Jennifer S. Tuttle & Cathleen Miller - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 41 (1):53-64.
    Martha A. Hall’s artists’ books documenting her experience of living with breast cancer offer future health professionals a unique opportunity to sit in the patient’s position of vulnerability and fear. Hall’s books have become a cornerstone of our medical humanities pedagogy at the Maine Women Writers Collection because of their emotional directness and their impact on readers. This essay examines the ways that Hall’s call for conversation with healthcare providers is enacted at the University of New England and provides a (...)
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  12.  25
    The Generalized Quantum Episodic Memory Model.Jennifer S. Trueblood & Pernille Hemmer - 2017 - Cognitive Science:2089-2125.
    Recent evidence suggests that experienced events are often mapped to too many episodic states, including those that are logically or experimentally incompatible with one another. For example, episodic over-distribution patterns show that the probability of accepting an item under different mutually exclusive conditions violates the disjunction rule. A related example, called subadditivity, occurs when the probability of accepting an item under mutually exclusive and exhaustive instruction conditions sums to a number >1. Both the over-distribution effect and subadditivity have been widely (...)
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  13.  5
    Ecological Revelations: Recovering the Unseen.Jennifer S. Thom - 2019 - Educational Studies 55 (5):510-530.
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  14.  19
    Exploring The Issues of Incorporating Cultural Differences in Education: A Curriculum Journey in Playwriting.Jennifer S. Thom & David Blades - 2014 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 50 (5):498-513.
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  15. A Quantum Probability Account of Order Effects in Inference.Jennifer S. Trueblood & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (8):1518-1552.
    Order of information plays a crucial role in the process of updating beliefs across time. In fact, the presence of order effects makes a classical or Bayesian approach to inference difficult. As a result, the existing models of inference, such as the belief-adjustment model, merely provide an ad hoc explanation for these effects. We postulate a quantum inference model for order effects based on the axiomatic principles of quantum probability theory. The quantum inference model explains order effects by transforming a (...)
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  16.  23
    Want to get your paper published? Please follow this virtuous guidance!Dima Jamali, Jennifer S. A. Leigh, Ralf Barkemeyer & Georges Samara - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (2):245-247.
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  17.  64
    Parental Influence on Eating Behavior: Conception to Adolescence.Jennifer S. Savage, Jennifer Orlet Fisher & Leann L. Birch - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):22-34.
    The first years of life mark a time of rapid development and dietary change, as children transition from an exclusive milk diet to a modified adult diet. During these early years, children's learning about food and eating plays a central role in shaping subsequent food choices, diet quality, and weight status. Parents play a powerful role in children's eating behavior, providing both genes and environment for children. For example, they influence children's developing preferences and eating behaviors by making some foods (...)
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  18.  94
    Exploitation and developing countries: The ethics of clinical research.Jennifer S. Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2008 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton Univ Pr.
    This book was inspired originally by the debates at the turn of the century about placebo controlled trials of antiretrovirals in HIV positive pregnant women in developing countries. Moving forward from this one limited example, the book includes several additional controversial cases of clinical research conducted in developing countries, and asks probing philosophical questions about the ethics of such trials. All clinical research by its very nature uses people to acquire generalizable knowledge to help future people. But what sorts of (...)
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  19.  33
    Insights into emotion regulation from neuropsychology.Jennifer S. Beer, Michael V. Lombardo & J. J. Gross - 2007 - In James J. Gross (ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation. Guilford Press. pp. 69--86.
  20.  94
    What’s the Point of Ceteris Paribus? or, How to Understand Supply and Demand Curves.Jennifer S. Jhun - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (2):271-292.
    Philosophers sometimes claim that economics, and the idealizing strategies it employs, is ultimately unable to provide genuine laws of nature. Therefore, unlike physics, it does not qualify as an actual science. Careful consideration of thermodynamics, a well-developed physical theory, reveals substantial parallels with economic methodology. The corrective account of scientific understanding I offer appreciates these parallels: understanding in terms of efficient performance.
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  21. Ways of Knowing Compassion: How Do We Come to Know, Understand, and Measure Compassion When We See It?Jennifer S. Mascaro, Marianne P. Florian, Marcia J. Ash, Patricia K. Palmer, Tyralynn Frazier, Paul Condon & Charles Raison - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Over the last decade, empirical research on compassion has burgeoned in the biomedical, clinical, translational, and foundational sciences. Increasingly sophisticated understandings and measures of compassion continue to emerge from the abundance of multi- and cross-disciplinary studies. Naturally, the diversity of research methods and theoretical frameworks employed presents a significant challenge to consensus and synthesis of this knowledge. To bring the empirical findings of separate and sometimes siloed disciplines into conversation with one another requires an examination of their disparate assumptions about (...)
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  22.  62
    Preschool children master the logic of number word meanings.Jennifer S. Lipton & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2006 - Cognition 98 (3):57-66.
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  23. The subjective intuition.Jennifer S. Hawkins - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (1):61 - 68.
    Theories of well-being are typically divided into subjective and objective. Subjective theories are those which make facts about a person’s welfare depend on facts about her actual or hypothetical mental states. I am interested in what motivates this approach to the theory of welfare. The contemporary view is that subjectivism is devoted to honoring the evaluative perspective of the individual, but this is both a misleading account of the motivations behind subjectivism, and a vision that dooms subjective theories to failure. (...)
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  24.  58
    When Public Health and Genetic Privacy Collide: Positive and Normative Theories Explaining How ACA's Expansion of Corporate Wellness Programs Conflicts with GINA's Privacy Rules.Jennifer S. Bard - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):469-487.
    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) contains many provisions intended to increase access to and lower the cost of health care by adopting public health measures. One of these promotes the use of at-work wellness programs by both providing employers with grants to develop these programs and also increasing their ability to tie the price employees pay for health insurance for participating in these programs and meeting specific health goals. Yet despite ACA's specific alteration of three (...)
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  25. Well-being, autonomy, and the horizon problem.Jennifer S. Hawkins - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (2):143-168.
    Desire satisfaction theorists and attitudinal-happiness theorists of well-being are committed to correcting the psychological attitudes upon which their theories are built. However, it is not often recognized that some of the attitudes in need of correction are evaluative attitudes. Moreover, it is hard to know how to correct for poor evaluative attitudes in ways that respect the traditional commitment to the authority of the individual subject's evaluative perspective. L. W. Sumner has proposed an autonomy-as-authenticity requirement to perform this task, but (...)
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  26.  13
    Disentangling prevalence induced biases in medical image decision-making.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Quentin Eichbaum, Adam C. Seegmiller, Charles Stratton, Payton O'Daniels & William R. Holmes - 2021 - Cognition 212 (C):104713.
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  27.  18
    Urgency, leakage, and the relative nature of information processing in decision-making.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Andrew Heathcote, Nathan J. Evans & William R. Holmes - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (1):160-186.
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  28.  77
    Learning from Law's Past: A Call for Caution in Incorporating New Innovations in Neuroscience.Jennifer S. Bard - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):73-75.
  29.  27
    Current Emotion Research in Social Neuroscience: How does emotion influence social cognition?Jennifer S. Beer - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (2):172-180.
    Neuroscience investigations of emotional influences on social cognition have been dominated by the somatic marker hypothesis and dual-process theories. Taken together, these lines of inquiry have not provided strong evidence that emotional influences on social cognition rely on neural systems which code for bodily signals of arousal nor distinguish emotional reasoning from other modes of reasoning. Recent findings raise the possibility that emotionally influenced social cognition relies on two stages of neural changes: once when emotion is elicited and a different (...)
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  30.  34
    Two-Hourly Repositioning for Prevention of Pressure Ulcers in the Elderly: Patient Safety or Elder Abuse?Catherine A. Sharp, Jennifer S. Schulz Moore & Mary-Louise McLaws - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (1):17-34.
    For decades, aged care facility residents at risk of pressure ulcers have been repositioned at two-hour intervals, twenty-four-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week. Yet, PUs still develop. We used a cross-sectional survey of eighty randomly selected medical records of residents aged ≥ 65 years from eight Australian Residential Aged Care Facilities to determine the number of residents at risk of PUs, the use of two-hourly repositioning, and the presence of PUs in the last week of life. Despite 91 per cent of residents identified as (...)
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  31.  23
    Parental Influence on Eating Behavior: Conception to Adolescence.Jennifer S. Savage, Jennifer Orlet Fisher & Leann L. Birch - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):22-34.
    Eating behaviors evolve during the first years of life as biological and behavioral processes directed towards meeting requirements for health and growth. For the vast majority of human history, food scarcity has constituted a major threat to survival, and human eating behavior and child feeding practices have evolved in response to this threat. Because infants are born into a wide variety of cultures and cuisines, they come equipped as young omnivores with a set of behavioral predispositions that allow them to (...)
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  32.  16
    When Public Health and Genetic Privacy Collide: Positive and Normative Theories Explaining How ACA's Expansion of Corporate Wellness Programs Conflicts with GINA's Privacy Rules.Jennifer S. Bard - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):469-487.
    The passing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is a triumph for the field of public health. Its inclusion of many provisions intended to prevent illness and promote health endorses the core belief of public health as expressed by Dr. Georges Benjamin, the long-time executive director of the American Public Health Association, in a Washington Post opinion piece praising ACA for “provid[ing] care as far upstream as possible… [in order to] reduce costs by identifying problems early and then (...)
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  33. What is unique about self-conscious emotions?Jennifer S. Beer & Dacher Keltner - 2004 - Psychological Inquiry 15 (2):126-128.
  34.  17
    Personal Utility and Early Intervention in Alzheimer’s Disease.Ana M. Tyler, Jennifer S. Yokoyama & Jalayne J. Arias - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 12 (4):226-228.
    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in its most common form results in cognitive changes in memory function leading to dementia due to underlying neurodegenerative disease. Recent research advancements in AD...
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  35.  13
    Transcendental Inquiry and the Belief in Body: Comments on Rocknak's Imagined Causes.Jennifer S. Marušić - 2019 - Hume Studies 45 (1):69-75.
  36. Multi-Model Reasoning in Economics: The Case of COMPASS.Jennifer S. Jhun - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science:1-28.
    Economists often consult multiple models in order to combat model uncertainty in the face of misspecification. By examining modeling practices at the Bank of England, this paper identifies an important, but underappreciated modeling procedure. Sometimes an idealized model is manipulated to reproduce the results from another distinct auxiliary model, ones which it could not produce on its own. However, this procedure does not involve making the original model “more realistic,” insofar as this means adding in additional causal factors. This suggests (...)
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  37.  93
    Justice and Placebo Controls.Jennifer S. Hawkins - 2006 - Social Theory and Practice 32 (3):467-496.
  38.  15
    Futility on the Border.Jennifer S. Bard - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (4):11-12.
    Miguel is an eighteen‐year‐old male transferred to Alamo Hospital for antivenom treatment after a rattlesnake bite while sleeping on railroad tracks. His “coyote,” an individual who guides undocumented people across the U.S. border from Mexico, dropped him off at a clinic. By the time Miguel was transferred from the clinic to Alamo, he was in complete paralysis and at risk for heart failure, requiring ventilator support to breathe. A person who receives treatment for a snake bite within one to two (...)
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  39.  18
    Soldiers and Sailors in Aristophanes' Babylonians.Jennifer S. Starkey - 2013 - Classical Quarterly 63 (2):501-510.
    Only two articles in the past century have attempted reconstructions of this play: Gilbert Norwood in 1930 conjectured a basis in tragic burlesque, specifically a parody of Aeschylus’Edoni, due largely to the presence of Dionysus and a chorus of Babylonians. An entirely different plot was proposed in 1983 by David Welsh, who took as his starting point Herodotus’ account of the fall of Babylon; he thought that the chorus, envisioned as a group of refugees from the Persian empire, reflected the (...)
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  40.  30
    Lack of Political Will and Public Trust Dooms Presumed Consent.Jennifer S. Bard - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):44-46.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 2, Page 44-46, February 2012.
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  41.  35
    Teaching Health Law.Jennifer S. Bard - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):841-850.
  42.  20
    The neural mediators of kindness-based meditation: a theoretical model.Jennifer S. Mascaro, Alana Darcher, Lobsang T. Negi & Charles L. Raison - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  43.  32
    Introducing Law Students to Public Health Law through a Bed Bug Scenario.Jennifer S. Bard - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (s2):7-11.
    Bedbugs are tiny, wingless insects which feed on mammal blood and leave behind painful, itchy sores. Although they can live in other settings, they are most commonly found in warm, dark places inhabited by humans, like beds. After being absent in the United States for over 60 years, thanks to powerful pesticides, bed bugs, have returned in force and are present in every state and nearly every city. For reasons not entirely understood, bed bugs have developed resistance to traditional pesticides (...)
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  44.  13
    Teaching Health Law.Jennifer S. Bard - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):841-850.
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  45.  16
    Teaching Health Law What We in Law Can Learn from Our Colleagues in Medicine about Teaching Students How to Practice Their Chosen Profession.Jennifer S. Bard - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):841-850.
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  46.  19
    Would Research Ethics Survive the Defunding of the Research University?Jennifer S. Bard - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (1):11-12.
    The future of biomedical and scientific research in the United States is inextricably attached to the universities and academic medical centers funded by the government. And the work many of us do commenting on ethical issues arising from that funded research is dependent on its continuation. Yet the institutions of higher education and the academic medical centers where this federally funded research takes place are under attack on many fronts. What would the world look like without federally supported research universities? (...)
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  47.  13
    What do we know about positive appraisals? Low cognitive cost, orbitofrontal-striatal connectivity, and only short-term bolstering of resilience.Jennifer S. Beer & Taru Flagan - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  48. Evolutionary Algorithms.Jennifer S. Hallinan & Janet Wiles - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  49.  8
    When a gain becomes a loss: The effect of wealth predictions on financial decisions.Jennifer S. Trueblood & Abigail B. Sussman - 2021 - Cognition 215 (C):104822.
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  50.  35
    Recovery Poets, Recovery Workers: Labor and Place in the Dialogical Way‐Finding of Homeless Addicts in Therapy.Jennifer S. Bowles - 2016 - Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (1):51-74.
    In recent years, anthropologists have built a rich body of ethnography on the experience of addiction, including important cultural critiques of treatment systems. Yet little has been written from the perspective of those who work in the everyday to help others recover from substance abuse. In this article, I reflect on my labor as a clinical social worker providing therapy for homeless women and men who struggle with addiction. Building on the eloquence of those who seek to recover, recovery poets, (...)
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