Results for 'Jerry Shepherd'

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  1.  10
    Teens and Morality.Jerry Shepherd - 2005 - Saint Mary's Press.
    Why be good -- Laws and legalisms -- Moral actor, moral acts -- Paths of glory : virtues -- Moral heroes.
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  2. The Contours of Control.Joshua Shepherd - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 170 (3):395-411.
    Necessarily, if S lacks the ability to exercise control, S is not an agent. If S is not an agent, S cannot act intentionally, responsibly, or rationally, nor can S possess or exercise free will. In spite of the obvious importance of control, however, no general account of control exists. In this paper I reflect on the nature of control itself. I develop accounts of control ’s exercise and control ’s possession that illuminate what it is for degrees of control (...)
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  3.  12
    Informed Consent and Standard of Care: What Must Be Disclosed.Ruth Macklin & Lois Shepherd - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (12):9-13.
    The Office for Human Research Protections was correct in determining that the consent forms for the National Institutes of Health -sponsored SUPPORT study were seriously flawed. Several articles defended the consent forms and criticized the OHRP's actions. Disagreement focuses on three central issues: how risks and benefits should be described in informed consent documents; the meaning and application of the concept of “standard of care” in the context of research; and the proper role of OHRP. Examination of the consent forms (...)
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  4. Free Will and Consciousness: Experimental Studies.Joshua Shepherd - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):915-927.
    What are the folk-conceptual connections between free will and consciousness? In this paper I present results which indicate that consciousness plays central roles in folk conceptions of free will. When conscious states cause behavior, people tend to judge that the agent acted freely. And when unconscious states cause behavior, people tend to judge that the agent did not act freely. Further, these studies contribute to recent experimental work on folk philosophical affiliation, which analyzes folk responses to determine whether folk views (...)
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  5. Causation, Norms, and Omissions: A Study of Causal Judgments.Randolph Clarke, Joshua Shepherd, John Stigall, Robyn Repko Waller & Chris Zarpentine - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):279-293.
    Many philosophical theories of causation are egalitarian, rejecting a distinction between causes and mere causal conditions. We sought to determine the extent to which people's causal judgments discriminate, selecting as causes counternormal events—those that violate norms of some kind—while rejecting non-violators. We found significant selectivity of this sort. Moreover, priming that encouraged more egalitarian judgments had little effect on subjects. We also found that omissions are as likely as actions to be judged as causes, and that counternormative selectivity appears to (...)
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  6. The Apparent Illusion of Conscious Deciding.Joshua Shepherd - 2013 - Philosophical Explorations 16 (1):18 - 30.
    Recent work in cognitive science suggests that conscious thought plays a much less central role in the production of human behavior than most think. Partially on the basis of this work, Peter Carruthers has advanced the claim that humans never consciously decide to act. This claim is of independent interest for action theory, and its potential truth poses a problem for theories of free will and autonomy, which often take our capacity to consciously decide to be of central importance. In (...)
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  7. Situationism and Agency.Alfred R. Mele & Joshua Shepherd - 2013 - Journal of Practical Ethics 1 (1):62-83.
    Research in psychology indicates that situations powerfully impact human behavior. Often, it seems, features of situations drive our behavior even when we remain unaware of these features or their influence. One response to this research is pessimism about human agency: human agents have little conscious control over their own behavior, and little insight into why they do what they do. In this paper we review classic and more recent studies indicating “the power of the situation,” and argue for a more (...)
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  8. Causalism and Intentional Omission.Joshua Shepherd - 2014 - American Philosophical Quarterly 51 (1):15-26.
    It is natural to think that at root, agents are beings that act. Agents do more than this, however – agents omit to act. Sometimes agents do so intentionally. How should we understand intentional omission? Recent accounts of intentional omission have given causation a central theoretical role. The move is well-motivated. If some form of causalism about intentional omission can successfully exploit similarities between action and omission, it might inherit the broad support causalism about intentional action enjoys. In this paper (...)
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  9. Why Block Can't Stand the HOT.Joshua Shepherd - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (3-4):183-195.
    Ned Block has recently pressed a new criticism of the higher-order thought (HOT) theory of consciousness. HOT proponents have responded in turn. The exchange affords a chance to find some clarity concerning the essential commitments of HOT, as well as a chance to find clarity on the issues that divide Block and HOT proponents. In this paper I discuss the recent exchange, and I draw some lessons. First, I side with HOT proponents in arguing that new criticism presents no new (...)
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  10.  29
    Relativism in Ethical Research: A Proposed Model and Mode of Inquiry. [REVIEW]John Tsalikis, Bruce Seaton & Philip L. Shepherd - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (3):231 - 246.
    While some of the great thinkers (Socrates, Kant) have argued for an absolutist view of ethical behavior, over the past 250 years the relativist view has become ascendant. Following the contingency framework of Ferrell and Gresham (1985) and the issue contingent model of Jones (1991), a model for ethical research is proposed. The key components include the moral agent/transgressor, the issue type and its intensity, and the nature of the victim. In addition, a statistical methodology, namely conjoint analysis, is introduced (...)
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  11. Argumente für die naturaliste Erkenntnistheorie.Joshua Shepherd & Michael Bishop - 2015 - In Stefan Tolksdorf & Dirk Koppleberg (eds.), Erkenntnistheorie: Wie und Wozu? Mentis Publishers. pp. 245-274.
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  12.  86
    Action, Attitude, and the Knobe Effect: Another Asymmetry.Joshua Shepherd - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (2):171-185.
    A majority of people regard the harmful side-effects of an agent’s behavior as much more intentional than an agent’s helpful side-effects. In this paper, I present evidence for a related asymmetry. When a side- effect action is an instance of harming, folk ascriptions are significantly impacted by the relative badness of either an agent’s main goal or her side- effect action, but not her attitude. Yet when a side- effect action is an instance of helping, folk ascriptions are sensitive to (...)
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  13.  21
    In Plain Sight: A Solution to a Fundamental Challenge in Human Research.Lois Shepherd & Margaret Foster Riley - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):970-989.
    The physician-researcher conflict of interest has thus far eluded satisfactory solution. Most attempts to deal with it focus on improving informed consent. But those attempts are not successful and may even make things worse. Research subjects are already voluntarily undertaking the risks of research — we should not ask them to go it alone — to undergo medical “treatment” without medical “care.” The only effective solution is that in much clinical research, each research subject should have a doctor independent from (...)
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  14. Perpetual Unease or Being at Ease? -- Derrida, Daoism, and the 'Metaphysics of Presence'.Robert J. Shepherd - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (2):227-243.
    : Interesting work has been done on the striking similarities between the key arguments of the late Jacques Derrida and Daoism. While named otherwise, such Derridean signposts as the metaphysics of presence, the duality of language, and logocentrism are found in Daoist views of the relationship between reality, speech, writing, and knowledge. However, where the limits of language lead Derrida is different from where they take the authors of the Zhuangzi and the Daodejing, in particular regarding the question of action (...)
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  15. Action, Mindreading and Embodied Social Cognition.Joshua Shepherd - 2012 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (4):507-518.
    One of the central insights of the embodied cognition (EC) movement is that cognition is closely tied to action. In this paper, I formulate an EC-inspired hypothesis concerning social cognition. In this domain, most think that our capacity to understand and interact with one another is best explained by appeal to some form of mindreading. I argue that prominent accounts of mindreading likely contain a significant lacuna. Evidence indicates that what I call an agent’s actional processes and states—her goals, needs, (...)
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  16.  27
    Ethical Concerns and Risk Perceptions Associated with Different Applications of Genetic Engineering: Interrelationships with the Perceived Need for Regulation of the Technology. [REVIEW]Lynn J. Frewer & Richard Shepherd - 1995 - Agriculture and Human Values 12 (1):48-57.
    The development of genetic engineering and its plausible consequences raises a level of controversy that can be identified at the level of public rather than scientific debate. Opposition to genetic engineering may manifest itself in rejection of the technology overall, or rejection of specific aspects of the technology, where public attitudes may be defined by a complex set of perceptions incorporating risk, benefit, control, and ethical concerns.One hundred and seventy six members of the public responded to questionnaires about genetic engineering (...)
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  17.  57
    A Human Right Not to Be Punished? Punishment as Derogation of Rights.J. D. Shepherd - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (1):31-45.
    In this essay, I apply international human rights theory to the domestic discussion of criminalization. The essay takes as its starting point the “right not to be punished” that Douglas Husak posited in his recent book Overcriminalization . By reviewing international human rights norms, I take up Husak’s challenge to imbue this right with further normative content. This process reveals additional relationships between the criminal law and human rights theory, and I discuss one analogy: the derogation by states of an (...)
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  18.  17
    Gene Technology, Food Production, and Public Opinion: A UK Study. [REVIEW]Paul Sparks, Richard Shepherd & Lynn J. Frewer - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (1):19-28.
    In this paper, dimensions of the debate surrounding the application of gene technology to food production are discussed and a study assessing perceptions of the technology among a sample of the UK public (n = 1499) is reported. The general picture that emerges from the study is one of people expressing low familiarity with the technology, with more people associating it with high risks than with low risks, and more people expecting it to provide low benefits than high benefits. Attitudes (...)
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  19.  37
    Optimal Exploitation for a Commercial Fishing Model.Chakib Jerry & Nadia Raissi - 2012 - Acta Biotheoretica 60 (1-2):209-223.
    A two non-linear dynamic models, first one in two state variables and one control and the second one with three state variables and one control, are presented for the purpose of finding the optimal combination of exploitation, capital investment and price variation in the commercial fishing industry. This optimal combination is determined in terms of management policies. Exploitation, capital and price variation are controlled through the utilization rate of available capital. A novel feature in this model is that the variation (...)
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  20. Ruin Memory : A Hauntology of Cape Town.Nick Shepherd - 2013 - In Alfredo González Ruibal (ed.), Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity. Routledge.
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  21.  28
    Recognition of Abstract and Concrete Words Presented in Left and Right Visual Fields.Hadyn D. Ellis & John W. Shepherd - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):1035.
  22.  25
    The Influence of Initial Attitudes on Responses to Communication About Genetic Engineering in Food Production.Lynn J. Frewer, Chaya Howard & Richard Shepherd - 1998 - Agriculture and Human Values 15 (1):15-30.
    Source credibility has been thought to bean important determinant of peoples‘ reactions toinformation about technology. There has also been muchdebate about the need to communicate effectively withthe public about genetic engineering, particularlywithin the context of food production. Questionnaireswere used to investigate the impact of sourcecredibility, admission of risk uncertainty, andinitial attitude towards genetic engineering onattitudes of respondents after information provision.120 respondents with positive attitudes towardsgenetic engineering in food production were providedwith persuasive information about the technology,where both source attribution and admission (...)
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  23.  87
    Mental Health and Medical Care: Four Cultures and a Single Theme.M. Shepherd - 1971 - Diogenes 19 (74):15-30.
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  24.  19
    ‘Objection’ Mapping in Determining Group and Individual Concerns Regarding Genetic Engineering.Lynn J. Frewer, Duncan Hedderley, Chaya Howard & Richard Shepherd - 1997 - Agriculture and Human Values 14 (1):67-79.
    Whilst there has been much debateregarding the importance of public acceptance ofgenetic engineering and its applications, there isevidence to indicate that objections to the technologyare likely to focus on specific applications of thetechnology, rather than genetic engineering per se.Thus it becomes important to examine the extent ofobjections associated with individual applications,rather than to assess public feeling regarding thetechnology overall. Survey data were collected from200 respondents regarding their objections to generalapplications of genetic engineering. Similar objectiondata were collected from 200 different respondents,who (...)
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  25. Dorsal Simultanagnosia: An Impairment of Visual Processing or Visual Awareness?Georgina M. Jackson, Tracy Shepherd, Sven C. Mueller, Masid Husain & Stephen R. Jackson - 2006 - Cortex 42 (5):740-749.
  26.  29
    Stakeholder Value Equilibration, Disequilibration, and the Entrepreneurial Process.Dean A. Shepherd - 2002 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 3:151-156.
    While discovery of error provides personal gain for the entrepreneur, does this process automatically allocate value equitably among all stakeholders? We argue that the entrepreneurial process can be used to generate or maintain an entrepreneur’s personal wealth through the exploitation of a stakeholder group. Thus entrepreneurship can be both an equilibrating and a disequilibrating process and that both the visible hand of government and the decisions of an entrepreneur can speed or slow our movement toward value equilibrium. Speed toward value (...)
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  27. Music and Social Categories.J. Shepherd - 2003 - In Martin Clayton, Trevor Herbert & Richard Middleton (eds.), The Cultural Study of Music: A Critical Introduction. Routledge.
     
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  28.  26
    From Abbreviation to Affirmation.Melanie Shepherd - 2008 - Semiotics:597-606.
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  29.  26
    Reframing Portfolio Evidence.Craig E. Shepherd & Michael J. Hannafin - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  30.  25
    Nietzsche's Tragic Performance: The Still-Living Mother and the Dionysian in Ecce Homo.Melanie Shepherd - 2013 - Philosophy and Literature 37 (1):20-35.
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  31. Experience, Inference, and God.John J. Shepherd - 1975 - Barnes & Noble.
  32.  20
    “The Intersection of Realist Traditions and Modern Experiences in Vincent van Gogh's The Road Menders of 1889”.Heather Shepherd - 2013 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 4 (2).
    Last summer I was given the opportunity to work closely with an extensive exhibition of Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh’s paintings at the National Gallery of Canada (through a class run here at the University of Alberta). I focused my research for the class on unpacking the significance of an unorthodox painting in the show entitled The Large Plane Trees (1889), which presents Jean François Millet-inspired digging figures in a markedly diminished and experimental way. Looking to the overt spirituality of (...)
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  33. Marcia Hall, Ed., Raphael's “School of Athens.” (Masterpieces of Western Painting.) Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Pp. Xii, 182; 31 Black-and-White Figures. $54.95 (Cloth); $15.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]Gyde Vanier Shepherd - 1999 - Speculum 74 (1):181-182.
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  34.  23
    Panpsychism and Parsimony.John J. Shepherd - 1974 - Process Studies 4 (1):3-10.
  35.  17
    Children Enrolled in Parents' Research: A Uniquely Vulnerable Group in Need of Oversight and Protection.L. L. Shepherd, K. Read & D. T. Chen - 2013 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 35 (3):1-8.
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  36.  13
    Life, Health, and Disability Insurance: Understanding the Relationships.Robert H. Jerry - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (s2):80-89.
    Communitarian values are stronger in health insurance than in life or disability insurance. This correlates with increased tolerance for insurers' use of genetic information in disability insurance underwriting, which, in turn, is relevant to the scope and content of proposals to regulate such use.
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  37.  12
    Religion and the Contextualization of Criteria II.John J. Shepherd - 1976 - Sophia 15 (2):1-10.
  38.  12
    In Nature’s Interests?James W. Shepherd - 2005 - International Studies in Philosophy 37 (4):171-172.
  39.  14
    Public Perceptions of Health Care Professionals' Participation in Pharmaceutical Marketing.Nancy J. Crigger, Laura Courter, Kristen Hayes & K. Shepherd - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (5):647-658.
    Trust in the nurse—patient relationship is maintained not by how professionals perceive their actions but rather by how the public perceives them. However, little is known about the public's view of nurses and other health care professionals who participate in pharmaceutical marketing. Our study describes public perceptions of health care providers' role in pharmaceutical marketing and compares their responses with those of a random sample of licensed family nurse practitioners. The family nurse practitioners perceived their participation in marketing activities as (...)
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  40.  11
    The Essence of Christian Belief.John J. Shepherd - 1976 - Religious Studies 12 (2):231 - 237.
    Despite its plurality of forms and doctrines Christianity does contain a constant religious doctrinal core based on a putative continuity between Jesus' teaching and the church's kerygma. Its elements are: 1) human salvation through divine forgiveness; 2) the fact of decisive divine intervention in history to bring us salvation; 3) acknowledgement of the role of Jesus as supreme mediator of that salvation through his ministry and teaching (but not through an atoning death); 4) possible acceptance of the Resurrection in some (...)
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  41.  13
    Business Ethics Index: Latin America.John Tsalikis, Bruce Seaton & Phillip L. Shepherd - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 119 (2):1-10.
    For almost 10 years, the Business Ethics Index (BEI) has measured consumers’ perceptions of business ethical behavior in the USA and numerous other countries. This article expands the BEI to five Latin American countries (Brazil, Bolivia, Mexico, Argentina, and Colombia). The BEI of Argentina and Bolivia were similar in magnitude to the USA, whereas those for Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico were distinctly higher. The component sub-indices showed divergent patterns. The major ethical concerns for Brazil and Bolivia concerned service, whereas Mexico (...)
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  42.  10
    The Real Me?Lois Shepherd - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (4):5-6.
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  43.  8
    Pragmatism and the Irrelevant.Q. L. Shepherd - 1919 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (3):72-74.
  44.  9
    Connoisseur and Code-Breaker: A.D. Trendall and South Italian Vase-Painting.Gillian Shepherd & Rosaria Zarro - 2012 - Agora (History Teachers' Association of Victoria) 47 (3):33.
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  45.  11
    Big Shot: Passion, Politics, and the Struggle for an AIDS Vaccine (Review).H. R. Shepherd - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (4):605-608.
  46.  6
    What Are the Concerns of Prospective Responsible Officers About Their Role in Medical Revalidation?Annabel Shepherd & Niall Cameron - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):655-660.
  47.  13
    Narrative Portrayals of Genes and Human Flourishing.Aline H. Kalbian & Lois Shepherd - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):15 – 21.
  48.  5
    Erratum To: The Business Ethics Index as a Leading Economic Indicator. [REVIEW]John Tsalikis, Philip L. Shepherd & Bruce Seaton - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):653-653.
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  49.  7
    Art and Archaeology (R.) Panvini and (F.) Giudice Eds. TA ATTIKA. Veder Greco a Gela. Ceramiche Attiche Figurate Dall' Antica Colonia. Rome: «L'Erma» di Bretschneider, 2003. Pp. 523 + 142, Illus. €250. 9788882652937. [REVIEW]Gillian Shepherd - 2008 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 128:256-.
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  50.  3
    Glial Dependent Survival of Neurons in Drosophila.David Shepherd - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (5):407-409.
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