Results for 'Joan E. Roughgarden'

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  1. Sex and Sensibility: The Role of Social Selection: Roughgarden, Joan: The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009, Ix+261pp, $40.00 HB, $18.95 PB.Erika L. Milam, Roberta L. Millstein, Angela Potochnik & Joan E. Roughgarden - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):253-277.
    Sex and sensibility: The role of social selection Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9464-6 Authors Erika L. Milam, Department of History, University of Maryland, 2115 Francis Scott Key Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA Roberta L. Millstein, Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Angela Potochnik, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210374, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA Joan E. Roughgarden, Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5020, USA Journal (...)
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  2. Planning Ethically Responsible Research: A Guide for Students and Internal Review Boards.Joan E. Sieber - forthcoming - Ethics.
  3.  9
    Sharing Scientific Data I: New Problems for IRBs.Joan E. Sieber - 1989 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (6):4.
  4.  38
    A Survey of IRB Concerns About Social and Behavioral Research.Joan E. Sieber & Reuel M. Baluyot - 1991 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 14 (2):9-10.
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  5.  1
    Deception in Social Research I: Kinds of Deception and the Wrongs They May Involve.Joan E. Sieber - 1982 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 4 (9):1.
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  6.  48
    Deception Methods in Psychology: Have They Changed in 23 Years?Joan E. Sieber, Rebecca Iannuzzo & Beverly Rodriguez - 1995 - Ethics and Behavior 5 (1):67 – 85.
    To learn whether criticism and regulation of research practices have been followed by a reduction of deception or use of more acceptable approaches to deception, the contents of all 1969, 1978, 1986, and 1992 issues of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology were examined. Deception research was coded according to type of (non)informing (e.g., false informing, consent to deception, no informing), possible harmfulness of deception employed (e.g., powerfulness of induction, morality of the behavior induced, privacy of behavior), method of (...)
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  7. The Psychology of Whistleblowing.Joan E. Sieber - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (1):7-23.
    Whistleblowing, its antecedents, and its aftermath are complex and varied phenomena. Motivational factors in the perception of alleged misconduct and in the response to such allegations by the accused and the institution are examined. Understanding the psychological processes that underlie some of the surprising behavior surrounding whistleblowing will enable those who perceive wrongdoing, as well as the professional societies and work organizations which voice their concern, to better respond to apparent wrongdoing, while preserving the reputation and mental health of all (...)
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  8.  39
    Misconceptions and Realities About Teaching Online.Joan E. Sieber - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):329-340.
    This article is intended to guide online course developers and teachers. A brief review of the literature on the misconceptions of beginning online teachers reveals that most accept the notion that putting one’s lecture notes online produces effective learning, or that technology will make education more convenient and cost-effective for all concerned. Effective online learning requires a high level of responsibility for learning on the part of students and a reduction of the teacher-student power differential. This, in turn, has major (...)
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  9.  64
    Empirical Research on Research Ethics.Joan E. Sieber - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):397 – 412.
    Ethics is normative; ethics indicates, in broad terms, what researchers should do. For example, researchers should respect human participants. Empirical study tells us what actually happens. Empirical research is often needed to fine-tune the best ways to achieve normative objectives, for example, to discover how best to achieve the dual aims of gaining important knowledge and respecting participants. Ethical decision making by scientists and institutional review boards should not be based on hunches and anecdotes (e.g., about such matters as what (...)
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  10.  83
    Holobionts as Units of Selection and a Model of Their Population Dynamics and Evolution.Joan Roughgarden, Scott F. Gilbert, Eugene Rosenberg, Ilana Zilber-Rosenberg & Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (1):44-65.
    Holobionts, consisting of a host and diverse microbial symbionts, function as distinct biological entities anatomically, metabolically, immunologically, and developmentally. Symbionts can be transmitted from parent to offspring by a variety of vertical and horizontal methods. Holobionts can be considered levels of selection in evolution because they are well-defined interactors, replicators/reproducers, and manifestors of adaptation. An initial mathematical model is presented to help understand how holobionts evolve. The model offered combines the processes of horizontal symbiont transfer, within-host symbiont proliferation, vertical symbiont (...)
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  11.  8
    Conducting Social and Behavioral AIDS Research in Drug Treatment Clinics.Joan E. Sieber & James L. Sorensen - 1992 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 14 (5):1.
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  12. Deception in Social Research II: Evaluating the Potential for Harm or Wrong.Joan E. Sieber - 1983 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 5 (1):1.
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  13. Deception in Social Research III: The Nature and Limits of Debriefing.Joan E. Sieber - 1983 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 5 (3):1.
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  14. How Humanism & Determinism Differ: Understanding Risk in Psychological Research.Joan E. Sieber - 1982 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 4 (3):1.
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  15.  13
    On Studying the Powerful (Or Fearing to Do So): A Vital Role for IRBs.Joan E. Sieber - 1989 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (5):1.
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  16.  23
    Problems of Multi-Species Organisms: Endosymbionts to Holobionts.David C. Queller & Joan E. Strassmann - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):855-873.
    The organism is one of the fundamental concepts of biology and has been at the center of many discussions about biological individuality, yet what exactly it is can be confusing. The definition that we find generally useful is that an organism is a unit in which all the subunits have evolved to be highly cooperative, with very little conflict. We focus on how often organisms evolve from two or more formerly independent organisms. Two canonical transitions of this type—replicators clustered in (...)
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  17.  2
    Contiguity and Reinforcement in Relation to CS-UCS Intervals in Classical Aversive Conditioning.Joan E. Jones - 1962 - Psychological Review 69 (3):176-185.
  18.  9
    Using Our Best Judgment in Conducting Human Research.Joan E. Sieber - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):297-304.
    The federal regulations of human research were written to permit the use of discretion so that research can fit the circumstances under which it is conducted. For example, the researcher and institutional review board could waive or alter some informed consent elements if they deem this the morally and scientifically best way to conduct the research. To do so, however, researchers and IRBs would first have to use mature moral and scientific judgment. They might also have to rely on empirical (...)
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  19.  21
    Issues Presented by Mandatory Reporting Requirements to Researchers of Child Abuse and Neglect.Joan E. Sieber - 1994 - Ethics and Behavior 4 (1):1 – 22.
    Mandatory reporting laws, which vary slightly from state to state, require reporting by helping professionals when there is reasonable cause to suspect child abuse. Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) require researchers to warn subjects of this duty to report, which may have a chilling effect on subject rapport and candor. Certificates of confidentiality, in conjunction with other precautions, may reduce some barriers to valid research. Attempts to resolve problems created by reporting laws must produce the most valid research, while minimizing harm (...)
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  20.  1
    Web-Based Ethics Education in Science and Engineering.Joan E. Sieber & Stephanie J. Bird - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):323-511.
  21.  17
    Comparison of Training Methods in the Production of Prism Adaptation.Joan E. Foley & Florence J. Maynes - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):151.
  22.  11
    The Membrane Skeleton – A Distinct Structure That Regulates the Function of Cells.Joan E. B. Fox & Janet K. Boyles - 1988 - Bioessays 8 (1):14-18.
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  23.  20
    The Role of Ethical Ideology in Reactions to Injustice.Stephanie E. Hastings & Joan E. Finegan - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (4):689 - 703.
    Forsyth (J Pers Soc Psychol 39(1): 175-184, 1980) argued that ethical ideology includes the two orthogonal dimensions of relativism and idealism. Relativists determine morality by looking at the complexities of the situation rather than relying on universal moral rules, while idealists believe that positive consequences can always be obtained without harming others. This study examined the role of ethical ideology as a moderator between justice and constructive and deviant reactions to injustice. Students with work experience (N = 200) completed Bennett (...)
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  24.  10
    Introduction to the Special Issue: Using Our Best Judgment in Conducting Human Research.Joan E. Sieber - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):297 – 304.
    The federal regulations of human research were written to permit the use of discretion so that research can fit the circumstances under which it is conducted. For example, the researcher and institutional review board (IRB) could waive or alter some informed consent elements if they deem this the morally and scientifically best way to conduct the research. To do so, however, researchers and IRBs would first have to use mature moral and scientific judgment. They might also have to rely on (...)
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  25.  30
    (Not) Giving Credit Where Credit is Due: Citation of Data Sets.Joan E. Sieber & Bruce E. Trumbo - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (1):11-20.
    Adequate Citation of data sets is crucial to the encouragement of data sharing, to the integrity and cost-effectiveness of science and to easy access to the work of others. The citation behavior of social scientists who have published based on shared data was examined and found to be inconsistent with important ideals of science. Insights gained from the social sciences, where data sharing is somewhat customary, suggest policies and incentives that would foster adequate citation by secondary users, and greater openness (...)
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  26.  15
    Openness in the Social Sciences: Sharing Data.Joan E. Sieber - 1991 - Ethics and Behavior 1 (2):69 – 86.
    The sharing of research data is now mandated by some funders to encourage openness and integrity in science, to ensure efficient use of research funds, and to provide training resources. Although data sharing has a long history in some parts of science, the full range of possibilities and challenges it offers are only now becoming apparent in the social sciences. This article (a) examines what may be entailed in sharing documented data, (b) provides a historical perspective on data sharing, (c) (...)
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  27.  33
    Teaching Ethics in Science and Engineering: Effective Online Education.Stephanie J. Bird & Joan E. Sieber - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):323-328.
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  28. Holobiont Evolution: Mathematical Model with Vertical Vs. Horizontal Microbiome Transmission.Joan Roughgarden - 2020 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 12 (2).
    A holobiont is a composite organism consisting of a host together with its microbiome, such as a coral with its zooxanthellae. To explain the often intimate integration between hosts and their microbiomes, some investigators contend that selection operates on holobionts as a unit and view the microbiome’s genes as extending the host’s nuclear genome to jointly comprise a hologenome. Because vertical transmission of microbiomes is uncommon, other investigators contend that holobiont selection cannot be effective because a holobiont’s microbiome is an (...)
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  29.  24
    Jewish Women Philosophers of First Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered.Joan E. Taylor - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    The 'Therapeutae' were a Jewish group of ascetic philosophers who lived outside Alexandria in the middle of the first century CE. They are described in Philo's treatise De Vita Contemplativa and have often been considered in comparison with early Christians, the Essenes, and the Dead Sea Scrolls. But who were they really? This study focuses particularly on issues of history, rhetoric, women, and gender in a wide exploration of the group, and comes to new conclusions about the 'Therapeutae' and their (...)
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  30.  20
    Implications of Cross-Cultural Findings for a Theory of Family Socialisation.Duane Rudy, Joan E. Grusec & Janis Wolfe - 1999 - Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):299-310.
    Traditional approaches to understanding the behavioural and emotional aspects of moral development are described. Research from other cultures is reviewed which suggests that the greater valuation of authoritative over authoritarian approaches in our own (individualist) culture may not hold in other cultures. This may be because individualist cultures have different goals from collectivist cultures (autonomy vs. interdependence) and because negative parenting affect and cognitions associated with authoritarian or power assertive rearing in our own culture may not be associated with authoritarian (...)
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  31.  69
    Is There a General Theory of Community Ecology?Joan Roughgarden - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):521-529.
    Community ecology entered the 1970s with the belief that niche theory would supply a general theory of community structure. The lack of wide-spread empirical support for niche theory led to a focus on models specific to classes of communities such as lakes, intertidal communities, and forests. Today, the needs of conservation biology for metrics of “ecological health” that can be applied across types of communities prompts a renewed interest in the possibility of general theory for community ecology. Disputes about the (...)
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  32.  5
    All-or-None Versus Incremental Learning.Joan E. Jones - 1962 - Psychological Review 69 (2):156-160.
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  33.  15
    The CS-UCS Interval in Conditioning Short- and Long-Latency Responses.Joan E. Jones - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (6):612.
  34.  47
    Joan E. Fisher: Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum: The Collection of the American Numismatic Society. Part I: Etruria—Calabria. Pp. 39; 39 Plates. New York: American Numismatic Society, 1969. Paper, $25. [REVIEW]C. M. Kraay - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (01):141-.
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  35.  17
    Joan E. Fisher: Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum: The Collection of the American Numismatic Society. Part I: Etruria—Calabria. Pp. 39; 39 Plates. New York: American Numismatic Society, 1969. Paper, $25. [REVIEW]C. M. Kraay - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (1):141-141.
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  36.  44
    Science, Law, and the Search for Truth in the Courtroom: Lessons From Daubert V. Merrell Dow.Joan E. Bertin & Mary S. Henifin - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (1):6-20.
    On June 28, 1993, the United States Supreme Court ruled on the admissibility of expert scientific opinion and evidence in federal court cases. The importance of the case can be measured by the interest it stimulated. The scientific community turned out in particular force to register its views. At the heart of the controversy was a debate over the nature of scientific knowledge and its relation to law. More than any other Supreme Court case in recent memory, the amici seemed (...)
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  37.  23
    Science, Law, and the Search for Truth in the Courtroom: Lessons From Daubert V. Merrell Dow.Joan E. Bertin & Mary S. Henifin - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (1):6-20.
    On June 28, 1993, the United States Supreme Court ruled on the admissibility of expert scientific opinion and evidence in federal court cases. The importance of the case can be measured by the interest it stimulated. The scientific community turned out in particular force to register its views. At the heart of the controversy was a debate over the nature of scientific knowledge and its relation to law. More than any other Supreme Court case in recent memory, the amici seemed (...)
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  38.  8
    Cats and Conservationists: The Debate Over Who Owns the Outdoors.Joan E. Schaffner - 2021 - Journal of Animal Ethics 11 (1):84.
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  39.  26
    Peter Cornelius Claussen, Die Kirchen der Stadt Rom im Mittelalter, 1050–1300: A–F. (Corpus Cosmatorum, 2/1; Forschungen zur Kunstgeschichte und christlichen Archäologie, 20.) Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2002. Pp. 517; 388 black-and-white figures. €130.Joan E. Barclay Lloyd - 2005 - Speculum 80 (4):1248-1249.
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  40.  30
    American Nursing: A Biographical DictionaryVern L. Bullough Olga Maranjian Church Alice P. SteinDictionary of American Nursing BiographyMartin Kaufman Joellen Watson Hawkins Loretta P. Higgins Alice Howell Friedman. [REVIEW]Joan E. Lynaugh - 1989 - Isis 80 (2):358-359.
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  41.  39
    Ethical Managerial Behaviour as an Antecedent of Organizational Social Capital.David Pastoriza, Miguel A. Ariño & Joan E. Ricart - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3):329-341.
    There is a need of further research to understand how social capital in the organization can be fostered. Existing literature focuses on the design of reciprocity norms, procedures and stability employment practices as the main levers of social capital in the workplace. Complementary to these mechanisms, this paper explores the impact of ethical managerial behaviour on the development of social capital. We argue that a managerial behaviour based on the true concern for the well-being of employees, as well as their (...)
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  42.  14
    Evidence-Based Ethical Problem Solving: An Idea Whose Time has Come. [REVIEW]Joan E. E. Sieber - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (2-4):113-125.
    This is an account of the evolution of ideas and the confluence of support and vision that has eventuated in the founding of the Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics (JERHRE). Many factors have contributed to the creation of this rather atypical academic journal, including a scientific and administrative culture that finally saw the need for it, modern electronic technology, individuals across the world who were committed to somehow finding common ground between researchers and those charged with ethical (...)
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  43.  23
    Empirical Research on Ethical Issues in Pediatric Research.Joan E. Sieber - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (2-3):127 – 138.
    Although there is usually agreement about the ethical principles that should govern research on children, there may be little agreement on how those principles should be interpreted into research procedures in some instances. Empirical research on ethical issues that arise in research on children can often elucidate ways to improve on existing research practices and ways to resolve debates about best practices. Following in the success of evidence-based medicine, evidence-based ethical problem solving in human research can enable investigators to avoid (...)
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  44.  33
    Gentle Alternatives to Whistle-Blowing Rev 10-1.Joan E. Sieber - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (1):87-88.
  45.  32
    Research Into Gentle Alternatives to Whistleblowing: A Call for Participants in a Research Project.Joan E. Sieber - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):678-679.
  46.  30
    Why Fallout From Whistleblowing is Hard to Avoid: Commentary on “The Fallout: What Happens to Whistleblowers and Those Accused but Exonerated of Scientific Misconduct?”.Joan E. Sieber - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (2):255-260.
  47.  4
    Why Fallout From Whistleblowing is Hard to Avoid: Commentary on “The Fallout: What Happens to Whistleblowers and Those Accused but Exonerated of Scientific Misconduct?”.Joan E. Sieber - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (2):255-260.
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  48. Jewish Women Philosophers of First Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered.Joan E. Taylor - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    The 'Therapeutae' were a Jewish group of ascetic philosophers who lived outside Alexandria in the middle of the first century CE. They are described in Philo's treatise De Vita Contemplativa and have often been considered in comparison with early Christians, the Essenes, and the Dead Sea Scrolls. But who were they really? This study focuses particularly on issues of history, rhetoric, women, and gender in a wide exploration of the group, and comes to new conclusions about the 'Therapeutae' and their (...)
     
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  49.  8
    Factors Governing Interocular Transfer of Prism Adaptation.Joan E. Foley - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (2):183-186.
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  50. Sleep, Affect, and Social Competence From Preschool to Preadolescence: Distinct Pathways to Emotional and Social Adjustment for Boys and for Girls.Joan E. Foley & Marsha Weinraub - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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