Results for 'Jennifer Swanson'

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  1.  24
    Contractualism and the Moral Status of Animals.Jennifer Swanson - 2011 - Between the Species 14 (1):1.
    While contractualism seems to solve some of the more pressing concerns of other moral theories, it does not conclusively address the moral status of non-human animals. Peter Carruthers claims that contractualism excludes animals from having full moral status. I argue that Carruthers’ arguments are fatally flawed due to his reliance on contradictory claims, unlikely assumptions, and flagrant violations of the contractualist method. However, Carruthers also claims that we can treat animals wrongly and that it deserves moral criticism. This claim is (...)
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  2.  68
    Critical Notice of Jason Stanley’s How Propaganda Works.Eric Swanson - 2017 - Mind 126 (503):937-947.
    © Swanson 2017How Propaganda Works is a brilliant, rich, and wide-ranging exploration of the interactions between ideology, inequality, democracy and propaganda. Read as a piece of analytic political philosophy, it is radical, arguing for bold theses about democracy: legitimate democratic deliberation, Stanley contends, requires not only political equality but also substantive material equality. Read as a piece of analytic epistemology and philosophy of language, it is more modest, but nevertheless very compelling, extending well-established work in fascinating but methodologically conservative (...)
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  3.  12
    Toward a Psychology of Metaphor.Don R. Swanson - 1978 - Critical Inquiry 5 (1):163-166.
    How and why does a metaphor work? What happens to us when we hear or read one? My guess is that a metaphor, because it is an erroneous statement, conflicts with our expectations. It releases, triggers, and stimulates our predisposition to detect error and to take corrective action. We do not dismiss or reject a metaphor as simply a false statement for we recognize it as a metaphor and know as [Donald] Davidson suggests that it alludes to something else that (...)
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  4.  28
    The Buck Stops Here: Why Universities Must Reclaim Business Ethics Education. [REVIEW]Diane L. Swanson - 2004 - Journal of Academic Ethics 2 (1):43-61.
    Given the groundswell of corporate misconduct, the need for better business ethics education seems obvious. Yet many business schools continue to sidestep this responsibility, a policy tacitly approved by their accrediting agency, the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB). Some schools have even gone so far as to cut ethics courses in the wake of corporate scandals. In this essay I discuss some reasons for this failure of business school responsibility and argue that top university officials must go (...)
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  5. On Scope Relations Between Quantifiers and Epistemic Modals.Eric Swanson - 2010 - Journal of Semantics 27 (4):529-540.
    This paper presents and discusses a range of counterexamples to the common view that quantifiers cannot take scope over epistemic modals. Some of the counterexamples raise problems for ‘force modifier’ theories of epistemic modals. Some of the counterexamples raise problems for Robert Stalnaker’s theory of counterfactuals, according to which a special kind of epistemic modal must be able to scope over a whole counterfactual. Finally, some of the counterexamples suggest that David Lewis must countenance ‘would’ counterfactuals in which a covert (...)
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  6. Modality in Language.Eric Swanson - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (6):1193-1207.
    This article discusses some of the ways in which natural language can express modal information – information which is, to a first approximation, about what could be or must be the case, as opposed to being about what actually is the case. It motivates, explains, and raises problems for Angelika Kratzer's influential theory of modal auxiliaries, and introduces a new approach to one important debate about the relationships between modality, evidentiality, context change, and imperative force.
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  7. Lessons From The Context Sensitivity of Causal Talk.Eric Swanson - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (5):221-242.
  8.  94
    How Not to Theorize About the Language of Subjective Uncertainty.Eric Swanson - 2009 - In Andy Egan & B. Weatherson (eds.), Epistemic Modality. Oxford University Press.
    A successful theory of the language of subjective uncertainty would meet several important constraints. First, it would explain how use of the language of subjective uncertainty affects addressees’ states of subjective uncertainty. Second, it would explain how such use affects what possibilities are treated as live for purposes of conversation. Third, it would accommodate 'quantifying in' to the scope of epistemic modals. Fourth, it would explain the norms governing the language of subjective uncertainty, and the differences between them and the (...)
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  9.  65
    On the Treatment of Incomparability in Ordering Semantics and Premise Semantics.Eric Swanson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (6):693-713.
    In his original semantics for counterfactuals, David Lewis presupposed that the ordering of worlds relevant to the evaluation of a counterfactual admitted no incomparability between worlds. He later came to abandon this assumption. But the approach to incomparability he endorsed makes counterintuitive predictions about a class of examples circumscribed in this paper. The same underlying problem is present in the theories of modals and conditionals developed by Bas van Fraassen, Frank Veltman, and Angelika Kratzer. I show how to reformulate all (...)
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  10. Structurally Defined Alternatives and Lexicalizations of XOR.Eric Swanson - 2010 - Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (1):31-36.
    In his recent paper on the symmetry problem Roni Katzir argues that the only relevant factor for the calculation of any Quantity implicature is syntactic structure. I first refute Katzir’s thesis with three examples that show that structural complexity is irrelevant to the calculation of some Quantity implicatures. I then argue that it is inadvisable to assume—as Katzir and others do—that exactly one factor is relevant to the calculation of any Quantity implicature.
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  11.  97
    Propositional Attitudes.Eric Swanson - 2010 - In Claudia Maienborn, Klaus von Heusinger & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter (Draft -- Forthcoming).
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  12. A Footnote to Mrs. Lazerowitz on Wittgenstein.J. W. Swanson - 1959 - Journal of Philosophy 56 (16):678-679.
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  13. The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy.Judith A. Swanson - 1992 - Cornell University Press.
  14. Experience and Theory.L. Foster & J. W. Swanson (eds.) - 1970 - Humanities Press.
  15. On Models.J. W. Swanson - 1966 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 17 (4):297-311.
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  16.  24
    A Critical Evaluation of Etzioni's Socioeconomic Theory: Implications for the Field of Business Ethics. [REVIEW]Diane Swanson - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):545 - 553.
    Given the pervasive influence of neoclassical economic theory on the field of business, the opposition of the standard economists to the inclusion of moral factors in economic decisions provides an intellectual resistance to the ideas of many business ethicists. Etzioni (1988) offers a theoretical alternative to the neoclassical model, an alternative that includes a moral dimension. This article: (1) highlights the differences between Etzioni''s proposed model and the neoclassical economic paradigm; (2) describes and critically evaluates Etzioni''s proposed theory in view (...)
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  17.  21
    Treatment Decisions for Terminally Ill Patients: Physicians?Legal Defensiveness and Knowledge of Medical Law.S. McCrary, Jeffrey W. Swanson, Henry S. Perkins & William J. Winslade - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):364-376.
  18.  38
    On the D-Thesis.J. W. Swanson - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (1):59-68.
  19.  89
    Linguistic Relativity and Translation.J. W. Swanson - 1961 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (2):185-192.
  20.  36
    Doing All They Can: Physicians Who Deny Medical Futility.Jeffrey W. Swanson & S. McCrary - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (4):318-326.
  21.  81
    An Unresolved Problem in Transformational Grammar.J. W. Swanson - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (5):124-131.
  22.  68
    The Language of Causation.Eric Swanson - forthcoming - In Delia Graff Fara & Gillian Russell (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Routledge.
  23.  72
    Constraint Semantics and its Application to Conditionals.Eric Swanson - manuscript
    We can think of ordinary truth-conditional semantics as giving us constraints on cognitive states. But constraints on cognitive states can be more complicated than simply believing a proposition. And we communicate more complicated constraints on cognitive states. We also communicate constraints that seem to bear on affective and conative states.
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  24.  48
    On a Problem of Nicod and Strawson.J. W. Swanson - 1967 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 28 (2):222-229.
  25.  67
    Pronouns and Complex Demonstratives.Eric Swanson - manuscript
    Until recently it was standard to think that all demonstratives are directly referential. This assumption has played important roles in work on perception, reference, mental content, and the nature of propositions. But Jeff King claims that demonstratives with a nominal complement (like ‘that dog’) are quantifiers, largely because there are cases in which the semantic value of such a “complex demonstrative” is not simply an object (2001). Although I agree with King that such cases preclude a directly referential, Kaplanian semantics (...)
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  26.  30
    On the Calculus Ratiocinator.J. W. Swanson - 1965 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 8 (1-4):315 – 331.
    The project, entertained by Leibniz and others, of creating an ideal language to facilitate ratiocination, is investigated in detail. Six possible relations between the ideal language (IL) and the natural language (NL) it replaces are studied. (1) IL says exactly what NL says, but says it much more clearly. (2) IL says exactly what NL says, but does so more economically. (3) IL says exactly what NL says, but does so more succinctly. (4) IL says part of what NL says, (...)
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  27.  63
    On the Kemeny-Oppenheim Treatment of Reduction.J. W. Swanson - 1962 - Philosophical Studies 13 (6):94-96.
  28.  41
    The Singular Case of the Null Individual in the Empty Domain.J. W. Swanson - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (24):772-776.
  29.  38
    On the Formalisation of Set Theory.J. W. Swanson - 1966 - Mind 75 (300):569-572.
  30.  20
    The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr.R. N. Swanson - 2006 - Heythrop Journal 47 (4):640–641.
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  31.  33
    Reflections on Meaning.E. Swanson - 2009 - Philosophical Review 118 (1):131-134.
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  32.  8
    The Powers and Capabilities of Selves: Social and Collective Approaches.Guy E. Swanson - 1985 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 15 (3):331–354.
  33.  13
    The Primary Process of Groups, its Systematics and Representation.Guy E. Swanson - 1974 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 4 (1):53–69.
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  34.  32
    Book Review:Conceptual Foundations of Scientific Thought: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science Marx Wartofsky. [REVIEW]J. W. Swanson - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (2):221-.
  35. Note on Gibbard, ‘Rational Credence and the Value of Truth’.Eric Swanson - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Epistemology 2.
     
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  36.  24
    A Civil Art: The Persuasive Moral Voice of Oscar Romero.Tod D. Swanson - 2001 - Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):127 - 144.
    When moral or religious teachings have public and political effects, analysis usually focuses on the message, but attention to the manner in which the teachings are communicated is equally important in understanding their power to influence the course of events. Oscar Romero's particular style of moral discourse was remarkably effective for three reasons: First, his moral reasoning resonated with Salvadoran identity. It was intelligible within those reigning assumptions about national history and territory that could actually move a public to action. (...)
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  37.  28
    John Wyclif: Myth and Reality. By G. R. evansJohn Wyclif: Scriptural Logic, Real Presence, and the Parameters of Orthodoxy. By Ian Christopher Levy. [REVIEW]R. N. Swanson - 2008 - Heythrop Journal 49 (4):680–681.
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  38.  15
    Voices in Dialogue: Reading Women in the Middle Ages. Edited by Linda Olson and Kathryn Kerby-Fulton.R. N. Swanson - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (2):296–298.
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  39.  11
    The Uses of Script and Print, 1300–1700 Edited by Julia Crick and Alexandra Walsham.R. N. Swanson - 2006 - Heythrop Journal 47 (4):643–644.
  40.  10
    Reality Fictions: Romance, History, and Governmental Authority, 1025–1180. By Robert M.Stein.R. N. Swanson - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (5):794–795.
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  41.  21
    The Mind's Eye: Art and Theological Argument in the Middle Ages. Edited by Jeffrey F. Hamburger and Anne-Marie Bouché.R. N. Swanson - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (5):796–797.
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  42.  19
    Power Over the Body, Equality in the Family: Rights and Domestic Relations in Medieval Canon Law by Charles J. Reid, Jr.R. N. Swanson - 2006 - Heythrop Journal 47 (4):638–639.
  43.  14
    Quantifying Efficacy of Chemotherapy of Brain Tumors with Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Drug Delivery.Kristin R. Swanson, Ellsworth C. Alvord & J. D. Murray - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (4):223-237.
    Gliomas are diffuse and invasive brain tumors with the nefarious ability to evade even seemingly draconian treatment measures. Here we introduce a simple mathematical model for drug delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to treat such a tumor. The model predicts that heterogeneity in drug delivery related to variability in vascular density throughout the brain results in an apparent tumor reduction based on imaging studies despite continual spread beyond the resolution of the imaging modality. We discuss a clinical example for which the (...)
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  44.  16
    The King's Reformation: Henry VIII and the remaKing of the English Church. By G. W. Bernard.R. N. Swanson - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (2):302–303.
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  45.  12
    Jean Gerson and the Last Medieval Reformation. By Brian Patrick McGuire.R. N. Swanson - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (2):301–302.
  46.  16
    Love of Self and Love of God in Thirteenth-Century Ethics. By Thomas M. Osborne, Jr.R. N. Swanson - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (2):299–301.
  47.  15
    Adaptationism and Molecular Biology: An Example Based on ADHD.James Swanson, Robert Moyzis, John Fossella, Jin Fan & Michael I. Posner - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):530-531.
    Rather than starting with traits and speculating whether selective forces drove evolution in past environments, we propose starting with a candidate gene associated with a trait and testing first for patterns of selection at the DNA level. This can provide limitations on the number of traits to be evaluated subsequently by adaptationism as described by Andrews et al.
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  48.  13
    Reading Medieval Culture: Essays in Honor of Robert W. Hanning. Edited by Robert M. Stein and Sandra Pierson Prior.R. N. Swanson - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (2):291–292.
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  49.  6
    Piers Plowman and the Medieval Discourse of Desire. By Nicolette Zeeman.R. N. Swanson - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (5):797–798.
  50.  10
    The Franciscans and Art Patronage in Late Medieval Italy. By Louise Bourdua.R. N. Swanson - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (1):127–129.
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