Results for 'Jes��s Zamora Bonilla'

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  1.  55
    Verisimilitude and the Scientific Strategy of Economic Theory.JesÚ Zamora Bonilla & P. S. - 1999 - Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (3):331-350.
    Methodological norms in economic theorizing are interpreted as rational strategies to optimize some epistemic utility functions. A definition of ?empirical verisimilitude? is defended as a plausible interpretation of the epistemic preferences of researchers. Some salient differences between the scientific strategies of physics and of economics are derived from the comparison of the relative costs associated with each strategy. The classical discussion about the ?realism of assumptions? in economics is also considered under the light of the concept of ?empirical verisimilitude?
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  2.  44
    Science Studies and the Theory of Games.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 2006 - Perspectives on Science 14 (4):525-557.
    Being scientific research a process of social interaction, this process can be studied from a game-theoretic perspective. Some conceptual and formal instruments that can help to understand scientific research as a game are introduced, and it is argued that game theoretic epistemology provides a middle ground for 'rationalist' and 'constructivist' theories of scientific knowledge. In the first part , a description of the essential elements of game of science is made, using an inferentialist conception of rationality. In the second part (...)
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  3.  42
    Inferentialism, Degrees of Commitment, and Ampliative Reasoning.Rodríguez Xavier de Donato, Bonilla Jesús Zamora & Javier González De Prado Salas - forthcoming - Synthese:1-19.
    Our purpose in this paper is to contribute to a practice-based characterization of scientific inference. We want to explore whether Brandom’s pragmatist–inferentialist framework can suitably accommodate several types of ampliative inference common in scientific reasoning and explanation. First, we argue that Brandom’s view of induction in terms of merely permissive inferences is inadequate; in order to overcome the shortcoming of Brandom’s proposal, we put forward an alternative conception of inductive, probabilistic reasoning by appeal to the notion of degrees of commitment. (...)
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  4. Why Are Good Theories Good? Reflections on Epistemic Values, Confirmation, and Formal Epistemology.Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2013 - Synthese 190 (9):1533-1553.
    Franz Huber’s (2008a) attempt to unify inductivist and hypothetico-deductivist intuitions on confirmation by means of a single measure are examined and compared with previous work on the theory of verisimilitude or truthlikeness. The idea of connecting ‘the logic of confirmation’ with ‘the logic of acceptability’ is also critically discussed, and it is argued that ‘acceptability’ takes necessarily into account some pragmatic criteria, and that at least two normative senses of ‘acceptability’ must be distinguished: ‘acceptable’ in the sense of ‘being allowed (...)
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  5.  90
    Pure Intuition: Miranda Fricker on the Economy of Prejudice.Bonilla Jesús Zamora - 2008 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 23 (1):77-80.
    Two aspects of Miranda Fricker’s book are criticised: the implicit assumption that ethical theory can solve fundamental problems in epistemology, and the excessive reliance on testimony as a fundamental source of knowledge. Against the former, it is argued that ethical theories are based on cultural prejudicesto a higher extent than epistemological theories. Against the latter, argumentation is proposed as a more important epistemic practice than testimony.
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  6.  8
    The Elementary Economics of Scientific Consensus.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 1999 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 14 (3):461-488.
    The scientist’s decision of accepting a given proposition is assumed to be dependent on two factors: the scientist’s ‘private’ information about the value of that statement and the proportion of colleagues who also accept it. This interdependence is modelled in an economic fashion, and it is shown that it may lead to multiple equilibria. The main conclusions are that the evolution of scientific knowledge can be path-dependent, that scientific revolutions can be due to very small changes in the empirical evidence, (...)
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  7.  28
    Pure Intuition: Miranda Fricker on the Economy of Prejudice.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2008 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 23 (1):77-80.
    Two aspects of Miranda Fricker’s book are criticised: the implicit assumption that ethical theory can solve fundamental problems in epistemology, and the excessive reliance on testimony as a fundamental source of knowledge. Against the former, it is argued that ethical theories are based on cultural prejudices to a higher extent than epistemological theories. Against the latter, argumentation is proposed as a more important epistemic practice than testimony.
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  8.  17
    Science: The Rules of the Game.Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2010 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 18 (2):294-307.
    Popper’s suggestion of taking methodological norms as conventions is examined from the point of view of game theory. The game of research is interpreted as a game of persuasion, in the sense that every scientists tries to advance claims, and that her winning the game consists in her colleagues accepting some of those claims as the conclusions of some arguments. Methodological norms are seen as elements in a contract established amongst researchers, that says what inferential moves are legitimate or compulsory (...)
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  9.  10
    Inferentialism, Degrees of Commitment, and Ampliative Reasoning.Jesús Zamora Bonilla, Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Javier González de Prado Salas - 2017 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 4):909-927.
    Our purpose in this paper is to contribute to a practice-based characterization of scientific inference. We want to explore whether Brandom’s pragmatist–inferentialist framework can suitably accommodate several types of ampliative inference common in scientific reasoning and explanation. First, we argue that Brandom’s view of induction in terms of merely permissive inferences is inadequate; in order to overcome the shortcoming of Brandom’s proposal, we put forward an alternative conception of inductive, probabilistic reasoning by appeal to the notion of degrees of commitment. (...)
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  10.  1
    The Republic of Science and Its Constitution: Some Reflections on Scientific Methods as Institutions.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2019 - In Raphael Sassower & Nathaniel Laor (eds.), The Impact of Critical Rationalism: Expanding the Popperian Legacy Through the Works of Ian C. Jarvie. Springer Verlag. pp. 31-44.
    Jarvie’s Popper’s social view of science from Logik der Forschung to The Open Society and Its Enemies is used to discuss whether the “proto-constitution” of science that, according to Jarvie, Popper formulated is a sound justification of a falsificationist methodology, and whether the view of society and of social science grounding Popper’s views could be substituted for some more updated insights from contemporary social science. In particular, I defend that a game-theoretic view to the choice of norms, one that takes (...)
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  11.  91
    Credibility, Idealisation, and Model Building: An Inferential Approach.Xavier Donato Rodríguez & Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1):101-118.
    In this article we defend the inferential view of scientific models and idealisation. Models are seen as "inferential prostheses" construed by means of an idealisation-concretisation process, which we essentially understand as a kind of counterfactual deformation procedure . The value of scientific representation is understood in terms not only of the success of the inferential outcomes arrived at with its help, but also of the heuristic power of representation and their capacity to correct and improve our models. This provides us (...)
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  12.  42
    What's New in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences?: Guest Editors' Introduction.Julian Reiss, David Teira & Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2008 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (3):311-313.
  13.  9
    Editor's Presentation. Darwinism and Social Science: Is There Any Hope for the Reductionist?Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2010 - Theoria 18 (3):255-257.
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  14. The Elementary Economics of Scientific Consensus.Bonilla Jesús P. Zamora - 1999 - Theoria 14 (3):461-488.
    The scientist's decision of accepting a given proposition is assumed to be dependent on two factors: the scientist's 'private' information about the value of that statement and the proportion of colleagues who also accept it. This interdependence is modelled in an economic fashion, and it is shown that it may lead to multiple equilibria. The main conclusions are that the evolution of scientific knowledge can be path, dependent, that scientific revolutions can be due to very small changes in the empirical (...)
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  15.  88
    Science as a Persuasion Game: An Inferentialist Approach.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2006 - Episteme 2 (3):189-201.
    Scientific research is reconstructed as a language game along the lines of Robert Brandom's inferentialism. Researchers are assumed to aim at persuading their colleagues of the validity of some claims. The assertions each scientist is allowed or committed to make depend on her previous claims and on the inferential norms of her research community. A classification of the most relevant types of inferential rules governing such a game is offered, and some ways in which this inferentialist approach can be used (...)
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  16. Scientific Controversies and the Ethics of Arguing and Belief in the Face of Rational Disagreement.Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (1):39-65.
    Our main aim is to discuss the topic of scientific controversies in the context of a recent issue that has been the centre of attention of many epistemologists though not of argumentation theorists or philosophers of science, namely the ethics of belief in face of rational disagreement. We think that the consideration of scientific examples may be of help in the epistemological debate on rational disagreement, making clear some of the deficiencies of the discussion as it has been produced until (...)
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  17.  91
    Optimal Judgment Aggregation.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):813-824.
    The constitution of a collective judgment is analyzed from a contractarian point of view. The optimal collective judgment is defined as the one that maximizes the sum of the utility each member gets from the collective adoption of that judgment. It is argued that judgment aggregation is a different process from the aggregation of information and public deliberation. This entails that the adoption of a collective judgment should not make any rational member of the group change her individual opinion, and (...)
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  18.  86
    Meaning and Testability in the Structuralist Theory of Science.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 2003 - Erkenntnis 59 (1):47 - 76.
    The connection between scientific knowledge and our empirical access to realityis not well explained within the structuralist approach to scientific theories. I arguethat this is due to the use of a semantics not rich enough from the philosophical pointof view. My proposal is to employ Sellars–Brandom's inferential semantics to understand how can scientific terms have empirical content, and Hintikka's game-theoretical semantics to analyse how can theories be empirically tested. The main conclusions are that scientific concepts gain their meaning through `basic (...)
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  19. Credibility, Idealisation, and Model Building: An Inferential Approach.Xavier Donato Rodríguedez & Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1).
    In this article we defend the inferential view of scientific models and idealisation. Models are seen as “inferential prostheses” (instruments for surrogative reasoning) construed by means of an idealisation-concretisation process, which we essentially understand as a kind of counterfactual deformation procedure (also analysed in inferential terms). The value of scientific representation is understood in terms not only of the success of the inferential outcomes arrived at with its help, but also of the heuristic power of representation and their capacity to (...)
     
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  20. Pure Intuition: Miranda Fricker on the Economy of Prejudice.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2008 - Theoria 23 (1):77-80.
    Two aspects of Miranda Fricker’s book are criticised: the implicit assumption that ethical theory can solve fundamental problems in epistemology, and the excessive reliance on testimony as a fundamental source of knowledge. Against the former, it is argued that ethical theories are based on cultural prejudices to a higher extent than epistemological theories. Against the latter, argumentation is proposed as a more important epistemic practice than testimony.
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  21.  34
    The Politics of Positivism: Disinterested Predictions From Interested Agents.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - unknown
    Of the six sections composing «The Methodology of Posive Economics», the first one («The Relation between Positive and Normative Economics») is apparently the less discussed in the F53 literature, probably as a result of being the shortest one and the less relevant for the realism issue, all at once. In view of Milton Friedman’s subsequent career as a political preacher, it seems difficult not to wonder whether this first section ruled it the way the other five directed Friedman’s scientific performance. (...)
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  22.  12
    Meaning and Testability in the Structuralist Theory of Science.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2003 - Erkenntnis 59 (1):47-76.
    The connection between scientific knowledge and our empirical access to reality is not well explained within the structuralist approach to scientific theories. I argue that this is due to the use of a semantics not rich enough from the philosophical point of view. My proposal is to employ Sellars-Brandom's inferential semantics to understand how can scientific terms have empirical content, and Hintikka's game-theoretical semantics to analyse how can theories be empirically tested. The main conclusions are that scientific concepts gain their (...)
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  23. Where is Economic Methodology Going? Jesus P. Zamora Bonilla.Jesus P. Zamora Bonilla - 2001 - Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (1):135-138.
  24.  7
    Zamora Bonilla, Jesús: Sacando consecuencias. Una filosofía para el siglo XXI, tecnos, madrid, 2017, 227p.Adrián Requejo Doval - 2018 - Agora 37 (2).
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  25.  1
    The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences.Ian C. Jarvie & Jesus Zamora-Bonilla (eds.) - 2011 - Sage Publications.
    In this exciting Handbook, Ian Jarvie and Jesús Zamora-Bonilla have put together a wide-ranging and authoritative overview of the main philosophical currents and traditions at work in the social sciences today. Starting with the history of social scientific thought, this Handbook sets out to explore that core fundamentals of social science practice, from issues of ontology and epistemology to issues of practical method. Along the way it investigates such notions as paradigm, empiricism, postmodernism, naturalism, language, agency, power, culture, (...)
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  26. Scientific Inference and the Pursuit of Fame: A Contractarian Approach.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):300-323.
    Methodological norms are seen as rules defining a competitive game, and it is argued that rational recognition-seeking scientists can reach a collective agreement about which specific norms serve better their individual interests, especially if the choice is made `under a veil of ignorance', i.e. , before knowing what theory will be proposed by each scientist. Norms for theory assessment are distinguished from norms for theory choice (or inference rules), and it is argued that pursuit of recognition only affects this second (...)
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  27.  49
    Brian Skyrms. 2010. Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information (Jesús Zamora Bonilla).Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (3):400-402.
  28. La Lonja Del Saber.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2004
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  29. Science as a Persuasion Game.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 2006 - Episteme 2:189-201.
     
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  30. An Economic Model of Scientific Rules.José Luis Ferreira & Jesús Zamora-bonilla - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (2):191-212.
    Empirical reports on scientific competition show that scientists can be depicted as self-interested, strategically behaving agents. Nevertheless, we argue that recognition-seeking scientists will have an interest in establishing methodological norms which tend to select theories of a high epistemic value, and that these norms will be still more stringent if the epistemic value of theories appears in the utility function of scientists, either directly or instrumentally. (Published Online July 11 2006) Footnotes1 The author gratefully acknowledges financial support from DGI grant (...)
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  31.  30
    Verisimilitude and the Scientific Strategy of Economic Theory.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 1999 - Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (3):331-350.
  32.  9
    The Nature of Co-Authorship: A Note on Recognition Sharing and Scientific Argumentation.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2014 - Synthese 191 (1):97-108.
    Co-authorship of papers is very common in most areas of science, and it has increased as the complexity of research has strengthened the need for scientific collaboration. But the fact that papers have more than an author tends to complicate the attribution of merit to individual scientists. I argue that collaboration does not necessarily entail co-authorship, but that in many cases the latter is an option that individual authors might not choose, at least in principle: each author might publish in (...)
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  33.  6
    Realism Versus Anti-Realism: Philosophical Problem or Scientific Concern?Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2019 - Synthese 196 (10):3961-3977.
    The decision whether to have a realist or an anti-realist attitude towards scientific hypotheses is interpreted in this paper as a choice that scientists themselves have to face in their work as scientists, rather than as a ‘philosophical’ problem. Scientists’ choices between realism and instrumentalism are interpreted in this paper with the help of two different conceptual tools: a deflationary semantics grounded in the inferentialist approach to linguistic practices developed by some authors, and an epistemic utility function that tries to (...)
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  34.  26
    The Nature of Co-Authorship: A Note on Recognition Sharing and Scientific Argumentation.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2012 - Synthese (1):1-12.
    Co-authorship of papers is very common in most areas of science, and it has increased as the complexity of research has strengthened the need for scientific collaboration. But the fact that papers have more than an author tends to complicate the attribution of merit to individual scientists. I argue that collaboration does not necessarily entail co-authorship, but that in many cases the latter is an option that individual authors might not choose, at least in principle: each author might publish in (...)
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  35. Verisimilitude, Structuralism, and Scientific Progress.J. Zamora Bonilla - 1996 - Erkenntnis 44:25--47.
     
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  36.  13
    What Games Do Scientists Play? Rationality and Objectivity in a Game-Theoretic Approach to the Social Construction of Scientific Knowledge.Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2010 - In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer. pp. 323--332.
  37.  48
    Optimal Judgment Aggregation.Jesus P. Zamora Bonilla - unknown
    A necessary condition for a group being taken as a rational agent is that its choices and judgements are ‘logically contestable’, but this can lead to problems of aggregation, as Arrow impossibility theorem or the discursive dilemma. This paper proposes a contractarian or constitutional approach: the relevant thing is what aggregation mechanisms would be preferred by the members of the group. Two distinctions need to be made: first, judgement aggregation is not aggregation of decisions, and judgement aggregation needs be distinguished (...)
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  38. Science, Normativity and the Public.David Teira & Jesus Zamora Bonilla - 2007 - Social epistemology. 21.1 21 (1):1-81.
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  39. An Invitation to Methodonomics.J. P. Zamora Bonilla - 1997 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 61:233-254.
  40.  84
    Truthlikeness with a Human Face: On Some Connections Between the Theory of Verisimilitude and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):361-369.
    Verisimilitude theorists (and many scientific realists) assume that science attempts to provide hypotheses with an increasing degree of closeness to the full truth; on the other hand, radical sociologists of science assert that flesh and bone scientists struggle to attain much more mundane goals (such as income, power, fame, and so on). This paper argues that both points of view can be made compatible, for (1) rational individuals only would be interested in engaging in a strong competition (such as that (...)
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  41.  9
    The Social Contract of Science.J. Francisco Álvarez & Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2013 - In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer. pp. 1523--1533.
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  42.  29
    Collective Actors Without Collective Minds: An Inferentialist Approach.Javier González de Prado Salas & Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (1):3-25.
    We present an inferentialist account of collective rationality and intentionality, according to which beliefs and other intentional states are understood in terms of the normative statuses attributed to, and undertaken by, the participants of a discursive practice—namely, their discursive or practical commitments and entitlements. Although these statuses are instituted by the performances and attitudes of the agents, they are not identified with any physical or psychological entity, process or relation. Therefore, we argue that inferentialism allows us to talk of collective (...)
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  43.  40
    Un Modelo Simple de Aproximacion a la Verdad.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 1993 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 8 (1):135-148.
    The process of scientific investigation is reconstructed as a process of empirical approximation to the truth. This last concept is explicated as a combination of “degree of simmilarity between theory A and the strongest accepted empirical law at moment t” and the “degree of depth of this empirical law”. A number of methodological theorems are proved, and avision of science closer to sophisticated falsificationism is mathematically deduced from our definitions.
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  44.  38
    Review of How Do You Know? The Economics of Ordinary Knowledge. [REVIEW]Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):401-406.
  45.  26
    Normativity and Self-Interest in Scientific Research.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 2008 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):71-81.
    In this paper I want to present the guiding lines of a research programme into the economics of scientific knowledge, a programme whose ultimate goal is to develop what I would like to call a contractarian epistemology. The structure of the paper is as follows: in the first section I will comment on two conflicting approaches to the topic of rationality in science: the view of the rationality of scientific knowledge as deriving from the employment of sound methodological norms, and (...)
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  46.  30
    Skyrms. 2010. Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (3):400-402.
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  47.  24
    Representaciones en la ciencia. [REVIEW]Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 1999 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 14 (2):380-382.
  48.  14
    The Market for Scientific Lemons, and the Marketization of Science.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2019 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 34 (1):133-145.
    Scientific research is based on the division of cognitive labour: every scientist has to trust that other colleagues have checked whether the items that are taken as knowledge, and she cannot check by herself, are reliable enough. I apply ideas from the field known as ‘information economics’ to analyse the scientists’ incentives to produce items of knowledge of an ‘adequate’ quality, under the assumption that a big part of what one observes in her empirical research is not available for the (...)
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  49. Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science.Ian Jarvie & Jesus Zamora-Bonilla (eds.) - 2011 - Sage Publications.
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  50.  6
    An Economic Model Of Scientific Rules.JosÉ Ferreira & Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (2):191-212.
    Empirical reports on scientific competition show that scientists can be depicted as self-interested, strategically behaving agents. Nevertheless, we argue that recognition-seeking scientists will have an interest in establishing methodological norms which tend to select theories of a high epistemic value, and that these norms will be still more stringent if the epistemic value of theories appears in the utility function of scientists, either directly or instrumentally.
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