Results for 'Joel MacClellan'

1000+ found
Order:
See also
Joel MacClellan
Loyola University, New Orleans
  1.  39
    Size Matters: Animal Size, Contributory Causation, and Ethical Vegetarianism.Joel MacClellan - 2013 - Journal of Animal Ethics 3 (1):57-68.
    Animal size is a relevant and unappreciated consideration in moral evaluations of killing animals for food, especially for utilitarians, who must weigh the gustatory satisfaction of eating meat-the quantity of which varies greatly throughout the animal kingdom-against animal suffering in utilitarian calculations. I argue that animal size can drastically alter not only the extent but even the valence of such calculations. Then I show how the business ethics literature on vegetarianism is deficient for not taking animal size into account. Last, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  2.  65
    "What the Wild Things Are: A Critique on Clare Palmer's" What Do We Owe Animals?".Joel MacClellan - 2013 - Between the Species 16 (1):6.
    This paper critiques Clare Palmer’s “What do we owe wild animals?” on three grounds. First, it is argued that, Palmer’s opening case study notwithstanding, there are good empirical reasons to think that we should assist domesticated horses and not wild deer. Then, Palmer’s claim that “wildness is not a capacity” is brought into question, and it is argued that wildness connotes certain capacities which wild animals generally have and which domesticated animals generally lack. Lastly, the “supererogation problem” is developed against (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  17
    A Response to MacClellan.Mark H. Bernstein - 2013 - Journal of Animal Ethics 3 (1):69-71.
    In "Size Matters" in this issue, Joel MacClellan argues for three claims: according to utilitarianism, faced with a choice of eating large or small animals, we should eat the large; utilitarianism may ground obligations to eat meat; and we justifiably attract greater moral responsibility for the "direct" killing of our food animals than we do for "indirect" killing. MacClellan tends to underestimate the resources available even to hedonistic utilitarianism and oversimplifies the conditions in the food industry. His (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  38
    Joel Hildebrand.Joel Hildebrand - 1972 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 16 (1):88-111.
  5.  72
    Omnipotence or Fusion? A Conversation Between Axel Honneth and Joel Whitebook.Axel Honneth & Joel Whitebook - 2016 - Constellations 23 (2):170-179.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  6.  43
    Axiological Realism: Joel J. Kupperman.Joel J. Kupperman - 1996 - Philosophy 71 (276):185-203.
    Many would consider the lengthening debate between moral realists and anti-realists to be draw-ish. Plainly new approaches are needed. Or might the issue, which most broadly concerns realism in relation to normative judgments, be broken down into parts or sectors? Physicists have been saying, in relation to a similarly longstanding debate, that light in some respects behaves like waves and in some respects like particles. Might realism be more plausible in relation to some kinds of normative judgments than others?
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  21
    Why Ethical Philosophy Needs to Be Comparative: Joel J. Kupperman.Joel J. Kupperman - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (2):185-200.
    Principles can seem as entrenched in moral experience as Kant thinks space, time, and the categories are in human experience of the world. However not all cultures have such a view. Classical Indian and Chinese philosophies treat modification of the self as central to ethics. Decisions in particular cases and underlying principles are much less discussed. Ethics needs comparative philosophy in order not to be narrow in its concerns. A broader view can give weight to how people sometimes can change (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8.  10
    Reason and Responsibility Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy /Edited by Joel Feinberg. --. --.Joel Feinberg - 1981 - Wadsworth Pub. Co., C1981.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  1
    Adaptations and Innovations: Studies on the Interaction Between Jewish and Islamic Thought and Literature From the Early Middle Ages to the Late Twentieth Century, Dedicated to Professor Joel L. Kraemer.Joel L. Kraemer, Y. Tzvi Langermann & Jossi Stern (eds.) - 2007 - Peeters.
    The interconnections, common interests, and other linkages between the Jewish and Islamic traditions have long been a matter of interest to academics. Today the need to understand these relationships, and to emphasize commonalities rather than conflicts, is of the greatest public interest. The present volume of studies, likely the first such collection in the scholarly literature, explores the full range of interconnections between Jews and Muslims in all fields (intellectual history, religion, philosophy, social history, etc.) and in all periods, from (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  23
    Harm to Self.Joel Feinberg - 1986 - Oxford University Press, USA.
    This is the third volume of Joel Feinberg's highly regarded The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, a four-volume series in which Feinberg skillfully addresses a complex question: What kinds of conduct may the state make criminal without infringing on the moral autonomy of individual citizens? In Harm to Self, Feinberg offers insightful commentary into various notions attached to self-inflicted harm, covering such topics as legal paternalism, personal sovereignty and its boundaries, voluntariness and assumptions of risk, consent and its (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   166 citations  
  11.  28
    Music-Animated Body. Interview with Joel Krueger.Joel Krueger - 2011 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 2 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Joel Feinberg and the Justification of Hard Paternalism.Richard J. Arneson - 2005 - Legal Theory 11 (3):259-284.
    Joel Feinberg was a brilliant philosopher whose work in social and moral philosophy is a legacy of excellent, even stunning achievement. Perhaps his most memorable achievement is his four-volume treatise on The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, and perhaps the most striking jewel in this crowning achievement is his passionate and deeply insightful treatment of paternalism.1 Feinberg opposes Legal Paternalism, the doctrine that “it is always a good reason in support of a [criminal law] prohibition that it is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  13. Intuition.Joel Pust - 2017 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This entry addresses the nature and epistemological role of intuition by considering the following questions: (1) What are intuitions?, (2) What roles do they serve in philosophical (and other “armchair”) inquiry?, (3) Ought they serve such roles?, (4) What are the implications of the empirical investigation of intuitions for their proper roles?, and (5) What is the content of intuitions prompted by the consideration of hypothetical cases?
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  14. Intuitions as Evidence.Joel Pust - 2000 - Routledge.
    This book is concerned with the role of intuitions in the justification of philosophical theory. The author begins by demonstrating how contemporary philosophers, whether engaged in case-driven analysis or seeking reflective equilibrium, rely on intuitions as evidence for their theories. The author then provides an account of the nature of philosophical intuitions and distinguishes them from other psychological states. Finally, the author defends the use of intuitions as evidence by demonstrating that arguments for skepticism about their evidential value are either (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   91 citations  
  15.  89
    How (Not) To Defend A Rawlsian Approach To Intergenerational Ethics.MacClellan - 2013 - Ethics and the Environment 18 (1):67-85.
    John Rawls’ account of our obligations towards future generations has received considerable criticism in the environmental ethics literature relative to the scant few passages in which he discusses the issue. I argue that much of this criticism is warranted because Rawls’ Heads of Family strategy for grounding obligations to future generations is not only independently problematic, but also inconsistent with his general framework. Furthermore, the oft-suggested Time Travel strategy will not work either, and for just those reasons which Rawls gave. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  53
    Mental Imagery: Functional Mechanisms and Clinical Applications.Joel Pearson, Thomas Naselaris, Emily A. Holmes & Stephen M. Kosslyn - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (10):590-602.
  17.  50
    Harm to Others.Joel Feinberg - 1987 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This first volume in the four-volume series The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law focuses on the "harm principle," the commonsense view that prevention of harm to persons other than the perpetrator is a legitimate purpose of criminal legislation. Feinberg presents a detailed analysis of the concept and definition of harm and applies it to a host of practical and theoretical issues, showing how the harm principle must be interpreted if it is to be a plausible guide to the lawmaker.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   148 citations  
  18. Dutch Books and Logical Form.Joel Pust - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (5):961-970.
    Dutch Book Arguments (DBAs) have been invoked to support various requirements of rationality. Some are plausible: probabilism and conditionalization. Others are less so: credal transparency and reflection. Anna Mahtani has argued for a new understanding of DBAs which, she claims, allow us to keep the DBAs for probabilism (and perhaps conditionalization) and reject the DBAs for credal transparency and reflection. I argue that Mahtani’s new account fails as (a) it does not support highly plausible requirements of rational coherence and (b) (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  19. The Nature and Value of Rights.Joel Feinberg & Jan Narveson - 1970 - Journal of Value Inquiry 4 (4):243-260.
  20. The Child's Right to an Open Future.Joel Feinberg - 2007 - In Randall R. Curren (ed.), Philosophy of Education: An Anthology. Blackwell.
  21.  64
    Probabilistic Coherence and Proper Scoring Rules.Joel Predd, Robert Seiringer, Elliott Lieb, Daniel Osherson, H. Vincent Poor & Sanjeev Kulkarni - 2009 - IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 55 (10):4786-4792.
    We provide self-contained proof of a theorem relating probabilistic coherence of forecasts to their non-domination by rival forecasts with respect to any proper scoring rule. The theorem recapitulates insights achieved by other investigators, and clarifi es the connection of coherence and proper scoring rules to Bregman divergence.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   57 citations  
  22. Social Philosophy.Joel Feinberg - 1973 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
    This book discusses problems of conceptual analysis as well as normative issues of vital contemporary concern.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   119 citations  
  23.  18
    The Relation Between Linguistic Structure and Associative Theories of Language Learning—A Constructive Critique of Some Connectionist Learning Models.Joel Lachter & Thomas G. Bever - 1988 - Cognition 28 (1-2):195-247.
  24.  11
    In Contradiction, A Study of the Transconsistent.Joel M. Smith - 1991 - Noûs 25 (3):380-383.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   93 citations  
  25. Seeing Other People.Joel Smith - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (3):731-748.
    I present a perceptual account of other minds that combines a Husserlian insight about perceptual experience with a functionalist account of mental properties.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   82 citations  
  26. The Expressive Function of Punishment.Joel Feinberg - 1965 - The Monist 49 (3):397-423.
  27. Doing & Deserving; Essays in the Theory of Responsibility.Joel Feinberg - 1970 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Supererogation and rules -- Problematic responsibility in law and morals -- On being "morally speaking a murderer" -- Justice and personal desert -- The expressive function of punishment -- Action and responsibility -- Causing voluntary actions -- Sua culpa -- Collective responsibility -- Crime, clutchability, and individuated treatment -- What is so special about mental illness?
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   97 citations  
  28. Measurement in Psychology: A Critical History of a Methodological Concept.Joel Michell - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book traces how such a seemingly immutable idea as measurement proved so malleable when it collided with the subject matter of psychology. It locates philosophical and social influences reshaping the concept and, at the core of this reshaping, identifies a fundamental problem: the issue of whether psychological attributes really are quantitative. It argues that the idea of measurement now endorsed within psychology actually subverts attempts to establish a genuinely quantitative science and it urges a new direction. It relates views (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  29. Autonomy, Vulnerability, Recognition, and Justice.Joel Anderson & Axel Honneth - 2005 - In John Christman & Joel Anderson (eds.), Autonomy and the Challenges to Liberalism: New Essays. New York: pp. 127-149.
    One of liberalism’s core commitments is to safeguarding individuals’ autonomy. And a central aspect of liberal social justice is the commitment to protecting the vulnerable. Taken together, and combined with an understanding of autonomy as an acquired set of capacities to lead one’s own life, these commitments suggest that liberal societies should be especially concerned to address vulnerabilities of individuals regarding the development and maintenance of their autonomy. In this chapter, we develop an account of what it would mean for (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   75 citations  
  30. Two Visual Systems and Two Theories of Perception: An Attempt to Reconcile the Constructivist and Ecological Approaches.Joel Norman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):73-96.
    The two contrasting theoretical approaches to visual perception, the constructivist and the ecological, are briefly presented and illustrated through their analyses of space and size perception. Earlier calls for their reconciliation and unification are reviewed. Neurophysiological, neuropsychological, and psychophysical evidence for the existence of two quite distinct visual systems, the ventral and the dorsal, is presented. These two perceptual systems differ in their functions; the ventral system's central function is that of identification, while the dorsal system is mainly engaged in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  31.  76
    The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law: Offense to Others.Joel Feinberg - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
    In this volume, Feinberg focuses on the meanings of "interest," the relationship between interests and wants, and the distinction between want-regarding and ideal-regarding analyses on interest and hard cases for the applications of the concept of harm. Examples of the "hard cases" are harm to character, vicarious harm, and prenatal and posthumous harm. Feinberg also discusses the relationship between harm and rights, the concept of a victim, and the distinctions of various quantitative dimensions of harm, consent, and offense, including the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   87 citations  
  32. Ethics Without Morals: In Defense of Amorality.Joel Marks - 2012 - Routledge.
    A defense of amorality as both philosophically justified and practicably livable. While in synch with their underlying aim of grounding human existence in a naturalistic metaphysics, this book takes both the new atheism and the mainstream of modern ethical philosophy to task for maintaining a complacent embrace of morality. It advocates instead replacing the language of morality with a language of desire. The book begins with an analysis of what morality is and then argues that the concept is not instantiated (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  33.  38
    Offense to Others.Joel Feinberg - 1984 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The second volume in Joel Feinberg's series The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Offense to Others focuses on the "offense principle," which maintains that preventing shock, disgust, or revulsion is always a morally relevant reason for legal prohibitions. Feinberg clarifies the concept of an "offended mental state" and further contrasts the concept of offense with harm. He also considers the law of nuisance as a model for statutes creating "morals offenses," showing its inadequacy as a model for understanding (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  34. The Phenomenology of Face‐to‐Face Mindreading.Joel Smith - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (2):274-293.
    I defend a perceptual account of face-to-face mindreading. I begin by proposing a phenomenological constraint on our visual awareness of others' emotional expressions. I argue that to meet this constraint we require a distinction between the basic and non-basic ways people, and other things, look. I offer and defend just such an account.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  35. The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law.Joel Feinberg - 1986 - New York,USA: Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   74 citations  
  36. Review of A Priori Justification. [REVIEW]Joel Pust - 2005 - Mind 114 (453):124-128.
    A review of Albert Casullo's "A Priori Justification" (Oxford University Press).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
  37. Collective Responsibility.Joel Feinberg - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (21):674-688.
  38.  11
    Harmless Wrongdoing.Joel Feinberg - 1988 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The final volume of Feinberg's four-volume work, The Moral Limits of Criminal Law examines the philosophical basis for the criminalization of so-called "victimless crimes" such as ticket scalping, blackmail, consented-to exploitation of others, commercial fortune telling, and consensual sexual relations.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   62 citations  
  39. Against Explanationist Skepticism Regarding Philosophical Intuitions.Joel Pust - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 106 (3):227 - 258.
    Though most of analytic philosophy is based upon intuitions, some philosophers are beginning to question whether intuitions are an appropriate basis for philosophical theory. This paper responds to the arguments of some contemporary philosophers who hold that intuitions should not be treated as evidence for anything other than our contingent psychological constitution. It begins with a demonstration that skeptical arguments by Gilbert Harman and Alvin Goldman are variations on an argument with the potential to undermine the use of intuitions in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  40. Conditionalization and Essentially Indexical Credence.Joel Pust - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy 109 (4):295-315.
    One can have no prior credence whatsoever (not even zero) in a temporally indexical claim. This fact saves the principle of conditionalization from potential counterexample and undermines the Elga and Arntzenius/Dorr arguments for the thirder position and Lewis' argument for the halfer position on the Sleeping Beauty Problem, thereby supporting the double-halfer position. -/- .
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  41.  1
    What Would Socrates Do?: Self-Examination, Civic Engagement, and the Politics of Philosophy.Joel Alden Schlosser - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Socrates continues to be an extremely influential force to this day; his work is featured prominently in the work of contemporary thinkers ranging from Hannah Arendt and Leo Strauss, to Michel Foucault and Jacques Rancière. Intervening in this discussion, What Would Socrates Do? reconstructs Socrates' philosophy in ancient Athens to show its promise of empowering citizens and non-citizens alike. By drawing them into collective practices of dialogue and reflection, philosophy can help people to become thinking, acting beings more capable of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  42. What Would Socrates Do?: Self-Examination, Civic Engagement, and the Politics of Philosophy.Joel Alden Schlosser - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Socrates continues to be an extremely influential force to this day; his work is featured prominently in the work of contemporary thinkers ranging from Hannah Arendt and Leo Strauss, to Michel Foucault and Jacques Rancière. Intervening in this discussion, What Would Socrates Do? reconstructs Socrates' philosophy in ancient Athens to show its promise of empowering citizens and non-citizens alike. By drawing them into collective practices of dialogue and reflection, philosophy can help people to become thinking, acting beings more capable of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  43. On Explaining Knowledge of Necessity.Joel Pust - 2004 - Dialectica 58 (1):71–87.
    Moderate rationalists maintain that our rational intuitions provide us with prima facie justification for believing various necessary propositions. Such a claim is often criticized on the grounds that our having reliable rational intuitions about domains in which the truths are necessary is inexplicable in some epistemically objectionable sense. In this paper, I defend moderate rationalism against such criticism. I argue that if the reliability of our rational intuitions is taken to be contingent, then there is no reason to think that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  44.  69
    Artificial intelligence and the value of transparency.Joel Walmsley - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (2):585-595.
    Some recent developments in Artificial Intelligence—especially the use of machine learning systems, trained on big data sets and deployed in socially significant and ethically weighty contexts—have led to a number of calls for “transparency”. This paper explores the epistemological and ethical dimensions of that concept, as well as surveying and taxonomising the variety of ways in which it has been invoked in recent discussions. Whilst “outward” forms of transparency may be straightforwardly achieved, what I call “functional” transparency about the inner (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  45. The Life Worth Living: Disability, Pain, and Morality.Joel Michael Reynolds - 2022 - Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press.
    [Releases May 17th] The Life Worth Living investigates the exclusion of and discrimination against disabled people across the history of Western moral philosophy. Building on decades of activism and scholarship, Reynolds shows how longstanding views of disability are misguided and unjust, and he lays out a vision for an anti-ableist moral future. The introduction and first chapter are available to download here. -/- Table of Contents: Introduction: The Ableist Conflation. Part I: Pain. 1. Theories of Pain. 2. A Phenomenology of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  46.  89
    Those Who Have the Gold Make the Evidence: How the Pharmaceutical Industry Biases the Outcomes of Clinical Trials of Medications. [REVIEW]Joel Lexchin - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):247-261.
    Pharmaceutical companies fund the bulk of clinical research that is carried out on medications. Poor outcomes from these studies can have negative effects on sales of medicines. Previous research has shown that company funded research is much more likely to yield positive outcomes than research with any other sponsorship. The aim of this article is to investigate the possible ways in which bias can be introduced into research outcomes by drawing on concrete examples from the published literature. Poorer methodology in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  47.  22
    Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry: Encyclopaedia, Genealogy, and Tradition.Joel J. Kupperman - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (3):737-740.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  48.  76
    Accounting as a Facilitator of Extreme Narcissism.Joel H. Amernic & Russell J. Craig - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (1):79 - 93.
    We add texture to the conclusion of Duchon and Drake (Journal of Business Ethics, 85, 2009, 301) that extreme narcissism is associated with unethical conduct. We argue that the special features possessed by financial accounting facilitate extreme narcissism in susceptible CEOs. In particular, we propose that extremely narcissistic CEOs are key players in a recurring discourse cycle facilitated by financial accounting language and measures. Such CEOs project themselves as the corporation they lead, construct a narrative about the corporation and themselves (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  49.  10
    The Information-Loss Model: A Mathematical Theory of Age-Related Cognitive Slowing.Joel Myerson, Sandra Hale, David Wagstaff & Leonard W. Poon - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (4):475-487.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  50.  29
    Phantom Perception: Voluntary and Involuntary Nonretinal Vision.Joel Pearson & Fred Westbrook - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (5):278-284.
1 — 50 / 1000