Results for 'Joaquim Novaes'

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  1.  60
    A Dialogical, Multi‐Agent Account of the Normativity of Logic.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2015 - Dialectica 69 (4):587-609.
    The paper argues that much of the difficulty with making progress on the issue of the normativity of logic for thought, as discussed in the literature, stems from a misapprehension of what logic is normative for. The claim is that, rather than mono-agent mental processes, logic in fact comprises norms for quite specific situations of multi-agent dialogical interactions, in particular special forms of debates. This reconceptualization is inspired by historical developments in logic and mathematics, in particular the pervasiveness of such (...)
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  2.  8
    Joaquim S. Couto MD Attending General and Vascular Surgeon, Av. Da Boavista 117, Sala 301, 4050 Porto, Portugal.Joaquim Sa - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (4):267-275.
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  3. Carnapian Explication, Formalisms as Cognitive Tools, and the Paradox of Adequate Formalization.Catarina Dutilh Novaes & Erich Reck - 2017 - Synthese 194 (1):195-215.
    Explication is the conceptual cornerstone of Carnap’s approach to the methodology of scientific analysis. From a philosophical point of view, it gives rise to a number of questions that need to be addressed, but which do not seem to have been fully addressed by Carnap himself. This paper reconsiders Carnapian explication by comparing it to a different approach: the ‘formalisms as cognitive tools’ conception. The comparison allows us to discuss a number of aspects of the Carnapian methodology, as well as (...)
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  4. Carnapian Explication and Ameliorative Analysis: A Systematic Comparison.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2020 - Synthese 197 (3):1011-1034.
    A distinction often drawn is one between conservative versus revisionary conceptions of philosophical analysis with respect to commonsensical beliefs and intuitions. This paper offers a comparative investigation of two revisionary methods: Carnapian explication and ameliorative analysis as developed by S. Haslanger. It is argued that they have a number of common features, and in particular that they share a crucial political dimension: they both have the potential to serve as instrument for social reform. Indeed, they may produce improved versions of (...)
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  5.  61
    Reductio Ad Absurdum From a Dialogical Perspective.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (10):2605-2628.
    It is well known that reductio ad absurdum arguments raise a number of interesting philosophical questions. What does it mean to assert something with the precise goal of then showing it to be false, i.e. because it leads to absurd conclusions? What kind of absurdity do we obtain? Moreover, in the mathematics education literature number of studies have shown that students find it difficult to truly comprehend the idea of reductio proofs, which indicates the cognitive complexity of these constructions. In (...)
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  6.  38
    Formalizing Medieval Logical Theories.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2007 - Springer.
    This book presents novel formalizations of three of the most important medieval logical theories: supposition, consequence and obligations. In an additional fourth part, an in-depth analysis of the concept of formalization is presented - a crucial concept in the current logical panorama, which as such receives surprisingly little attention.Although formalizations of medieval logical theories have been proposed earlier in the literature, the formalizations presented here are all based on innovative vantage points: supposition theories as algorithmic hermeneutics, theories of consequence analyzed (...)
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  7. The Different Ways in Which Logic is (Said to Be) Formal.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (4):303 - 332.
    What does it mean to say that logic is formal? The short answer is: it means (or can mean) several different things. In this paper, I argue that there are (at least) eight main variations of the notion of the formal that are relevant for current discussions in philosophy and logic, and that they are structured in two main clusters, namely the formal as pertaining to forms, and the formal as pertaining to rules. To the first cluster belong the formal (...)
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  8. The Identity Theory of Powers Revised.Joaquim Giannotti - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-19.
    Dispositionality and qualitativity are key notions to describe the world that we inhabit. Dispositionality is a matter of what a thing is disposed to do in certain circumstances. Qualitativity is a matter of how a thing is like. According to the Identity Theory of powers, every fundamental property is at once dispositional and qualitative, or a powerful quality. Canonically, the Identity Theory holds a contentious identity claim between a property’s dispositionality and its qualitativity. In the literature, this view faces a (...)
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  9. Reassessing Logical Hylomorphism and the Demarcation of Logical Constants.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2012 - Synthese 185 (3):387 - 410.
    The paper investigates the propriety of applying the form versus matter distinction to arguments and to logic in general. Its main point is that many of the currently pervasive views on form and matter with respect to logic rest on several substantive and even contentious assumptions which are nevertheless uncritically accepted. Indeed, many of the issues raised by the application of this distinction to arguments seem to be related to a questionable combination of different presuppositions and expectations; this holds in (...)
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  10.  36
    A Dialogical Account of Deductive Reasoning as a Case Study for How Culture Shapes Cognition.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2013 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 13 (5):459-482.
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  11.  40
    Medieval Obligationes as Logical Games of Consistency Maintenance.C. Dutilh Novaes - 2005 - Synthese 145 (3):371-395.
    I argue that the medieval form of dialectical disputation known as obligationes can be viewed as a logical game of consistency maintenance. The game has two participants, Opponent and Respondent. Opponent puts forward a proposition P; Respondent must concede, deny or doubt, on the basis of inferential relations between P and previously accepted or denied propositions, or, in case there is none, on the basis of the common set of beliefs. Respondent loses the game if he concedes a contradictory set (...)
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  12.  39
    A Comparative Taxonomy of Medieval and Modern Approaches to Liar Sentences.C. Dutilh Novaes - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (3):227-261.
    Two periods in the history of logic and philosophy are characterized notably by vivid interest in self-referential paradoxical sentences in general, and Liar sentences in particular: the later medieval period (roughly from the 12th to the 15th century) and the last 100 years. In this paper, I undertake a comparative taxonomy of these two traditions. I outline and discuss eight main approaches to Liar sentences in the medieval tradition, and compare them to the most influential modern approaches to such sentences. (...)
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  13.  40
    Form and Matter in Later Latin Medieval Logic: The Cases of Suppositio_ and _Consequentia.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2012 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 50 (3):339-364.
  14.  43
    Medieval Theories of Consequence.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2012 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:1-21.
  15.  84
    Insolubilia and the Fallacy Secundum Quid Et Simpliciter.Catarina Dutilh Novaes & Stephen Read - 2008 - Vivarium 46 (2):175-191.
    Thomas Bradwardine makes much of the fact that his solution to the insolubles is in accordance with Aristotle's diagnosis of the fallacy in the Liar paradox as that of secundum quid et simpliciter. Paul Spade, however, claims that this invocation of Aristotle by Bradwardine is purely "honorary" in order to confer specious respectability on his analysis and give it a spurious weight of authority. Our answer to Spade follows Bradwardine's response to the problem of revenge: any proposition saying of itself (...)
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  16. Validity, the Squeezing Argument and Alternative Semantic Systems: The Case of Aristotelian Syllogistic. [REVIEW]Catarina Dutilh Novaes & Edgar Andrade-Lotero - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (2):387 - 418.
    We investigate the philosophical significance of the existence of different semantic systems with respect to which a given deductive system is sound and complete. Our case study will be Corcoran's deductive system D for Aristotelian syllogistic and some of the different semantic systems for syllogistic that have been proposed in the literature. We shall prove that they are not equivalent, in spite of D being sound and complete with respect to each of them. Beyond the specific case of syllogistic, the (...)
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  17.  67
    The Role of ‘Denotatur’ in Ockham’s Theory of Supposition.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2013 - Vivarium 51 (1-4):352-370.
    In the scholarship on medieval logic and semantics of the last decades, Ockham’s theory of supposition is probably the most extensively studied version of such theories; yet, it seems that we still do not fully understand all its intricacies. In this paper, I focus on a phrase that occurs countless times throughout Ockham’s writings, but in particular in the sections dedicated to supposition in the Summa logicae: the phrase ‘denotatur’. I claim that an adequate understanding of the role of the (...)
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  18.  69
    Roger Swyneshed’s Obligationes: A Logical Game of Inference Recognition?Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2006 - Synthese 151 (1):125 - 153.
    In [Dutilh Novaes, Medieval-obligations as logical Games of Consistency maintenance, synthese, (2004)], I proposed a reconstruction of Walter Burley’s theory of obligationes, based on the idea that Burley’s theory of obligationes could be seen as a logical game of consistency maintenance. In the present paper, I intend to test the game hypothesis on another important theory of obligationes, namely Roger Swyneshed’s theory. In his treatise on obligationes [edited by P.V. Spade, cf. Spade History and philosophy of Logic 3(1982) 1-32], (...)
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  19.  28
    Paradoxes and Structural Rules From a Dialogical Perspective.Catarina Dutilh Novaes & Rohan French - 2018 - Philosophical Issues 28 (1):129-158.
  20.  37
    Buridan's Consequentia: Consequence and Inference Within a Token-Based Semantics.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2005 - History and Philosophy of Logic 26 (4):277-297.
    I examine the theory of consequentia of the medieval logician, John Buridan. Buridan advocates a strict commitment to what we now call proposition-tokens as the bearers of truth-value. The analysis of Buridan's theory shows that, within a token-based semantics, amendments to the usual notions of inference and consequence are made necessary, since pragmatic elements disrupt the semantic behaviour of propositions. In my reconstruction of Buridan's theory, I use some of the apparatus of modern two-dimensional semantics, such as two-dimensional matrices and (...)
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  21. Lessons on Truth From Mediaeval Solutions to the Liar Paradox.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):58-78.
    Some fourteenth-century treatises on paradoxes of the liar family offer a promising starting-point for the formulation of full-fledged theories of truth with systematic relevance in their own right. In particular, Bradwardine's thesis that sentences typically say more than one thing gives rise to a quantificational approach to truth, and Buridan's theory of truth based on the notion of suppositio allows for remarkable metaphysical parsimony. Bradwardine's and Buridan's theories both have theoretical advantages, but fail to provide a satisfactory account of truth (...)
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  22.  76
    The Undergeneration of Permutation Invariance as a Criterion for Logicality.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (1):81-97.
    Permutation invariance is often presented as the correct criterion for logicality. The basic idea is that one can demarcate the realm of logic by isolating specific entities—logical notions or constants—and that permutation invariance would provide a philosophically motivated and technically sophisticated criterion for what counts as a logical notion. The thesis of permutation invariance as a criterion for logicality has received considerable attention in the literature in recent decades, and much of the debate is developed against the background of ideas (...)
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  23.  23
    Evidence‐Based Medicine: A Kuhnian Perspective of a Transvestite Non‐Theory.Joaquim S. Couto Md - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (4):267-275.
  24.  66
    An Intensional Interpretation of Ockham's Theory of Supposition.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (3):pp. 365-393.
    According to a widespread view in medieval scholarship, theories of supposition are the medieval counterparts of theories of reference, and are thus essentially extensional theories. I propose an alternative interpretation: theories of supposition are theories of properties of terms, but whose aim is to allow for the interpretation of sentences. This holds especially of Ockham’s supposition theory, which is the main object of analysis in this paper. In particular, I argue for my intensional interpretation of his theory on the basis (...)
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  25.  27
    Towards a Practice-Based Philosophy of Logic: Formal Languages as a Case Study.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2012 - Philosophia Scientiae 16 (1):71-102.
    Au cours des dernières décennies, les travaux portant sur les pratiques humaines réelles ont pris de l'importance dans différents domaines de la philosophie, sans pour autant atteindre une position dominante. À ce jour, ce type de tournant pratique n'a cependant pas encore pénétré la philosophie de la logique. En première partie, j'esquisse ce que serait une philosophie de la logique centrée sur l'étude des pratiques, en insistant en particulier sur sa pertinence et sur la manière de la conduire. En deuxième (...)
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  26.  34
    Reasoning Biases, Non‐Monotonic Logics and Belief Revision.Catarina Dutilh Novaes & Herman Veluwenkamp - 2017 - Theoria 83 (1):29-52.
    A range of formal models of human reasoning have been proposed in a number of fields such as philosophy, logic, artificial intelligence, computer science, psychology, cognitive science, etc.: various logics, probabilistic systems, belief revision systems, neural networks, among others. Now, it seems reasonable to require that formal models of human reasoning be empirically adequate if they are to be viewed as models of the phenomena in question. How are formal models of human reasoning typically put to empirical test? One way (...)
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  27.  63
    Lessons on Sentential Meaning From Mediaeval Solutions to the Liar Paradox.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (237):682-704.
    Fourteenth-century treatises on paradoxes of the liar family, especially Bradwardine's and Buridan's, raise issues concerning the meaning of sentences, in particular about closure of sentential meaning under implication, semantic pluralism and the ontological status of 'meanings', which are still topical for current theories of meaning. I outline ways in which they tend to be overlooked, raising issues that must be addressed by any respectable theory of meaning as well as pointing in the direction of possible answers. I analyse a Bradwardinian (...)
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  28. Theory of Supposition Vs. Theory of Fallacies in Ockham.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2007 - Vivarium 45 (s 2-3):343-359.
    I propose to examine the issue of whether the ancient tradition in logic continued to be developed in the later medieval period from the vantage point of the relations between two specific groups of theories, namely the medieval theories of supposition and the (originally) ancient theories of fallacies. More specifically, I examine whether supposition theories absorbed and replaced theories of fallacies, or whether the latter continued to exist, with respect to one particular author, William of Ockham. I compare different parts (...)
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  29.  75
    Ralph Strode's Obligationes: The Return of Consistency and the Epistemic Turn.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2006 - Vivarium 44 (s 2-3):338-374.
    In what follows, I analyze Ralph Strode's treatise on obligations. I have used a hitherto unpublished edition of the text (based on 14 manuscripts) made by Prof. E.J. Ashworth. I first give a brief description of Strode's text, which is all the more necessary given that it is not available to the average reader; I also offer a reconstruction of the rules proposed by Strode, following the style of reconstruction used in my analysis of Burley's and Swyneshed's rules elsewhere—that is, (...)
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  30.  31
    Roger Swyneshed’s Obligationes: A Logical Game of Inference Recognition?Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2006 - Synthese 151 (1):125-153.
    In [Dutilh Novaes, Medieval-obligations as logical Games of Consistency maintenance, synthese, ], I proposed a reconstruction of Walter Burley's theory of "obligationes", based on the idea that Burley's theory of obligationes could be seen as a logical game of consistency maintenance. In the present paper, I intend to test the game hypothesis on another important theory of "obligationes", namely Roger Swyneshed's theory. In his treatise on "obligationes" [edited by P.V. Spade, cf. Spade History and philosophy of Logic 3 1-32], (...)
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  31.  55
    Medieval Obligationes as a Theory of Discursive Commitment Management.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2011 - Vivarium 49 (1-3):240-257.
    In earlier work, I have presented an interpretation of Obligationes as logical games of consistency maintenance; this interpretation has some advantages, in particular that of capturing the multi-agent, goal-oriented, rule-governed nature of the enterprise by means of the game analogy. But it has as its main limitation the fact that it does not provide a satisfactory account of the deontic aspect of the framework—i.e. of what being obliged to a certain statement consists in. In order to remedy this shortcoming, this (...)
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  32.  20
    Reasoning Biases, Non‐Monotonic Logics and Belief Revision.Catarina Dutilh Novaes & Herman Veluwenkamp - 2016 - Theoria 82 (4):29-52.
    A range of formal models of human reasoning have been proposed in a number of fields such as philosophy, logic, artificial intelligence, computer science, psychology, cognitive science, etc.: various logics, probabilistic systems, belief revision systems, neural networks, among others. Now, it seems reasonable to require that formal models of human reasoning be empirically adequate if they are to be viewed as models of the phenomena in question. How are formal models of human reasoning typically put to empirical test? One way (...)
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  33.  36
    The Buridanian Account of Inferential Relations Between Doubly Quantified Propositions: A Proof of Soundness.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2004 - History and Philosophy of Logic 25 (3):225-243.
    On the basis of passages from John Buridan's Summula Suppositionibus and Sophismata, E. Karger has reconstructed what could be called the 'Buridanian theory of inferential relations between doubly quantified propositions', presented in her 1993 article 'A theory of immediate inference contained in Buridan's logic'. In the reconstruction, she focused on the syntactical elements of Buridan's theory of modes of personal supposition to extract patterns of formally valid inferences between members of a certain class of basic categorical propositions. The present study (...)
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  34. The Dialogical Roots of Deduction: Historical, Cognitive, and Philosophical Perspectives on Reasoning.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    This comprehensive account of the concept and practices of deduction is the first to bring together perspectives from philosophy, history, psychology and cognitive science, and mathematical practice. Catarina Dutilh Novaes draws on all of these perspectives to argue for an overarching conceptualization of deduction as a dialogical practice: deduction has dialogical roots, and these dialogical roots are still largely present both in theories and in practices of deduction. Dutilh Novaes' account also highlights the deeply human and in fact (...)
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  35.  55
    The Historical and Philosophical Origins of Normativism.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):253-254.
    Elqayam & Evans' (E&E's) critique of normativism is related to an inherently philosophical question: Is thinking a normative affair? Should thinking be held accountable towards certain norms? I present the historical and philosophical origins of the view that thinking belongs to the realm of normativity and has a tight connection with logic, stressing the pivotal role of Kant in these developments.
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  36.  26
    Towards a Practice-Based Philosophy of Logic: Formal Languages as a Case Study.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2012 - Philosophia Scientae 16:71-102.
  37.  10
    Summulae de Locis Dialecticis by Johannes Buridanus.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (3):609-610.
  38.  23
    Where is Sancho? A Commentary on Murray Et Al. (2007) 'No Exit? Intellectual Integrity Under the Regime of “Evidence” and “Best‐Practices” '.Joaquim Couto - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):522-523.
  39.  5
    Social Integration of Technical Innovation: Sperm Banking and AID in France and in the United States.Simone B. Novaes - 1985 - Social Science Information 24 (3):569-584.
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  40. Formalizations Après la Lettre: Studies in Medieval Logic and Semantics.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2006 - Dissertation, Leiden University
    This thesis is on the history and philosophy of logic and semantics. Logic can be described as the ‘science of reasoning’, as it deals primarily with correct patterns of reasoning. However, logic as a discipline has undergone dramatic changes in the last two centuries: while for ancient and medieval philosophers it belonged essentially to the realm of language studies, it has currently become a sub-branch of mathematics. This thesis attempts to establish a dialogue between the modern and the medieval traditions (...)
     
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  41.  31
    Pornography, Ideology, and Propaganda: Cutting Both Ways.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (4):1417-1426.
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  42.  9
    Emotional Conditioning to Masked Stimuli: Expectancies for Aversive Outcomes Following Nonrecognized Fear-Relevant Stimuli.Arne Öhman & Joaquim J. F. Soares - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (1):69-82.
  43.  14
    Learning Argumentative Capacities.Joaquim Dolz - 1996 - Argumentation 10 (2):227-251.
    In the fields of linguistics and psychology the didactic implementation of new knowledge relative to argumentative discourse and its acquisition has led us to develop a didactic sequence focused on the teaching of argumentation in 11–12 year old pupils. This sequence was experimented in six schools in order to assess the effect of these new educational methods on the capacities of pupils to treat the dialogic dimensions of argumentation in the writing of monologues. An analysis of the productions of the (...)
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  44.  14
    Pedro da Fonseca.Joaquim Ferreira Gomes - 1966 - International Philosophical Quarterly 6 (4):632-644.
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  45.  44
    Dialectic and Logic in Aristotle and His Tradition.Matthew Duncombe & Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2016 - History and Philosophy of Logic 37 (1):1-8.
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  46. Johannes Buridanus: Summulae de propositionibus (review). [REVIEW]Catarina Novaes - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):155-156.
    Catarina Dutilh Novaes - Johannes Buridanus: Summulae de Propositionibus - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.1 155-156 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Catarina Dutilh Novaes Fordham University Ria van der Lecq, editor. Johannes Buridanus: Summulae de Propositionibus. Artistarium 10–1. Turnhout: Brepols, 2005. Pp. xxv + 131. Paper, €40.00. John Buridan is now believed to be among the most influential later medieval philosophers, his philosophical analyses showing considerable acumen (...)
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  47.  14
    Logical Gaps.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2017 - Forum for European Philosophy Blog.
    Catarina Dutilh Novaes on why we should dig into the cosmopolitan roots of logic.
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  48.  89
    A Contentious Trinity: Levels of Entailment in Brandom’s Pragmatist Inferentialism.Edgar Andrade-Lotero & Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (1):41-53.
    We investigate the relations among Brandom’s three dimensions of semantic inferential articulation, namely, incompatibility entailments, committive consequences, and permissive consequences. In his unpublished manuscript “Conceptual Content and Discursive Practice” Brandom argues that (1) incompatibility entailment implies committive consequence, and that (2) committive consequence in turn implies permissive consequence. We criticize this hierarchy both on internal and external grounds. Firstly, we prove that, using Brandom’s own definitions, the reverse of (1) also holds, and that the reverse of (2) may hold (but (...)
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  49. Formal Languages in Logic: A Philosophical and Cognitive Analysis.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Formal languages are widely regarded as being above all mathematical objects and as producing a greater level of precision and technical complexity in logical investigations because of this. Yet defining formal languages exclusively in this way offers only a partial and limited explanation of the impact which their use actually has. In this book, Catarina Dutilh Novaes adopts a much wider conception of formal languages so as to investigate more broadly what exactly is going on when theorists put these (...)
     
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  50.  10
    Can We Forget How to Treat Patients? Commentary on Tonelli (2006), Integrating Evidence Into Clinical Practice: An Alternative to Evidence‐Based Approaches.Joaquim Sá Couto - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):277-280.
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