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  1.  32
    A Multidimensional Approach to Finnish Managers' Moral Decision-Making.Johanna Kujala - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 34 (3-4):231 - 254.
    This paper analyses managers'' moral decision-making, and studies the role of ethical theories in it by following the research tradition using the multidimensional ethics scale. The research question is: what kinds of ethical dimensions do Finnish business managers reveal when they are making moral decisions, and how have these dimensions changed in the 1990s? This question is answered by examining what kinds of factors emerge when the multidimensional ethics scale is used to analyse Finnish managers'' attitudes toward moral dilemmas. The (...)
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  2.  63
    Managers' Moral Decision-Making Patterns Over Time: A Multidimensional Approach. [REVIEW]Johanna Kujala, Anna-Maija Lämsä & Katriina Penttilä - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):191 - 207.
    Taking multidimensional ethics scale approach, this article describes an empirical survey of top managers' moral decision-making patterns and their change from 1994 to 2004 during morally problematic situations in the Finnish context. The survey questionnaire consisted of four moral dilemmas and a multidimensional scale with six ethical dimensions: justice, deontology, relativism, utilitarianism, egoism and female ethics. The managers evaluated their decision-making in the problems using the multidimensional ethics scale. Altogether 880 questionnaires were analysed statistically. It is concluded that relying on (...)
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  3.  42
    Female Managers' Ethical Decision-Making: A Multidimensional Approach. [REVIEW]Johanna Kujala & Tarja Pietiläinen - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):153-163.
    The increasing number and influence of women in society brings up several issues related to values and ethics. Looking at business ethics from the gender perspective made us ponder if it would be fruitful to analyse the feminine and masculine dimensions of decision-making style. The article follows the research tradition using the multidimensional ethics scale, and it aims at developing the scale to better include female decision-making. We came to the conclusion that, as the multidimensional ethics scale used in measuring (...)
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  4.  20
    Managers’ Moral Decision-Making Patterns Over Time: A Multidimensional Approach.Johanna Kujala, Anna-Maija Lämsä & Katriina Penttilä - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):191-207.
    Taking multidimensional ethics scale approach, this article describes an empirical survey of top managers’ moral decision-making patterns and their change from 1994 to 2004 during morally problematic situations in the Finnish context. The survey questionnaire consisted of four moral dilemmas and a multidimensional scale with six ethical dimensions: justice, deontology, relativism, utilitarianism, egoism and female ethics. The managers evaluated their decision-making in the problems using the multidimensional ethics scale. Altogether 880 questionnaires were analysed statistically. It is concluded that relying on (...)
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  5.  61
    Analyzing the Essence of Stakeholder Relationships: What Do We Need in Addition to Power, Legitimacy, and Urgency? [REVIEW]Päivi Myllykangas, Johanna Kujala & Hanna Lehtimäki - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (S1):65-72.
    This article contributes to the body of stakeholder literature by providing an in-depth analysis of the dynamics of stakeholder relationships as a part of change in value creation. The article presents an argument that the stakeholder salience model as a tool for analyzing stakeholder relationships is not sufficient for understanding business value creation. In the recent stakeholder literature, understanding business value creation has become an important theme. Through an analysis of an empirical case, the article shows how the three stakeholder (...)
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  6.  31
    Corporate Responsibility Perceptions in Change: Finnish Managers' Views on Stakeholder Issues From 1994 to 2004.Johanna Kujala - 2010 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 19 (1):14-34.
    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the changes in Finnish managers' corporate responsibility perceptions from 1994 to 2004. Following earlier research, the concept of corporate responsibility is operationalised using the stakeholder approach. Empirically, we ask how managers' views on stakeholder issues have changed during the 10-year research period, and how managers' stakeholder orientation compares with their economic orientation. The data were collected using a survey research instrument in the years 1994, 1999 and 2004. The research results show a (...)
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  7.  15
    Trust and Distrust Constructing Unity and Fragmentation of Organisational Culture.Johanna Kujala, Hanna Lehtimäki & Raminta Pučėtaitė - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (4):701-716.
    While the coexistence of trust and distrust has been acknowledged in previous literature, the understanding of their connection with organisational culture is limited. This study examines how trust and distrust construct the unity and fragmentation of organisational culture. Productive working relationships can be characterised by high trust, but strong ties and high trust may also account for false organisational unity. This study shows that trust and distrust can co-exist and distrust may even increase trust in particular situations. Moreover, we describe (...)
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  8.  40
    Developing Moral Principles and Scenarios in the Light of Diversity: An Extension to the Multidimensional Ethics Scale.Johanna Kujala & Tarja Pietiläinen - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (2):141-150.
    The purpose of this article is to develop the multidimensional ethics scale and moral scenarios that allow or even support diversity in managers’ reactions when measuring their moral decision-making. This means that we expand the multidimensional ethics scale with a female ethics dimension and take a critical look at the previously used scenarios in the light of diversity. Furthermore, we develop two new scenarios in order to better attain diversity in managers’ moral decision-making. Diversity is primarily looked at from a (...)
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  9.  10
    Corporate Responsibility Perceptions in Change: Finnish Managers' Views on Stakeholder Issues From 1994 to 2004.Johanna Kujala - 2010 - Business Ethics: A European Review 19 (1):14-34.
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  10.  9
    Managers' Moral Perceptions: Change in Finland During the 1990s.Johanna Kujala - 2004 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 13 (2-3):143-165.
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  11.  34
    Understanding the Nature of Stakeholder Relationships: An Empirical Examination of a Conflict Situation. [REVIEW]Johanna Kujala, Anna Heikkinen & Hanna Lehtimäki - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (1):53-65.
    This article examines stakeholder relationships in a conflict situation. The focus of analysis is on how to understand stakeholder relationships as both ethical and strategic, and further, how the interests of different stakeholders become justified. To describe stakeholder relationships, we use media texts reporting on the case of a foreign investment project. The description shows how relationships evolve and how they constitute different episodes related to the conflict. We address the episodes by analysing stakeholder relationships and their salience. Furthermore, we (...)
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  12.  7
    Managers' Moral Perceptions: Change in Finland During the 1990s.Johanna Kujala - 2004 - Business Ethics: A European Review 13 (2-3):143-165.
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  13.  4
    Stakeholder Engagement: Clinical Research Cases.Sybille Sachs, Johanna Kujala & R. Freeman (eds.) - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    This book offers a case-study approach to stakeholder theory that moves beyond theoretical analysis to the applied. As stakeholder theory has moved into the mainstream of management thinking in business ethics and a number of the management disciplines, there is an increasing need to explore the subtleties of stakeholder engagement via examples from practice. The case studies in this volume explore a number of aspects of the idea of stakeholder engagement, via the method of clinical case studies. Edited by leading (...)
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  14.  21
    Analysing Moral Issues in Stakeholder Relations.Johanna Kujala - 2001 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 10 (3):233–247.
    The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for analysing managers’ attitudes toward moral issues in stakeholder relations, and to operationalise the developed framework by defining statements to be used as empirical measures in survey research. The research question, how can moral issues in business be examined with the stakeholder approach, is answered by paying attention to both theoretical and empirical viewpoints. The paper reveals that by analysing a company’s stakeholder relations, we can discover the important moral issues (...)
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  15.  4
    Framing Dynamically Changing Firm–Stakeholder Relationships in an International Dispute Over a Foreign Investment: A Discursive Analysis Approach.Johanna Kujala & Hanna Lehtimaki - 2017 - Business and Society 56 (3):487-523.
    Stakeholder literature tends to presume that effective stakeholder dialogue, occurring directly or indirectly, among a focal firm, local communities, governments, and nongovernmental organizations is desirable for successful firm–stakeholder relationships. Even if theoretically desirable, effective dialogue does not always occur. There are two key theory-informing lessons in Botnia’s Fray Bentos successful green field pulp mill investment and start-up in Western Uruguay. First, critics could not halt the project politically supported by Uruguay in an expanding multi-party international dispute. Second, the Botnia corporate (...)
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  16. Minding Management.Johanna Kujala & Juha Näsi - 2003 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 14:346-354.
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  17. From Entrepreneurial Heroism to MNC Colonialism.Juha Näsi, Johanna Kujala & Salme Näsi - 2003 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 14:295-299.
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  18.  22
    Homecoming of Entrepreneurship.Juha Näsi, Salme Näsi, Johanna Kujala & Pasi Sajasalo - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:145-150.
    An entrepreneurial firm was sold to a MNC, and then back to the original entrepreneur. The process will be examined through the lenses of the integration-responsiveness framework, moral and stakeholder approaches, as well as theory of entrepreneurship.
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  19.  17
    Changes in Finnish Managers’ Strategic Priorities: Moral Attitudes, Stakeholder Orientation and Economic Interests.Johanna Kujala & Juha Näsi - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:255-260.
    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the changes in managers’ moral attitudes, stakeholder orientation and economic interests from 1994 to 2004. Dataare presented concerning 8-10 stakeholder groups and 50-58 moral issues.
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  20.  13
    Examining Strategy Documents on the Internet: How Companies Express Multi-Voicedness and Stakeholder Inclusion.Hanna Lehtimäki, Johanna Kujala & Kathleen Rehbein - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:261-266.
    Due to continual challenges in their external environment, corporations are facing an increased demand for public participation and stakeholder inclusion. As aresult, companies are seeking ways to improve communication with their stakeholders. The emergence of the Internet has provided new corporate channelsfor offering information to stakeholders. This paper suggests that the information contained in company web pages reflects strategic information about the company. In addition to offering information to the public, web pages signal which issues a company holds as strategically (...)
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  21.  12
    From Communication To Dialogue: How to Enhance Stakeholder Involvement Through Information Sharing?Johanna Kujala, Hanna Lehtimäki & Tiina Toikka - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:453-463.
    In this paper, we are interested in how a company can enhance stakeholder involvement in its information-sharing practices. We start by looking at the current information-sharing practices in a case where Europe’s second largest pulp producer Metsä-Botnia was caught in the middle of a heated debate between two countries when building a pulp mill in South America. We examine the content of the company’s press releases in terms of the degree of stakeholder involvement. On the basis of our analysis, we (...)
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  22.  7
    Putting Corporate Responsibility Into Practice: Examining the Gap Between Strategic Plans and Operational Actions.Johanna Kujala, Paula Merikari & Jenni Enroth - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:192-196.
    The purpose of this paper is to analyse the gap between the strategic and operational levels of corporate responsibility. The strategic level of corporateresponsibility refers to the strategic plans concerning corporate responsibility which are examined by looking at the corporate responsibility documents. The operational level stands for the everyday actions of retailers which are analysed through interviews of nine retailers. The gap between the strategic plans and operational actions is described and analysed to understand why and how the gap exists (...)
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  23.  1
    Top Managers' Perceptions of Moral Issues in Stakeholder Relations.Johanna Kujala - 1997 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 8:189-200.
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  24.  1
    Adverse Effects of Shareholder Value Maximization-Driven Global Strategies on Remote Localities in Developed Countries.Juha Näsi, Pasi Sajasalo, Johanna Kujala & Salme Näsi - 2004 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 15:342-352.
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  25.  1
    Managers Facing Moral Dilemmas.Johanna Kujala - 1998 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 9:127-138.
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  26.  12
    Analysing Moral Issues in Stakeholder Relations.Johanna Kujala - 2001 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 10 (3):233-247.
    The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for analysing managers’ attitudes toward moral issues in stakeholder relations, and to operationalise the developed framework by defining statements to be used as empirical measures in survey research. The research question, how can moral issues in business be examined with the stakeholder approach, is answered by paying attention to both theoretical and empirical viewpoints. The paper reveals that by analysing a company’s stakeholder relations, we can discover the important moral issues (...)
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