Results for 'Joel D. Nicholson'

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  1. Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism.David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Olivier Furrer, Min-Hsun Kuo, Yongjuan Li, Florian Wangenheim, Marina Dabic, Irina Naoumova, Katsuhiko Shimizu, María Teresa Garza Carranza, Ping Ping Fu, Vojko V. Potocan, Andre Pekerti, Tomasz Lenartowicz, Narasimhan Srinivasan, Tania Casado, Ana Maria Rossi, Erna Szabo, Arif Butt, Ian Palmer, Prem Ramburuth, David M. Brock, Jane Terpstra-Tong, Ilya Grison, Emmanuelle Reynaud, Malika Richards, Philip Hallinger, Francisco B. Castro, Jaime Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Laurie Milton, Mahfooz Ansari, Arunas Starkus, Audra Mockaitis, Tevfik Dalgic, Fidel León-Darder, Hung Vu Thanh, Yong-lin Moon, Mario Molteni, Yongqing Fang, Jose Pla-Barber, Ruth Alas, Isabelle Maignan, Jorge C. Jesuino, Chay-Hoon Lee, Joel D. Nicholson, Ho-Beng Chia, Wade Danis, Ajantha S. Dharmasiri & Mark Weber - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (2):283–306.
    Is the societal-level of analysis sufficient today to understand the values of those in the global workforce? Or are individual-level analyses more appropriate for assessing the influence of values on ethical behaviors across country workforces? Using multi-level analyses for a 48-society sample, we test the utility of both the societal-level and individual-level dimensions of collectivism and individualism values for predicting ethical behaviors of business professionals. Our values-based behavioral analysis indicates that values at the individual-level make a more significant contribution to (...)
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  2. George Arabatzis,'Paideia'and 'Episteme'in Michael of Ephesus. In De Part. Anim. I, 1, 3–2, 10 (Athens: Academy of Athens, Research Center on Greek Philosophy, 2006). 340 Pp. ISBN 960-404-092-8.[In Greek, with English Summary]. Adriano Oliva, Les Débuts de l'Enseignement de Thomas d'Aquin Et Sa Conception de la 'Sacra Doctrina', Avec l'Édition du Prologue de Son Commentaire des Sentences (Paris: Vrin, 2006). [REVIEW]Joël Biard, Nicholas D.’Autrécourt & Gautier Burley - 2007 - Vivarium 45:128-130.
  3.  8
    Articulating Animals: Animals and Implicit Inferences in Brandom's Work.Joel D. Musser - 2011 - Between the Species 14 (1):3.
    Brandom denies animals implicit reasoning by emphasizing their inability to make inferences explicit, and in so doing, denigrates animals by likening their behavior to that of machines and artifacts. With disturbing regularity and ease, Brandom equates pigeons and parrots to machines and thermostats in their inability to express implicit/explicit inferences: neither the pigeon nor the machine can “provid[e] reasons for making other moves in the language game.” I contest, however, that animals are paradigmatically more than any similarity or analogy to (...)
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  4.  52
    Objective and Subjective Probability in Gene Expression.Joel D. Velasco - 2012 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 110:5-10.
    In this paper I address the question of whether the probabilities that appear in models of stochastic gene expression are objective or subjective. I argue that while our best models of the phenomena in question are stochastic models, this fact should not lead us to automatically assume that the processes are inherently stochastic. After distinguishing between models and reality, I give a brief introduction to the philosophical problem of the interpretation of probability statements. I argue that the objective vs. subjective (...)
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  5.  5
    The History of Eugenics and the Future of Gene Therapy.Joel D. Howell - 1991 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 2 (4):274.
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  6.  7
    The Mystic'S Ontological Argument.Joel D. Friedman - 1979 - American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (1):73-78.
  7.  32
    A Subjective Theory of Organism.Joel D. S. Rasmussen - 1997 - The Personalist Forum 13 (2):312-317.
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  8.  5
    Some Thoughts on History and “Healing Relationships”.Joel D. Howell - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):80-82.
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  9.  15
    Making Medical Doctors: Science and Medicine at Vanderbilt Since Flexner. Timothy C. Jacobson.Joel D. Howell - 1989 - Isis 80 (1):93-94.
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  10.  6
    Langstaff: A Nineteenth-Century Medical Life. Jacalyn Duffin.Joel D. Howell - 1994 - Isis 85 (4):712-713.
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  11.  1
    Jeanne Kisacky. Rise of the Modern Hospital: An Architectural History of Health and Healing, 1870–1940. Vii + 448 Pp., Figs., Index. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2017. $65. [REVIEW]Joel D. Howell - 2018 - Isis 109 (1):197-198.
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  12.  5
    Doctors: The Biography of MedicineSherwin B. Nuland.Joel D. Howell - 1990 - Isis 81 (4):750-751.
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  13.  4
    Case Studies: What Is the Difference Between an HIV and a CBC?Joel D. Howell & Carl Cohen - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):18.
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  14.  12
    Carl Djerassi. This Man’s Pill: Reflections on the Fiftieth Birthday of the Pill. 240 Pp., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. $22.50. [REVIEW]Joel D. Howell - 2002 - Isis 93 (3):535-536.
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  15.  5
    American Pediatrics: The Social Dynamics of Professionalism, 1880-1980Sydney A. Halpern.Joel D. Howell - 1989 - Isis 80 (3):552-553.
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  16.  5
    A Practical Theology of Liberation: Mimetic Theory, Liberation Theology and Practical Theology.Joel D. Aguilar Ramírez & Stephan De Beer - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (2).
    In this article, the authors bring two personal journeys together: one author’s liberationist journey, sparked by a search for justice and liberation in the slums of Guatemala City, and the other’s lifelong commitment to practical theology and spatial justice in South Africa. A practical theology of liberation is the result of life experiences in countries of the Global South amidst the search for justice and liberation. The worlds that come together in this article are René Girard’s mimetic theory, liberation theology (...)
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  17.  6
    England, Holland, and the Fishing Wars.Joel D. Benson - 2015 - Philosophy Study 5 (9).
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  18. Ungar, Peter S. 2017. Evolution’s Bite: A Story of Teeth, Diet, and Human Origins. [REVIEW]Joel D. Irish - 2018 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 2 (1):143-146.
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  19. Auto-Assignment and Enrollment in Medicaid Managed Care Programs.Joel D. Ferber - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (2):99-107.
    In the face of escalating Medicaid costs and anticipated reductions in federal Medicaid spending, states are increasingly converting from fee-for-service to managed health care systems. The interrelated issues of enrollment and auto-assignment are fundamental to the overall success or failure of Medicaid managed care programs. The purpose of this article is to suggest how policy makers, consumer advocates, and providers should address these issues. My major premise is that implementation of managed care will proceed more smoothly if states adopt enrollment (...)
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  20.  21
    Auto-Assignment and Enrollment in Medicaid Managed Care Programs.Joel D. Ferber - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (2):99-107.
    In the face of escalating Medicaid costs and anticipated reductions in federal Medicaid spending, states are increasingly converting from fee-for-service to managed health care systems. The interrelated issues of enrollment and auto-assignment are fundamental to the overall success or failure of Medicaid managed care programs. The purpose of this article is to suggest how policy makers, consumer advocates, and providers should address these issues. My major premise is that implementation of managed care will proceed more smoothly if states adopt enrollment (...)
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  21.  5
    Power of Philosophy.Joel D. Wolfe - 2001 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (1):111-121.
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  22.  13
    Uncarved and Unconcerned: Zhuangzian Contentment in an Age of Happiness.Joel D. Daniels - 2019 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 18 (4):577-596.
    Through the formation of positive psychology, the study of happiness has moved into the scientific domain. Positive psychology’s assertion is that with the proper adjustments, everyone can achieve happiness. The problem, however, is that “happiness” is never defined, causing scientific testing to construct new parameters for each study, inevitably altering the object being examined. Rather than pursuing amorphous happiness, I argue that the Zhuangzi 莊子 provides a more adequate and responsible process or method for living well. After exploring Aristotle’s position (...)
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  23.  4
    The Wind Blows Gently and Fiercely: A Pentecostal Perspective on Love and Anger.Joel D. Daniels - 2019 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 39 (1):37-51.
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  24. The Fluid Movement of the Spirit: (RE)Conceptualizing Gender in Pentecostalism.Joel D. Daniels - forthcoming - Wiley: Journal of Religious Ethics.
  25.  1
    The Fluid Movement of the Spirit: (RE)Conceptualizing Gender in Pentecostalism.Joel D. Daniels - forthcoming - Journal of Religious Ethics.
  26.  6
    What Lies Within: Uncovering the Holy Spirit with the Aid of Buddhist Philosophy.Joel D. Daniels - 2020 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 40 (1):287-305.
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  27.  10
    Books in Review.Joel D. Schwartz - 1994 - Political Theory 22 (4):685-688.
  28.  24
    Tall Cardinals.Joel D. Hamkins - 2009 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 55 (1):68-86.
    A cardinal κ is tall if for every ordinal θ there is an embedding j: V → M with critical point κ such that j > θ and Mκ ⊆ M. Every strong cardinal is tall and every strongly compact cardinal is tall, but measurable cardinals are not necessarily tall. It is relatively consistent, however, that the least measurable cardinal is tall. Nevertheless, the existence of a tall cardinal is equiconsistent with the existence of a strong cardinal. Any tall cardinal (...)
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  29.  83
    The Necessary Maximality Principle for C. C. C. Forcing is Equiconsistent with a Weakly Compact Cardinal.Joel D. Hamkins & W. Hugh Woodin - 2005 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (5):493-498.
    The Necessary Maximality Principle for c. c. c. forcing with real parameters is equiconsistent with the existence of a weakly compact cardinal.
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  30. When Monophyly is Not Enough: Exclusivity as the Key to Defining a Phylogenetic Species Concept.Joel D. Velasco - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):473-486.
    A natural starting place for developing a phylogenetic species concept is to examine monophyletic groups of organisms. Proponents of “the” Phylogenetic Species Concept fall into one of two camps. The first camp denies that species even could be monophyletic and groups organisms using character traits. The second groups organisms using common ancestry and requires that species must be monophyletic. I argue that neither view is entirely correct. While monophyletic groups of organisms exist, they should not be equated with species. Instead, (...)
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  31.  41
    The Species Problem.Joel D. Velasco - 2011 - Philosophical Review 120 (4):598-602.
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  32.  97
    The Prior Probabilities of Phylogenetic Trees.Joel D. Velasco - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):455-473.
    Bayesian methods have become among the most popular methods in phylogenetics, but theoretical opposition to this methodology remains. After providing an introduction to Bayesian theory in this context, I attempt to tackle the problem mentioned most often in the literature: the “problem of the priors”—how to assign prior probabilities to tree hypotheses. I first argue that a recent objection—that an appropriate assignment of priors is impossible—is based on a misunderstanding of what ignorance and bias are. I then consider different methods (...)
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  33. Testing for Treeness: Lateral Gene Transfer, Phylogenetic Inference, and Model Selection.Joel D. Velasco & Elliott Sober - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):675-687.
    A phylogeny that allows for lateral gene transfer (LGT) can be thought of as a strictly branching tree (all of whose branches are vertical) to which lateral branches have been added. Given that the goal of phylogenetics is to depict evolutionary history, we should look for the best supported phylogenetic network and not restrict ourselves to considering trees. However, the obvious extensions of popular tree-based methods such as maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood face a serious problem—if we judge networks by (...)
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  34.  20
    The Foundations of Concordance Views of Phylogeny.Joel D. Velasco - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    Despite the enormous importance and widespread use of the term, it is unclear exactly what a phylogeny represents. It is important to define phylogeny precisely since other central terms like “clade” and “monophyletic” are often defined relative to phylogenetic trees and on some views in taxonomy, taxa must be clades. Edwards presents the common picture in contemporary systematics as depending on the existence of a “species tree” in which phylogeny “records the branching pattern of evolving lineages through time”. But what, (...)
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  35.  35
    The Future of Systematics: Tree Thinking Without the Tree.Joel D. Velasco - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):624-636.
    Phylogenetic trees are meant to represent the genealogical history of life and apparently derive their justification from the existence of the tree of life and the fact that evolutionary processes are treelike. However, there are a number of problems for these assumptions. Here it is argued that once we understand the important role that phylogenetic trees play as models that contain idealizations, we can accept these criticisms and deny the reality of the tree while justifying the continued use of trees (...)
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  36.  81
    Species, Genes, and the Tree of Life.Joel D. Velasco - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (3):599-619.
    A common view is that species occupy a unique position on the Tree of Life. Evaluating this claim requires an understanding of what the Tree of Life represents. The Tree represents history, but there are at least three biological levels that are often said to have genealogies: species, organisms, and genes. Here I focus on defending the plausibility of a gene-based account of the Tree. This leads to an account of species that are determined by gene genealogies. On this view, (...)
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  37. Species Concepts Should Not Conflict with Evolutionary History, but Often Do.Joel D. Velasco - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (4):407-414.
    Many phylogenetic systematists have criticized the Biological Species Concept (BSC) because it distorts evolutionary history. While defenses against this particular criticism have been attempted, I argue that these responses are unsuccessful. In addition, I argue that the source of this problem leads to previously unappreciated, and deeper, fatal objections. These objections to the BSC also straightforwardly apply to other species concepts that are not defined by genealogical history. What is missing from many previous discussions is the fact that the Tree (...)
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  38.  79
    Phylogeny as Population History.Joel D. Velasco - 2013 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 5:e402.
    The project of this paper is to understand what a phylogenetic tree represents and to discuss some of the implications that this has for the practice of systematics. At least the first part of this task, if not both parts, might appear trivial—or perhaps better suited for a single page in a textbook rather than a scholarly research paper. But this would be a mistake. While the task of interpreting phylogenetic trees is often treated in a trivial way, their interpretation (...)
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  39.  52
    Philosophy and Phylogenetics.Joel D. Velasco - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (10):990-998.
    Phylogenetics is the study and reconstruction of evolutionary history and is filled with numerous foundational issues of interest to philosophers. This paper briefly introduces some central concepts in the field, describes some of the main methods for inferring phylogenies, and provides some arguments for the superiority of model-based methods such as Likelihood and Bayesian methods over nonparametric methods such as parsimony. It also raises some underdeveloped issues in the field of interest to philosophers.
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  40.  13
    Poetry, Piety, and Paideia in Kierkegaard’s Practice in Christianity.Joel D. S. Rasmussen - 2010 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2010 (1):153-174.
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  41.  5
    Translational Control During Early Development.Joel D. Richter - 1991 - Bioessays 13 (4):179-183.
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  42.  3
    A Practical Theology of Liberation: Mimetic Theory, Liberation Theology and Practical Theology.Joel D. Aguilar Ramírez & Stephan de Beer - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (2).
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  43.  81
    Evolutionary and Newtonian Forces.Christopher Hitchcock & Joel D. Velasco - 2014 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 1:39-77.
    A number of recent papers have criticized what they call the dynamical interpretation of evolutionary theory found in Elliott Sober’s The Nature of Selection. Sober argues that we can think of evolutionary theory as a theory of forces analogous to Newtonian mechanics. These critics argue that there are several important disanalogies between evolutionary and Newtonian forces: Unlike evolutionary forces, Newtonian forces can be considered in isolation, they have source laws, they compose causally in a straightforward way, and they are intermediate (...)
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  44.  10
    William James and the Transatlantic Conversation: Pragmatism, Pluralism, and Philosophy of Religion.Martin Halliwell & Joel D. S. Rasmussen (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume focuses on the American philosopher and psychologist William James and his engagements with European thought, together with the multidisciplinary reception of his work on both sides of the Atlantic since his death. James participated in transatlantic conversations in science, philosophy, psychology, religion, ethics, and literature.
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  45. Deep Conventionalism About Evolutionary Groups.Matthew J. Barker & Joel D. Velasco - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):971-982.
    We argue for a new conventionalism about many kinds of evolutionary groups, including clades, cohesive units, and populations. This rejects a consensus, which says that given any one of the many legitimate grouping concepts, only objective biological facts determine whether a collection is such a group. Surprisingly, being any one kind of evolutionary group typically depends on which of many incompatible values are taken by suppressed variables. This is a novel pluralism underlying most any one group concept, rather than a (...)
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  46.  13
    Synthesis and Function of Mos: The Control Switch of Vertebrate Oocyte Meiosis.F.�Tima Gebauer & Joel D. Richter - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (1):23-28.
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  47.  7
    Some Thoughts About Aging From a Nineteenth-Century Connecticut Yankee.Jannifer Stromberg, Joel D. Howell & W. Andrew Achenbaum - 1991 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 35 (1):140.
  48.  9
    Growth of Sensation on Seven Continua as Measured by Force of Handgrip.Joseph C. Stevens, Joel D. Mack & S. S. Stevens - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (1):60.
  49.  10
    Scales of Apparent Force.Joseph C. Stevens & Joel D. Mack - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (5):405.
  50.  6
    Cued Recall for Four-Word Categories Presented in Separate Pairs.George A. Weigel, Joel D. Schendel & Henry M. Halff - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (5):361-364.
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