Results for 'Jill Freedman'

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  1.  1
    The Study of Chinese Society: Essays by Maurice Freedman.Norma Diamond, William Skinner & Maurice Freedman - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (3):639.
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  2. Group Accountability Versus Justified Belief: A Reply to Kukla.Karyn L. Freedman - 2015 - Social Epistemology Reply and Review Collective.
    In this paper I respond to Rebecca Kukla's (2014) "Commentary on Karyn Freedman, "Testimony and Epistemic Risk: The Dependence Account."".
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  3. The Epistemological Significance of Psychic Trauma.Karyn L. Freedman - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (2):104-125.
    This essay explores the epistemological significance of the kinds of beliefs that grow out of traumatic experiences, such as the rape survivor's belief that she is never safe. On current theories of justification, beliefs like this one are generally dismissed due to either insufficient evidence or insufficient propositional content. Here, Freedman distinguishes two discrete sides of the aftermath of psychic trauma, the shattered self and the shattered worldview. This move enables us to see these beliefs as beliefs; in other (...)
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  4.  55
    Are There Algorithms That Discover Causal Structure?David Freedman & Paul Humphreys - 1999 - Synthese 121 (1-2):29-54.
    There have been many efforts to infer causation from association byusing statistical models. Algorithms for automating this processare a more recent innovation. In Humphreys and Freedman[(1996) British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47, 113–123] we showed that one such approach, by Spirtes et al., was fatally flawed. Here we put our arguments in a broader context and reply to Korb and Wallace [(1997) British Journal for thePhilosophy of Science 48, 543–553] and to Spirtes et al.[(1997) British Journal for (...)
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  5. One Hour in Paris: A True Story of Rape and Recovery.Karyn L. Freedman - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this powerful memoir, philosopher Karyn L. Freedman travels back to a Paris night in 1990 when she was twenty-two and, in one violent hour, her life was changed forever by a brutal rape. _One Hour in Paris_ takes the reader on a harrowing yet inspirational journey through suffering and recovery both personal and global. We follow Freedman from an apartment in Paris to a French courtroom, then from a trauma center in Toronto to a rape clinic in (...)
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  6. On Human Nature.Edward O. Wilson, Arthur L. Caplan, Daniel G. Freedman & Michael Ruse - 1978 - Ethics 92 (2):327-340.
     
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  7.  9
    What Infants Know About Syntax but Couldn't Have Learned: Experimental Evidence for Syntactic Structure at 18 Months.Jeffrey Lidz, Sandra Waxman & Jennifer Freedman - 2003 - Cognition 89 (3):295-303.
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  8. In Loco Parentis: Minimal Risk as an Ethical Threshold for Research Upon Children.Benjamin Freedman, Abraham Fuks & Charles Weijer - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (2):13-19.
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  9.  51
    Bar and Line Graph Comprehension: An Interaction of Top‐Down and Bottom‐Up Processes.Priti Shah & Eric G. Freedman - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (3):560-578.
    This experiment investigated the effect of format (line vs. bar), viewers’ familiarity with variables, and viewers’ graphicacy (graphical literacy) skills on the comprehension of multivariate (three variable) data presented in graphs. Fifty-five undergraduates provided written descriptions of data for a set of 14 line or bar graphs, half of which depicted variables familiar to the population and half of which depicted variables unfamiliar to the population. Participants then took a test of graphicacy skills. As predicted, the format influenced viewers’ interpretations (...)
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  10.  4
    The Role of Historical Intuitions in Children's and Adults' Naming of Artifacts.Grant Gutheil, Paul Bloom, Nohemy Valderrama & Rebecca Freedman - 2004 - Cognition 91 (1):23-42.
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  11.  16
    Duty and Healing: Foundations of a Jewish Bioethic.Benjamin Freedman - 1999 - Routledge.
    Duty and Healing positions ethical issues commonly encountered in clinical situations within Jewish law. The concept of duty is significant in exploring bioethical issues, and this book presents an authentic and non-parochial Jewish approach to bioethics, while it includes critiques of both current secular and Jewish literatures. Among the issues the book explores are the role of family in medical decision-making, the question of informed consent as a personal religious duty, and the responsibilities of caretakers. The exploration of contemporary ethical (...)
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  12.  35
    Diversity and the Fate of Objectivity.Karyn L. Freedman - 2009 - Social Epistemology 23 (1):45-56.
    Helen Longino argues that the way to ensure scientific knowledge is objective is to have a diversity of scientific investigators. This is the best example of recent feminist arguments which hold that the real value of diversity is epistemic, and not political, but it only partly succeeds. In the end, Longino's objectivity amounts to intersubjective agreement about contextually based standards, and while her account gives us a good reason for wanting diversity in our scientific communities, this reason turns out to (...)
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  13. Structuring the Review of Human Genetics Protocols.Kathleen Cranley Glass, Charles Weijer, Denis Cournoyer, Trudo Lemmens, Roberta M. Palmour, Stanley H. Shapiro & Benjamin Freedman - 1999 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 21.
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  14.  42
    Relationships, Not Boundaries.Gene Combs & Jill Freedman - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (3):203-217.
    The authors find it more useful to payattention to relationships than to boundaries.By focusing attention on bounded, individualpsychological issues, the metaphor ofboundaries can distract helping professionalsfrom thinking about inequities of power. Itoversimplifies a complex issue, inviting us toignore discourses around gender, race, class,culture, and the like that support injustice,abuse, and exploitation. Making boundaries acentral metaphor for ethical practice can keepus from critically examining the effects ofdistance, withdrawal, and non-participation.The authors describe how it is possible toexamine the practical, moral, and ethicaleffects (...)
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  15.  10
    Placebo Orthodoxy in Clinical Research II: Ethical, Legal, and Regulatory Myths.Benjamin Freedman, Kathleen Cranley Glass & Charles Weijer - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 24 (3):252-259.
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  16.  10
    The Persistence of Cognitive Illusions.Persi Diaconis & David Freedman - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):333-334.
  17. The Grand Leap. [REVIEW]P. Humphreys & D. Freedman - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):113-123.
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  18. Wit as a Political Weapon: Satirists and Censors.Leonard Freedman - 2012 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 79 (1):87-112.
     
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  19. Clinical Ethics Theory and Practice.C. Barry Hoffmaster, Benjamin Freedman, Gwen Fraser & Westminster Institute for Ethics and Human Values - 1989
     
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  20.  24
    Testimony and Epistemic Risk: The Dependence Account.Karyn L. Freedman - 2015 - Social Epistemology 29 (3):251-269.
    In this paper, I give an answer to the central epistemic question regarding the normative requirements for beliefs based on testimony. My suggestion here is that our best strategy for coming up with the conditions for justification is to look at cases where the adoption of the belief matters to the person considering it. This leads me to develop, in Part One of the paper, an interest-relative theory of justification, according to which our justification for a proposition p depends on (...)
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  21.  7
    Where Are the Heroes of Bioethics?Benjamin Freedman - 1996 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (4):297.
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  22.  8
    Placebo Orthodoxy in Clinical Research I: Empirical and Methodological Myths.Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer & Kathleen Cranley Glass - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 24 (3):243-251.
  23.  75
    A Response to a Purported Ethical Difficulty with Randomized Clinical Trials Involving Cancer Patients.Benjamin Freedman - 1992 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (3):231.
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  24.  12
    Women's Right to Asylum: Protecting the Rights of Female Asylum Seekers in Europe? [REVIEW]Jane Freedman - 2008 - Human Rights Review 9 (4):413-433.
    Criticisms have been made against international laws and conventions on asylum and refugees, arguing that these have been based on a male model of definition, which have ignored women’s persecutions. This article will argue that recent developments in European asylum policy have the potential to deepen this discrimination and to further reduce the rights of female asylum seekers. Although there have been some positive developments in jurisprudence that have recognised that gender-specific persecution may be the basis for granting asylum, these (...)
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  25.  14
    A Moral Theory of Informed Consent.Benjamin Freedman - 1975 - Hastings Center Report 5 (4):32-39.
  26.  1
    Placebo-Controlled Trials and the Logic of Scientific Purpose.B. Freedman - 1990 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 12 (6):5.
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  27.  80
    On Bub's Misunderstanding of Bell's Locality Argument.S. Freedman & E. Wigner - 1973 - Foundations of Physics 3 (4):457-458.
    Bub's criticism of Bell's locality postulate is discussed. The locality postulate is explained, and it is shown that Bub is in fact arguing against a class of theories which are subject to stronger restrictions than this postulate, and therefore his “refutation” of the latter is misleading.
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  28.  38
    Disquotationalism, Truth and Justification: The Pragmatist's Wrong Turn.Karyn L. Freedman - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (3):371-386.
    Cheryl Misak argues that since disquotationalism cannot distinguish between different kinds of declarative sentences it cannot make sense of the disciplined nature of moral discourse. This apparent weakness is overcome by her pragmatist theory of truth, which reinflates truth by linking it to our everyday practices of justification and verification. In this paper I argue that the criticism that a deflated notion of truth cannot capture our justificatory practices has no purchase with someone who has no such aspirations for the (...)
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  29.  51
    A Meta-Ethics for Professional Morality.Benjamin Freedman - 1978 - Ethics 89 (1):1-19.
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  30.  93
    Some Issues in the Foundation of Statistics.David Freedman - 1995 - Foundations of Science 1 (1):19-39.
    After sketching the conflict between objectivists and subjectivists on the foundations of statistics, this paper discusses an issue facing statisticians of both schools, namely, model validation. Statistical models originate in the study of games of chance, and have been successfully applied in the physical and life sciences. However, there are basic problems in applying the models to social phenomena; some of the difficulties will be pointed out. Hooke's law will be contrasted with regression models for salary discrimination, the latter being (...)
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  31.  19
    Case Notes and Charting of Bioethical Case Consultations.Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer & Eugene Bereza - 1993 - HEC Forum 5 (3):176-195.
    In summary, the usual elements of a typical health care ethics consultation note might reasonably accommodate the needs and expectations of relevant parties, and would therefore include: 1. identification of the relevant ethical issues, questions, or dilemmas; 2. reference to any relevant facts--medical, nursing, social, psychological, spiritual, legal, political, etc.; 3. a prioritized list of recommendations to improve coordinated care; 4. a clear and concise articulation of relevant arguments, wtih specific reference to the list of recommendations as well as to (...)
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  32.  54
    Laudan's Naturalistic Axiology.Karyn L. Freedman - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):537.
    Doppelt (1986,1990), Siegel (1990), and Rosenberg (1996) argue that the pivotal feature of Laudan's normative naturalism, namely his axiology, lacks a naturalistic foundation. In this paper I show that this objection turns on a misunderstanding of Laudan's use of the term 'naturalism'. Specifically, I argue that there are two important senses of naturalism running through Laudan's work. Once these two strands are made explicit, the objection raised by Doppelt and others simply disappears.
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  33.  19
    The Limits of Internalism: A Case Study.Karyn L. Freedman - 2010 - Dialogue 49 (1):73-89.
    Looking at specific populations of knowers reveals that the presumption of sameness within knowledge communities can lead to a number of epistemological oversights. A good example of this is found in the case of survivors of sexual violence. In this paper I argue that this case study offers a new perspective on the debate between the epistemic internalist and externalist by providing us with a fresh insight into the complicated psychological dimensions of belief formation and the implications that this has (...)
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  34.  5
    Accounting Students as Surrogates for Accounting Professionals When Studying Ethical Dilemmas: A Cautionary Note.David F. Bean & M. D. Jill - 2003 - Teaching Business Ethics 7 (3):187-204.
  35.  7
    The Psychological Status of Overgenerated Sentences.Sandra E. Freedman & Kenneth I. Forster - 1985 - Cognition 19 (2):101-131.
  36.  80
    The Morality of Huck Finn.Carol Freedman - 1997 - Philosophy and Literature 21 (1):102-113.
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  37.  20
    Quasi-Evidentialism: Interests, Justification and Epistemic Virtue.Karyn L. Freedman - 2017 - Episteme 14 (2):147-160.
    In this paper I argue against what I call ‘strict evidentialism’, the view that evidence is the sole factor for determining the normative status of beliefs. I argue that strict evidentialism fails to capture the uniquely subjective standpoint of believers and as a result it fails to provide us with the tools necessary to apply its own epistemic norms. In its place I develop an interest-relative theory of justification which I call quasi-evidentialism, according to which S has a justified belief (...)
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  38. Finite Exchangeable Sequences.P. Diaconis & D. Freedman - 1980 - The Annals of Probability 8:745--64.
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  39.  32
    Children's Capacity to Agree to Psychological Research: Knowledge of Risks and Benefits and Voluntariness.Rona Abramovitch, Jonathan L. Freedman, Kate Henry & Michelle Van Brunschot - 1995 - Ethics and Behavior 5 (1):25 – 48.
    A series of studies investigated the capacity of children between the ages of 7 and 12 to give free and informed consent to participation in psychological research. Children were reasonably accurate in describing the purpose of studies, but many did not understand the possible benefits or especially the possible risks of participating. In several studies children's consent was not affected by the knowledge that their parents had given their permission or by the parents saying that they would not be upset (...)
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  40.  8
    Scientific Value and Validity as Ethical Requirements for Research: A Proposed Explication.Benjamin Freedman - 1987 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  41.  29
    Demarcating Research and Treatment: A Systematic Approach for the Analysis of the Ethics of Clinical Research.Benjamin Freedman, Abraham Fuks & Charles Weijer - unknown
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  42.  25
    Accountability and Emissions Allowance Trading.Martin Freedman & A. J. Stagliano - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:312-313.
    This research concerns accountability by the U.S. electric utility industry for the financial impacts of cap-and-trade emissions allowance activity. We report findings from an extensive examination of disclosure practices for more than 100 facilities that were required to curb pollutant discharges and participate in a government-mandated program of emission allowance distribution and trading.
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  43.  18
    A Reply to Giles R. Scofield, J.D.Francoise Baylis, Jeanne DesBrisay, Benjamin Freedman, Larry Lowenstein & Susan Sherwin - 1994 - HEC Forum 6 (6):371-376.
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  44.  60
    On the Rights of the Voiceless.Benjamin Freedman - 1978 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 3 (3):196-210.
  45.  26
    Classifications of Philosophy, the Sciences, and the Arts in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Europe.Joseph S. Freedman - 1994 - Modern Schoolman 72 (1):37-65.
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  46.  26
    What Really Makes Professional Morality Different: Response to Martin.Benjamin Freedman - 1981 - Ethics 91 (4):626-630.
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  47.  22
    The Godfather of Ontology? Clemens Timpler, «All That is Intelligible», Academic Disciplines During the Late 16 Th and Early 17 Th Centuries, and Some Possible Ramifications for the Use of Ontology in Our Time.Joseph S. Freedman - 2009 - Quaestio 9 (1):3-40.
  48.  59
    Normative Naturalism and Epistemic Relativism.Karyn L. Freedman - 2006 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (3):309 – 322.
    In previous work, I defended Larry Laudan against the criticism that the axiological component of his normative naturalism lacks a naturalistic justification. I argued that this criticism depends on an equivocation over the term 'naturalism' and that it begs the question against what we are entitled to include in our concept of nature. In this paper, I generalize that argument and explore its implications for Laudan and other proponents of epistemic naturalism. Here, I argue that a commitment to naturalism in (...)
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  49.  1
    16. A Preliminary Agenda for the Psychology of Science.Robert A. Neimeyer, William R. Shadish Jr, Eric G. Freedman, Barry Gholson & Arthur C. Houts - 1989 - In Barry Gholson (ed.), Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press.
  50.  41
    A Note on Marxism and Fantasy.Carl Freedman - 2002 - Historical Materialism 10 (4):261-271.
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