Results for 'Jessica Dubois'

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  1.  30
    Inverse Retinotopy: Inferring the Visual Content of Images From Brain Activation Patterns.Bertrand Thirion, Edouard Duchesnay, Edward M. Hubbard, Jessica Dubois, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Denis Lebihan & Stanislas Dehaene - 2006 - NeuroImage 33 (4):1104-1116.
  2. Essays on Berkeley: A Tercentennial Celebration.Pierre Dubois - 1989 - History of European Ideas 10 (5):603-605.
    This book-review was written by Professor Pierre Dubois just before his untimely death. The Editors are grateful to his wife, Dr Elfrieda Dubois, for preparing the text for publication in History of European Ideas.
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  3.  9
    The Souls of Black Folk.W. E. B. DuBois - unknown
  4. Judgments About Moral Responsibility and Determinism in Patients with Behavioural Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia: Still Compatibilists.Florian Cova, Maxime Bertoux, Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde & Bruno Dubois - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):851-864.
    Do laypeople think that moral responsibility is compatible with determinism? Recently, philosophers and psychologists trying to answer this question have found contradictory results: while some experiments reveal people to have compatibilist intuitions, others suggest that people could in fact be incompatibilist. To account for this contradictory answers, Nichols and Knobe (2007) have advanced a ‘performance error model’ according to which people are genuine incompatibilist that are sometimes biased to give compatibilist answers by emotional reactions. To test for this hypothesis, we (...)
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  5.  14
    From Blanché's Hexagonal Organization of Concepts to Formal Concept Analysis and Possibility Theory.Didier Dubois & Henri Prade - 2012 - Logica Universalis 6 (1-2):149-169.
    The paper first introduces a cube of opposition that associates the traditional square of opposition with the dual square obtained by Piaget’s reciprocation. It is then pointed out that Blanché’s extension of the square-of-opposition structure into an conceptual hexagonal structure always relies on an abstract tripartition. Considering quadripartitions leads to organize the 16 binary connectives into a regular tetrahedron. Lastly, the cube of opposition, once interpreted in modal terms, is shown to account for a recent generalization of formal concept analysis, (...)
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  6.  13
    The Ethics of Creating and Responding to Doubts About Death Criteria.J. M. Dubois - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):365-380.
    Expressing doubts about death criteria can serve healthy purposes, but can also cause a number of harms, including decreased organ donation rates and distress for donor families and health care staff. This paper explores the various causes of doubts about death criteria—including religious beliefs, misinformation, mistrust, and intellectual questions—and recommends responses to each of these. Some recommended responses are relatively simple and noncontroversial, such as providing accurate information. However, other responses would require significant changes to the way we currently do (...)
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  7.  18
    Environmental Factors Contributing to Wrongdoing in Medicine: A Criterion-Based Review of Studies and Cases.James M. DuBois, Emily E. Anderson, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Elena Kraus, Timothy Rubbelke & Meghan Vasher - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):163 - 188.
    In this article we describe our approach to understanding wrongdoing in medical research and practice, which involves the statistical analysis of coded data from a large set of published cases. We focus on understanding the environmental factors that predict the kind and the severity of wrongdoing in medicine. Through review of empirical and theoretical literature, consultation with experts, the application of criminological theory, and ongoing analysis of our first 60 cases, we hypothesize that 10 contextual features of the medical environment (...)
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  8.  4
    Darkwater; Voices From Within the Veil.W. E. B. DuBois - unknown
  9.  12
    Fuzzy Sets and Systems: Theory and Applications.Didier DuBois - 1997 - Academic Press.
    / Part INTRODUCTION Fuzziness is not a priori an obvious concept and demands some explanation. "Fuzziness" is what Black (NF) calls "vagueness" when ...
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  10.  25
    Some Syntactic Approaches to the Handling of Inconsistent Knowledge Bases: A Comparative Study Part 1: The Flat Case.Salem Benferhat, Didier Dubois & Henri Prade - 1997 - Studia Logica 58 (1):17-45.
    This paper presents and discusses several methods for reasoning from inconsistent knowledge bases. A so-called argued consequence relation, taking into account the existence of consistent arguments in favour of a conclusion and the absence of consistent arguments in favour of its contrary, is particularly investigated. Flat knowledge bases, i.e., without any priority between their elements, are studied under different inconsistency-tolerant consequence relations, namely the so-called argumentative, free, universal, existential, cardinality-based, and paraconsistent consequence relations. The syntax-sensitivity of these consequence relations is (...)
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  11.  36
    An Analysis of the Determinants of the Feeling of Knowing.Ayanna K. Thomas, John B. Bulevich & Stacey J. Dubois - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1681-1694.
    Research has demonstrated that feeling-of-knowing judgments are affected by the amount of accessible information related to an inaccessible target. Further, studies have demonstrated that, in some situations, FOK judgment magnitude is not only related to the amount of accessed features, but also the correctness of those features . The present study examined the conditions under which the correctness of features would influence FOK judgment magnitude. We hypothesized that accuracy of retrieved features would influence FOK judgments, but only in situations where (...)
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  12. The Development of a People.W. E. Burghardt DuBois - 1904 - International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):292-311.
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  13. Three-Valued Logics for Incomplete Information and Epistemic Logic.Davide Ciucci & Didier Dubois - 2012 - In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 147--159.
  14.  1
    On Ignorance and Contradiction Considered as Truth-Values.Didier Dubois - 2008 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 16 (1):195--216.
    A critical view of the alleged significance of Belnap four-valued logic for reasoning under inconsistent and incomplete information is provided. The difficulty lies in the confusion between truth-values and information states, when reasoning about Boolean propositions. So our critique is along the lines of previous debates on the relevance of many-valued logics and especially of the extension of the Boolean truth-tables to more than two values as a tool for reasoning about uncertainty. The critique also questions the significance of partial (...)
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  15.  12
    Dead Tired of Repetitious Debates About Death Criteria.James M. DuBois - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):45-47.
  16. Torture and Truth.Page DuBois - 1991 - Routledge.
     
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  17.  22
    Qualitative Heuristics For Balancing the Pros and Cons.Jean-François Bonnefon, Didier Dubois, Hélène Fargier & Sylvie Leblois - 2008 - Theory and Decision 65 (1):71-95.
    Balancing the pros and cons of two options is undoubtedly a very appealing decision procedure, but one that has received scarce scientific attention so far, either formally or empirically. We describe a formal framework for pros and cons decisions, where the arguments under consideration can be of varying importance, but whose importance cannot be precisely quantified. We then define eight heuristics for balancing these pros and cons, and compare the predictions of these to the choices made by 62 human participants (...)
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  18. ""Lambda Theory: Introduction of a Constant for" Nothing" Into Set Theory, a Model of Consistency and Most Noticeable Conclusions.Laurent Dubois - 2013 - Logique Et Analyse 56 (222):165-181.
    The purpose of this article is to present several immediate consequences of the introduction of a new constant called Lambda in order to represent the object ``nothing" or ``void" into a standard set theory. The use of Lambda will appear natural thanks to its role of condition of possibility of sets. On a conceptual level, the use of Lambda leads to a legitimation of the empty set and to a redefinition of the notion of set. It lets also clearly appear (...)
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  19.  2
    Accepted Beliefs, Revision and Bipolarity in the Possibilistic Framework.Didier Dubois & Henri Prade - 2009 - In Franz Huber & Christoph Schmidt-Petri (eds.), Degrees of Belief. Springer. pp. 161--184.
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  20.  20
    Is Compliance a Professional Virtue of Researchers? Reflections on Promoting the Responsible Conduct of Research.James M. DuBois - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):383 – 395.
    Evidence exists that behavioral and social science researchers have been frustrated with regulations and institutional review boards (IRBs) from the 1970s through today. Making matters worse, many human participants protection instruction programs - now mandated by IRBs - offer inadequate reasons why researchers should comply with regulations and IRBs. Promoting compliance either for its own sake or to avoid penalties is contrary to the developmental aims of moral education and may be ineffective in fostering the responsible conduct of research. This (...)
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  21. Possibility Theory, Probability Theory, and Muliple-Valued Logics: A Clarification.Henri Prade & D. Dubois - 2001 - Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence 32:35--66.
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  22.  18
    IRB Decision-Making with Imperfect Knowledge: A Framework for Evidence-Based Research Ethics Review.Emily E. Anderson & James M. DuBois - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 40 (4):951-969.
    Here we describe the five steps of evidence-based practice as applied to research ethics review and apply these steps to three exemplar dilemmas: incentive payments in substance abuse research; informed consent for biobanking; and placebo-controlled trials involving pregnant women in order to demonstrate the potential of empirical data to inform and improve IRB decision-making.
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  23.  5
    Introduction: Conflicting Interest in Medicine: Stories by Physicians on How Financing Affects Their Work.James M. DuBois - 2011 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 1 (2):65-66.
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  24.  31
    A Practical Approach to Revising Prioritized Knowledge Bases.Salem Benferhat, Didier Dubois, Henri Prade & Mary-Anne Williams - 2002 - Studia Logica 70 (1):105-130.
    This paper investigates simple syntactic methods for revising prioritized belief bases, that are semantically meaningful in the frameworks of possibility theory and of Spohn''s ordinal conditional functions. Here, revising prioritized belief bases amounts to conditioning a distribution function on interpretations. The input information leading to the revision of a knowledge base can be sure or uncertain. Different types of scales for priorities are allowed: finite vs. infinite, numerical vs. ordinal. Syntactic revision is envisaged here as a process which transforms a (...)
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  25.  48
    Knowledge-Driven Versus Data-Driven Logics.Didier Dubois, Petr Hájek & Henri Prade - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (1):65--89.
    The starting point of this work is the gap between two distinct traditions in information engineering: knowledge representation and data - driven modelling. The first tradition emphasizes logic as a tool for representing beliefs held by an agent. The second tradition claims that the main source of knowledge is made of observed data, and generally does not use logic as a modelling tool. However, the emergence of fuzzy logic has blurred the boundaries between these two traditions by putting forward fuzzy (...)
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  26.  31
    Is Anesthesia Intrinsically Wrong? On Moral Absolutes and Natural Law Methodology.J. M. Dubois - 2008 - Christian Bioethics 14 (2):206-216.
    This article engages two fundamentally different kinds of so-called natural law arguments in favor of specific moral absolutes: Elizabeth Anscombe's claim that certain actions are known to be intrinsically wrong through intuition (or mystical perceptions), and John Finnis's claim that such actions are known to be wrong because they involve acting directly against a basic human good. Both authors maintain, for example, that murder and contraceptive sexual acts are known to be wrong, always and everywhere, through their respective epistemological lens. (...)
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  27.  4
    Increasing Rates of Organ Donation: Exploring the Institute of Medicine's Boldest Recommendation.James M. DuBois - 2009 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (1):13.
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  28.  13
    The Conservation of Races.W. E. B. DuBois - unknown
    This chapter presents an essay by W. E. B. Du Bois that deals with the issue of race. He raises questions such as: What is the real meaning of race. What has, in the past, been the law of race development? What lessons has the past history of race development to teach the rising Negro people? He describes the American Negro Academy, which aims at once to be the epitome and expression of the intellect of the black-blooded people of America, (...)
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  29.  17
    Non-Heart-Beating Organ Donation: A Defense of the Required Determination of Death.James M. DuBois - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 27 (2):126-136.
    The family of a patient who is unconscious and respirator-dependent has made a decision to discontinue medical treatment. The patient had signed a donor card. The family wants to respect this decision, and agrees to non-heart-beating organ donation. Consequently, as the patient is weaned from the ventilator, he is prepped for organ explantation. Two minutes after the patient goes into cardiac arrest, he is declared dead and the transplant team arrives to begin organ procurement. At the time retrieval begins, it (...)
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  30.  4
    Adolf Reinach.James DuBois - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  31.  3
    What Counts as Empirical Research in Bioethics and Where Do We Find the Stuff?James DuBois - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6):70-72.
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  32.  19
    Psychological and Physiological Characteristics of a Proposed Object-Referral/Self-Referral Continuum of Self-Awareness.Frederick T. Travis, Alarik T. Arenander & D. DuBois - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):401-420.
    This research extends and confirms recent brainwave findings that distinguished an individual’s sense-of-self along an Object-referral/Self-referral Continuum of self-awareness. Subjects were interviewed and were given tests measuring inner/outer orientation, moral reasoning, anxiety, and personality. Scores on the psychological tests were factor analyzed. The first unrotated PCA component of the test scores yielded a “Consciousness Factor,” analogous to the intelligence “g” factor, which accounted for over half of the variance among groups. Analysis of unstructured interviews of these subjects revealed fundamentally different (...)
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  33.  19
    Avoiding Common Pitfalls in the Determination of Death.James DuBois - 2007 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 7 (3):545-550.
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  34.  10
    Colloquy: Introduction.Gerald P. Koocher, Thomas G. Plante, James M. DuBois, Simon Shimshon Rubin, Armin Paul Thies & Mary Marple Thies - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (1):65 – 87.
    This article examines the clergy sexual abuse crisis in the Roman Catholic Church from an ethical point of view. The article uses the RRICC values model of ethical decision making (i.e., responsibility, respect, integrity, competence, concern) to review the behavior of Catholic bishops and other religious superiors as they have tried to manage clergy sex offenders and their victims. Hopefully, the recent press attention and resulting policy changes on these matters from the U.S. Council of Catholic Bishops will increase the (...)
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  35.  2
    Colloquy.Gerald P. Koocher, Thomas G. Plante, James M. DuBois, Simon Shimshon Rubin, Armin Paul Thies & Mary Marple Thies - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (1):65-87.
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  36.  28
    Pierre Bourdieu and Literature.Jacques Dubois, Meaghan Emery & Pamela V. Sing - 2000 - Substance 29 (3):84-102.
    Bourdieu’s thought is disturbing. Provocative. Scandalous even, at least for those who do not easily tolerate the unmitigated truth about the social. Nonetheless his ideas, among the most important and innovative of our time, are here to stay. This thought has taken form in the course of a career and through works on diverse subjects that have constructed a far-reaching analytical model of social life, which the author calls more readily an anthropology rather than a sociology. In their totality, they (...)
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  37. Slaves and Other Objects.Pasi Loman & P. Dubois - 2004 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 124:202.
  38.  52
    Hegemony, Imperialism, and the Construction of Religion in East and Southeast Asia.Thomas David Dubois - 2005 - History and Theory 44 (4):113–131.
    Edward Said’s concept of Orientalism portrays the high tide of nineteenth-century imperialism as the defining moment in the establishment of a global discursive hegemony, in which European attitudes and concepts gained a universal validity. The idea of “religion” was central to the civilizing mission of imperialism, and was shaped by the interests of a number of colonial actors in a way that remains visibly relevant today. In East and Southeast Asia, however, many of the concerns that statecraft, law, scholarship, and (...)
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  39.  29
    Aggregation of Decomposable Measures with Application to Utility Theory.D. Dubois, J. C. Fodor, H. Prade & M. Roubens - 1996 - Theory and Decision 41 (1):59-95.
  40.  15
    A Fountain in Kentucky. By John Frederick Nims.Jean DuBois - 1951 - Renascence 4 (1):69-71.
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  41.  15
    Organ Transplantation: An Ethical Road Map.James M. DuBois - 2002 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (3):413-453.
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  42.  3
    Intention, Action, and the Dead Donor Rule: Commentary on Spike.James M. DuBois - 2000 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 11 (1):78.
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  43. Legends in Limestone: Lazarus, Gislebertus, and the Cathedral of Autun. By Linda Seidel.E. Dubois - 2002 - The European Legacy 7 (1):111-111.
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  44.  27
    Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology.James M. DuBois - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):391-392.
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  45.  15
    Vérité incertaine – Vérité approximative.Didier Dubois & Henri Prade - 2001 - Rue Descartes 1 (1):105-126.
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  46.  32
    Identity and Autonomy of Psychology in Cognitive Sciences: Some Remarks From Language Processing and Knowledge Representation.Daniele Dubois - 1994 - World Futures 42 (1):71-78.
    (1994). Identity and autonomy of psychology in cognitive sciences: Some remarks from language processing and knowledge representation. World Futures: Vol. 42, No. 1-2, pp. 71-78.
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  47.  35
    Suitable Properties for Any Electronic Voting System.Jean-Luc Koning & Didier Dubois - 2006 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 14 (4):251-260.
    Numerous countries are heading toward digital infrastructures. In particular this new technology promises to help support methods for elections. However, one should be careful that such an infrastructure does not hinder the voting and representation issues. On the contrary, it should support those issues and help citizens have a clearer picture of the underlying mechanisms. This paper deals with the limits of voting procedures as they are described in classical collective choice theory and reflects on ways to aggregate electronic votes (...)
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  48.  13
    Does the Public Support Organ Donation Using Higher Brain-Death Criteria?James M. DuBois & Tracy Schmidt - 2002 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 14 (1-2):26-36.
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  49.  28
    Christian Versus Philosophical Natural Law Reasoning: Reply to Joseph Boyle.J. M. DuBois - 2008 - Christian Bioethics 14 (3):310-313.
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  50.  31
    Teaching Social Responsibility: The Manhattan Project.Penny J. Gilmer & Michael DuBois - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):206-210.
    This paper discusses the critical necessity of teaching students about the social and ethical responsibilities of scientists. Both a university scientist and a middle school science teacher reflect on the value of teaching the ethical issues that confront scientists. In the development of the atomic bomb in the US-led Manhattan Project, scientists faced the growing threat of atomic bombs by the Germans and Japanese and the ethical issues involved in successfully completing such a destructive weapon. The Manhattan Project is a (...)
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