Results for 'Joanna K. Forstrom'

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  1. John Locke and Personal Identity: Immortality and Bodily Resurrection in 17th-Century Philosophy.Joanna K. Forstrom - 2010 - Continuum.
    Introduction -- John Locke and the problem of personal identity : the principium individuationis, personal immortality, and bodily resurrection -- On separation and immortality : Descartes and the nature of the soul -- On materialism and immortality or Hobbes' rejection of the natural argument for the immortality of the soul -- Henry More and John Locke on the dangers of materialism : immateriality, immortality, immorality, and identity -- Robert Boyle : on seeds, cannibalism, and the resurrection of the body -- (...)
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  2.  77
    Review of K. Joanna S. Forstrom, John Locke and Personal Identity: Immortality and Bodily Resurrection in 17th-Century Philosophy[REVIEW]Shelley Weinberg - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (12).
  3.  36
    John Locke and Personal Identity: Immortality and Bodily Resurrection in 17th-Century Philosophy. By K. Joanna S. Forstrom[REVIEW]Patrick Madigan - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (1):144-145.
  4.  16
    Descartes and the Meditations.K. Joanna Forstrom - 2004 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (2):440-442.
    Overall this book is very good at doing what it claims to do, namely, providing an effective guidebook to Descartes and his Meditations. It should prove quite useful for both graduate and undergraduate students who are reading Descartes and for their teachers. The strengths of the book include a good overview of Descartes and his context, a well developed focus on the main arguments, clear examples highlighting important claims, and good referrals to secondary literature of the type a student or (...)
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  5. The Practical Implications of the New Metaphysics of Race for a Postracial Medicine: Biomedical Research Methodology, Institutional Requirements, Patient–Physician Relations.Joanna K. Malinowska & Tomasz Żuradzki - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (9):61-63.
    Perez-Rodriguez and de la Fuente (2017) assume that although human races do not exist in a biological sense (“geneticists and evolutionary biologists generally agree that the division of humans into races/subspecies has no defensible scientific basis,” they exist only as “sociocultural constructions” and because of that maintain an illusory reality, for example, through “racialized” practices in medicine. Agreeing with the main postulates formulated in the article, we believe that the authors treat this problem in a superficial manner and have failed (...)
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  6. Understanding “Understanding” in Public Understanding of Science.Joanna K. Huxster, Matthew Slater, Jason Leddington, Victor LoPiccolo, Jeffrey Bergman, Mack Jones, Caroline McGlynn, Nicolas Diaz, Nathan Aspinall, Julia Bresticker & Melissa Hopkins - 2017 - Public Understanding of Science 28:1-16.
    This study examines the conflation of terms such as “knowledge” and “understanding” in peer-reviewed literature, and tests the hypothesis that little current research clearly distinguishes between importantly distinct epistemic states. Two sets of data are presented from papers published in the journal Public Understanding of Science. In the first set, the digital text analysis tool, Voyant, is used to analyze all papers published in 2014 for the use of epistemic success terms. In the second set of data, all papers published (...)
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  7.  13
    Optimising Qualitative Longitudinal Analysis: Insights From a Study of Traumatic Brain Injury Recovery and Adaptation.Joanna K. Fadyl, Alexis Channon, Alice Theadom & Kathryn M. McPherson - 2017 - Nursing Inquiry 24 (2):e12170.
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  8.  18
    Foucault, the Subject and the Research Interview: A Critique of Methods.Joanna K. Fadyl & David A. Nicholls - 2013 - Nursing Inquiry 20 (1):23-29.
  9. Denialism as Applied Skepticism: Philosophical and Empirical Considerations.Matthew H. Slater, Joanna K. Huxster, Julia E. Bresticker & Victor LoPiccolo - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (4):871-890.
    The scientific community, we hold, often provides society with knowledge—that the HIV virus causes AIDS, that anthropogenic climate change is underway, that the MMR vaccine is safe. Some deny that we have this knowledge, however, and work to undermine it in others. It has been common to refer to such agents as “denialists”. At first glance, then, denialism appears to be a form of skepticism. But while we know that various denialist strategies for suppressing belief are generally effective, little is (...)
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  10.  8
    Food Labeling and Consumer Associations with Health, Safety, and Environment.Joanna K. Sax & Neal Doran - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (4):630-638.
    The food supply is complicated and consumers are increasingly calling for labeling on food to be more informative. In particular, consumers are asking for the labeling of food derived from genetically modified organisms based on health, safety, and environmental concerns. At issue is whether the labels that are sought would accurately provide the information desired. The present study examined consumer perceptions of health, safety and the environment for foods labeled organic, natural, fat free or low fat, GMO, or non-GMO. Findings (...)
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  11. Understanding and Trusting Science.Matthew H. Slater, Joanna K. Huxster & Julia E. Bresticker - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (2):247-261.
    Science communication via testimony requires a certain level of trust. But in the context of ideologically-entangled scientific issues, trust is in short supply—particularly when the issues are politically ‘entangled’. In such cases, cultural values are better predictors than scientific literacy for whether agents trust the publicly-directed claims of the scientific community. In this paper, we argue that a common way of thinking about scientific literacy—as knowledge of particular scientific facts or concepts—ought to give way to a second-order understanding of science (...)
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  12.  47
    Non-Epistemological Values in Collaborative Research in Neuroscience: The Case of Alleged Differences Between Human Populations.Joanna K. Malinowska & Tomasz Żuradzki - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (3):203-206.
    The goals and tasks of neuroethics formulated by Farahany and Ramos (2020) link epistemological and methodological issues with ethical and social values. The authors refer simultaneously to the social significance and scientific reliability of the BRAIN Initiative. They openly argue that neuroethics should not only examine neuroscientific research in terms of “a rigorous, reproducible, and representative neuroscience research process” as well as “explore the unique nature of the study of the human brain through accurate and representative models of its function (...)
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  13.  7
    What Does It Mean to Empathise with a Robot?Joanna K. Malinowska - forthcoming - Minds and Machines:1-16.
    Given that empathy allows people to form and maintain satisfying social relationships with other subjects, it is no surprise that this is one of the most studied phenomena in the area of human–robot interaction. But the fact that the term ‘empathy’ has strong social connotations raises a question: can it be applied to robots? Can we actually use social terms and explanations in relation to these inanimate machines? In this article, I analyse the range of uses of the term empathy (...)
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  14.  7
    The Dilemma of the "Doctor in the Family".Joanna K. Weinberg - 2018 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 8 (1):47-52.
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  15.  6
    Descartes's Concept of Mind (Review).Joanna Forstrom - 2005 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (1):115-116.
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  16.  16
    Does the Mean Adequately Represent Reading Performance? Evidence From a Cross-Linguistic Study.Chiara V. Marinelli, Joanna K. Horne, Sarah P. McGeown, Pierluigi Zoccolotti & Marialuisa Martelli - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  17.  30
    Defining Features of Moral Sensitivity and Moral Motivation: Pathways to Moral Reasoning in Medical Students.Kelly R. Morton, Joanna S. Worthley, John K. Testerman & Marita L. Mahoney - 2006 - Journal of Moral Education 35 (3):387-406.
    Kohlberg's theory of moral development explores the roles of cognition and emotion but focuses primarily on cognition. Contemporary post?formal theories lead to the conclusion that skills resulting from cognitive?affective integration facilitate consistency between moral judgement and moral behaviour. Rest's four?component model of moral development delineates these skills specifically. The components, moral motivation, moral sensitivity, moral reasoning and moral character, operate as multidimensional processes that facilitate moral development and subsequently promote moral behaviour. The relationships between these components have been relatively unexplored, (...)
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  18.  42
    Business Ethics in Greater China: An Introduction.Allan K. K. Chan, Po-Keung Ip & Kit-Chun Joanna Lam - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S1):1 - 9.
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  19.  35
    Relational Dual Tableau Decision Procedure for Modal Logic K.Joanna Golińska-Pilarek, Emilio Munoz-Velasco & Angel Mora - 2012 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 20 (4):747-756.
    We present a dual tableau system, RLK, which is itself a deterministic decision procedure verifying validity of K-formulas. The system is constructed in the framework of the original methodology of relational proof systems, determined only by axioms and inference rules, without any external techniques. Furthermore, we describe an implementation of the system RLK in Prolog, and we show some of its advantages.
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  20.  24
    Relational Dual Tableau Decision Procedure for Modal Logic K.Joanna Golińska-Pilarek, Emilio Muñoz-Velasco & Angel Mora-Bonilla - 2012 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 20 (4):747-756.
    We present a dual tableau system, RLK, which is itself a deterministic decision procedure verifying validity of K-formulas. The system is constructed in the framework of the original methodology of relational proof systems, determined only by axioms and inference rules, without any external techniques. Furthermore, we describe an implementation of the system in Prolog, and we show some of its advantages.
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  21.  38
    A New Deduction System for Deciding Validity in Modal Logic K.Joanna Golinska-Pilarek, Emilio Munoz Velasco & Angel Mora - 2011 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 19 (2): 425-434.
    A new deduction system for deciding validity for the minimal decidable normal modal logic K is presented in this article. Modal logics could be very helpful in modelling dynamic and reactive systems such as bio-inspired systems and process algebras. In fact, recently the Connectionist Modal Logics has been presented, which combines the strengths of modal logics and neural networks. Thus, modal logic K is the basis for these approaches. Soundness, completeness and the fact that the system itself is a decision (...)
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  22.  47
    Action in Late Ming Thought: The Reorientation of Lü K'un and Other Scholar-Officials.Joanna F. Handlin - 1985 - Philosophy East and West 35 (4):450-452.
  23.  25
    Implementing a Relational Theorem Prover for Modal Logic K.Angel Mora, Emilio Munoz Velasco & Joanna Golińska-Pilarek - 2011 - International Journal of Computer Mathematics 88 (9):1869-1884.
    An automatic theorem prover for a proof system in the style of dual tableaux for the relational logic associated with modal logic K has been introduced. Although there are many well-known implementations of provers for modal logic, as far as we know, it is the first implementation of a specific relational prover for a standard modal logic. There are two main contributions in this paper. First, the implementation of new rules, called (k1) and (k2), which substitute the classical relational rules (...)
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  24. Abel, Elizabeth, and Emily K. Abel, Eds., The Signs Reader: Women, Gender and Scholarship. Chicago: University of Chicago Press 1983. Allen, Jeffner, Lesbian Philosophy: Explorations. Palo Alto: Institute of Lesbi-an Studies 1986. [REVIEW]Sally Allen, Joanna Hubbs, Outrunning Atalanta, Feminine Destiny, Rita Arditti, Renate Dueli Klein & Shelley Minden - 1987 - In Marsha Hanen & Kai Nielsen (eds.), Science, Morality and Feminist Theory. University of Calgary Press. pp. 423.
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  25.  28
    Michael Fishbane/Joanna Weinberg : Midrash Unbound. Transformations and Innovations, Oxford/Portland/OR: The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization 2013, VIII + 472 S. [REVIEW]Görge K. Hasselhoff - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 67 (2):205-206.
  26.  5
    Electrophysiological and Behavioral Correlates of Valence, Arousal and Subjective Significance in the Lexical Decision Task.Kamil K. Imbir, Joanna Duda-Goławska, Maciej Pastwa, Marta Jankowska, Aleksandra Modzelewska, Adam Sobieszek & Jarosław Żygierewicz - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  27. Event-Related Potential Correlates of Valence, Arousal, and Subjective Significance in Processing of an Emotional Stroop Task.Kamil K. Imbir, Joanna Duda-Goławska, Maciej Pastwa, Marta Jankowska & Jarosław Żygierewicz - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    The present study is the first to measure event-related potentials associated with the processing of the emotional Stroop task with the use of an orthogonal factorial manipulation for emotional valence, arousal, and subjective significance. The current study aimed to investigate concurrently the role of the three dimensions describing the emotion-laden words for interference control measured in the classical version of the EST paradigm. The results showed that reaction times were affected by the emotional valence of presented words and the interactive (...)
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  28.  3
    The N400/FN400 and Lateralized Readiness Potential Neural Correlates of Valence and Origin of Words’ Affective Connotations in Ambiguous Task Processing. [REVIEW]Kamil K. Imbir, Gabriela Jurkiewicz, Joanna Duda-Goławska, Maciej Pastwa & Jarosław Żygierewicz - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  29.  5
    The Ministerialization of Transitional Justice.Christopher K. Lamont, Joanna R. Quinn & Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm - 2019 - Human Rights Review 20 (1):103-122.
    In recent years, countries have begun to establish ministries of transitional justice as part of political transitions from authoritarianism to democracy or from conflict to peace. This may reflect a broader historical trend in the administration of TJ, which has evolved from isolated offices within a particular ministry to ad hoc cross-ministry coordinating bodies to the establishment of dedicated ministries. The reasons for the establishment of specific ministries to pursue TJ, what we call ministerialization, have not attracted scholarly attention. This (...)
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  30. Zastosowanie metody superwaluacji do analizy paradoksów związanych z nieostrością.Joanna Tędziagolska - 1998 - Filozofia Nauki 1.
    Supervaluation is a method which has been invented to deal with the reference failure. In his 1975 paper K. Fine suggested that it might be applied to the analysis of the phenomenon of vagueness as well. The paper tries to assess the pros and cons of the supervaluation theory of vagueness. Supervaluation provides us with the means for analysing vagueness without eliminating it from the language, and allows to solve the main paradox connected with vagueness; i.e. the sorities paradox. The (...)
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  31.  14
    The Scientific Autonomy of Clinical Medicine.Lee A. Forstrom - 1977 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2 (1):8-19.
    SummaryIt has been argued that clinical medicine should be regarded as a relatively autonomous science. While it draws upon other sciences which variously contribute to medical knowledge, it is not just an “application” of any of these, alone or in combination. Its contributions to medical knowledge are made within the context of patient care (the term “clinical medicine” is used here to emphasize this matter). It is distinct from other sciences in its domain of inquiry and its approach to this (...)
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  32.  1
    Wspomnienie - Joanna Jabłkowska.Joanna Jabłkowska - 2011 - Etyka 44:106-109.
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  33.  65
    Patiency is Not a Virtue: The Design of Intelligent Systems and Systems of Ethics.Joanna J. Bryson - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 20 (1):15-26.
    The question of whether AI systems such as robots can or should be afforded moral agency or patiency is not one amenable either to discovery or simple reasoning, because we as societies constantly reconstruct our artefacts, including our ethical systems. Consequently, the place of AI systems in society is a matter of normative, not descriptive ethics. Here I start from a functionalist assumption, that ethics is the set of behaviour that maintains a society. This assumption allows me to exploit the (...)
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  34. TeodyceaChryzypa. Recenzje i sprawozdania: Pierre Hadot -Filozofia jako ćwiczenie duchowe (Joanna Jarzębiak).Joanna Jarzębiak - 2004 - Ruch Filozoficzny 3 (3).
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  35.  35
    Of, for, and by the People: The Legal Lacuna of Synthetic Persons.Joanna J. Bryson, Mihailis E. Diamantis & Thomas D. Grant - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (3):273-291.
    Conferring legal personhood on purely synthetic entities is a very real legal possibility, one under consideration presently by the European Union. We show here that such legislative action would be morally unnecessary and legally troublesome. While AI legal personhood may have some emotional or economic appeal, so do many superficially desirable hazards against which the law protects us. We review the utility and history of legal fictions of personhood, discussing salient precedents where such fictions resulted in abuse or incoherence. We (...)
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  36. Picturebooks, Pedagogy, and Philosophy.Joanna Haynes - 2011 - Routledge.
  37.  63
    Children as Philosophers: Learning Through Enquiry and Dialogue in the Primary Classroom.Joanna Haynes - 2008 - Routledge.
    This fully revised second edition suggests ways in which you can introduce philosophical enquiry to your Personal, Social and Health Education and Citizenship teaching and across the curriculum.
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  38.  18
    Robots Should Be Slaves.Joanna J. Bryson - 2010 - In Yorick Wilks (ed.), Close Engagements with Artificial Companions: Key social, psychological, ethical and design issues. pp. 63-74.
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  39.  21
    Genethics: Moral Issues in the Creation of People.Joanna Pasek - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):385.
    Unprecedented advances in medicine, genetic engineering, and demographic forecasting raise new questions that strain the categories and assumptions of traditional ethical theories. Heyd's approach resolves many paradoxes in intergenerational justice, while offering a major test case for the profound problems of the limits of ethics and the nature of value.
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  40.  18
    What Makes Clinical Labour Different? The Case of Human Guinea Pigging.Joanna Różyńska - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (9):638-642.
    Each year thousands of individuals enrol in clinical trials as healthy volunteers to earn money. Some of them pursue research participation as a full-time or at least a part-time job. They call themselves professional or semiprofessional guinea pigs. The practice of paying healthy volunteers raises numerous ethical concerns. Different payment models have been discussed in literature. Dickert and Grady argue for a wage-payment model. This model gives research subjects a standardised hourly wage, and it is based on an assumption that (...)
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  41.  40
    Heidegger and Ethics.Joanna Hodge - 1995 - Routledge.
    Heidegger and ethics is a contentious conjunction of terms. Martin Heidegger himself rejected the notion of ethics, while his endorsement of Nazism is widely seen as unethical. This major study examines the complex and controversial issues involved in bringing Heidegger and ethics together. Working backwards through his work, from his 1964 claim that philosophy has been completed to his first major book, Being and Time, Joanna Hodge questions Heidegger's denial that his inquiries were concerned with ethics. She discovers a (...)
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  42. A Role for Consciousness in Action Selection.Joanna J. Bryson - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (2):471-482.
  43.  10
    Just an Artifact: Why Machines Are Perceived as Moral Agents.Joanna J. Bryson & Philip P. Kime - manuscript
    How obliged can we be to AI, and how much danger does it pose us? A surprising proportion of our society holds exaggerated fears or hopes for AI, such as the fear of robot world conquest, or the hope that AI will indefinitely perpetuate our cul- ture. These misapprehensions are symptomatic of a larger problem—a confusion about the nature and origins of ethics and its role in society. While AI technologies do pose promises and threats, these are not qualitatively different (...)
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  44.  80
    Necessity, Moral Liability, and Defensive Harm.Joanna Mary Firth & Jonathan Quong - 2012 - Law and Philosophy 31 (6):673-701.
    A person who is liable to defensive harm has forfeited his rights against the imposition of the harm, and so is not wronged if that harm is imposed. A number of philosophers, most notably Jeff McMahan, argue for an instrumental account of liability, whereby a person is liable to defensive harm when he is either morally or culpably responsible for an unjust threat of harm to others, and when the imposition of defensive harm is necessary to avert the threatened unjust (...)
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  45.  10
    Naturecultures? Science, Affect and the Non-Human.Joanna Latimer & Mara Miele - 2013 - Theory, Culture and Society 30 (7-8):5-31.
    Rather than focus on effects, the isolatable and measureable outcomes of events and interventions, the papers assembled here offer different perspectives on the affective dimension of the meaning and politics of human/non-human relations. The authors begin by drawing attention to the constructed discontinuity between humans and non-humans, and to the kinds of knowledge and socialities that this discontinuity sustains, including those underpinned by nature-culture, subject-object, body-mind, individual-society polarities. The articles presented track human/non-human relations through different domains, including: humans/non-humans in history (...)
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  46.  37
    Unity Between God and Mind? A Study on the Relationship Between Panpsychism and Pantheism.Joanna Leidenhag - 2019 - Sophia 58 (4):543-561.
    A number of contemporary philosophers have suggested that the recent revival of interest in panpsychism within philosophy of mind could reinvigorate a pantheistic philosophy of religion. This project explores whether the combination and individuation problems, which have dominated recent scholarship within panpsychism, can aid the pantheist’s articulation of a God/universe unity. Constitutive holistic panpsychism is seen to be the only type of panpsychism suited to aid pantheism in articulating this type of unity. There are currently no well-developed solutions to the (...)
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  47.  64
    CRISPR/Cas9 and Germline Modification: New Difficulties in Obtaining Informed Consent.Joanna Smolenski - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):35-37.
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  48.  3
    Career Choices and Moral Choices. Changing Tracks in the Trolley Problem.Sharaf Rehman & Joanna Dzionek-Kozłowska - 2019 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 59 (1):177-189.
    Numerous authors indicate that the influence of academic education extends beyond the growth of specialized knowledge gained by the graduates. Scholars are trying to identify and examine the potential impact of higher learning on students’ attitudes and choices. One of the dimensions considered by the researchers is the effect of university training on students’ moral choices. Our paper attempts to identify differences between the students’ declared moral choices and their majors. Working with a sample of university students of Economics and (...)
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  49.  21
    Child’s Objection to Non-Beneficial Research: Capacity and Distress Based Models.Marcin Waligora, Joanna Różyńska & Jan Piasecki - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (1):65-70.
    A child’s objection, refusal and dissent regarding participation in non-beneficial biomedical research must be respected, even when the parents or legal representatives have given their permission. There is, however, no consensus on the definition and criteria of a meaningful and valid child’s objection. The aim of this article is to clarify this issue. In the first part we describe the problems of a child’s assent in research. In the second part we distinguish and analyze two models of a child’s objection (...)
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  50.  75
    Wrongdoing and Forgiveness.Joanna North - 1987 - Philosophy 62 (242):499 - 508.
    To forgive a person for a wrong he has done has often been valued as morally good and as indicative of a benevolent and merciful character. But while forgiveness has been recognized as valuable its nature as a moral response has largely been ignored by modern moral philosophers who work outside the confines of a religious context. 1 Where it has been discussed, forgiveness has been thought particularly difficult to define, and some have thought the forgiving response paradoxical or even (...)
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