Search results for 'Johan E. Gustafsson' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  8
    S. E., Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå, Mats Knutson, Jacob Sundberg, Anki Gundhäll, Professor Lars Gustafsson, Alan Dershowitz, Svante Nycander, Bengt Johansson, Magnus Eriksson, Lotta Gustavson, Marianne Gunnarsson, Kristina Vallström, Monique Wadsted, Mary Ann Glendon, Professor Gerhard Radnitzky, Jescheck, Anders Victorin, Johan åsard & Lars Isaksson (1991). Academic Freedom at the University of Stockholm. Minerva 29 (3):321-385.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Johan E. Gustafsson (2010). Did Locke Defend the Memory Continuity Criterion of Personal Identity? Locke Studies 10:113–129.
    John Locke’s account of personal identity is usually thought to have been proved false by Thomas Reid’s simple ‘Gallant Officer’ argument. Locke is traditionally interpreted as holding that your having memories of a past person’s thoughts or actions is necessary and sufficient for your being identical to that person. This paper argues that the traditional memory interpretation of Locke’s account is mistaken and defends a memory continuity view according to which a sequence of overlapping memories is necessary and sufficient for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  3.  91
    Johan E. Gustafsson & Nicolas Espinoza (2010). Conflicting Reasons in the Small-Improvement Argument. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (241):754–763.
    The small-improvement argument is usually considered the most powerful argument against comparability, viz the view that for any two alternatives an agent is rationally required either to prefer one of the alternatives to the other or to be indifferent between them. We argue that while there might be reasons to believe each of the premises in the small-improvement argument, there is a conflict between these reasons. As a result, the reasons do not provide support for believing the conjunction of the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  4.  43
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2013). Value-Preference Symmetry and Fitting-Attitude Accounts of Value Relations. Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):476–491.
    Joshua Gert and Wlodek Rabinowicz have developed frameworks for value relations that are rich enough to allow for non-standard value relations such as parity. Yet their frameworks do not allow for any non-standard preference relations. In this paper, I shall defend a symmetry between values and preferences, namely, that for every value relation, there is a corresponding preference relation, and vice versa. I claim that if the arguments that there are non-standard value relations are cogent, these arguments, mutatis mutandis, also (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  5.  62
    Johan E. Gustafsson & Olle Torpman (2014). In Defence of My Favourite Theory. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (2):159–174.
    One of the principles on how to act under moral uncertainty, My Favourite Theory, says roughly that a morally conscientious agent chooses an option that is permitted by the most credible moral theory. In defence of this principle, we argue that it prescribes consistent choices over time, without relying on intertheoretic comparisons of value, while its main rivals are either plagued by moral analogues of money pumps or in need of a method for making non-arbitrary intertheoretic comparisons. We rebut the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  6.  42
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2016). Consequentialism with Wrongness Depending on the Difficulty of Doing Better. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5 (2):108-118.
    Moral wrongness comes in degrees. On a consequentialist view of ethics, the wrongness of an act should depend, I argue, in part on how much worse the act's consequences are compared with those of its alternatives and in part on how difficult it is to perform the alternatives with better consequences. I extend act consequentialism to take this into account, and I defend three conditions on consequentialist theories. The first is consequentialist dominance, which says that, if an act has better (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  48
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2014). Combinative Consequentialism and the Problem of Act Versions. Philosophical Studies 167 (3):585–596.
    In the 1960’s, Lars Bergström and Hector-Neri Castañeda noticed a problem with alternative acts and consequentialism. The source of the problem is that some performable acts are versions of other performable acts and the versions need not have the same consequences as the originals. Therefore, if all performable acts are among the agent’s alternatives, act consequentialism yields deontic paradoxes. A standard response is to restrict the application of act consequentialism to certain relevant alternative sets. Many proposals are based on some (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  8. Johan E. Gustafsson (2013). Indeterminacy and the Small-Improvement Argument. Utilitas 25 (4):433–445.
    In this article, I argue that the small-improvement argument fails since some of the comparisons involved in the argument might be indeterminate. I defend this view from two objections by Ruth Chang, namely the argument from phenomenology and the argument from perplexity. There are some other objections to the small-improvement argument that also hinge on claims about indeterminacy. John Broome argues that alleged cases of value incomparability are merely examples of indeterminacy in the betterness relation. The main premise of his (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  9.  68
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2013). Neither 'Good' in Terms of 'Better' nor 'Better' in Terms of 'Good'. Noûs 48 (1):466–473.
    In this paper, I argue against defining either of ‘good’ and ‘better’ in terms of the other. According to definitions of ‘good’ in terms of ‘better’, something is good if and only if it is better than some indifference point. Against this approach, I argue that the indifference point cannot be defined in terms of ‘better’ without ruling out some reasonable axiologies. Against defining ‘better’ in terms of ‘good’, I argue that this approach either cannot allow for the incorruptibility of (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  10.  61
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2013). The Irrelevance of the Diachronic Money-Pump Argument for Acyclicity. Journal of Philosophy 110 (8):460–464.
    The money-pump argument is the standard argument for the acyclicity of rational preferences. The argument purports to show that agents with cyclic preferences are in some possible situations forced to act against their preference. In the usual, diachronic version of the money-pump argument, such agents accept a series of trades that leaves them worse off than before. Two stock objections are (i) that one may get the drift and refuse the trades and (ii) that one may adopt a plan to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  11.  64
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2011). A Note in Defence of Ratificationism. Erkenntnis 75 (1):147–150.
    Andy Egan argues that neither evidential nor causal decision theory gives the intuitively right recommendation in the cases The Smoking Lesion, The Psychopath Button, and The Three-Option Smoking Lesion. Furthermore, Egan argues that we cannot avoid these problems by any kind of ratificationism. This paper develops a new version of ratificationism that gives the right recommendations. Thus, the new proposal has an advantage over evidential and casual decision theory and standard ratificationist evidential decision theory.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  12. Johan E. Gustafsson & Martin Peterson (2012). A Computer Simulation of the Argument From Disagreement. Synthese 184 (3):387–405.
    In this paper we shed new light on the Argument from Disagreement by putting it to test in a computer simulation. According to this argument widespread and persistent disagreement on ethical issues indicates that our moral opinions are not influenced by any moral facts, either because no such facts exist or because they are epistemically inaccessible or inefficacious for some other reason. Our simulation shows that if our moral opinions were influenced at least a little bit by moral facts, we (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  13.  25
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2011). Preference and Choice. Dissertation, Royal Institute of Technology
  14.  76
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2010). A Money-Pump for Acyclic Intransitive Preferences. Dialectica 64 (2):251–257.
    The standard argument for the claim that rational preferences are transitive is the pragmatic money-pump argument. However, a money-pump only exploits agents with cyclic strict preferences. In order to pump agents who violate transitivity but without a cycle of strict preferences, one needs to somehow induce such a cycle. Methods for inducing cycles of strict preferences from non-cyclic violations of transitivity have been proposed in the literature, based either on offering the agent small monetary transaction premiums or on multi-dimensional preferences. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  15.  82
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2011). Phenomenal Continuity and the Bridge Problem. Philosophia 39 (2):289–296.
    Any theory that analyses personal identity in terms of phenomenal continuity needs to deal with the ordinary interruptions of our consciousness that it is commonly thought that a person can survive. This is the bridge problem. The present paper offers a novel solution to the bridge problem based on the proposal that dreamless sleep need not interrupt phenomenal continuity. On this solution one can both hold that phenomenal continuity is necessary for personal identity and that persons can survive dreamless sleep.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  16.  36
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2016). Money Pumps, Incompleteness, and Indeterminacy. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (1):60-72.
    In an alleged counter-example to the completeness of rational preferences, a career as a clarinettist is compared with a career in law. It seems reasonable to neither want to judge that the law career is at least as preferred as the clarinet career nor want to judge that the clarinet career is at least as preferred as the law career. The two standard interpretations of examples of this kind are, first, that the examples show that preferences are rationally permitted to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  31
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2016). Still Not ‘Good’ in Terms of ‘Better’. Noûs 50 (4):854-864.
    Erik Carlson puts forward a new way of defining monadic value predicates, such as ‘good’, in terms of dyadic value relations, such as ‘better’. Earlier definitions of this kind have the unwanted feature that they rule out some reasonable axiologies by conceptual fiat. Carlson claims that his definitions do not have this drawback. In this paper, I argue that they do.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  49
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2015). Review of Karin Enflo, Measures of Freedom of Choice. [REVIEW] Theoria 81 (1):87–92.
  19.  49
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2010). Freedom of Choice and Expected Compromise. Social Choice and Welfare 35 (1):65–79.
    This article develops a new measure of freedom of choice based on the proposal that a set offers more freedom of choice than another if, and only if, the expected degree of dissimilarity between a random alternative from the set of possible alternatives and the most similar offered alternative in the set is smaller. Furthermore, a version of this measure is developed, which is able to take into account the values of the possible options.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20.  32
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2015). Sequential Dominance and the Anti-Aggregation Principle. Philosophical Studies 172 (6):1593–1601.
    According to the widely held anti-aggregation principle, it is wrong to save a larger number of people from minor harms rather than a smaller number from much more serious harms. This principle is a central part of many influential and anti-utilitarian ethical theories. According to the sequential-dominance principle, one does something wrong if one knowingly performs a sequence of acts whose outcome would be worse for everyone than the outcome of an alternative sequence of acts. The intuitive appeal of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  64
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2011). An Extended Framework for Preference Relations. Economics and Philosophy 27 (3):360–367.
    In order to account for non-traditional preference relations the present paper develops a new, richer framework for preference relations. This new framework provides characterizations of non-traditional preference relations, such as incommensurateness and instability, that may hold when neither preference nor indifference do. The new framework models relations with swaps, which are conceived of as transfers from one alternative state to another. The traditional framework analyses dyadic preference relations in terms of a hypothetical choice between the two compared alternatives. The swap (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  28
    Johan E. Gustafsson (2011). An Extended Framework for Preference Relations – Erratum. Economics and Philosophy 27 (3):359.
    In order to account for non-traditional preference relations the present paper develops a new, richer framework for preference relations. This new framework provides characterizations of non-traditional preference relations, such as incommensurateness and instability, that may hold when neither preference nor indifference do. The new framework models relations with swaps, which are conceived of as transfers from one alternative state to another. The traditional framework analyses dyadic preference relations in terms of a hypothetical choice between the two compared alternatives. The swap (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  7
    Pasquale Frascolla & Martin Gustafsson (2011). Rileggere Wittgenstein di James Conant e Cora Diamond. Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 24 (1):199-212.
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  1
    Gaia Olivo, Lyle Wiemerslage, Emil K. Nilsson, Linda Solstrand Dahlberg, Anna L. Larsen, Marcela Olaya Búcaro, Veronica P. Gustafsson, Olga E. Titova, Marcus Bandstein, Elna-Marie Larsson, Christian Benedict, Samantha J. Brooks & Helgi B. Schiöth (2016). Resting-State Brain and the FTO Obesity Risk Allele: Default Mode, Sensorimotor, and Salience Network Connectivity Underlying Different Somatosensory Integration and Reward Processing Between Genotypes. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  25.  15
    H. E. (1910). The Apparatus Criticus of the Culex. By A. E. Housman. Transactions of the Cambridge Philological Society. Vol. VI. Part I. Pp. 23. Cambridge University Press, 1908. 1s. 6d. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 24 (05):162-.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  2
    Jacob Orrje (2016). Johan C.-E. Stén.A Comet of the Enlightenment: Anders Johan Lexell’s Life and Discoveries. Xvi + 300 Pp., Illus., Figs., Index. Cham: Springer/ Birkhäuser, 2014. €100.69. [REVIEW] Isis 107 (1):174-175.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  6
    Paul Carus (1910). A Monistic Conception of Life and Life After Death. In Reply to Johan Gustaf Bjöerklund and His Expounder, Mr. J. E. Fries. [REVIEW] The Monist 20 (3):450-454.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Virginia P. Dawson (2004). Johan A. M. Bleeker; Johannes Geiss; Martin C. E. Huber .The Century of Space Science. Foreword by Lodewijk Woltjer. 2 Volumes. 1,846 Pp. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002. €675, $595. [REVIEW] Isis 95 (4):743-744.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. F. Todesco (1986). Dal calcolo logico alla riforma della metafisica: Johan Heinrich Lambert tra Wolff e Locke. Rivista di Filosofia 77 (2):337-358.
  30.  13
    Gustafsson Johan E. (forthcoming). Review of Iwao Hirose, Moral Aggregation. [REVIEW] Mind.
  31.  54
    Adrian M. S. Piper (2014). The Money Pump Is Necessarily Diachronic. Adrian Piper Research Archive Foundation Berlin/Philosophy.
    In “The Irrelevance of the Diachronic Money-Pump Argument for Acyclicity,” The Journal of Philosophy CX, 8 (August 2013), 460-464, Johan E. Gustafsson contends that if Davidson, McKinsey and Suppes’ diachronic money-pump argument in their "Outlines of a Formal Theory of Value, I," Philosophy of Science 22 (1955), 140-160 is valid, so is the synchronic argument Gustafsson himself offers. He concludes that the latter renders irrelevant diachronic choice considerations in general, and the two best-known diachronic solutions to the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  23
    Henrik Andersson (2015). Propping Up the Collapsing Principle. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (3):475-486.
    According to a standard account of incomparability, two value bearers are incomparable if it is false that there holds a positive value relation between them. Due to the vagueness of the comparative predicates it may also be indeterminate as to which relation that holds - for each relation it is neither true nor false that it holds. John Broome has argued that indeterminacy cannot coexist with incomparability and since there seems to exist indeterminacy there cannot exist incomparability. At the core (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  2
    Johan Konings (2015). A Palavra de Deus na Bíblia e a Missão Evangelizadora: cinquenta anos depois da Dei Verbum. Horizonte 13 (40):2096-2114.
    Aos 50 anos da Dei Verbum retomam-se alguns textos da última década que atualizam esse documento, especialmente a exortação Verbum Domini de Bento XVI, o Documento de Aparecida, do CELAM, e a Evangelii Gaudium, do papa Francisco. Partindo da consideração da palavra dialogal como espaço para o deixar-ser do outro, sublinha-se o caráter humano-divino da palavra de Deus, criadora e humanada em Cristo. A Tradição viva da Igreja, em cujo seio se configura a Escritura cristã como regra primeira da fé, (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  8
    Johan Steenkamp (2015). Roman Love Poetry. D.E. Mccoskey, Z.M. Torlone Latin Love Poetry. Pp. XXVI + 233, Ills. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2014. Paper, £14.99 . Isbn: 978-1-78076-191-6. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 65 (2):446-448.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. A. S. Troelstra & P. van Ulsen (1999). The Discovery of E.W. Beth’s Semantics for Intuitionistic Logic. In J. Gerbrandy, M. Marx, M. de Rijke & Y. Venema (eds.), Jfak. Essays Dedicated to Johan van Benthem on the Occasion of His 50th Birthday. Vossiuspers, Amsterdam University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36.  10
    Johan Leman, Ann Trappers, Emily Brandon & Xavier Ruppol (2008). Migration Related Socio-Cultural Changes and E-Learning in a European Globalising Society. Studies in Philosophy and Education 27 (4):237-251.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  20
    Jaroslav Peregrin, Johan van Benthem and Alice ter Meulen, Eds.
    The relationships between logic and natural language are multiverse. On the one hand, logic is a theory of argumentation, proving and giving reasons, and such activities are primarily carried out in natural language. This means that logic is, in a certain loose sense, about natural language. On the other hand, logic has found it useful to develop its own linguistic means which sometimes in a sense compete with those of natural language. This has led to the situation where the systems (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  22
    Johan De Tavernier (2009). Per Pinstrup-Andersen & Peter Sandøe (Eds.): Ethics, Hunger and Globalization. In Search of Appropriate Policies. (The International Library of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Ethics 12), Dordrecht, Springer, 2007. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):383-388.
  39.  12
    John E. B. Mayor (1887). Johan Nicolai Madvig. The Classical Review 1 (5-6):123-124.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  5
    Johan Tavernier (2009). Per Pinstrup-Andersen & Peter Sandøe (Eds.): Ethics, Hunger and Globalization. In Search of Appropriate Policies.(The International Library of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Ethics 12), Dordrecht, Springer, 2007. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):383-388.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  3
    Johan Olsthoorn (2013). David Dyzenhaus and Thomas Poole (Eds.), Hobbes and the Law, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 251 Pp, ISBN: 9781107022751, £55 / $ 90 (Also Available as an E-Book). [REVIEW] Hobbes Studies 26 (2):204-209.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  3
    Johan Van Benthem (1986). Review: G. E. Hughes, M. J. Cresswell, A Companion to Modal Logic. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (3):824-826.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Lee E. Edstrom (1977). Atlas of Anatomy of the Hand by Johan M. F. Landsmeer. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 21 (1):165-166.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Johan Ickx (2005). La Santa Sede Tra Lamennais E San Tommaso D'Aquino: La Condanna di Gerard Casimir Ubaghs E Della Dottrina Dell'università Cattolica di Lovanio, 1834-1870. Archivio Segreto Vaticano.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. P. J. E. Kail (1999). Johan Van Der Zande and Richard H. Popkin: The Skeptical Tradition Around 1800. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7:382-383.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Johan van Benthem (1986). Hughes G. E. And Cresswell M. J.. A Companion to Modal Logic. Methuen, London 1984 and New York 1985, Xvii + 203 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (3):824-826.
  47.  2
    Johan J. Bolhuis & Martin Everaert (eds.) (2013). Birdsong, Speech, and Language: Exploring the Evolution of Mind and Brain. MIT Press.
    Scholars have long been captivated by the parallels between birdsong and human speech and language. In this book, leading scholars draw on the latest research to explore what birdsong can tell us about the biology of human speech and language and the consequences for evolutionary biology. They examine the cognitive and neural similarities between birdsong learning and speech and language acquisition, considering vocal imitation, auditory learning, an early vocalization phase, the structural properties of birdsong and human language, and the striking (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  6
    Johan E. De Jong (2013). The Modesty of Kant’s Metaphysics. In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 553-562.
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  11
    George Barmpalias & Andrew E. M. Lewis (2006). A C.E. Real That Cannot Be SW-Computed by Any Ω Number. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (2):197-209.
    The strong weak truth table (sw) reducibility was suggested by Downey, Hirschfeldt, and LaForte as a measure of relative randomness, alternative to the Solovay reducibility. It also occurs naturally in proofs in classical computability theory as well as in the recent work of Soare, Nabutovsky, and Weinberger on applications of computability to differential geometry. We study the sw-degrees of c.e. reals and construct a c.e. real which has no random c.e. real (i.e., Ω number) sw-above it.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  50.  8
    R. E. Tully (1976). Moore's Defence of Common Sense: A Reappraisal After Fifty Years: R. E. Tully. Philosophy 51 (197):289-306.
    G. E. Moore's ‘A Defence of Common Sense’ has generated the kind of interest and contrariety which often accompany what is new, provocative, and even important in philosophy. Moore himself reportedly agreed with Wittgenstein's estimate that this was his best article, while C. D. Broad has lamented its very great but largely unfortunate influence. Although the essay inspired Wittgenstein to explore the basis of Moore's claim to know many propositions of common sense to be true, A. J. Ayer judges its (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000