Search results for 'Jim Hanson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  21
    Jim Hanson (2008). Searching for the Power-I: Nietzsche and Nirvana. Asian Philosophy 18 (3):231 – 244.
    _The usual approach in Buddhist-Western writings uses Buddhist perspectives to help answer Western philosophical-psychological questions. This paper reverses the process and uses the Western philosophical perspective of Nietzsche to answer questions of Buddhist-conceived nirvana. Nietzsche's philosophy of will, expounded primarily through the Zarathustra essays, provides an active and affirmative alternative for understanding and attaining nirvana. His ideas of free will and will to power have commonalities with Buddhist practice and thought, including nonattachment, nihilism, no-self, and meditation. Nietzschean will revises the (...)
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  2.  11
    Jim Hanson (2005). Searching for the High-I. Asian Philosophy 15 (3):247 – 264.
    This paper questions the nature and existence of the ego and I from a Western and Eastern viewpoint, which has been a question for 2,500 years when the Buddha rejected the Brahman idea of ātman. The answer for an ego depends partly on the state of consciousness; the existence of the Western objectifying ego is undeniable in ordinary consciousness, but not in extraordinary consciousness with no objectifying. The subtle question remains about the existence of an I that is distinct from (...)
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  3. Norwood Russell Hanson, R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky (1967). Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science in Memory of Norwood Russell Hanson Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1964-1966.
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  4.  10
    Robin Hanson (2007). The Hanson-Hughes Debate on “The Crack of a Future Dawn.”. Journal of Evolution and Technology 16 (1):99-126.
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  5.  1
    Ann Ellis Hanson (2002). Hippocrates.On Head Wounds. Edited and Translated with Commentaries by Maury Hanson. 130 Pp., Bibl., Index. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1999. [REVIEW] Isis 93 (4):685-686.
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  6. R. S. Cohen, Norwood Russell Hanson & Marx W. Wartofsky (1967). In Memory of Norwood Russell Hanson Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1964-1966. Reidel.
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  7. Robert Garland Colodny & Norwood Russell Hanson (1965). Beyond the Edge of Certainty Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy [by] Norwood Russell Hanson [and Others]. --. Prentice-Hall.
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  8. R. Hanson (1995). Hanson's Gambling Save Science?: Reply. Social Epistemology 9:45-45.
     
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  9. Norwood Russell Hanson (1958). Patterns of Discovery. Cambridge University Press.
    In this 1958 book, Professor Hanson turns to an equally important but comparatively neglected subject, the philosophical aspects of research and discovery.
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  10. Norwood Russell Hanson (1958). Patterns of Discovery an Inquiry Into the Conceptual Foundations of Science.
    Philosophers of science have given considerable attention to the logic of completed scientific systems. In this 1958 book, Professor Hanson turns to an equally important but comparatively neglected subject, the philosophical aspects of research and discovery. He shows that there is a logical pattern in finding theories as much as in using established theories to make deductions and predictions, and he sets out the features of this pattern with the help of striking examples in the history of science.
     
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  11.  32
    William H. Hanson (2014). Logical Truth in Modal Languages: Reply to Nelson and Zalta. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 167 (2):327-339.
    Does general validity or real world validity better represent the intuitive notion of logical truth for sentential modal languages with an actuality connective? In (Philosophical Studies 130:436–459, 2006) I argued in favor of general validity, and I criticized the arguments of Zalta (Journal of Philosophy 85:57–74, 1988) for real world validity. But in Nelson and Zalta (Philosophical Studies 157:153–162, 2012) Michael Nelson and Edward Zalta criticize my arguments and claim to have established the superiority of real world validity. Section 1 (...)
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  12.  18
    Robin Hanson, Combinatorial Information Market Design.
    Department of Economics, George Mason University, MSN 1D3, Carow Hall, Fairfax VA 22030, USA E-mail: rhanson@gmu.edu (http://hanson.gmu.edu).
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  13.  4
    Robin Hanson, Reply to Comments on Could Gambling Save Science?
    Arthur Diamond comments that "it is not clear how a donor distributes money through Hanson's market". Let me try again to be clear. Imagine David Levy were to seek funding for the regression he suggests in his comments, on the relative impact of sports versus science spending on aggregate productivity. Consider what might happen under three different funding institutions.
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  14.  2
    J. C. Orr & N. R. Hanson (1964). The Concept of the Positron: A Philosophical Analysis. Philosophical Quarterly 14 (55):181.
    Originally published in 1963, The Concept of the Positron forms a detailed analysis of quantum theory. Whilst it is not as well known as Professor Hanson's previous book, Patterns of Discovery , the text has many interesting aspects. In many ways it goes further than Hanson's earlier work in approaching the problems of theory competition and the rationality of science, topics that have since become central to the philosophy of science. It is also notable for a rigorous and (...)
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  15.  1
    Stephen José Hanson & Martin Bunzl (eds.) (2010). Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping. Bradford.
    The field of neuroimaging has reached a watershed. Brain imaging research has been the source of many advances in cognitive neuroscience and cognitive science over the last decade, but recent critiques and emerging trends are raising foundational issues of methodology, measurement, and theory. Indeed, concerns over interpretation of brain maps have created serious controversies in social neuroscience, and, more important, point to a larger set of issues that lie at the heart of the entire brain mapping enterprise. In this volume, (...)
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  16.  8
    Jeffrey A. Hanson (2017). Kierkegaard and the Life of Faith: The Aesthetic, the Ethical, and the Religious in Fear and Trembling. Indiana University Press.
    Soren Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling is one of the most widely read works of Continental philosophy and the philosophy of religion. While several commentaries and critical editions exist, Jeffrey Hanson offers a distinctive approach to this crucial text. Hanson gives equal weight and attention to all three of Kierkegaard’s "problems," dealing with Fear and Trembling as part of the entire corpus of Kierkegaard's production and putting all parts into relation with each other. Additionally, he offers a distinctive analysis (...)
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  17. Norwood Russell Hanson (2010). The Concept of the Positron: A Philosophical Analysis. Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1963, The Concept of the Positron forms a detailed analysis of quantum theory. Whilst it is not as well known as Professor Hanson's previous book, Patterns of Discovery, the text has many interesting aspects. In many ways it goes further than Hanson's earlier work in approaching the problems of theory competition and the rationality of science, topics that have since become central to the philosophy of science. It is also notable for a rigorous and forthright (...)
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  18. Norwood Russell Hanson (1969). Perception and Discovery. San Francisco, Freeman, Cooper.
  19. Norwood R. Hanson (1951). Mr. Pap on Synonymity. Mind 60 (240):548-549.
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  20.  22
    Susan Hanson & D. Burr (1990). What Connectionist Models Learn. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
  21. Jeffrey Hanson (2009). Michel Henry's Critique of the Limits of Intuition. Studia Phaenomenologica 9:97-111.
    Intuition is surely a theme of singular importance to phenomenology, and Henry writes sometimes as if intuition should receive extensive attention from phenomenologists. However, he devotes relatively little attention to the problem of intuition himself. Instead he off ers a complex critique of intuition and the central place it enjoys in phenomenological speculation. This article reconstructs Henry’s critique and raises some questions for his counterintuitive theory of intuition. While Henry cannot make a place for the traditional sort of intuition given (...)
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  22.  63
    William H. Hanson (1997). The Concept of Logical Consequence. Philosophical Review 106 (3):365-409.
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  23.  35
    Robin Hanson (2013). Shall We Vote on Values, But Bet on Beliefs? Journal of Political Philosophy 21 (2):151-178.
    Policy disputes arise at all scales of governance: in clubs, non-profits, firms, nations, and alliances of nations. Both the means and ends of policy are disputed. While many, perhaps most, policy disputes arise from conflicting ends, important disputes also arise from differing beliefs on how to achieve shared ends. In fact, according to many experts in economics and development, governments often choose policies that are “inefficient” in the sense that most everyone could expect to gain from other feasible policies. Many (...)
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  24. B. G. Hanson (1991). Conceptualizing Contextual Emotion The Grounds for "Supra-Rationality". Diogenes 39 (156):33-46.
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  25.  76
    B. G. Hanson (1989). Parallogic: As Mind Meets Context. Diogenes 37 (147):77-91.
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  26.  5
    Stephen S. Hanson (2011). The Perspective of an IRB Member. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):25-27.
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  27. Robin Hanson (2001). How to Live in a Simulation. Journal of Evolution and Technology 7 (1).
  28. Norwood Russell Hanson (1959). Five Cautions for the Copenhagen Interpretation's Critics. Philosophy of Science 26 (4):325-337.
    Within the past decade there has grown an acute and highly articulate group of critics of the orthodox interpretation of quantum theory,--the so-called "Copenhagen Interpretation." The writings of people like Bopp, Janossy, and particularly Bohm and Feyerabend, must be taken very seriously indeed. The future of some important discussions in the philosophy and the logic of science rests with these individuals. But they have, in their own writings, occasionally matched the inelegancies of Bohr and Heisenberg with as many inelegancies of (...)
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  29. Norwood Russell Hanson (1960). More on "the Logic of Discovery". Journal of Philosophy 57 (6):182-188.
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  30.  71
    William H. Hanson (1991). Indicative Conditionals Are Truth-Functional. Mind 100 (1):53-72.
  31.  74
    Norwood Russell Hanson (1960). Is There a Logic of Scientific Discovery? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):91 – 106.
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  32. Norwood Russell Hanson (1962). Discovering the Positron (II). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 12 (48):299-313.
  33.  8
    Mark J. Hanson (1999). Biotechnology and Commodification Within Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):267 – 287.
    The biotechnology industry's intellectual property claims contribute to a subtle but not insignificant encroachment of commodification within health care. Drawing on the conceptual framework of Margaret Jane Radin, I argue that patent claims on human biological materials may commodify that with which our personhood and individuality is intertwined but that such commodification is broad and incomplete. Patents on nonhuman biological organisms contribute to a more materialistic understanding of them but do not significantly change our relationship to them. The systemic effects (...)
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  34. Robin Hanson (2003). When Worlds Collide: Quantum Probability From Observer Selection? [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 33 (7):1129-1150.
    In Everett's many worlds interpretation, quantum measurements are considered to be decoherence events. If so, then inexact decoherence may allow large worlds to mangle the memory of observers in small worlds, creating a cutoff in observable world size. Smaller world are mangled and so not observed. If this cutoff is much closer to the median measure size than to the median world size, the distribution of outcomes seen in unmangled worlds follows the Born rule. Thus deviations from exact decoherence can (...)
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  35.  24
    Robin Hanson, Information Aggregation and Manipulation in an Experimental Market.
    Prediction markets are increasingly being considered as methods for gathering, summarizing and aggregating diffuse information by governments and businesses alike. Critics worry that these markets are susceptible to price manipulation by agents who wish to distort decision making. We study the effect of manipulators on an experimental market, and find that manipulators are unable to distort price accuracy. Subjects without manipulation incentives compensate for the bias in offers from manipulators by setting a different threshold at which they are willing to (...)
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  36.  72
    Robin Hanson (2006). Uncommon Priors Require Origin Disputes. Theory and Decision 61 (4):319-328.
    In standard belief models, priors are always common knowledge. This prevents such models from representing agents’ probabilistic beliefs about the origins of their priors. By embedding standard models in a larger standard model, however, pre-priors can describe such beliefs. When an agent’s prior and pre-prior are mutually consistent, he must believe that his prior would only have been different in situations where relevant event chances were different, but that variations in other agents’ priors are otherwise completely unrelated to which events (...)
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  37. Robin Hanson, If Uploads Come First.
    What if we someday learn how to model small brain units, and so can "upload" ourselves into new computer brains? What if this happens before we learn how to make human-level artificial intelligences? The result could be a sharp transition to an upload-dominated world, with many dramatic consequences. In particular, fast and cheap replication may once again make Darwinian evolution of human values a powerful force in human history. With evolved values, most uploads would value life even when life is (...)
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  38. Robin Hanson, Burning the Cosmic Commons: Evolutionary Strategies for Interstellar Colonization.
    Attempts to model interstellar colonization may seem hopelessly compromised by uncertainties regarding the technologies and preferences of advanced civilizations. If light speed limits travel speeds, however, then a selection effect may eventually determine frontier behavior. Making weak assumptions about colonization technology, we use this selection effect to predict colonists’ behavior, including which oases they colonize, how long they stay there, how many seeds they then launch, how fast and far those seeds fly, and how behavior changes with increasing congestion. This (...)
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  39.  26
    Karen Hanson (1998). How Bad Can Good Art Be? In Jerrold Levinson (ed.), Aesthetics and Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 204-226.
  40.  60
    Robin Hanson, The Great Filter - Are We Almost Past It?
    Humanity seems to have a bright future, i.e., a non-trivial chance of expanding to fill the universe with lasting life. But the fact that space near us seems dead now tells us that any given piece of dead matter faces an astronomically low chance of begating such a future. There thus exists a great filter between death and expanding lasting life, and humanity faces the ominous question: how far along this filter are we?
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  41.  76
    Norwood Russell Hanson (1958). The Logic of Discovery. Journal of Philosophy 55 (25):1073-1089.
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  42.  44
    Tyler Cowen & Robin Hanson (forthcoming). Are Disagreements Honest. Journal of Economic Methodology.
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  43.  22
    Robin D. Hanson, Decision Markets.
    Engineers’ love of technology often gets in the way of their being useful. Consider Post-it Notes or, better yet, plain paper notepads. These probably seemed like trivial ideas, but they turned out to be terribly useful. Why? Because the marvel that is the human brain has a horrible short-term memory, which means that dumb-as-dirt memory aids can make people substantially smarter.
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  44.  56
    Jeffrey Hanson (2010). Returning (to) the Gift of Death: Violence and History in Derrida and Levinas. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 67 (1):1 - 15.
    The purpose of this paper is to establish a proper context for reading Jacques Derrida's The Gift of Death, which, I contend, can only be understood fully against the backdrop of "Violence and Metaphysics." The later work cannot be fully understood unless the reader appreciates the fact that Derrida returns to "a certain Abraham" not only in the name of Kierkegaard but also in the name of Levinas himself. The hypothesis of the reading that follows therefore would be that Derrida (...)
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  45.  9
    Gary Hanson (2002). Learning Journalism Ethics: The Classroom Versus the Real World. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (3):235 – 247.
    This study assesses the disconnect between television news directors' and journalism students' perceptions of issues in media ethics. Responses from 60 news directors and 166 students enrolled in ethics courses at three universities offer insight into what issues practitioners actually face, what issues students think they will face, and how serious each group perceives potential ethical dilemmas to be. Both groups agree that ethics is best learned on the job.
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  46.  15
    Sven Ove Hanson (2004). A New Representation Theorem for Contranegative Deontic Logic. Studia Logica 77 (1):1 - 7.
    The logic of an ought operator O is contranegative with respect to an underlying preference relation if it satisfies the property Op & (¬p)(¬q) Oq. Here the condition that is interpolative ((p (pq) q) (q (pq) p)) is shown to be necessary and sufficient for all -contranegative preference relations to satisfy the plausible deontic postulates agglomeration (Op & OqO(p&q)) and disjunctive division (O(p&q) Op Oq).
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  47.  58
    Karen Hanson (1990). Dressing Down Dressing Up -- The Philosophic Fear of Fashion. Hypatia 5 (2):107 - 121.
    There is, to all appearances, a philosophic hostility to fashionable dress. Studying this contempt, this paper examines likely sources in philosophy's suspicion of change; anxiety about surfaces and the inessential; failures in the face of death; and the philosophic disdain for, denial of, the human body and human passivity. If there are feminist concerns about fashion, they should be radically different from those of traditional philosophy. Whatever our ineluctable worries about desire and death, whatever our appropriate anger and impatience with (...)
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  48.  19
    Stevan Harnad & Stephen J. Hanson, Learned Categorical Perception in Neural Nets: Implications for Symbol Grounding.
    After people learn to sort objects into categories they see them differently. Members of the same category look more alike and members of different categories look more different. This phenomenon of within-category compression and between-category separation in similarity space is called categorical perception (CP). It is exhibited by human subjects, animals and neural net models. In backpropagation nets trained first to auto-associate 12 stimuli varying along a onedimensional continuum and then to sort them into 3 categories, CP arises as a (...)
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  49.  16
    M. J. Hanson (1999). Indulging Anxiety: Human Enhancement From a Protestant Perspective. Christian Bioethics 5 (2):121-138.
    At the heart of any ethics of human enhancement must be some normative assumptions about human nature. The purpose of this essay is to draw on themes from a Protestant theological anthropology to provide a basis for understanding and evaluating the tension between maintaining our humanity and enhancing it. Drawing primarily on the work of theologian Reinhold Niebuhr, I interpret enhancement as proceeding from the anxiety that characterizes human experience at the juncture of freedom and finiteness. Religious and moral dimensions (...)
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  50.  14
    Stevan Harnad & SJ Hanson, Categorical Perception and the Evolution of Supervised Learning in Neural Nets.
    Some of the features of animal and human categorical perception (CP) for color, pitch and speech are exhibited by neural net simulations of CP with one-dimensional inputs: When a backprop net is trained to discriminate and then categorize a set of stimuli, the second task is accomplished by "warping" the similarity space (compressing within-category distances and expanding between-category distances). This natural side-effect also occurs in humans and animals. Such CP categories, consisting of named, bounded regions of similarity space, may be (...)
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