Results for 'John A. Gordon'

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  1.  13
    Weimar Thought: A Contested Legacy.John P. McCormick & Peter E. Gordon (eds.) - 2013 - Princeton University Press.
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  2. Autism and the "Theory of Mind" Debate.Robert M. Gordon & John A. Barker - 1994 - In George Graham & G. Lynn Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.
  3.  33
    'Dao' as a Nickname.Stephen C. Angle & John A. Gordon - 2003 - Asian Philosophy 13 (1):15 – 27.
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  4.  15
    The Academy and Cyberspace Ethics.John Michael Kittross & A. David Gordon - 2003 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 18 (3-4):286-307.
    This article discusses ethical implications for the academy in the use of cyberspace and virtual reality in conducting its teaching and research responsibilities. It identifies important cyberspace ethics concerns as they intersect with the academy and provides an ethical framework for coming to grips with them. Topics discussed here include the sine qua non of academic collegiality and civility, concerns about digital alteration of images and sounds, and issues pertaining to academic administration and infrastructure.
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  5. Autism and the "Theory of Mind" Debate Robert M. Gordon and John A. Barker.Robert Gordon - manuscript
    With this understanding, children are better able to anticipate the behavior of others and to attune their own behavior accordingly. In mentally retarded children with Down's syndrome, attainment of such competence is delayed, but it is generally acquired by the time they reach the mental age of 4, as measured by tests of nonverbal intelligence. Thus from a developmental perspective, attainment of the mental age of 4 appears to be of profound significance for acquisition of what we shall call psychological (...)
     
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  6.  11
    Ethical Considerations in Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Addiction and Overeating Associated With Obesity.Jared M. Pisapia, Casey H. Halpern, Ulf J. Muller, Piergiuseppe Vinai, John A. Wolf, Donald M. Whiting, Thomas A. Wadden, Gordon H. Baltuch & Arthur L. Caplan - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (2):35-46.
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  7.  4
    Introduction. Weimar Thought: Continuity and Crisis.John P. McCormick & Peter E. Gordon - 2013 - In John P. McCormick & Peter E. Gordon (eds.), Weimar Thought: A Contested Legacy. Princeton University Press. pp. 1-12.
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  8.  43
    Social Contexts Influence Ethical Considerations of Research.Robert J. Levine, Carolyn M. Mazure, Philip E. Rubin, Barry R. Schaller, John L. Young & Judith B. Gordon - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):24-30.
    This article argues that we could improve the design of research protocols by developing an awareness of and a responsiveness to the social contexts of all the actors in the research enterprise, including subjects, investigators, sponsors, and members of the community in which the research will be conducted. ?Social context? refers to the settings in which the actors are situated, including, but not limited to, their social, economic, political, cultural, and technological features. The utility of thinking about social contexts is (...)
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  9.  75
    The Hawking Information Loss Paradox: The Anatomy of a Controversy.Gordon Belot, John Earman & Laura Ruetsche - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (2):189-229.
    Stephen Hawking has argued that universes containing evaporating black holes can evolve from pure initial states to mixed final ones. Such evolution is non-unitary and so contravenes fundamental quantum principles on which Hawking's analysis was based. It disables the retrodiction of the universe's initial state from its final one, and portends the time-asymmetry of quantum gravity. Small wonder that Hawking's paradox has met with considerable resistance. Here we use a simple result for C*-algebras to offer an argument for pure-to-mixed state (...)
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  10.  19
    Artificial moral and legal personhood.John-Stewart Gordon - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-15.
    This paper considers the hotly debated issue of whether one should grant moral and legal personhood to intelligent robots once they have achieved a certain standard of sophistication based on such criteria as rationality, autonomy, and social relations. The starting point for the analysis is the European Parliament’s resolution on Civil Law Rules on Robotics and its recommendation that robots be granted legal status and electronic personhood. The resolution is discussed against the background of the so-called Robotics Open Letter, which (...)
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  11. Pre-Socratic Quantum Gravity.Belot Gordon & Earman John - 2001 - In Craig Callender & Nick Huggett (eds.), Physics Meets Philosophy at the Planck Scale. Cambridge University Press. pp. 213--55.
    Physicists who work on canonical quantum gravity will sometimes remark that the general covariance of general relativity is responsible for many of the thorniest technical and conceptual problems in their field.1 In particular, it is sometimes alleged that one can trace to this single source a variety of deep puzzles about the nature of time in quantum gravity, deep disagreements surrounding the notion of ‘observable’ in classical and quantum gravity, and deep questions about the nature of the existence of spacetime (...)
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  12.  33
    Kristina A. Vogt, Toral Patel-Weynand, Maura Shelton, Daniel J. Vogt, John C. Gordon, Calvin T. Mukumoto, Asep S. Suntana and Patricia A. Roads: Sustainability Unpacked: Food, Energy and Water for Resilient Environments and Societies: Earthscan, London, 2010, 305 Pp, ISBN 978-1-84407-901-8. [REVIEW]Orla Shortall - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):487-488.
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  13. Chaos Out of Order: Quantum Mechanics, the Correspondence Principle and Chaos.Gordon Belot & John Earman - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 28 (2):147-182.
    A vast amount of ink has been spilled in both the physics and the philosophy literature on the measurement problem in quantum mechanics. Important as it is, this problem is but one aspect of the more general issue of how, if at all, classical properties can emerge from the quantum descriptions of physical systems. In this paper we will study another aspect of the more general issue-the emergence of classical chaos-which has been receiving increasing attention from physicists but which has (...)
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  14. Applying the Four-Principle Approach.John-stewart Gordon, Oliver Rauprich & Jochen Vollmann - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (6):293-300.
    The four-principle approach to biomedical ethics is used worldwide by practitioners and researchers alike but it is rather unclear what exactly people do when they apply this approach. Ranking, specification, and balancing vary greatly among different people regarding a particular case. Thus, a sound and coherent applicability of principlism seems somewhat mysterious. What are principlists doing? The article examines the methodological strengths and weaknesses of the applicability of this approach. The most important result is that a sound and comprehensible application (...)
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  15.  67
    Moral Philosophers Are Moral Experts! A Reply to David Archard.John‐Stewart Gordon - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):203-206.
    In his article ‘Why Moral Philosophers Are Not and Should Not Be Moral Experts’ David Archard attempts to show that his argument from common-sense morality is more convincing than other competing arguments in the debate. I examine his main line of argumentation and eventually refute his main argument in my reply.
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  16.  29
    Building Moral Robots: Ethical Pitfalls and Challenges.John-Stewart Gordon - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):141-157.
    This paper examines the ethical pitfalls and challenges that non-ethicists, such as researchers and programmers in the fields of computer science, artificial intelligence and robotics, face when building moral machines. Whether ethics is “computable” depends on how programmers understand ethics in the first place and on the adequacy of their understanding of the ethical problems and methodological challenges in these fields. Researchers and programmers face at least two types of problems due to their general lack of ethical knowledge or expertise. (...)
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  17.  15
    High-Density Lipoproteins-Associated Proteins and Subspecies Related to Arterial Stiffness in Young Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.Xiaoting Zhu, Amy S. Shah, Debi K. Swertfeger, Hailong Li, Sheng Ren, John T. Melchior, Scott M. Gordon, W. Sean Davidson & L. Jason Lu - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-14.
    Lower plasma levels of high-density lipoproteins in adolescents with type 2 diabetes have been associated with a higher pulse wave velocity, a marker of arterial stiffness. Evidence suggests that HDL proteins or particle subspecies are altered in T2D and these may drive these relationships. In this work, we set out to reveal any specific proteins and subspecies that are related to arterial stiffness in youth with T2D from proteomics data. Plasma and PWV measurements were previously acquired from lean and T2D (...)
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  18.  79
    Pre-Socratic Quantum Gravity.Gordon Belot & John Earman - 2001 - In .
    Physicists who work on canonical quantum gravity will sometimes remark that the general covariance of general relativity is responsible for many of the thorniest technical and conceptual problems in their field.1 In particular, it is sometimes alleged that one can trace to this single source a variety of deep puzzles about the nature of time in quantum gravity, deep disagreements surrounding the notion of ‘observable’ in classical and quantum gravity, and deep questions about the nature of the existence of spacetime (...)
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  19.  53
    Global Ethics and Principlism.John-Stewart Gordon - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (3):251-276.
    In his landmark article “How Medicine Saved the Life of Ethics” (1982), Stephen Toulmin persuasively argues that (serious) problems cannot be solved by mere rationalistic approaches in ethics and that ethics was eventually saved by dint of having to deal with vital questions and concrete problems in medicine. Whether one is a proponent of, for example, principlism or casuistry, one certainly has to admit that a convincing ethical theory or method must have practical application. Analogously, it is about time to (...)
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  20.  20
    Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's 'a Just Society'.John-Stewart Gordon, Michael Boylan, Robert Paul Churchill, James A. Donahue, Marcus Duwell, Dale Jacquette, Tanja Kohen, Christopher Lowry, Seumas Miller, Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez, Johann-Christian Poder, Edward H. Spence, Udo Schuklenk, Wanda Teays & Rosemarie Tong (eds.) - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    The essays in this book engage the original and controversial claims from Michael Boylan's A Just Society. Each essay discusses Boylan's claims from a particular chapter and offers a critical analysis of these claims. Boylan responds to the essays in his lengthy and philosophically rich reply.
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  21.  53
    Scaling Laws in Cognitive Sciences.Christopher T. Kello, Gordon D. A. Brown, Ramon Ferrer-I.-Cancho, John G. Holden, Klaus Linkenkaer-Hansen, Theo Rhodes & Guy C. Van Orden - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (5):223-232.
  22.  34
    Power — the Key to Press Freedom: A Four-Tiered Social Model.David Gordon & John C. Merrill - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):38 – 49.
    Raw (pragmatic) and potential (theoretical) power is seen as the key to press freedom in various global settings. Because the locus of power determines the locus of freedom, the authors suggest a model to understand where the raw and potential power resides within a matrix consisting of the State, the Media Elite, the Journalists, or the People. Numerous questions concerning accountability and ethics are raised concerning the practical application of a model that purports to overcome cultural biases inherent in traditional (...)
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  23. John Stuart Mill and the “Marketplace of Ideas”.Jill Gordon - 1997 - Social Theory and Practice 23 (2):235-249.
    The expression "the marketplace of ideas" is often used in reference to Mill's views on freedom of thought and speech in On Liberty, but the metaphor does not come from Mill's work, nor is it consistent with his position. A real marketplace of ideas would create what Mill warns us against: the prevalence of the views of the most powerful and/or the most numerous. From a U.S. perspective, I explore Mill's suggestion to "countenance and encourage" minority views, and I compare (...)
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  24.  25
    Motivation and Affect in REM Sleep and the Mentation Reporting Process.Mark Smith, John Antrobus, Evelyn Gordon, Matthew Tucker & Yasutaka Hirota - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):501-511.
    Although the emotional and motivational characteristics of dreaming have figured prominently in folk and psychoanalytic conceptions of dream production, emotions have rarely been systematically studied, and motivation, never. Because emotions during sleep lack the somatic components of waking emotions, and they change as the sleeper awakens, their properties are difficult to assess. Recent evidence of limbic system activation during REM sleep suggests a basis in brain architecture for the interaction of motivational and cognitive properties in dreaming. Motivational and emotional content (...)
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  25.  69
    Incarnating the Impassible God: A Scotistic Transcendental Account of the Passions of the Soul.Liran Shia Gordon - 2019 - Heythrop Journal.
    The problem of divine impassibility, i.e., of whether the divine nature in Christ could suffer, stands at the center of a debate regarding the nature of God and his relation to us. Whereas philosophical reasoning regarding the divine nature maintains that the divine is immutable and perfect in every respect, theological needs generated an ever-growing demand for a passionate God truly able to participate in the suffering of his creatures. Correlating with the different approaches of Thomas Aquinas and John (...)
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  26.  38
    A Preliminary Study Exploring the Value Changes Taking Place in the United States Since the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center in New York. [REVIEW]Edward F. Murphy Jr, John D. Gordon & Aleta Mullen - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (1):81 - 96.
    This study was a preliminary exploration of the value changes taking place in the United States since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York, which was a significant emotional event or cultural upheaval. Rokeach told us that "a person's total value system may undergo change as a result of socialization, therapy, or cultural upheaval..." (Rokeach, The Nature of Human Values, 1973, p. 37). The researchers explored the value changes of 500 aviation industry employees (...)
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  27.  10
    H. Gordon Hullfish: As Seen Through the Eyes of a Former Student.John Martin Rich - 1963 - Educational Theory 13 (3):218-219.
  28.  13
    Is Inclusive Education a Human Right?John-Stewart Gordon - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):754-767.
    The widespread view — proclaimed by proponents of disability studies, some disability federations, and many disabled people — that there is a human right to inclusive education, was eventually substantiated by international law with the UN Disability Convention in 2006. One of the most discussed issues in disability studies concerns the CRPD; the contributions are legion. Surprisingly, there are hardly any substantial contributions that pay particular attention to the important question of whether inclusive education is a moral human right, and, (...)
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  29.  27
    Is Inclusive Education a Human Right?John-Stewart Gordon - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):754-767.
    In this article, I question the general idea that inclusive education — i.e., to teach all students in one class — is a moral human right. The following discussion shows that the widespread view in disability studies that there is a moral human right to inclusive education can be reasonably called into question by virtue of the proposed counter arguments, but without denying that inclusive education is of utmost importance. Practically speaking, the legal human right to inclusive education is of (...)
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  30.  5
    Robert Gordon and the Rubies of Mogok: Industrial Capitalism, Imperialism and Technology in Conjunction.John Christopher Walsh - 2011 - Asian Culture and History 3 (1):p94.
    Robert Gordon’s trip to the Mogok ruby mines in northern Burma, as reported in his testament to the Royal Geographical Society in 1888, represents one of the most blatant uses of travel as empire building in the Mekong Region. While European explorers and adventurers had been travelling to and along the region for centuries, most had been intent on mapping, surveying and categorizing its contents for purposes of their own profit, in one way or another. Gordon, while of (...)
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  31.  21
    What Would Farmers Do? Adaptation Intentions Under a Corn Belt Climate Change Scenario.John Tyndall, J. Gordon Arbuckle & Gabrielle Roesch-McNally - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (2):333-346.
    This paper examines farmer intentions to adapt to global climate change by analyzing responses to a climate change scenario presented in a survey given to large-scale farmers across the US Corn Belt in 2012. Adaptive strategies are evaluated in the context of decision making and farmers’ intention to increase their use of three production practices promoted across the Corn Belt: no-till farming, cover crops, and tile drainage. This paper also provides a novel conceptual framework that bridges a typology of adaptation (...)
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  32. Kielan Yarrow, Patrick Haggard, and John C. Rothwell. Action, Arousal, and Subjective Time.David A. Gallo, John G. Seamon, L. Andrew Coward, Ron Sun, Jing Zhu, John F. Kihlstrom, Steven M. Platek, Jaime W. Thomson, Gordon G. Gallup Jr & Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12:783.
     
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  33. Locke on the Ontology of Persons.Jessica Gordon-Roth - 2015 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (1):97-123.
    The importance of John Locke's discussion of persons is undeniable. Locke never explicitly tells us whether he thinks persons are substances or modes, however. We are thus left in the dark about a fundamental aspect of Locke's view. Many commentators have recently claimed that Lockean persons are modes. In this paper I swim against the current tide in the secondary literature and argue that Lockean persons are substances. Specifically I argue that what Locke says about substance, power, and agency (...)
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  34.  24
    Moral Choice in an Agency Framework: The Search for a Set of Motivational Typologies.Gordon Francis Woodbine & Dennis Taylor - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (3):261-277.
    Moral choice, as a precursor to behaviour, has an important influence on the success or failure of business entities. According to Rest, 1983, Morality, Moral Behavior and Moral Development (John Wiley & Sons, New York), moral choice is prompted, amongst other things, by a motivational component. With this in mind, data obtained from a sample of four hundred financial sector operatives, employed in a rapidly developing region of China, was used to construct a relatively stable set of motivational typologies (...)
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  35. Gordon Baker's Late Interpretation of Wittgenstein.P. M. S. Hacker - 2007 - In Guy Kahane, Edward Kanterian & Oskari Kuusela (eds.), Wittgenstein and His Interpreters: Essays in Memory of Gordon Baker. Blackwell. pp. 88--122.
    Gordon Baker and I had been colleagues at St John’s for almost ten years when we resolved, in 1976, to undertake the task of writing a commentary on Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations. We had been talking about Wittgenstein since 1969, and when we cooperated in writing a long critical notice on the Philosophical Grammar in 1975, we found that working together was mutually instructive, intellectually stimulating and great fun. We thought that we still had much to say about Wittgenstein’s (...)
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  36. New Work for Counterpart Theorists: Determinism.Gordon Belot - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):185-195.
    Recently Carolyn Brighouse and Jeremy Butterfield have argued that David Lewis's counterpart theory makes it possible both to believe in the reality of spacetime points and to consider general relativity to be a deterministic theory, thus avoiding the ‘hole argument’ of John Earman and John Norton. Butterfield's argument relies on Lewis's own counterpart-theoretic analysis of determinism. In this paper, I argue that this analysis is inadequate. This leaves a gap in the Butterfield–Brighouse defence against the hole argument.
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  37. Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues.Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon & Alison Dundes Renteln (eds.) - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    Editors Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon, and Alison Dundes Renteln have assembled the works of an interdisciplinary, international team of experts in bioethics into a comprehensive, innovative and accessible book. Topics covered range from torture and lethal injection to euthanasia, sex selection, vulnerable human subjects, to health equity, safety and public health, and environmental disasters like Bhopal, Fukushima, and more.
     
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  38. John 14: 8–17.Gordon D. Fee - 1989 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 43 (2):170-174.
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  39. John Cottingham, "A Descartes Dictionary".Gordon P. Baker - 1994 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (1):116.
     
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  40.  21
    Short Notices.A. C. F. Beales, R. F. Dearden, W. B. Inglis, R. R. Dale, Gordon R. Cross, John Hayes, S. Leslie Hunter, Robert J. Hoare, M. F. Cleugh, T. Desmond Morrow, Dorothy A. Wakeford, W. H. Burston, P. H. J. H. Gosden, Evelyn E. Cowie, Kartick C. Mukherjee, J. M. Wilson, H. C. Barnard & David Johnston - 1968 - British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (1):98-112.
  41.  28
    John Dewey on Authority: A Radical Voice Within the Liberal Tradition.Mordechai Gordon - 1998 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 30 (3):239–258.
  42.  4
    Short Notices.John Hayes, Joan Taylor, James L. Henderson, A. C. F. Beales, S. J. Eggleston, Gordon R. Cross, M. F. Cleugh & J. McGibbon - 1969 - British Journal of Educational Studies 17 (3):342-347.
  43. Toward a Mutual Transformation of Christianity and Buddhism. Beyond Dialogue.Gordon D. Kaufman & John B. Cobb - 1983 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 3:174.
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  44. Illustrations of Positivism, a Selection of Articles From the 'Positivist Review', Ed. By E.S. Beesly.John Henry Bridges & H. Gordon Jones - 1915
     
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  45.  48
    Matter, Place, and Being From a Scotistic Point of View: A Bypass to the Psycho-Physical Problem?Liran Shia Gordon - 2016 - Philosophy and Theology 28 (1):101-140.
    The aim of this paper is to apply the metaphysics of John Duns Scotus in constructing a new conception of matter which does not stand in opposition to the mental realm, but is rather composed of both physical and mental elements. The paper is divided into four parts. Section one addresses Scotus’ claim that matter is intelligible and actual in itself. Section two aims to show that matter can be seen as a deprived thinking being. Section three analyzes Scotus’ (...)
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  46.  32
    The Critique of Thomas Aquinas's Unicity Theory of Forms in John Pecham's Quodlibet IV (Romanum).Gordon A. Wilson - 1998 - Franciscan Studies 56 (1):423-431.
  47. A Companion to Henry of Ghent.Gordon Anthony Wilson (ed.) - 2010 - Brill.
    The volume addresses the historical context of Henry, e.g. his writings and his participation in the events of 1277; examines Henry’s theology, metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics; and studies Henry’s influence on John Duns Scotus and Pico della Mirandola.
     
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  48.  16
    Human Rights and Cultural Identity.John-Stewart Gordon - 2015 - Baltic Journal of Law and Politics 8 (2):112-135.
    Universal human rights and particular cultural identities, which are relativistic by nature, seem to stand in conflict with each other. It is commonly suggested that the relativistic natures of cultural identities undermine universal human rights and that human rights might compromise particular cultural identities in a globalised world. This article examines this supposed clash and suggests that it is possible to frame a human rights approach in such a way that it becomes the starting point and constraining framework for all (...)
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  49.  44
    Reconciling Female Genital Circumcision with Universal Human Rights.John‐Stewart Gordon - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (3):222-232.
    One of the most challenging issues in cross-cultural bioethics concerns the long-standing socio-cultural practice of female genital circumcision, which is prevalent in many African countries and the Middle East as well as in some Asian and Western countries. It is commonly assumed that FGC, in all its versions, constitutes a gross violation of the universal human rights of health, physical integrity, and individual autonomy and hence should be abolished. This article, however, suggests a mediating approach according to which one form (...)
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  50. Should Moral Enhancement Be Compulsory?John-Stewart Gordon - 2016 - Ethical Perspectives 23 (2):277-305.
    Some authors fear that humanity is on the verge of its own extinction and must either change its behaviour or inevitably cause its own demise. This situation has spawned a vigorous (bio)ethical debate in recent years concerning whether one should enhance human beings cognitively or morally in order to promote moral action and reduce harm. This article defends making moral bioenhancement compulsory to avoid grossly immoral actions and the global extinction of humanity, if it is available, safe and easy to (...)
     
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