Results for 'Joel J. Davis'

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  1.  60
    Ethics and Environmental Marketing.Joel J. Davis - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (2):81 - 87.
    Corporations have scrambled to bring to market products positioned and advertised as addressing the needs of the environmentally-conscious consumer. The vast majority of claims presented in support of these products are best described, however, as confused, misleading or outright illegal. Ethical considerations have not yet been integrated into environmental marketing, and as a result, long-term harm on both the individual and societal level may result. A framework for reversing this trend is presented. It identifies the sequence of actions necessary for (...)
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  2.  43
    Good Ethics is Good for Business: Ethical Attributions and Response to Environmental Advertising. [REVIEW]Joel J. Davis - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (11):873 - 885.
    Researchers have used attribution theory as a basis for exploring the relationship between consumers'' inferences of advertiser motivation (attributions) and advertising response. This study postulated the existence of two new types of attributions which relate to the perceived ethics of the advertiser (advertiser ethical attributions) and the advertising message (message ethical attributions). Research conducted among a nationally representative sample of 273 adults: (1) verified the existence of both advertiser and message ethical attributions, (2) demonstrated the independence of advertiser and message (...)
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  3.  90
    An Examination of the Role of Attitudinal Characteristics and Motivation on the Cheating Behavior of Business Students.Jeanette A. Davy, Joel F. Kincaid, Kenneth J. Smith & Michelle A. Trawick - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):281 – 302.
    This study examines cheating behaviors among 422 business students at two public Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business-accredited business schools. Specifically, we examined the simultaneous influence of attitudinal characteristics and motivational factors on reported prior cheating behavior, the tendency to neutralize cheating behaviors, and likelihood of future cheating. In addition, we examined the impact of in-class deterrents on neutralization of cheating behaviors and the likelihood of future cheating. We also directly tested potential mediating effects of neutralization on cheating behavior. (...)
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  4.  43
    Acknowledgment of External Reviewers for 2002.Joel Andreas, Richard Berk, Fred Block, Davis John Bowen, Ann E. Bowler, Lisa Brush, Bruce J. Caldwell, Greensboro Bruce G. Carruthers, Thomas Gold & Berkeley Mark Granovetter - 2003 - Theory and Society 32 (1):151-152.
  5. Teamsters and Turtles?: U.S. Progressive Political Movements in the 21st Century.Frank L. Davis, Melissa Haussman, Ronald Hayduk, Christine Kelly, Joel Lefkowitz, Immanuel Ness, Laura Katz Olson, David Pfeiffer, Meredith Reid Sarkees, Benjamin Shepard, James R. Simmons, Solon J. Simmons & Claude E. Welch (eds.) - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    After decades of single issue movements and identity politics on the U.S. left, the series of large demonstrations beginning in 1999 in Seattle have led many to wonder if activist politics can now come together around a common theme of global justice. This book pursues the prospects for progressive political movements in the 21st century with case studies of ten representative movements, including the anti-globalization forces, environmental interest groups, and new takes on the peace movement.
     
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  6.  21
    Why Ethical Philosophy Needs to Be Comparative: Joel J. Kupperman.Joel J. Kupperman - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (2):185-200.
    Principles can seem as entrenched in moral experience as Kant thinks space, time, and the categories are in human experience of the world. However not all cultures have such a view. Classical Indian and Chinese philosophies treat modification of the self as central to ethics. Decisions in particular cases and underlying principles are much less discussed. Ethics needs comparative philosophy in order not to be narrow in its concerns. A broader view can give weight to how people sometimes can change (...)
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  7.  43
    Axiological Realism: Joel J. Kupperman.Joel J. Kupperman - 1996 - Philosophy 71 (276):185-203.
    Many would consider the lengthening debate between moral realists and anti-realists to be draw-ish. Plainly new approaches are needed. Or might the issue, which most broadly concerns realism in relation to normative judgments, be broken down into parts or sectors? Physicists have been saying, in relation to a similarly longstanding debate, that light in some respects behaves like waves and in some respects like particles. Might realism be more plausible in relation to some kinds of normative judgments than others?
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  8.  48
    Learning From Asian Philosophy.Joel J. Kupperman - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    In an attempt to bridge the vast divide between classical Asian thought and contemporary Western philosophy, Joel J. Kupperman finds that the two traditions do not, by and large, supply different answers to the same questions. Rather, each tradition is searching for answers to their own set of questions--mapping out distinct philosophical investigations. In this groundbreaking book, Kupperman argues that the foundational Indian and Chinese texts include lines of thought that can enrich current philosophical practice, and in some cases (...)
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  9.  38
    Character.Joel J. Kupperman - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    We often speak of a person's character--good or bad, strong or weak--and think of it as a guide to how that person will behave in a given situation. Oddly, however, philosophers writing about ethics have had virtually nothing to say about the role of character in ethical behavior. What is character? How does it relate to having a self, or to the process of moral decision? Are we responsible for our characters? Character answers these questions, and goes on to examine (...)
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  10.  20
    Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry: Encyclopaedia, Genealogy, and Tradition.Joel J. Kupperman - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (3):737-740.
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  11. The Indispensability of Character.Joel J. Kupperman - 2001 - Philosophy 76 (2):239-250.
    Gilbert Harman has argued that it does not make sense to ascribe character traits to people. The notion of morally virtuous character becomes particularly suspect. How plausible this is depends on how broad character traits would have to be. Views of character as entirely invariant behavioural tendencies offer a soft target. This paper explores a view that is a less easy target: character traits as specific to kinds of situation, and as involving probabilities or real possibilities. Such ascriptions are not (...)
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  12.  88
    The Child's Right to an Open Future: Is the Principle Applicable to Non-Therapeutic Circumcision?Robert J. L. Darby - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (7):463-468.
    The principle of the child's right to an open future was first proposed by the legal philosopher Joel Feinberg and developed further by bioethicist Dena Davis. The principle holds that children possess a unique class of rights called rights in trust—rights that they cannot yet exercise, but which they will be able to exercise when they reach maturity. Parents should not, therefore, take actions that permanently foreclose on or pre-empt the future options of their children, but leave them (...)
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  13.  42
    Subjective Experience and the Attentional Lapse: Task Engagement and Disengagement During Sustained Attention.J. Smallwood, J. B. Davies, D. Heim, F. Finnigan, M. Sudberry & Obonsawin M. O'Connor R. - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):657-90.
    Three experiments investigated the relationship between subjective experience and attentional lapses during sustained attention. These experiments employed two measures of subjective experience to examine how differences in awareness correspond to variations in both task performance and psycho-physiological measures . This series of experiments examine these phenomena during the Sustained Attention to Response Task . The results suggest we can dissociate between two components of subjective experience during sustained attention: task unrelated thought which corresponds to an absent minded disengagement from the (...)
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  14.  56
    Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry: Encyclopaedia, Genealogy, and Tradition, by Alasdair MacIntyre.Joel J. Kupperman - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (3):737-740.
  15. Virtue in Virtue Ethics.Joel J. Kupperman - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):243-255.
    This paper represents two polemics. One is against suggestions (made by Harman and others) that recent psychological research counts against any claim that there is such a thing as genuine virtue (Cf. Harman, in: Byrne, Stalnaker, Wedgwood (eds.) Fact and value, pp 117–127, 2001 ). The other is against the view that virtue ethics should be seen as competing against such theories as Kantian ethics or consequentialism, particularly in the specification of decision procedures.
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  16. Joel J. Kupperman, 1936–2020.Diana Tietjens Meyers - 2021 - Philosophy East and West 71 (1):1-3.
    It is with deep sadness that I report the death of Joel Kupperman, University of Connecticut Board of Trustees Distinguished Professor Emeritus. He died in Brooklyn, New York on April 8, 2020.Joel received both his B.A. and M.A. from the University of Chicago and his PhD from Cambridge University. He joined the Philosophy Department at the University of Connecticut in 1960. Except for visiting Trinity College, Oxford as a lecturer in 1970, two years supported by NEH fellowships, and (...)
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  17.  12
    Ethics and Qualities of Life.Joel J. Kupperman - 2007 - Oup Usa.
    Ethics and Qualities of Life looks at what enters into ethical judgment and choice. Interpretation of a case and of what the options are is always a factor, as is a sense of the possible values at stake. Intuitions also enter in, but often are unreliable. For a long time it seemed only fair that oldest sons inherited, and struck few people as unfair that women were not allowed to attend universities. A moral judgment is putatively part of a moral (...)
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  18.  28
    Ethical Knowledge.Joel J. Kupperman - 1970 - New York: Routledge.
    This volume is a comprehensive collection of critical essays on The Taming of the Shrew, and includes extensive discussions of the play's various printed versions and its theatrical productions. Aspinall has included only those essays that offer the most influential and controversial arguments surrounding the play. The issues discussed include gender, authority, female autonomy and unruliness, courtship and marriage, language and speech, and performance and theatricality.
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  19.  16
    Value... And What Follows.Joel J. Kupperman - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    This fresh and engaging work by noted philosopher Joel Kupperman centers on "value"--in the sense of what is worth having or worthy being in life. Kupperman looks first at how judgments of values manifest themselves, whether there can be evidence for them, and whether a realistic account is appropriate. Kupperman then goes on to examine the relations between judgments of value and those of what it is best to do, and whether value has any proper role in social policy. (...)
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  20.  63
    Confucian Civility.Joel J. Kupperman - 2010 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (1):11-23.
    A major reason that Confucius should matter to Western ethical philosophers is that some of his concerns are markedly different from those most common in the West. A Western emphasis has been on major choices that are treated in a decontextualized way. Confucius’ emphasis is on paths of life, so that context matters. Further, the nuances of personal relations get more attention than is common (with the exception of feminist ethics) in Western philosophy. What Confucius provides is a valuable aid (...)
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  21.  43
    Moral Realism and Metaphysical Anti-Realism.Joel J. Kupperman - 1987 - Metaphilosophy 18 (2):95–107.
    The essay has two purposes. One is to point out connections and parallels between, On one hand, The debates of metaphysical realists and anti-Realists, And on the other hand, The debates surrounding moral realism. The second is to provide the outlines of a case for a kind of position that would generally be classified as moral realism. One feature of this position is that it emerges as parallel to, And compatible with, A metaphysical position that would generally be classified as (...)
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  22. Vulgar Consequentialism.Joel J. Kupperman - 1980 - Mind 89 (355):321-337.
  23.  45
    Confucius and the Problem of Naturalness.Joel J. Kupperman - 1968 - Philosophy East and West 18 (3):175-185.
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  24.  9
    Reflections on Medicine and Membership: A Response to Hauerwas, McKenny, Verhey, and Kinghorn.Joel J. Shuman - 2016 - Christian Bioethics 22 (1):39-44.
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  25.  50
    Why Ethical Philosophy Needs to Be Comparative.Joel J. Kupperman - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (2):185-200.
    Principles can seem as entrenched in moral experience as Kant thinks space, time, and the categories are in human experience of the world. However not all cultures have such a view. Classical Indian and Chinese philosophies treat modification of the self as central to ethics. Decisions in particular cases and underlying principles are much less discussed. Ethics needs comparative philosophy in order not to be narrow in its concerns. A broader view can give weight to how people sometimes can change (...)
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  26. Theories of Human Nature.Joel J. Kupperman - 2010 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    Questions for Further Consideration and Recommended Further Reading, which follow each relevant chapter, encourage readers to think further and to craft their own perspectives.
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  27.  16
    Dimensions of Moral Creativity: Paradigms, Principles, and Ideals.Joel J. Kupperman - 1980 - Philosophy East and West 30 (1):123-125.
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  28. Tradition and Community in the Formation of Character and Self.Joel J. Kupperman - 2004 - In Kwong-loi Shun & David B. Wong (eds.), Confucian Ethics: A Comparative Study of Self, Autonomy, and Community. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 103--123.
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  29.  68
    The Relationship Between Ethics and Job Satisfaction: An Empirical Investigation. [REVIEW]Scott J. Vitell & D. L. Davis - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (6):489 - 494.
    The relationship between ethics and job satisfaction for MIS professionals is examined empirically. Five dimensions of job satisfaction are examined: (1) satisfaction with pay, (2) satisfaction with promotions, (3) satisfaction with co-workers, (4) satisfaction with supervisors and (5) satisfaction with the work itself. These dimensions of satisfaction are compared to top management's ethical stance, one's overall sense of social responsibility and an ethical optimism scale (i.e., the degree of optimism that one has concerning the positive relationship between ethics and success (...)
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  30.  68
    An Anti‐Essentialist View of the Emotions.Joel J. Kupperman - 1995 - Philosophical Psychology 8 (4):341-351.
    Emotions normally include elements of feeling, motivation, and also intentionality; but the argument of this essay is that there can be emotion without feeling, emotion without corresponding motivation, and emotion without an intentional relation to an object such that the emotion is (among other things) a belief about or construal of it. Many recent writers have claimed that some form of intentionality is essential to emotion, and then have created lines of defence for this thesis. Thus, what look like troublesome (...)
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  31.  74
    Ethical Beliefs of Mis Professionals: The Frequency and Opportunity for Unethical Behavior. [REVIEW]Scott J. Vitell & Donald L. Davis - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):63 - 70.
    The frequency and opportunity for unethical behavior by MIS professionals is examined empirically. In addition, the importance of top management's ethical stance, one's sense of social responsibility and the existence of codes of ethics in determining perceptions of the frequency and opportunity for unethical behavior are tested.Results indicate that MIS professionals are perceived as having the opportunity to engage in unethical practices, but that they seldom do so. Additionally, successful MIS professionals are perceived as ethical. Finally, while company codes of (...)
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  32.  53
    The Epistemology of Non-Instrumental Value.Joel J. Kupperman - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (3):659–680.
    Might there be knowledge of non-instrumental values? Arguments are give for two principal claims. One is that if there is such knowledge, it typically will have features that do not entirely match those of other kinds of knowledge. It will have a closer relation to the kind of person one is or becomes, and in the way it combines features of knowing-how with knowing-that. There also are problems of indeterminacy of non-instrumental value which are not commonly found in other things (...)
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  33. Six Myths About the Good Life: Thinking About What has Value.Joel J. Kupperman - 2006 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    _Six Myths about the Good Life_ focuses on the values that are worth aiming for in our lives, a topic central to what has been called Philosophy of Life. We all have ideas about the good life. We think that pleasure makes life better. We want to be happy. We think that achievements make a difference. There is something to all these ideas, but if taken simply and generally they all miss out on something. _Six Myths about the Good Life_ (...)
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  34.  26
    How Values Congeal Into Facts.Joel J. Kupperman - 2000 - Ratio 13 (1):37–53.
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  35.  89
    A Messy Derivation of the Categorical Imperative.Joel J. Kupperman - 2002 - Philosophy 77 (4):485-502.
    Here are two widespread responses to Kant's categorical imperative. On one hand, one might note the absence of detailed rational derivation. On the other hand, even someone who maintains some skepticism is likely to have a sense that (nevertheless) there is something to Kant's central ideas. The recommended solution is analysis of elements of the categorical imperative. Their appeal turns out to have different sources. One aspect of the first formulation rests on the logic of normative utterances. But others can (...)
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  36.  41
    A New Look at the Logic of the ‘is’-‘Ought’ Relation.Joel J. Kupperman - 2005 - Philosophy 80 (3):343-359.
    In the 1950's some prominent philosophers suggested a logical relation weaker than entailment between primarily descriptive statements and ethical conclusions. The paper revisits this suggestion. It examines four ways in which ethical statemnts can be supported by descriptions and evaluations. This provides a similarity bteween some kinds of reason-giving in ethics and familiar cases of logical inference, making it plausible to speak of a logic. The similarity however is limited, and the strength in ethics of descriptive reasons is never precise (...)
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  37.  22
    Comfort, Hedonic Treadmills, and Public Policy.Joel J. Kupperman - 2003 - Public Affairs Quarterly 17 (1):17-28.
  38.  20
    For an Ontology of Morals: A Critique of Contemporary Ethical Theory.Joel J. Kupperman - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (2):244.
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  39.  17
    The Emotions of Altruism, East and West.Joel J. Kupperman - 1995 - In Roger Ames, Robert C. Solomon & Joel Marks (eds.), Emotions in Asian Thought: A Dialogue in Comparative Philosophy. Suny Press. pp. 123.
  40.  17
    Nuance and Ethical Choice.Joel J. Kupperman - 1969 - Ethics 79 (2):105-114.
  41.  17
    Nurses and Physicians on Nutritional Support: A Comparison.J. Liaschenko & A. J. Davis - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (3):259-283.
    During the last decade, several court cases have focused attention on the moral and legal aspects of withholding or withdrawing food and fluids from certain patients. The courts have not been unanimous in their judgments on these matters. In attempting to explore this issue, this article reviews both the nursing and medical literature on the withdrawing and withholding of food and fluids with particular attention to empirical studies. Several themes which emerge from the literature are used to explore the similarities (...)
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  42. Confucius and the Nature of Religious Ethics.Joel J. Kupperman - 1971 - Philosophy East and West 21 (2):189-194.
  43.  96
    A Case For Consequentialism.Joel J. Kupperman - 1981 - American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (4):305-313.
  44.  18
    A New Look at the Logic of the - Relation.Joel J. Kupperman - 2005 - Philosophy 80 (3):343.
    In the 1950's some prominent philosophers suggested a logical relation weaker than entailment between primarily descriptive statements and ethical conclusions. The paper revisits this suggestion. It examines four ways in which ethical statemnts can be supported by descriptions and evaluations. This provides a similarity bteween some kinds of reason-giving in ethics and familiar cases of logical inference, making it plausible to speak of a logic. The similarity however is limited, and the strength in ethics of descriptive reasons is never precise (...)
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  45.  20
    The Supra‐Moral in Chinese Ethics.Joel J. Kupperman - 1974 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 1 (2):153-160.
  46.  51
    Not in so Many Words: Chuang Tzu's Strategies of Communication.Joel J. Kupperman - 1989 - Philosophy East and West 39 (3):311-317.
  47.  36
    An Examination of Cheating and its Antecedents Among Marketing and Management Majors.Kenneth J. Smith, Jeanette A. Davy & Debbie Easterling - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (1):63-80.
    This study examines cheating behaviors among 742 marketing and management majors at three public AACSB-accredited business schools. Specifically, we studied the simultaneous influence of demographic and attitudinal characteristics on: (1) reported prior cheating behavior; (2) the tendency to neutralize cheating behaviors; and, (3) likelihood of future cheating. We additionally examined the impact of in-class deterrents on neutralization of cheating behaviors and the likelihood of future cheating. We also directly tested potential mediating effects of neutralization on cheating behavior.We conducted independent assessments (...)
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  48.  43
    Do We Desire Only Pleasure?Joel J. Kupperman - 1978 - Philosophical Studies 34 (4):451 - 454.
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  49.  19
    Axiological Realism.Joel J. Kupperman - 1996 - Philosophy 71 (276):185 - 203.
  50.  31
    Ethics for Extraterrestrials.Joel J. Kupperman - 1991 - American Philosophical Quarterly 28 (4):311 - 320.
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