Results for 'Jim Hollan'

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  1. Distributed Cognition, Toward a New Foundation for Human-Computer Interaction Research.David Kirsh, Jim Hollan & Edwin Hutchins - 2000 - ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction 7 (2):174-196.
    We are quickly passing through the historical moment when people work in front of a single computer, dominated by a small CRT and focused on tasks involving only local information. Networked computers are becoming ubiquitous and are playing increasingly significant roles in our lives and in the basic infrastructure of science, business, and social interaction. For human-computer interaction o advance in the new millennium we need to better understand the emerging dynamic of interaction in which the focus task is no (...)
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  2. Marking the Land: Jim Dow in North Dakota.Jim Dow & Laurel Reuter - 2007 - Center for American Places.
    The demanding frontier life of My Ántonia or Little House on the Prairie may be long gone, but the idyllic small town still exists as a cherished icon of American community life. Yet sprawl and urban density, rather than small towns and farms, are the predominant features of our modern society, agribusiness and other commercial forces have rapidly taken over family farms and ranches, and even the open spaces we think of as natural retreats only retain the barest façade of (...)
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  3.  19
    Inference of Trustworthiness From Intuitive Moral Judgments.Jim A. C. Everett, David A. Pizarro & M. J. Crockett - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (6):772-787.
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  4.  69
    Letter From President Jim Campbell on the State of the Society.Jim Campbell - 2009 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 37 (108):4-4.
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  5. The Passion of Michel Foucault.Jim Miller - 1993 - Anchor Books.
    A startling look at one of this century's most influential philosophers, the book chronicles every stage of Foucault's personal and professional odyssey, from his early interest in dreams to his final preoccupation with sexuality and the nature of personal identity.
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  6.  31
    Explanation in Psychology: Functional Support for Anomalous Monism: Jim Edwards.Jim Edwards - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:45-64.
    Donald Davidson finds folk-psychological explanations anomalous due to the open-ended and constitutive conception of rationality which they employ, and yet monist because they invoke an ontology of only physical events. An eliminative materialist who thinks that the beliefs and desires of folk-psychology are mere pre-scientific fictions cannot accept these claims, but he could accept anomalous monism construed as an analysis, merely, of the ideological and ontological presumptions of folk-psychology. Of course, eliminative materialism is itself only a guess, a marker for (...)
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  7.  5
    The Epistemological Skyhook: Determinism, Naturalism, and Self-Defeat.Jim Slagle - 2016 - Routledge.
    Throughout philosophical history, there has been a recurring argument to the effect that determinism, naturalism, or both are self-referentially incoherent. By accepting determinism or naturalism, one allegedly acquires a reason to reject determinism or naturalism. _The Epistemological Skyhook_ brings together, for the first time, the principal expressions of this argument, focusing primarily on the last 150 years. This book addresses the versions of this argument as presented by Arthur Lovejoy, A.E. Taylor, Kurt Gödel, C.S. Lewis, Norman Malcolm, Karl Popper, J.R. (...)
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  8. What is a Mechanism? A Counterfactual Account.Jim Woodward - 2002 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S366-S377.
    This paper presents a counterfactual account of what a mechanism is. Mechanisms consist of parts, the behavior of which conforms to generalizations that are invariant under interventions, and which are modular in the sense that it is possible in principle to change the behavior of one part independently of the others. Each of these features can be captured by the truth of certain counterfactuals.
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  9.  14
    Rousseau: Dreamer of Democracy.Jim Miller - 1984 - Hackett.
    Through an unusual blend of biography, philosophy, and history, James Miller shows how a solitary dreamer came to inspire a generation of radicals, profoundly ...
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  10.  63
    Emerging Issues in the Cross-Cultural Study of Empathy.Douglas Hollan - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):70-78.
    Especially since the discovery of mirror neurons, scholars in a variety of disciplines have made empathy a central focus of research. Yet despite this recent flurry of interest and activity, the cross-cultural study of empathy in context, as part of ongoing, naturally occurring behavior, remains in its infancy. In the present article, I review some of this recent work on the ethnography of empathy. I focus especially on the new issues and questions about empathy that the ethnographic approach raises and (...)
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  11.  95
    Response to Strevens.Jim Woodward - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (1):193-212.
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  12. The Moral Self and Moral Duties.Jim A. C. Everett, Joshua August Skorburg & Julian Savulescu - 2020 - Philosophical Psychology (7):1-22.
    Recent research has begun treating the perennial philosophical question, “what makes a person the same over time?” as an empirical question. A long tradition in philosophy holds that psychological continuity and connectedness of memories are at the heart of personal identity. More recent experimental work, following Strohminger & Nichols (2014), has suggested that persistence of moral character, more than memories, is perceived as essential for personal identity. While there is a growing body of evidence supporting these findings, a critique by (...)
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  13.  22
    The Process of Retrieval From Very Long‐Term Memory.Michael David Williams & James D. Hollan - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (2):87-119.
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  14. Regularities and Causality; Generalizations and Causal Explanations.Jim Bogen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):397-420.
    Machamer, Darden, and Craver argue that causal explanations explain effects by describing the operations of the mechanisms which produce them. One of this paper’s aims is to take advantage of neglected resources of Mechanism to rethink the traditional idea that actual or counterfactual natural regularities are essential to the distinction between causal and non-causal co-occurrences, and that generalizations describing natural regularities are essential components of causal explanations. I think that causal productivity and regularity are by no means the same thing, (...)
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  15.  29
    On the Varieties and Particularities of Cultural Experience.Douglas Hollan - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (1):37-53.
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  16. Critical Data Studies: A Dialog on Data and Space.Jim Thatcher, Linnet Taylor & Craig M. Dalton - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (1).
    In light of recent technological innovations and discourses around data and algorithmic analytics, scholars of many stripes are attempting to develop critical agendas and responses to these developments. In this mutual interview, three scholars discuss the stakes, ideas, responsibilities, and possibilities of critical data studies. The resulting dialog seeks to explore what kinds of critical approaches to these topics, in theory and practice, could open and make available such approaches to a broader audience.
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  17. Education as Destiny.Jim Garrison - 2018 - Philosophy of Education 74:20-25.
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  18.  2
    Sampling, Biting, and the Postmodern Subversion of Hip Hop.Jim Vernon - 2021 - Palgrave Macmillan.
    Drawing on the culture’s history before and after the birth of rap music, this book argues that the values attributed to Hip Hop by ‘postmodern’ scholars stand in stark contrast with those that not only implicitly guided its aesthetic elements, but are explicitly voiced by Hip Hop’s pioneers and rap music’s most consequential artists. It argues that the structural evacuation of the voices of its founders and organic intellectuals in the postmodern theorization of Hip Hop has foreclosed the culture’s ethical (...)
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  19.  17
    On the Varieties and Particularities of Cultural Experience.Douglas Hollan - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (1):37-53.
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  20. .Jim Urpeth - 2011
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  21. E-Sports Are Not Sports.Jim Parry - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 13 (1):3-18.
    The conclusion of this paper will be that e-sports are not sports. I begin by offering a stipulation and a definition. I stipulate that what I have in mind, when thinking about the concept of sport, is ‘Olympic’ sport. And I define an Olympic Sport as an institutionalised, rule-governed contest of human physical skill. The justification for the stipulation lies partly in that it is uncontroversial. Whatever else people might think of as sport, no-one denies that Olympic Sport is sport. (...)
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  22.  78
    Analysing Causality: The Opposite of Counterfactual is Factual.Jim Bogen - 2002 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):3 – 26.
    Using Jim Woodward's Counterfactual Dependency account as an example, I argue that causal claims about indeterministic systems cannot be satisfactorily analysed as including counterfactual conditionals among their truth conditions because the counterfactuals such accounts must appeal to need not have truth values. Where this happens, counterfactual analyses transform true causal claims into expressions which are not true.
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  23.  12
    Whatever Happened to Empathy?: Introduction.Douglas Hollan & C. Jason Throop - 2008 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 36 (4):385-401.
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  24.  69
    The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness.Michelle Alexander & Cornel West - 2010 - The New Press.
    This book directly challenges the notion that the election of Barack Obama signals a new era of colorblindness. Michelle Alexander argues that "we have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it." By targeting black men through the War on Drugs and decimating communities of color, the U.S. criminal justice system functions as a contemporary system of racial control---relegating millions to a permanent second-class status---even as it formally adheres to the principle of colorblindness.
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  25.  5
    Derrida for Beginners.Jim Powell - 1997 - For Beginners Llc.
    Derrida is one of those annoying geniuses you can take a class on, read half-a-dozen books by and still have no idea what he’s talking about. Derrida’s ‘writing’ is definitely confusing (it’s like he’s pulling the rug out from under the rug that he pulled out from under philosophy). But beneath the confusion, like the heartbeat of a bird in your hand, you can feel Derrida’s electric genius. It draws you to it; you want to understand it…but it’s so confusing. (...)
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  26.  4
    Dewey and Eros: Wisdom and Desire in the Art of Teaching.Jim Garrison - 1997 - Iap.
    This provocative examination of what motivates us to teach and to learn begins with the idea of eros, and how that desire results in a practical wisdom that guides us in recognizing what is essentially good or valuable. The author weaves these threads into a critical analysis of John Dewey's writings.
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  27. Dr. David Rehorick Department of Sociology University of New Brunswick Fredericton, Canada E3B 5A3 Tel:(506) 453-4849.Jim Ostrow - 1992 - Human Studies 15 (415).
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  28.  88
    Lord Jim and Moral Judgment: Literature and Moral Philosophy.Daniel Brudney - 1998 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (3):265-281.
  29.  66
    The Role of Advertising in a "Democratic" Society.Jim M. Murphy - unknown
    In so-called “democratic” societies, advertising of consumer products has remarkable success increasing demand for consumer products by manipulating people’s unconscious desires. The prerequisite for a democracy is maturity, in the sense of a rational, autonomous self-determinacy, which should lead to a suspicion of the methods used to sell many consumer products. Under the economic conditions faced by one today, one is forced into a situation in which one is unable to determine the nature of one’s own existence in vital ways. (...)
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  30.  16
    Whatever Happened to Empathy?: Introduction.Douglas Hollan & C. Jason Throop - 2008 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 36 (4):385-401.
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  31.  59
    Comment on Hollan’s “Emerging Issues in the Cross-Cultural Study of Empathy”.Eva-Maria Düringer & Sabine A. Döring - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):79-80.
    In this comment we take up two points made by Douglas Hollan in his article “Emerging Issues in the Cross-Cultural Study of Empathy,” and discuss their possible philosophical implications. Hollan‘s concept of complex empathy may give rise to the idea that we can learn about other people’s beliefs via empathy, which is something we do not believe is possible. Furthermore, Hollan’s description of possible negative effects of empathy, such as manipulations of a person on the basis of (...)
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  32. The Technological Singularity.Jim Miller, Roman Yampolskiy, Stuart Armstrong & Vic Callaghan (eds.) - 2015
    "The idea that human history is approaching a singularity - that ordinary humans will someday be overtaken by artificially intelligent machines or cognitively enhanced biological intelligence, or both - has moved from the realm of science fiction to serious debate. Some singularity theorists predict that if the field of artificial intelligence continues to develop at its current dizzying rate, the singularity could come about in the middle of the present century. Murray Shanahan offers an introduction to the idea of the (...)
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  33.  5
    A 'Sacred Thrill': Presentation and Affectivity in the 'Analytic of the Sublime'.Jim Urpeth - 2000 - In .
    This paper offers a critique of what it terms the ‘Heideggerian-deconstructive’ reading of Kant’s “Analytic of the Sublime” and develops an alternative ‘genealogical’ interpretation of it. It is argued that the ‘Heideggerian-deconstructive’ reading of Kant’s text emphasises the ‘question of presentation’. By contrast, the concerns of the ‘genealogical’ interpretation of Kant’s sublime are affective and ‘libidinal’ in character. The underlying issue concerns the prioritisation of the orders of presentation and affectivity respectively and the balance between them in Kant’s text. The (...)
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  34.  17
    From Ghosts to Ancestors : On the Cultural and Psychodynamic Mediation of Selfscapes.Douglas Hollan - 2014 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 42 (2):175-197.
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  35.  32
    Jim Jarmusch's Dead Man : The Cinematic Telling of a Modern Myth.Amir Ahmadi & Alison Ross - 2012 - Angelaki 17 (4):179 - 192.
    Jim Jarmusch's Dead Man is a modern myth. Like many ancient myths it seems to have the structure of a rite of passage analysed by van Gennep into three stages: separation, marginal existence and reintegration. Separation is precipitated by a traumatic event and the marginal state is characterized by extraordinary experiences and feats. However, Jarmusch's tale does not quite fit the ancient initiation pattern since the last stage, reintegration, is at least prima facie missing. This already undermines the social function (...)
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  36. Interventionist Theories of Causation in Psychological Perspective.Jim Woodward - 2007 - In Alison Gopnik & Laura Schulz (eds.), Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation. Oxford University Press. pp. 19--36.
  37. Identifying and Individuating Cognitive Systems: A Task-Based Distributed Cognition Alternative to Agent-Based Extended Cognition.Jim Davies & Kourken Michaelian - 2016 - Cognitive Processing 17 (3):307-319.
    This article argues for a task-based approach to identifying and individuating cognitive systems. The agent-based extended cognition approach faces a problem of cognitive bloat and has difficulty accommodating both sub-individual cognitive systems ("scaling down") and some supra-individual cognitive systems ("scaling up"). The standard distributed cognition approach can accommodate a wider variety of supra-individual systems but likewise has difficulties with sub-individual systems and faces the problem of cognitive bloat. We develop a task-based variant of distributed cognition designed to scale up and (...)
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  38. Theory and Observation in Science.Jim Bogen - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Scientists obtain a great deal of the evidence they use by observingnatural and experimentally generated objects and effects. Much of thestandard philosophical literature on this subject comes from20th century logical positivists and empiricists, theirfollowers, and critics who embraced their issues and accepted some oftheir assumptions even as they objected to specific views. Theirdiscussions of observational evidence tend to focus on epistemologicalquestions about its role in theory testing. This entry follows theirlead even though observational evidence also plays important andphilosophically interesting roles (...)
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  39.  14
    Nature and Art: Towards a 'Transhuman' Aesthetics.Jim Urpeth - unknown
    At the centre of Kant’s “Critique of Aesthetic Judgment” lies a tantalising relation, the reciprocal semblance between nature and art, upon which the entire text pivots. With this thought, Kant suggests a critically licensed blurring of some of the defining presuppositions of critical philosophy and reconfigures the ancient problematic of mimesis. This paper will offer a sketch of how some of Kant’s key successors attempt to extend his project of ‘transcendental critique’ in the field of aesthetics by exposing and challenging (...)
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  40.  14
    The Immanent Sublime.Jim Urpeth - unknown
    The claim advanced in this paper is that the radicalisation of Kant’s project of the critique of metaphysics can be said to culminate in the fusion of two, traditionally opposed, terms - immanence and sublimity. Starting with a discussion of Kant's 'Analytic of the Sublime', the paper pursues its main claim through the reading of key texts in the thought of Nietzsche, Heidegger and Deleuze/Guattari. It attempts to clarify the dfferent senses of the'immanent sublime' it suggests is found in the (...)
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  41.  25
    Being There: On the Imaginative Aspects of Understanding Others and Being Understood.Douglas Hollan - 2008 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 36 (4):475-489.
  42. Causally Productive Activities.Jim Bogen - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):112-123.
    This paper suggests and discusses an answer to the following question: What distinguishes causal from non-causal or coincidental co-occurrences? The answer derives from Elizabeth Anscombe’s idea that causality is a highly abstract concept whose meaning derives from our understanding of specific causally productive activities, and from her rejection of the assumption that causality can be informatively understood in terms of actual or counterfactual regularities.Keywords: Elizabeth Anscombe; Causality; Explanation; Inhibition.
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  43.  2
    Eastern Philosophy for Beginners.Jim Powell - 2000 - For Beginners Llc..
    The spiritual rewards and intellectual challenges of Eastern philosophy are revealed in this visually stunning book, illustrated by Joe Lee and with 19th-century engravings. Eastern philosophy is not only an intellectual pursuit, but one that involves one’s entire being. Much of it is so deeply entwined with the non-intellectual art of meditation, that the two are impossible to separate. In this survey of the major philosophies of India, China, Tibet and Japan, Jim Powell draws upon his knowledge of Sanskrit and (...)
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  44. Why Potentiality Matters.Jim Stone - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (4):815-829.
    Do fetuses have a right to life in virtue of the fact that they are potential adult human beings? I take the claim that the fetus is a potential adult human being to come to this: if the fetus grows normally there will be an adult human animal that was once the fetus. Does this fact ground a claim to our care and protection? A great deal hangs on the answer to this question. The actual mental and physical capacities of (...)
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  45.  7
    Hegel's Philosophy of Language.Jim Vernon - 2007 - London, UK: Bloomsbury.
    This book develops the general theory of language implicitly contained in the writings of G.W.F. Hegel. It offers novel readings of Hegel's central works in order to explain his views on some long neglected topics and as such demonstrates that his accounts of representation, the concept and the speculative sentence can be used to create sophisticated theories of language acquisition, universal grammar and linguistic practice. Hegel's defence of a scientific philosophy that is necessary and universal seems to eliminate the need (...)
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  46. In Deference to the Other: Lonergan and Contemporary Continental Thought.Jim Kanaris & Mark J. Doorley (eds.) - 2004 - New York: State University of New York Press.
    Explores the work of Bernard Lonergan in light of contemporary continental thought.
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  47. Reconfigurations of Philosophy of Religion: A Possible Future.Jim Kanaris (ed.) - 2018 - New York: State University of New York Press.
    Explores the place and meaning of philosophy of religion in our current poststructuralist, postsecular, postcolonialist context.
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  48.  21
    Hip Hop, Hegel, and the Art of Emancipation: Let’s Get Free.Jim Vernon - 2018 - Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book argues that Hip Hop’s early history in the South Bronx charts a course remarkably similar to the conceptual history of artistic creation presented in Hegel’s Lectures on Aesthetics. It contends that the resonances between Hegel’s account of the trajectory of art in general, and the historical shifts in the particular culture of Hip Hop, are both numerous and substantial enough to make us re-think not only the nature and import of Hegel’s philosophy of art, but the origin, essence (...)
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  49.  1
    Sardar, Islam, Normal, Post Normal, Identity, and I.Jim Dator - 2022 - World Futures 78 (2-4):156-169.
    This paper briefly compares Zia Sardar and Jim Dator in terms of their perspectives on normality, postnormality, and identity. Sardar struggles to root his identity as a British Pakistani Muslim. D...
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  50. Nietzsche and the Rapture of Aesthetic Disinterestedness: A Response to Heidegger.Jim Urpeth - 2003 - In Nicholas Martin (ed.), Nietzsche and the German Tradition. Bern: Peter Lang. pp. 215-236.
    Taking Heidegger's prominent critique of Nietzsche's treatment of Kant's notion of 'aesthetic disinterestedness' as a foil this paper argues that, contrary to the dominant interpretation, Nietzsche's text contain a positive and radical notion of 'aesthetic disinterestedness'. It is argued that Nietzsche's naturalistic notion of aesthetic disinterestedness is a key feature of his conception of art as natural life process that contests the boundaries, values and libidinal constitution of the 'human'. The ramifications of this for Heidegger's reading of Nietzche's aesthetics are (...)
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