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Jim Parry
Charles University, Prague
  1. E-sports are Not Sports.Jim Parry - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 13 (1):3-18.
    The conclusion of this paper will be that e-sports are not sports. I begin by offering a stipulation and a definition. I stipulate that what I have in mind, when thinking about the concept of sport, is ‘Olympic’ sport. And I define an Olympic Sport as an institutionalised, rule-governed contest of human physical skill. The justification for the stipulation lies partly in that it is uncontroversial. Whatever else people might think of as sport, no-one denies that Olympic Sport is sport. (...)
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  2.  42
    Transgender Athletes and Principles of Sport Categorization: Why Genealogy and the Gendered Body Will Not Help.Irena Martínková, Jim Parry & Miroslav Imbrišević - 2021 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (1):1-13.
    This paper offers a discussion of the rationale for the creation of sports categorization criteria based on sporting genealogy and the gendered body, as proposed by Torres et al. in their article ‘Beyond Physiology: Embodied Experience, Embodied Advantage, and the Inclusion of Transgender Athletes in Competitive Sport’. The strength of their ‘phenomenological’ account lies in its complex account of human experience; but this is also what makes it impractical and difficult to operationalize. Categorization rather requires simplicity and practicability, if it (...)
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  3.  15
    Sex and gender in sport categorization: aiming for terminological clarity.Irena Martínková, Taryn Knox, Lynley Anderson & Jim Parry - 2022 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 49 (1):134-150.
    It is difficult to develop good arguments when the central terms of the discussion are unclear – as with the current confused state of sex and gender terminology. Sports organisations and sports re...
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  4.  59
    An Introduction to the Phenomenological Study of Sport.Irena Martínková & Jim Parry - 2011 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):185 - 201.
    In the literature related to the study of sport, the idea of phenomenology appears with various meanings. The aim of this paper is to sketch the nature, methods and central concepts of phenomenology, and thereby to distinguish philosophical phenomenology from its empirical applications. We shall begin by providing an overview of what we think phenomenology is and is not, by introducing the following points: we distinguish phenomenology from phenomenalism; the ontological from the ontic; transcendental subjectivity from subjectivity; phenomenology from phenomenography; (...)
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  5.  5
    Slow Sport and Slow Philosophy: Practices Suitable (Not Only) for Lockdowns.Irena Martínková, Bernard Andrieu & Jim Parry - 2022 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 16 (2):159-164.
    Before the pandemic, our life was often described as fast, since in globalised society speed has been generally understood as a marker of efficiency, productivity and diligence; and so many people...
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  6.  7
    WADA’s Concept of the ’Protected Person’ – and Why it is No Protection for Minors.Marcus Campos, Jim Parry & Irena Martínková - 2022 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 17 (1):58-69.
    The recent alleged doping case of the figure skater Kamila Valieva at the Winter Olympic Games in Beijing 2022 dramatically raised the issue of the protection of minors in anti-doping policy. We firstly present the literature on doping in relation to minors. Secondly, we present WADA’s Protected Person (PP) concept and its implications. Thirdly, we analyse the WADA Code’s purpose and the vulnerability of minors under the Code, and fourthly, we identify the real threats from which minors should be protected (...)
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  7.  25
    Martial Categories: Clarification and Classification.Irena Martínková & Jim Parry - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (1):143-162.
    The gradual appearance and relative stabilisation of the names of different kinds of martial activities in different cultures and contexts has led to confusion and to an unhelpful and unjustifiable elision of meanings, which merges different modes of combat and other martial activities. To gain a clearer perspective on this area, we must enquire into the criteria according to which the various kinds of martial activities are classified. Our assessment of the literature suggests that there is no satisfactory and well-justified (...)
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  8.  32
    Sport and Olympism: Universals and Multiculturalism.Jim Parry - 2006 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 33 (2):188-204.
  9. Violence and aggression in contemporary sport.Jim Parry - 1998 - In M. J. McNamee & S. J. Parry (eds.), Ethics and Sport. E & Fn Spon. pp. 205--224.
  10.  11
    Safe Danger – On the Experience of Challenge, Adventure and Risk in Education.Irena Martínková & Jim Parry - 2017 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 11 (1):75-91.
    This article reconsiders the presence and value of danger in outdoor and adventurous activities and sports in safety-conscious societies, especially in relation to the education of children and youth. Based on an original analysis of the relation between the concepts of ‘risk’ and ‘danger’, we offer an account of the relation between challenge, adventure, risk and danger, and emphasise the importance of teaching risk recognition, risk assessment, risk management and risk avoidance to children and youth, without the necessity of exposing (...)
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  11.  25
    Eichberg’s ‘Phenomenology’ of Sport: A Phenomenal Confusion.Irena Martínková & Jim Parry - 2013 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 7 (3):331 - 341.
    This paper defends philosophical phenomenology against a hostile review in the previous issue of this journal. It tries to explain what philosophical phenomenology is, and the possibilities for its empirical application; whilst also showing that Eichberg?s method is idiosyncratic, problematic and not interested in philosophical phenomenology at all. It presents the phenomenological concept of phenomenon, which is neither concrete nor abstract, and contrasts it to Eichberg?s understanding of empirical concrete phenomena. Finally, the paper scrutinises Eichberg?s empirical method, which has deep (...)
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  12.  26
    On Biting in Sport—The Case of Luis Suárez.Irena Martínková & Jim Parry - 2015 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (2):214-232.
    So the Uruguayan footballer Luis Suárez has confessed, apologised and given assurances as to future good behaviour, after his 2014 World Cup assault on the Italian defender Chiellini. There were three immediate excuses and mitigations offered, which we dismiss: that it was inconsequential; that it was no different from many other ‘assaults’; and that it was not particularly serious. Our central question has a different focus: what makes biting in sport such a bad thing, especially since it does not seem (...)
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  13.  60
    The Youth Olympic Games – Some Ethical Issues.Jim Parry - 2012 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6 (2):138-154.
    This paper presents some of the background to the development of the Youth Olympic Games, the principles underlying them, and some of the practical challenges in implementing them. Regarding the sports programme, modifications from the Olympic Games programme are noted, and innovations examined in terms of underlying values, such as immaturity and harm, talent identification and early specialisation, and the exploitation of young athletes. Issues arising from the first edition of the YOG include participation and equality of opportunity, selection of (...)
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  14.  22
    On the Definition of Sport.Jim Parry - 2022 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 17 (1):49-57.
    This paper side-steps the question of whether ‘the’ concept of sport exists, or can be usefully analysed. Instead, I try to explain the much more modest aim of exhibition-analysis, which is to seek a description of an actually existing example of some concept of sport internal to a normative position. My example is that of Olympic-sport. I try to set out its logically necessary conditions, which of course are conditioned by its context within a theory that emphasises the values of (...)
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  15.  21
    Olympic Ethics and Philosophy: Old Wine in New Bottles.Mike McNamee & Jim Parry - 2012 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6 (2):103-107.
    Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, Volume 6, Issue 2, Page 103-107, May 2012.
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  16.  25
    Heideggerian hermeneutics and its application to sport.Irena Martínková & Jim Parry - 2016 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 10 (4):364-374.
    Whilst hermeneutics had been traditionally associated with the interpretation of texts, Martin Heidegger gave it a new meaning, associating it with the interpretation of the existence of Dasein. This paper will explain the Heideggerian understanding of hermeneutics, based on the early work of Heidegger which focuses on the analysis of the being of Dasein. His main contribution was a shift of focus from the interpretation of an unknown object to the interpretation of the human being, which Heidegger sees as primary, (...)
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  17.  25
    The Bloomsbury Companion to the Philosophy of Sport.Jim Parry - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 42 (3):463-468.
  18. 10 Zen, Movement and Sports.Irena Martínková & Jim Parry - 2010 - In S. J. Parry, Mark Nesti & Nick Watson (eds.), Theology, Ethics, and Transcendence in Sports. Routledge. pp. 211.
     
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  19. Part III Introduction.Jim Parry - 2010 - In S. J. Parry, Mark Nesti & Nick Watson (eds.), Theology, Ethics, and Transcendence in Sports. Routledge. pp. 181.
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  20.  38
    The philosophy of the Olympic movement.Jim Parry - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 58:83-89.
  21.  25
    Practical Philosophy of Sport by R. Scott Kretchmar.Jim Parry - 1995 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 22 (1):108-110.
  22. Review of Sport and Spirituality: An Introduction. [REVIEW]Jim Parry, Simon Robinson & Nick J. Watson - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 37 (2):315-317.
     
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  23.  1
    Book Symposium: Kevin Krein’s Philosophy and Nature Sports.Kevin Krein, Jim Parry, Irena Martínková, Gunnar Breivik & Rebekah Humphreys - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-35.
    This is a book symposium on Kevin Krein’s Philosophy and Nature Sports. Gunnar Breivik, Jim Parry and Irena Martínková, and Rebekah Humphreys provide critical commentary on the text. The critical comments are followed by a response from Krein. The discussion covers a broad range of topics. These include the definition of “sport,” comparisons between nature sports and friluftsliv, the role of risk in nature sports, the experience of flow and the sublime in nature sports, and the understanding of nature. Krein (...)
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  24. Transgender Athletes and Principles of Sport Categorization: Why Genealogy and the Gendered Body Will Not Help.Irena Martínková, Jim Parry & Miroslav Imbrišević - 2021 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 17 (1):21-33.
    This paper offers a discussion of the rationale for the creation of sports categorization criteria based on sporting genealogy and the gendered body, as proposed by Torres et al. in their article ‘Beyond Physiology: Embodied Experience, Embodied Advantage, and the Inclusion of Transgender Athletes in Competitive Sport’. The strength of their ‘phenomenological’ account lies in its complex account of human experience; but this is also what makes it impractical and difficult to operationalize. Categorization rather requires simplicity and practicability, if it (...)
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