Results for 'John A. Wood'

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  1.  42
    Ethical Attitudes of Students and Business Professionals: A Study of Moral Reasoning. [REVIEW]John A. Wood, Justin G. Longenecker, Joseph A. McKinney & Carlos W. Moore - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (4):249 - 257.
    A questionnaire on business ethics was administered to business professionals and to upper-class business ethics students. On eight of the seventeen situations involving ethical dilemmas in business, students were significantly more willing to engage in questionable behavior than were their professional counterparts. Apparently, many students were willing to do whatever was necessary to further their own interests, with little or no regard for fundamental moral principles. Many students and professionals functioned within Lawrence Kohlberg's stage four of moral reasoning, the law (...)
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  2. The Writings and Speeches of Edmund Burke. Vol. III, Party, Parliament and the American War 1774-1780.Warren M. Elofson & John A. Woods - 1998 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 60 (3):604-605.
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  3.  18
    Integrating Information From Multiple Sources: A Metacognitive Account of Self-Generated and Externally Provided Anchors.Keith W. Dowd, John V. Petrocelli & Myles T. Wood - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (3):315-332.
  4. Sir John Hicks: Critical Assessments of Contemporary Economists.John Cunningham Wood & Ronald N. Woods (eds.) - 1989 - Routledge.
    Sir John Hicks is one of the highest-regarded contemporary economists, and it is fitting that the new series of _Critical Assessments of Contemporary Economists_ should commence with his work. Awarded the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1972, Sir John Hicks’ work is extremely wide-ranging, with the list of topics reading almost like an agenda for the whole of modern economics: general equilibrium theory, welfare economics, problems of index numbers, trade cycles, wages and many others. He may, however, be (...)
     
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  5. Aims of Education: A Conceptual Inquiry.Richard S. Peters, John Woods & William H. Dray - forthcoming - The Philosophy of Education.
     
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  6.  33
    Beliefs in Being Unlucky and Deficits in Executive Functioning.John Maltby, Liz Day, Diana G. Pinto, Rebecca A. Hogan & Alex M. Wood - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):137-147.
    The current paper proposes the Dysexecutive Luck hypothesis; that beliefs in being unlucky are associated with deficits in executive functioning. Four studies suggest initial support for the Dysexecutive Luck hypothesis via four aspects of executive functioning. Study 1 established that self-reports of dysexecutive symptoms predicted unique variance in beliefs in being unlucky after controlling for a number of other variables previously reported to be related to beliefs around luck. Studies 2 to 4 demonstrated support for the Dysexecutive Luck hypothesis via (...)
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  7.  1
    Friedrich A. Hayek: Critical Assessments.John Cunningham Wood & Ronald N. Woods (eds.) - 1991 - Routledge.
    F.A. Hayek studied at the University of Vienna, where he became both a Doctor of Law and a Doctor of Political Science. After several years in the Austrian civil service, he was made the first diector of the Austrian Institute for Business Cycle Research. In 1931 he was appointed Tooke Professor of Economics and Statistics at the London School of Economics, and in 1950 he went to the University of Chicago as Professor of Social and Moral Sciences. He returned to (...)
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  8. Preparing the Next Generation of Oral Historians: An Anthology of Oral History Education.Lisa Krissoff Boehm, Michael Brooks, Patrick W. Carlton, Fran Chadwick, Margaret Smith Crocco, Jennifer Braithwait Darrow, Toby Daspit, Joseph DeFilippo, Susan Douglass, David King Dunaway, Sandy Eades, The Foxfire Fund, Amy S. Green, Ronald J. Grele, M. Gail Hickey, Cliff Kuhn, Erin McCarthy, Marjorie L. McLellan, Susan Moon, Charles Morrissey, John A. Neuenschwander, Rich Nixon, Irma M. Olmedo, Sandy Polishuk, Alessandro Portelli, Kimberly K. Porter, Troy Reeves, Donald A. Ritchie, Marie Scatena, David Sidwell, Ronald Simon, Alan Stein, Debra Sutphen, Kathryn Walbert, Glenn Whitman, John D. Willard & Linda P. Wood (eds.) - 2006 - Altamira Press.
    Preparing the Next Generation of Oral Historians is an invaluable resource to educators seeking to bring history alive for students at all levels. Filled with insightful reflections on teaching oral history, it offers practical suggestions for educators seeking to create curricula, engage students, gather community support, and meet educational standards. By the close of the book, readers will be able to successfully incorporate oral history projects in their own classrooms.
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  9.  22
    History and Historiography of Post-Mongol Central Asia and the Middle East. Studies in Honor of John E. Woods * Edited by Judith Pfeiffer and Sholeh A. Quinn, in Collaboration with Ernest Tucker. [REVIEW]C. E. Bosworth - 2008 - Journal of Islamic Studies 19 (2):260-263.
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  10. Friedrich A. Von Hayek: Critical Assessments of Contemporary Economists, 2nd Series.John Cunningham Wood & Robert D. Wood (eds.) - 2004 - Routledge.
    Hayek's reputation has gone through a remarkable cycle. An eminent exponent of the Austrian theory of business cycles in the 1930s, he was worsted in the controversy over Keynes' _Treatise on Money_. Following this defeat, Hayek retreated into capital theory, an esoteric branch of economics in which few economists then took an active interest. He gave up economics altogether after the war and turned to psychology, political philosophy, philosophy of law and the history of ideas. However, in 1974 he won (...)
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  11. The Logic of Fiction: A Philosophical Sounding of Deviant Logic.John Hayden Woods - 1974 - Mouton.
     
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  12.  80
    Lightening Up on the Ad Hominem.John Woods - 2007 - Informal Logic 27 (1):109-134.
    In all three of its manifestations, —abusive, circumstantial and tu quoque—the role of the ad hominem is to raise a doubt about the opposite party’s casemaking bona-fides.Provided that it is both presumptive and provisional, drawing such a conclusion is not a logical mistake, hence not a fallacy on the traditional conception of it. More remarkable is the role of the ad hominem retort in seeking the reassurance of one’s opponent when, on the face of it, reassurance is precisely what he (...)
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  13.  19
    Towards a Theory of Argument.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1977 - Metaphilosophy 8 (4):298-315.
  14.  26
    Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic.John Woods - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This monograph examines truth in fiction by applying the techniques of a naturalized logic of human cognitive practices. The author structures his project around two focal questions. What would it take to write a book about truth in literary discourse with reasonable promise of getting it right? What would it take to write a book about truth in fiction as true to the facts of lived literary experience as objectivity allows? It is argued that the most semantically distinctive feature of (...)
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  15. Boole's Criteria for Validity and Invalidity.John Corcoran & Susan Wood - 1980 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 21 (4):609-638.
    It is one thing for a given proposition to follow or to not follow from a given set of propositions and it is quite another thing for it to be shown either that the given proposition follows or that it does not follow.* Using a formal deduction to show that a conclusion follows and using a countermodel to show that a conclusion does not follow are both traditional practices recognized by Aristotle and used down through the history of logic. These (...)
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  16.  12
    Potential Persons and Murder: A Reply to John Woods.John C. Moskop - 1982 - Dialogue 21 (2):307-316.
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  17. Paradox and Paraconsistency: Conflict Resolution in the Abstract Sciences.John Woods - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a world plagued by disagreement and conflict one might expect that the exact sciences of logic and mathematics would provide a safe harbor. In fact these disciplines are rife with internal divisions between different, often incompatible, systems. Do these disagreements admit of resolution? Can such resolution be achieved without disturbing assumptions that the theorems of logic and mathematics state objective truths about the real world? In this original and historically rich book John Woods explores apparently intractable disagreements in (...)
     
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  18. Amartya Sen: Critical Assessments of Contemporary Economists.John C. Wood & Robert D. Wood (eds.) - 2007 - Routledge.
    This new Major Work from Routledge is a five-volume collection of the key critical assessments of Amartya Sen, probably best known for his work on famine, human development and welfare economics. Sen is one of the few modern academics who has commanded much respect and recognition from across the intellectual spectrum. His work—for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1998—simultaneously embraces social choice theory and economic development, thus breaking the barrier between mathematized ‘high theory’ and ‘real world’ economics. (...)
     
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  19.  80
    Is There a Relation of Intensional Conjunction?John Woods - 1967 - Mind 76 (303):357-368.
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  20.  16
    Age-Related Slowing of Response Selection and Production in a Visual Choice Reaction Time Task.David L. Woods, John M. Wyma, E. William Yund, Timothy J. Herron & Bruce Reed - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  21.  51
    Drivers of Environmental Behaviour in Manufacturing SMEs and the Implications for CSR.David Williamson, Gary Lynch-Wood & John Ramsay - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (3):317-330.
    The authors use empirical research into the environmental practices of 31 manufacturing small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to show that ‚business performance’ and ‚regulation’ considerations drive behaviour. They suggest that this is inevitable, given the market-based decision-making frames that permeate and dominate the industry in which manufacturing SMEs operate. Since the environment is a pillar of corporate social responsibility (CSR), the findings have important implications for CSR policy, which promotes voluntary actions predicated on a business case. It is argued that (...)
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  22. The Logic of Fiction. A Philosophical Sounding of Deviant Logic.John Woods - 1978 - Synthese 39 (1):155-164.
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  23.  4
    A Resource-Based Approach to Fallacy Theory.John Woods - unknown
  24.  68
    Enthymematic Parsimony.Fabio Paglieri & John Woods - 2011 - Synthese 178 (3):461 - 501.
    Enthymemes are traditionally defined as arguments in which some elements are left unstated. It is an empirical fact that enthymemes are both enormously frequent and appropriately understood in everyday argumentation. Why is it so? We outline an answer that dispenses with the so called "principle of charity", which is the standard notion underlying most works on enthymemes. In contrast, we suggest that a different force drives enthymematic argumentation—namely, parsimony, i.e. the tendency to optimize resource consumption, in light of the agent's (...)
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  25.  22
    On Grading Religions.John Hick & H. G. Wood - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (4):451.
    The idea of grading religions and placing them in an order of merit is to some repugnant, as involving a pretence to a divine perspective, whilst to others it seems entirely natural and proper, at least to the extent of their confidently assessing their own religion more highly than all others. We shall have to consider precisely what it is that might be graded, and in what respects and by what criteria. But if we think for a moment of the (...)
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  26. The Economics of Paradox: A Response to Armour-Garb.John Woods - 2005 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):103 – 113.
    For scientific essentialists, the only logical possibilities of existence are the real (or metaphysical) ones, and such possibilities, they say, are relative to worlds. They are not a priori, and they cannot just be invented. Rather, they are discoverable only by the a posteriori methods of science. There are, however, many philosophers who think that real possibilities are knowable a priori, or that they can just be invented. Marc Lange [Lange 2004] thinks that they can be invented, and tries to (...)
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  27.  71
    Begging the Question is Not a Fallacy.John Woods - manuscript
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  28. Advice on Abductive Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2006 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 14 (2):189-219.
    One of our purposes here is to expose something of the elementary logical structure of abductive reasoning, and to do so in a way that helps orient theorists to the various tasks that a logic of abduction should concern itself with. We are mindful of criticisms that have been levelled against the very idea of a logic of abduction; so we think it prudent to proceed with a certain diffidence. That our own account of abduction is itself abductive is methodological (...)
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  29. Sir John Hicks.John C. Wood (ed.) - 2006 - Routledge.
    Sir John Hicks is one of the most important and influential economists of the twentieth century. Awarded the Nobel Prize for economics in 1972, he has made contributions across a wide range of economic theory, writing some twenty books. Arguably the most important of these, _Value and Capital_, is seen as the roots of modern microeconomics and general equilibrium theory. Hicks possessed an unusual ability to synthesize the ideas of other economists – something that is evident in his invention (...)
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  30.  19
    Corrigendum: Age-Related Slowing of Response Selection and Production in a Visual Choice Reaction Time Task.David L. Woods, John M. Wyma, E. William Yund, Timothy J. Herron & Bruce Reed - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  31.  25
    Laws of Thought and Epistemic Proofs.John Woods - 1979 - Idealistic Studies 9 (1):55-65.
    A common reaction among idealist philosophers to the classical syntactic characterization of proof so crisply articulated by Tarski is an urgent but inchoate Angst that something momentous is missing, an awesome intimation of bereftness. The simple fact is that in many pursuits proof involves an empirical appeal, an operation that Tarski excludes from the domain of proof and assigns to the company of confirmation. In Tarski’s terms, empirical statements never even admit of the predicate true, let alone proved, unless perhaps (...)
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  32. Necessary Truth a Book of Readings.L. W. Sumner & John Hayden Woods - 1969 - Random House.
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  33.  60
    New Books. [REVIEW]John Handyside, T. W., H. R. Mackintosh, W. R. Boyce Gibson, B. A., M. H. Wood, James Seth, St Cyres & Norman Smith - 1908 - Mind 17 (68):566-584.
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  34.  5
    Quantum Logic and the Unity of Science.John Woods & Kent A. Peacock - 2004 - In S. Rahman J. Symons (ed.), Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science. Kluwer Academic Publisher. pp. 257--287.
  35.  56
    Is the Theoretical Unity of the Fallacies Possible?John Woods - 1994 - Informal Logic 16 (2).
    Historically, the fallacies have been neglected as objects of systematic study. Yet, since Hamblin's famous criticism of the state of fallacy theory, a substantial literature has been produced. A large portion of this literature is the work of Douglas Walton and John Woods. This paper will deal directly with the criticism of that work which has been advanced by van Eemeren and Grootendorst, particularly the complaints found in their writings of 1992, concerning the disunification of the fallacies and the (...)
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  36.  44
    A Quantum Logic of Down Below.Peter D. Bruza, Dominic Widdows & John Woods - unknown
    This chapter is offered as a contribution to the logic of down below. We attempt to demonstrate that the nature of human agency necessitates that there actually be such a logic. The ensuing sections develop the suggestion that cognition down below has a structure strikingly similar to the physical structure of quantum states. In its general form, this is not an idea that originates with the present authors. It is known that there exist mathematical models from the cognitive science of (...)
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  37.  15
    Physiologus. A Metrical Bestiary of Twelve Chapters. By Bishop Theobald. Translated by Alan Wood Rendall, Lieut.-Colonel V.D., Hon. A.D.C. To the Viceroy of India, 1897–1901. 8vo. Pp. Xxvii+100, with Illustrations and Facsimiles. London: John and Edward Bumpus, 1928. 10s. 6d. [REVIEW]D'arcy W. Thompson - 1928 - The Classical Review 42 (6):245-245.
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  38.  25
    Physiologus. A Metrical Bestiary of Twelve Chapters. By Bishop Theobald. Translated by Alan Wood Rendall, Lieut.-Colonel V.D., Hon. A.D.C. To the Viceroy of India, 1897–1901. 8vo. Pp. Xxvii+100, with Illustrations and Facsimiles. London: John and Edward Bumpus, 1928. 10s. 6d. [REVIEW]D'arcy W. Thompson - 1928 - The Classical Review 42 (06):245-.
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  39.  28
    Corporate Social Responsibility in Garment Sourcing Networks: Factory Management Perspectives on Ethical Trade in Sri Lanka.Patsy Perry, Steve Wood & John Fernie - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (3):737-752.
    With complex buyer-driven global production networks and a labour-intensive manufacturing process, the fashion industry has become a focal point for debates on the social responsibility of business. Utilising an interview methodology with influential actors from seven export garment manufacturers in Sri Lanka, we explore the situated knowledge at one nodal point of the production network. We conceptualise factory management perspectives on the implementation of corporate social responsibility in terms of the strategic balancing of ethical considerations against the commercial pressures of (...)
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  40.  43
    John Woods, Paradox and Paraconsistency: Conflict Resolution in the Abstract Sciences.A. D. Irvine - 2007 - Studia Logica 85 (3):425-428.
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  41.  5
    Catholicism Opening to the World and Other Confessions: Vatican Ii and its Impact.John Borelli, Drew Christiansen, Gerard Mannion, Jason Welle O. F. M., Vladimir Latinovic, John O’Malley, Agnes de Dreuzy, Charles E. Curran, Matthew A. Shadle, Patricia Madigan, Mary McClintock Fulkerson, Anne E. Patrick, Jan Nielen, Agnes M. Brazal, Paul G. Monson, Dale T. Irvin, Dagmar Heller, Anastacia Wooden, Mark D. Chapman, Dorothea Sattler, Patrick J. Hayes, Susan K. Wood, H. E. Cardinal W. Kasper & Brian Flanagan - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  42.  54
    Resource-Origins of Nonmonotonicity.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2008 - Studia Logica 88 (1):85-112.
    Formal nonmonotonic systems try to model the phenomenon that common sense reasoners are able to “jump” in their reasoning from assumptions Δ to conclusions C without their being any deductive chain from Δ to C. Such jumps are done by various mechanisms which are strongly dependent on context and knowledge of how the actual world functions. Our aim is to motivate these jump rules as inference rules designed to optimise survival in an environment with scant resources of effort and time. (...)
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  43. Ignorance and Semantic Tableaux: Aliseda on Abduction.John Woods - 2007 - Theoria 22 (3):305-318.
    This is an examination of similarities and differences between two recent models of abductive reasoning. The one is developed in Atocha Aliseda’s Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into the Processes of Discovery and Evaluation (2006). The other is advanced by Dov Gabbay and the present author in their The Reach of Abduction: Insight and Trial (2005). A principal difference between the two approaches is that in the Gabbay-Woods model, but not in the Aliseda model, abductive inference is ignorance-preserving. A further differ-ence (...)
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  44.  54
    Enthymemes: From Reconstruction to Understanding. [REVIEW]Fabio Paglieri & John Woods - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (2):127-139.
    Traditionally, an enthymeme is an incomplete argument, made so by the absence of one or more of its constituent statements. An enthymeme resolution strategy is a set of procedures for finding those missing elements, thus reconstructing the enthymemes and restoring its meaning. It is widely held that a condition on the adequacy of such procedures is that statements restored to an enthymeme produce an argument that is good in some given respect in relation to which the enthymeme itself is bad. (...)
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  45.  42
    How Philosophical is Informal Logic?John Woods - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (2).
    Consider the proposition, "Informal logic is a subdiscipline of philosophy". The best chance of showing this to be true is showing that informal logic is part of logic, which in turn is a part of philosophy. Part 1 is given over to the task of sorting out these connections. If successful, informal logic can indeed be seen as part of philosophy; but there is no question of an exclusive relationship. Part 2 is a critical appraisal of the suggestion that informal (...)
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  46.  11
    The Fallacy of ‘Ad Ignorantiam’.Douglas Walton John Woods - 1978 - Dialectica 32 (2):87-99.
    SummaryThis paper outlines a three‐part analysis of the traditional informal fallacy of ad ignorantiam. As initially characterized, the fallacy consists in arguing that failure to prove falsity implies the truth of a proposition.First, the fallacy is located within confirmation theory as a confusion between the categories of “lack of confirming evidence” and “presence of disconfirming evidence”. Second, the structure of the fallacy can be seen as an illicit negation shift in Hintikka‐style epistemic logic. Third, the fallacy can be studied as (...)
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  47.  30
    Recent Developments in Abductive Logic.John Woods - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):240-244.
  48.  28
    Normative Models of Rational Agency: The Theoretical Disutility of Certain Approaches.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2003 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 11 (6):597-613.
    Much of cognitive science seeks to provide principled descriptions of various kinds and aspects of rational behaviour, especially in beings like us or AI simulacra of beings like us. For the most part, these investigators presuppose an unarticulated common sense appreciation of the rationality that such behaviour consists in. On those occasions when they undertake to bring the relevant norms to the surface and to give an account of that to which they owe their legitimacy, these investigators tend to favour (...)
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  49.  31
    The Petitio: Aristotle'S Five Ways.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (March):77-100.
    If one looks to the current textbook lore for reliable taxonomic and analytical information about the petitio principii, one is met with conceptual disarray and much too much nonsense. The present writers have recently attempted to furnish the beginnings of a theoretical reconstruction of this fallacy which is at once faithful to its formidable complexity yet useful as guide for its detection and avoidance. The fact is that the petitio has had a lengthy and interesting history, and in this paper (...)
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  50.  7
    Introduction: John Woods in Profile.Andrew D. Irvine & Kent A. Peacock - 2005 - In Kent A. Peacock & Andrew D. Irvine (eds.), Mistakes of Reason: Essays in Honour of John Woods. University of Toronto Press. pp. 1-12.
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