The present research isolates the fairness assessment of the process used by the retailer to set a price, as well as the distributive fairness of the price compared to the price that others are offered, and examines the combined effect of procedural fairness and distributive fairness on overall price fairness. Two experimental studies examine procedural and distributive fairness effects on overall price fairness. In study 1, procedural fairness and distributive fairness are manipulated and found to interact to bring about overall (...) price fairness. In study 2, suspicion toward the seller is found to mediate the relationship between procedural fairness and overall price fairness when the price is disadvantageous. (shrink)
Times of crisis bring about increased demands on businesses as shortages, or unexpected but significant, business costs are encountered. Passing on such costs to consumers is a challenge. When faced with a retail price increase, consumers may rely on cues as to the motive behind the increase. Such cues can raise suspicion of alternative motive (e. g., taking advantage of the consumer) affecting consumers' judgments of price fairness. This research investigates two triggers of suspicion: salience of alternative motives, and behavior (...) judged to be out-of-character for the business. Results of the two studies within crisis contexts indicate that suspicion is created when alternative motives are salient and when a retailer acts out-of-character. Multiple group analyses revealed that suspicion induced negative affect and subsequent perceptions of price fairness. When suspicion was present, more negative feelings toward the retailer and judgments of price unfairness resulted. (shrink)
Cet ouvrage propose essentiellement un bilan de politiques publiques territoriales françaises, conduites depuis les années 2000, qui intègrent et problématisent des enjeux de temporalité. La majorité de ses contributeurs est membre de l’association « Tempo Territorial » dont l’objet est de favoriser le partage d’expériences et la coopération entre les acteurs des politiques temporelles territoriales, mais aussi de promouvoir ce référentiel d’action auprès des décideurs publics et privés aux n..
: Many feminist and democratic theorists share the presumption that politics requires a pregiven subject ("women" or "the people") whose identity is grounded in commonality. Drawing on Linda Zerilli's interventions in feminist debates, Ferguson develops an alternative account of collective identity that emerges instead from multiple, overlapping, and discontinuous social practices. This reconceptualization of identity demands a corresponding reconceptualization of democracy, characterized by the ongoing contestation of the very subject ("the people") whose existence it presupposes.
Many feminist and democratic theorists share the presumption that politics requires a pregiven subject whose identity is grounded in commonality. Drawing on Linda Zerilli's interventions in feminist debates, Ferguson develops an alternative account of collective identity that emerges instead from multiple, overlapping, and discontinuous social practices. This reconceptualization of identity demands a corresponding reconceptualization of democracy, characterized by the ongoing contestation of the very subject whose existence it presupposes.
The binding problem is fundamental to visual perception. It is the problem of associating an object's visual properties with itself and not with some other object. The problem is made particular difficult because different properties of an object, such as its color, shape, size, and motion, are often processed independently, sometimes in different cortical areas. The results of these separate analyses have to be combined before the object can be seen as a single coherent entity as opposed to a collection (...) of unconnected features. Visual bindings are typically initiated and updated in a serial fashion, one object at a time. Here, we show that one type of binding, location-identity bindings, can be updated in parallel. We do this by using two complementary techniques, the simultaneous-sequential paradigm and systems factorial technology. These techniques make different assumptions and rely on different behavioral measures, yet both came to the same conclusion. (shrink)
Introduction: "we are all Egypt" -- The allure of commonality -- Sharing the world in common with others -- Imagining the demos: sharing identity in feminist and democratic theory -- Politicizing the demos: sharing affect as self-conscious world-building -- Pluralizing the demos: sharing agency and the dilemma of democratic exclusion -- "This is what democracy looks like": protests as democratic imaginary.
While not rare, films that represent diabetes must work around the disease’s banal invisibility, and images of diabetics in film are especially susceptible to metaphor and exaggeration. This essay is the first to outline a diabetic filmography, discussing medical and cinematic strategies for visualizing the disease as well as how the illness informs family plots and heroic characters in horror films. Doing so, it participates in a larger discussion of the manner in which film images of ill or disabled groups (...) sustain notions of “normalcy” by both representing and denying otherness. (shrink)
The central thesis of Susan Okin's Justice, Gender, and the Family—that the ideology of the traditional family is the linchpin of contemporary gender inequality in the US—remains significant more than a quarter-century after the book's publication. On a political register, Okin's insistence on structural analysis of gender inequality is an important corrective to recent mainstream feminist emphasis on individual women's choices. On an academic register, her work reveals the incoherence of scholarly classifications of feminist theories as “liberal feminist” or “radical (...) feminist” by confounding such distinctions. I argue that her thesis is best understood in relation to the early radical feminism of Juliet Mitchell's Woman's Estate, a book Okin praised. Placing Okin's work in the context of its radical roots clarifies her “linchpin thesis,” but also reveals the limitations of her argument: in her emphasis on what Iris Young has termed the “distributive paradigm of justice,” Okin unnecessarily adopts a much narrower definition of the family than did Mitchell, and overestimates the influence of economic vulnerability after divorce on women's capacity to exit marriage. I suggest modifications to her theory, and conclude by showing the continuing relevance of her argument for analyzing recent legal, policy, and demographic shifts. (shrink)
Little has been published about the drivers, factors and challenges involved in the business practice of creating corporate sustainability performance within a company. This working paper describes research that employed an in-depth, grounded-theory case study approach to explore the issue within two EU-based utility companies. From the analysis of interviews, project meeting observations and a survey with in-house delivery experts, a key preliminary output of this research has been the creation of a Force-Factor Corporate Sustainability Performance Framework that categorises the (...) main driver and inhibitor elements a dynamic, explanatory model. This can serve as a useful platform for further academic and practitioner-based research, as well as describing key levers and obstacles to establishing a progressive performance in corporate sustainability. (shrink)
L’article discute la lecture par Hayek de trois philosophes qu’il a inscrits dans une « tradition de l’ordre spontané » : Mandeville, Hume et Ferguson. C’est à bon droit qu’une mise en évidence, et même une valorisation, de l’ordre spontané, se trouvent identifiées par Hayek chez ces auteurs. Néanmoins, certaines distorsions peuvent être repérées dans les lectures hayékiennes. Ainsi, l’ordre spontané présent dans le texte mandevillien relève d’une évolution par croissance des institutions, des techniques et des règles humaines, ou (...) encore d’une sélection « par essais et erreurs », mais non, comme le voudrait Hayek, d’une sélection par concurrence des groupes les pratiquant. Ainsi encore, l’ordre spontané repéré par Hayek dans l’émergence de l’ordre social et juridique chez Hume se trouve à tort identifié à un mécanisme impersonnel et abstrait de coordination des conduites analogue à la « main invisible » du marché. La convention humienne renvoie bien plutôt à une coordination consciente et résolue des actions, appuyée sur un véritable sens de l’intérêt commun. Enfin, autant Hayek repère judicieusement chez Ferguson une thématique de la formation spontanée des établissements humains, autant Hayek, en se focalisant sur l’analyse fergusonienne des mécanismes protecteurs des biens et des personnes propres aux sociétés marchandes, manque la contrepartie de ce constat chez ce même auteur, à savoir, l’analyse fergusonienne du déclin de la liberté politique dans ces mêmes sociétés marchandes. Or cette prise en compte pourrait permettre de mettre en question une opposition chère à Hayek : celle du « concept essentiellement français de liberté politique » et de « l’idéal anglais de liberté individuelle ». (shrink)