Results for 'Jigisha Patel'

155 found
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  1.  79
    Working Towards a New Psychiatry - Neuroscience, Technology and the DSM-5.Sabina Alam, Jigisha Patel & James Giordano - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):1-.
    This Editorial introduces the thematic series on 'Toward a New Psychiatry: Philosophical and Ethical Issues in Classification, Diagnosis and Care' http://www.biomedcentral.com/series/newpsychiatry.
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  2.  13
    The Development of Perceptual Grouping Biases in Infancy: A Japanese-English Cross-Linguistic Study.Katherine A. Yoshida, John R. Iversen, Aniruddh D. Patel, Reiko Mazuka, Hiromi Nito, Judit Gervain & Janet F. Werker - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):356-361.
    Perceptual grouping has traditionally been thought to be governed by innate, universal principles. However, recent work has found differences in Japanese and English speakers' non-linguistic perceptual grouping, implicating language in non-linguistic perceptual processes (Iversen, Patel, & Ohgushi, 2008). Two experiments test Japanese- and English-learning infants of 5-6 and 7-8 months of age to explore the development of grouping preferences. At 5-6 months, neither the Japanese nor the English infants revealed any systematic perceptual biases. However, by 7-8 months, the same (...)
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  3.  2
    Synchronization to Auditory and Visual Rhythms in Hearing and Deaf Individuals.John R. Iversen, Aniruddh D. Patel, Brenda Nicodemus & Karen Emmorey - 2015 - Cognition 134:232-244.
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  4. Distributed Cognition, Representation, and Affordance.Jiajie Zhang & Vimla L. Patel - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):333-341.
    This article describes a representation-based framework of distributed cognition. This framework considers distributed cognition as a cognitive system whose structures and processes are distributed between internal and external representations, across a group of individuals, and across space and time. The major issue for distributed research, under this framework, are the distribution, transformation, and propagation of information across the components of the distributed cognitive system and how they affect the performance of the system as a whole. To demonstrate the value of (...)
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  5.  8
    An Empirical Comparison of Rhythm in Language and Music.Aniruddh D. Patel & Joseph R. Daniele - 2003 - Cognition 87 (1):B35-B45.
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  6.  6
    Stimulus-Dependent Flexibility in Non-Human Auditory Pitch Processing.Micah R. Bregman, Aniruddh D. Patel & Timothy Q. Gentner - 2012 - Cognition 122 (1):51-60.
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  7.  7
    Pediatric Ethics and Communication Excellence Rounds: Decreasing Moral Distress and Patient Length of Stay in the PICU.Lucia Wocial, Veda Ackerman, Brian Leland, Brian Benneyworth, Vinit Patel, Yan Tong & Mara Nitu - 2017 - HEC Forum 29 (1):75-91.
    This paper describes a practice innovation: the addition of formal weekly discussions of patients with prolonged PICU stay to reduce healthcare providers’ moral distress and decrease length of stay for patients with life-threatening illnesses. We evaluated the innovation using a pre/post intervention design measuring provider moral distress and comparing patient outcomes using retrospective historical controls. Physicians and nurses on staff in our pediatric intensive care unit in a quaternary care children's hospital participated in the evaluation. There were 60 patients in (...)
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  8.  6
    Role of Triggers and Dysphoria in Mind-Wandering About Past, Present and Future: A Laboratory Study.Benjamin Plimpton, Priya Patel & Lia Kvavilashvili - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:261-276.
  9.  2
    Studying Musical and Linguistic Prediction in Comparable Ways: The Melodic Cloze Probability Method.Allison R. Fogel, Jason C. Rosenberg, Frank M. Lehman, Gina R. Kuperberg & Aniruddh D. Patel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  10.  11
    Food Sovereignty as Decolonization: Some Contributions From Indigenous Movements to Food System and Development Politics.Sam Grey & Raj Patel - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (3):431-444.
  11.  3
    Knowledge Based Solution Strategies in Medical Reasoning.Vimla L. Patel & Guy J. Groen - 1986 - Cognitive Science 10 (1):91-116.
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  12. IT and the NHS: Investigating Different Perspectives of IT Using Soft Systems Methodology.Alan C. Gillies & Inderjit Patel - 2009 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (2).
    The UK NHS National Programme for IT has been criticized for a lack of clinical engagement. This paper uses a soft systems methodology analysis of a case study from the use of electronic systems within a National Health Service Mental Health Trust in the United Kingdom to explore the legal and ethical implications of the failure to develop clinical systems which are fit for purpose.Soft systems methodology was used as a theoretical model both to derive deeper insights into the survey (...)
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  13.  8
    Faith in the State? Asian Women's Struggles for Human Rights in the U.K.Pragna Patel - 2008 - Feminist Legal Studies 16 (1):9-36.
    The discourse of multiculturalism provides a useful means of understanding the complexities, tensions, and dilemmas that Asian and other minority women in the U.K. grapple with in their quest for human rights. However, the adoption of multiculturalist approaches has also silenced women’s voices, obscuring, for example, the role of the family in gendered violence and abuse. Focusing on the work of Southall Black Sisters, and locating this work within current debates on the intersection of government policy, cultural diversity, and feminist (...)
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  14.  35
    Why Do Mothers Favor Girls and Fathers, Boys?Ricardo Godoy, Victoria Reyes-García, Thomas McDade, Susan Tanner, William R. Leonard, Tomás Huanca, Vincent Vadez & Karishma Patel - 2006 - Human Nature 17 (2):169-189.
    Growing evidence suggests mothers invest more in girls than boys and fathers more in boys than girls. We develop a hypothesis that predicts preference for girls by the parent facing more resource constraints and preference for boys by the parent facing less constraint. We test the hypothesis with panel data from the Tsimane’, a foraging-farming society in the Bolivian Amazon. Tsimane’ mothers face more resource constraints than fathers. As predicted, mother’s wealth protected girl’s BMI, but father’s wealth had weak effects (...)
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  15.  5
    Incidental Finding of Tumor While Investigating Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Ethical Considerations and Practical Strategies.Doniel Drazin, Kevin Spitler, Milos Cekic, Ashish Patel, George Hanna, Ali Shirzadi & Ray Chu - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1107-1120.
    High-resolution neuroimaging modalities are used often in studies involving healthy volunteers. Subsequently, a significant increase in the incidental discovery of asymptomatic intracranial abnormalities raised the important ethical issues of when follow-up and treatment may be necessary. We examined the literature to establish a practical set of criteria for approaching incidental findings. Our objective is to develop an algorithm for when follow-up may be important and to provide recommendations that would increase the likelihood of follow-up. A systematic literature search was performed (...)
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  16.  21
    The Linguistic Benefits of Musical Abilities.Aniruddh D. Patel & John R. Iversen - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):369-372.
  17.  29
    Making Sense of the Diversity of Ethical Decision Making in Business: An Illustration of the Indian Context.Taran Patel & Anja Schaefer - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):171-186.
    In this conceptual article, we look at the impact of culture on ethical decision making from a Douglasian Cultural Theory (CT) perspective. We aim to show how CT can be used to explain the diversity and dynamicity of ethical beliefs and behaviours found in every social system, be it a corporation, a nation or even an individual. We introduce CT in the context of ethical decision making and then use it to discuss examples of business ethics in the Indian business (...)
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  18.  3
    Disclosure of Information to Potential Subjects on Research Recruitment Web Sites.R. Klitzman, I. Albala, J. Siragusa, J. Patel & P. S. Appelbaum - 2007 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 30 (1):15-20.
    Despite the developing influence of the Internet as a tool for reaching potential subjects, little empirical information exits on how individuals are recruited to participate in clinical research via the Internet or on what type of information clinical trial Web sites provide. This study revealed that roughly half of the sites failed to mention study risks or specific details about what the study required on the part of participants, while nearly three-quarters described incentives to participate. Moreover, for-profit entities were more (...)
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  19.  3
    Going to Haven? Corporate Social Responsibility and Tax Avoidance.Burcin Col & Saurin Patel - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
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  20. Distributed Cognition, Representation, and Affordance.Jiajie Zhang & Vimla L. Patel - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):333-341.
  21.  1
    How ‘Universal’ Is the United Nations’ Universal Periodic Review Process? An Examination of the Discussions Held on Polygamy.Gayatri Patel - forthcoming - Human Rights Review:1-25.
    In 2006, United Nations Human Rights Council was tasked to establish a new human rights monitoring mechanism: Universal Periodic Review process. The objective of this process is to promote and protect the universality of all human rights issues and concerns via a dialogical peer review process. The primary aim of this investigation is to ask the following question: has this claim of promoting and protecting the universality of the human rights been met, or challenged, during state reviews in the UPR (...)
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  22.  9
    Exploring Cognitive Relations Between Prediction in Language and Music.Aniruddh D. Patel & Emily Morgan - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S2).
    The online processing of both music and language involves making predictions about upcoming material, but the relationship between prediction in these two domains is not well understood. Electrophysiological methods for studying individual differences in prediction in language processing have opened the door to new questions. Specifically, we ask whether individuals with musical training predict upcoming linguistic material more strongly and/or more accurately than non-musicians. We propose two reasons why prediction in these two domains might be linked: Musicians may have greater (...)
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  23. Social Welfare and Social Development: In South Africa.Leila Patel - 2005 - Oxford University Press South Africa.
    This textbook can be used throughout the undergraduate years of study and help develop students' competencies and locate social welfare theory and practice within a global, regional, and national context.
     
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  24.  30
    Topographic Organization in the Brain: Searching for General Principles.Gaurav H. Patel, David M. Kaplan & Lawrence H. Snyder - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (7):351-363.
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  25.  37
    Nonrational Actors and Financial Market Behavior.Richard Zeckhauser, Jayendu Patel & Darryll Hendricks - 1991 - Theory and Decision 31 (2-3):257-287.
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  26.  6
    A Natural Stem Cell Therapy? How Novel Findings and Biotechnology Clarify the Ethics of Stem Cell Research.P. Patel - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4):235-239.
    The natural replacement of damaged cells by stem cells occurs actively and often in adult tissues, especially rapidly dividing cells such as blood cells. An exciting case in Boston, however, posits a kind of natural stem cell therapy provided to a mother by her fetus—long after the fetus is born. Because there is a profound lack of medical intervention, this therapy seems natural enough and is unlikely to be morally suspect. Nevertheless, we feel morally uncertain when we consider giving this (...)
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  27.  7
    Playing by Pair‐Rules?Gregory K. Davis & Nipam H. Patel - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (5):425-429.
  28.  5
    The Paradox of Negation in N G Rjuna's Philosophy.Kartikeya C. Patel - 1994 - Asian Philosophy 4 (1):17 – 32.
    Abstract This essay discusses the paradox of the N?g?rjunian negation as presented in his Vigrahavy?vartani. In Part One it is argued that as the Naiy?yika remarks, N?g?rjuna's speech act ?No proposition has its own intrinsic thesis? seemingly contradicts his famous claim that he has no negation whatsoever. In Parts Two and Three I consider the traditional as well as modem responses to this paradox and offer my own. I argue that N?g?rjuna's speech act does not generate a paradox for two (...)
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  29.  6
    A Classification of Orbits Admitting a Unique Invariant Measure.Nathanael Ackerman, Cameron Freer, Aleksandra Kwiatkowska & Rehana Patel - 2017 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 168 (1):19-36.
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  30.  29
    Horizontal Integration of Warfighter Intelligence Data: A Shared Semantic Resource for the Intelligence Community.Barry Smith, Tatiana Malyuta, William S. Mandrick, Chia Fu, Kesny Parent & Milan Patel - 2012 - In Proceedings of the Conference on Semantic Technology in Intelligence, Defense and Security (STIDS), CEUR. pp. 1-8.
    We describe a strategy that is being used for the horizontal integration of warfighter intelligence data within the framework of the US Army’s Distributed Common Ground System Standard Cloud (DSC) initiative. The strategy rests on the development of a set of ontologies that are being incrementally applied to bring about what we call the ‘semantic enhancement’ of data models used within each intelligence discipline. We show how the strategy can help to overcome familiar tendencies to stovepiping of intelligence data, and (...)
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  31.  10
    Comparing Apples and Oranges: Some Dangers in Confusing Frameworks with Theories.Vimla L. Patel & Guy J. Groen - 1993 - Cognitive Science 17 (1):135-141.
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  32.  14
    Reproductive Ethics in Commercial Surrogacy: Decision-Making in IVF Clinics in New Delhi, India.Malene Tanderup, Sunita Reddy, Tulsi Patel & Birgitte Bruun Nielsen - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (3):491-501.
    As a neo-liberal economy, India has become one of the new health tourism destinations, with commercial gestational surrogacy as an expanding market. Yet the Indian Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill has been pending for five years, and the guidelines issued by the Indian Council of Medical Research are somewhat vague and contradictory, resulting in self-regulated practices of fertility clinics. This paper broadly looks at clinical ethics in reproduction in the practice of surrogacy and decision-making in various procedures. Through empirical research in (...)
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  33.  29
    Concept Formation: A Complex Adaptative Approach.Mukesh J. Patel - 1994 - Theoria 9 (1):89-108.
    Concept formation is complex cognitive phenomenon which has been only partially modelIed in Cognitive Psychology and AI. Following a detailed and critical evaluation of such models we conclude that their main shortcoming of not being able to explain the nature of the semantics of concepts is because they fail to take into account the role of learning in concept formation. As a radical alternative it is proposed that a more (semantically) complete model would necessarily have to give an account of (...)
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  34. Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice.D. A. Evans & V. L. Patel (eds.) - 1992 - Springer.
     
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  35.  11
    Deferred System's Design: Situated System Requirements Gathering with Hyper-Tmodeller. [REVIEW]Nandish V. Patel - 2001 - AI and Society 15 (4):316-343.
    The conceptual foundations underpinning the approach to system requirements gathering considered in this paper aredeferred system's design andtailorable information systems. In this approach users of information systems are regarded as active developers. System requirements gathering is considered from an interpretative and situated perspective using the Hyper-Tmodeller CASE tool. The tool enables better interpretative and situated system requirements gathering, through visual modelling by users and professional system developers. It is designed to address the requirements communication gap between system analysts, designers and (...)
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  36. How Experts' Adaptations to Representative Task Demands Account for the Expertise Effect in Memory Recall: Comment on Vicente and Wang.K. Anders Ericsson, Vimla Patel & Walter Kintsch - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (3):578-592.
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  37. Trigon Patterns on Etched Calcium Fluoride Cleavages.A. R. Patel, K. N. Goswami & C. C. Desai - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 10 (108):931-935.
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  38.  11
    Current Status of Drug Screening and Disease Modelling in Human Pluripotent Stem Cells.Divya Rajamohan, Elena Matsa, Spandan Kalra, James Crutchley, Asha Patel, Vinoj George & Chris Denning - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (3):281-298.
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  39.  4
    Cardiovascular and Nervous System Changes During Meditation.Steven R. Steinhubl, Nathan E. Wineinger, Sheila Patel, Debra L. Boeldt, Geoffrey Mackellar, Valencia Porter, Jacob T. Redmond, Evan D. Muse, Laura Nicholson, Deepak Chopra & Eric J. Topol - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  40.  30
    The Cognitive Process of Problem Solving: A Soft Systems Approach. [REVIEW]Dilip Patel & Shushma Patel - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):283-295.
    In this paper we describe the nature and problems of business and define one aspect of the business environment. We then propose a framework based on augmented soft systems methodology and object technology that captures both the soft and hard aspects of a business environment within the context of organisational culture. We also briefly discuss cognitive informatics and its relevance to understanding problems and solutions. Pólya's work, which is based around solving mathematical problems, is considered within the context of information (...)
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  41. Dynamics and Psychodynamics: Process Foundations of Psychology.H. C. Sabelli, L. CarlsonSabelli, M. Patel & A. Sugerman - 1997 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 18 (2-3).
  42.  8
    Poem on Ethics.Shyamal Patel - 2003 - Questions 3:6-6.
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  43.  8
    Construction Sector.Devang Patel - 2011 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1.
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  44.  9
    Book Review: Flavia Agnes, Sudhir Chandra and Monmayee Basu (Eds.), Women and Law in India–An Omnibus Comprising Flavia Agnes, Law and Gender Inequality, Sudhir Chandra, Enslaved Daughters and Monmayee Basu, Hindu Women and Marriage Law, New Delhi: OUP, 2004, 766 Pp.,£ 26.95, ISBN: 0 19 5667670. [REVIEW]Reena Patel - 2005 - Feminist Legal Studies 13 (2):259-261.
  45.  7
    ADRs and Underlying Stock Returns: Empirical Evidence From India.Samveg A. Patel - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (2):299-310.
  46.  8
    Vrinda Narain,Gender and Community: Muslim Women's Rights in India, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001.Reena Patel - 2003 - Feminist Legal Studies 11 (3):303-305.
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  47.  1
    Agriculture Increases Individual Fitness.Karen Kovaka, Carlos Santana, Raj Patel, Erol Akçay & Michael Weisberg - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  48. Etch Pits on Diamond Surfaces.A. R. Patel & S. Ramanathan - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (80):1305-1314.
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  49.  21
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Edwin Dickens, Eliza F. Kent, Rita M. Gross, M. Whitney Kelting & Deven M. Patel - 2007 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 11 (1):115-123.
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  50. Rectilinear Etch Pits on Diamond.S. Tolansky & A. R. Patel - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (20):1003-1005.
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1 — 50 / 155