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John B. Davis [51]John Bryan Davis [3]John Barnabas Davis [1]
  1. The Theory of the Individual in Economics: Identity and Value.John Bryan Davis - 2003 - Routledge.
    The concept of the individual and his/her motivations is a bedrock of philosophy. All strands of thought at heart contain to a particular theory of the individual. Economics, though, is guilty of taking this hugely important concept without questioning how we theorize it. This superb book remedies this oversight. The new approach put forward by Davies is to pay more attention to what moral philosophy may offer us in the study of personal identity, self consciousness and will. This crosses the (...)
     
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  2. Individuals and Identity in Economics.John B. Davis - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines the different conceptions of the individual that have emerged in recent new approaches in economics, including behavioral economics, experimental economics, social preferences approaches, game theory, neuroeconomics, evolutionary and complexity economics, and the capability approach. These conceptions are classified according to whether they seek to revise the traditional atomist individual conception, put new emphasis on interaction and relations between individuals, account for individuals as evolving and self-organizing, and explain individuals in terms of capabilities. The method of analysis uses (...)
     
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  3.  29
    Transformation Without Paternalism.Thomas R. Wells & John B. Davis - 2016 - Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 17 (3):360-376.
    Human development is meant to be transformational in that it aims to improve people's lives by enhancing their capabilities. But who does it target: people as they are or the people they will become? This paper argues that the human development approach relies on an understanding of personal identity as dynamic rather than as static collections of preferences, and that this distinguishes human development from conventional approaches to development. Nevertheless, this dynamic understanding of personal identity is presently poorly conceptualized and (...)
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  4.  9
    What Topic Modeling Could Reveal About the Evolution of Economics.Angela Ambrosino, Mario Cedrini, John B. Davis, Stefano Fiori, Marco Guerzoni & Massimiliano Nuccio - 2018 - Journal of Economic Methodology 25 (4):329-348.
  5.  16
    Social Identity Strategies in Recent Economics.John B. Davis - 2006 - Journal of Economic Methodology 13 (3):371-390.
    This paper reviews three distinct strategies in recent economics for using the concept of social identity in the explanation of individual behavior: Akerlof and Kranton's neoclassical approach, Sen's commitment approach and Kirman et al.'s complexity approach. The primary focus is the multiple selves problem and the difficulties associated with failing to explain social identity and personal identity together. The argument of the paper is that too narrow a scope for reflexivity in individual decision?making renders the problem intractable, but that enlarging (...)
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  6.  26
    The Idea of Public Reasoning.John B. Davis - 2012 - Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (2):169-172.
  7.  29
    The Turn in Economics and the Turn in Economic Methodology.John B. Davis - 2007 - Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):275-290.
  8.  52
    Reflexivity: Curse or Cure?John B. Davis & Matthias Klaes - 2003 - Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (3):329-352.
    Reflexivity has been argued to be self?defeating and potentially devastating for the sociology of scientific knowledge. We first survey various meanings associated with the concept of reflexivity and then provide an interpretation of Velázquez's Las Meñinas to generate a three?part taxonomy of reflexivity, distinguishing between ?immanent?, ?epistemic? and ?transcendent? reflexivity. This provides the basis for engaging with reflexivity as a problem in the economic methodology literature, focusing on recent contributions to the topic by Hands, Sent, Mäki and Mirowski. Employment of (...)
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  9.  21
    Person-Centered Health Care: Capabilities and Identity.John B. Davis - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (8):61-62.
    Entwhistle and Watt (2013) make an important contribution to the person-centred view of health care by reframing past thinking on the subject in terms of the capability approach. Past thinking about person-centred care employs a range of normative values that are arguably supportive of the concept of a person. But ironically these values are not clearly grounded in any account of what the person is. Thus, it is not clear what anchors these values and so how they are to be (...)
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  10.  22
    The Idea of Public Reasoning.John B. Davis - 2012 - Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (2):169 - 172.
    Journal of Economic Methodology, Volume 19, Issue 2, Page 169-172, June 2012.
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  11. Collective Intentionality, Complex Economic Behavior, and Valuation.John B. Davis - 2004 - In John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar Publishers. pp. 386-402.
     
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  12.  10
    Mark Blaug on the Historiography of Economics.John B. Davis - 2013 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 6 (3):44.
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  13.  27
    Keynes's Philosophical Development.John B. Davis - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this compelling book, John B. Davis examines the change and development in Keynes's philosophical thinking, from his earliest work through to The General Theory, arguing that Keynes came to believe himself mistaken about a number of his early philosophical concepts. The author begins by looking at the unpublished 'Apostles' papers, written under the influence of the philosopher G. E. Moore. These display the tensions in Keynes's early philosophical views, and outline his philosophical concepts of the time, including the concept (...)
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  14.  33
    The Individual in Mainstream Health Economics: A Case of Persona Non-Grata. [REVIEW]John B. Davis & Robert McMaster - 2007 - Health Care Analysis 15 (3):195-210.
    This paper is motivated by Davis’ [14] theory of the individual in economics. Davis’ analysis is applied to health economics, where the individual is conceived as a utility maximiser, although capable of regarding others’ welfare through interdependent utility functions. Nonetheless, this provides a restrictive and flawed account, engendering a narrow and abstract conception of care grounded in Paretian value and Cartesian analytical frames. Instead, a richer account of the socially embedded individual is advocated, which employs collective intentionality analysis. This provides (...)
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  15.  58
    Identity and Individual Economic Agents: A Narrative Approach.John B. Davis - manuscript
    This paper offers an account of how individuals act as agents when we employ a narrative approach to explaining their personal identities. It applies Korsgaard's idea of a "reflective structure of consciousness" to provide foundations for a richer account of the individual economic agent, and uses this to explain and distinguish the concepts of personal identity, individual identity, and social identity. The paper argues that individuals' personal identities may be in conflict with their socially constructed individual identities. Individuals' social identities (...)
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  16.  31
    Soros's Reflexivity Concept in a Complex World: Cauchy Distributions, Rational Expectations, and Rational Addiction.John B. Davis - 2013 - Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (4):368-376.
    George Soros makes an important analytical contribution to understanding the concept of reflexivity in social science by explaining reflexivity in terms of how his cognitive and manipulative causal functions are connected to one another by a pair of feedback loops (Soros, 2013). Fallibility, reflexivity and the human uncertainty principle. Here I put aside the issue of how the natural sciences and social sciences are related, an issue he discusses, and focus on how his thinking applies in economics. I argue that (...)
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  17.  20
    Cooter and Rappoport on the Normative: John B. Davis.John B. Davis - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (1):139-146.
    In a recent examination of the origins of ordinal utility theory in neoclassical economics, Robert D. Cooter and Peter Rappoport argue that the ordinalist revolution of the 1930s, after which most economists abandoned interpersonal utility comparisons as normative and unscientific, constituted neither unambiguous progress in economic science nor the abandonment of normative theorizing, as many economists and historians of economic thought have generally believed. Rather, the widespread acceptance of ordinalism, with its focus on Pareto optimality, simply represented the emergence of (...)
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  18.  17
    The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy.John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.) - 2004 - Edward Elgar.
    Read this excellent collection of informative papers in the field to stimulate your ow the field and readers interested in the nature of the discipline of ...
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  19.  6
    Introduction.John B. Davis - 2004 - Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (3):273-273.
  20.  35
    Personal Identity and Standard Economic Theory.John B. Davis - 1995 - Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (1):35-52.
    This paper investigates the topic of personal identity in standard neoclassical theory. It looks first at the traditional utility theory of maximizing consumers and then at the extension of that analysis in the time-allocation-household-production model to see how relatively settled ontological commitments in the neoclassical research program undergo modification with its development. David Hume's skeptical treatment of personal identity is employed to assess the traditional view. The time-allocation model is shown to escape some of Hume's problems, but encounters difficulties of (...)
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  21. Collective Intentionality, Complex Economic Behavior, and Valuation.John B. Davis - 2003 - ProtoSociology 18:163-183.
    This paper argues that collective intentionality analysis provides a theoretical framework, complementary to traditional instrumental rationality analysis, that allows us to explain economic behavior as ‘complex.’ Economic behavior may be regarded as complex if it cannot be reduced to a single explanatory framework. Contemporary mainstream economics, in its reliance on instrumental rationality as the exclusive basis for explaining economic behavior, does not offer an account of economic behavior as complex. Coupling collective intentionality analysis with instrumental rationality analysis, however, makes such (...)
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  22.  7
    Behavioral Economics and the Positive- Normative Distinction: Sunstein’s Choosing Not to Choose and Behavioral Economics Imperialism.John B. Davis - 2018 - Ethics and Economics 15 (1).
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  23.  51
    Identity Problems: An Interview with John B. Davis.Thomas R. Wells & John B. Davis - 2012 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (2):81-103.
    In this interview, professor Davis discusses the evolution of his career and research interests as a philosopher-economist and gives his perspective on a number of important issues in the field. He argues that historians and methodologists of economics should be engaged in the practice of economics, and that historians should be more open to philosophical analysis of the content of economic ideas. He suggests that the history of recent economics is a particularly fruitful and important area for research exactly because (...)
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  24.  5
    Value-Ladenness in Economics: Reply to Rosenbaum.John B. Davis - 1996 - Journal of Economic Methodology 3 (1):121-125.
  25.  41
    Will Social Values Influence the Development of HMOs?John B. Davis - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (4):418-421.
    Among industrialized nations the United States is relatively unique in relying on a mix of public and private financing and delivery of healthcare: federal and federal-state programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid; employment-based health insurance ; and state-subsidized insurance pools for high-risk individuals. In recent years, however, there have been efforts to apply the principles of private employment-based health insurance to the other forms of healthcare, and there is speculation that rising healthcare costs can only be addressed by further extending (...)
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  26.  6
    Don Ross's Philosophy of Economics. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 341 Pp. [REVIEW]John B. Davis - 2014 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 7 (2):142.
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  27.  12
    Symposium on Big Data: Introduction.John B. Davis & Wade Hands - 2017 - Journal of Economic Methodology 24 (4):359-360.
  28. Economists' Dreams: Machine Dreams.John B. Davis - 2004 - Journal of Economic Methodology 11:483-488.
     
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  29.  27
    35 Individualism.John B. Davis - 2009 - In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar. pp. 261.
  30. A Marxist Influence on Wittgenstein Via Sraffa.John B. Davis - 2002 - In G. N. Kitching & Nigel Pleasants (eds.), Marx and Wittgenstein: Knowledge, Morality and Politics. Routledge. pp. 35--131.
  31.  47
    Economic Theory and Cognitive Science, by Don Ross. MIT Press, 2005, 384 Pages. [REVIEW]John B. Davis - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (2):245-252.
  32.  19
    Uncertainty and Identity: A Post Keynesian Approach.John B. Davis - 2010 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 3 (1):33-49.
    Marshall’s asset equilibrium model provides a way ofexplaining the identity of entrepreneurs. Keynes adopted this model buttransformed it when he emphasized the short-period and volatilecharacter of long-term expectations. This entails a view of entrepreneuridentity in which radical uncertainty plays a central role. This in turndeepens the post Keynesian view of uncertainty as ontological in thatentrepreneurs’ survival plays into their behavior. This paper exploresthis role-based view of individual identity and uses the analysis tocomment on Keynes’s ideas for the socialization of investment (...)
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  33.  20
    The Turn in Economics and the Turn in Economic Methodology: Past Chair Address: International Network for Economic Method Conference, Grinnell College, 22 June 2006. [REVIEW]John B. Davis - 2007 - Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):275-290.
    There is now considerable evidence that economics is undergoing significant change in which a collection of new research programs all at odds in important respects with standard neoclassical economics is increasingly dominating the economics research frontier (Davis 2006b). These new programs include game theory, evolutionary economics, behavioral economics, experimental economics, agent‐based complexity economics and neuroeconomics. All raise new issues for economics, and contest long‐held assumptions. Such a development, however, naturally raises questions about the nature and direction of economic methodology. Whereas (...)
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  34.  18
    Cultures in Conflict.John B. Davis - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 25:296-299.
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  35.  21
    Introduction: Values and Justice.John B. Davis - 2012 - Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (2):99 - 99.
  36.  23
    Conceptualising the Lack of Health Insurance Coverage.John B. Davis - 2000 - Health Care Analysis 8 (1):55-64.
    This paper examines the lack of health insurance coverage in the US as a public policy issue. It first compares the problem of health insurance coverage to the problem of unemployment to show that in terms of the numbers of individuals affected lack of health insurance is a problem comparable in importance to the problem of unemployment. Secondly, the paper discusses the methodology involved in measuring health insurance coverage, and argues that the current method of estimation of the uninsured underestimates (...)
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  37.  22
    Identity Economics: How Our Identities Shape Our Work, Wages, and Well-Being, George A. Akerlof and Rachel E. Kranton, Princeton University Press, Vi + 185 Pp.John B. Davis - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (3):331-338.
  38.  10
    Bette Anton, MLS, is the Head Librarian of the Optometry Library/Health Sciences Information Service. This Library Serves the University of California at Berkeley–University of California at San Francisco Joint Medical Program and the University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry. Robert Baker, Ph. D., is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Center For. [REVIEW]Jack Coulehan, John B. Davis, Joseph C. D’Oronzio, Steve Heilig, D. Micah Hester, Kenneth V. Iserson & Greg Loeben - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11:327-328.
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  39.  11
    The Homo Economicus Conception of the Individual: An Ontological Approach.John B. Davis - 2012 - In Uskali Mäki, Dov M. Gabbay, Paul Thagard & John Woods (eds.), Philosophy of Economics. North Holland. pp. 459.
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  40.  9
    The World in the Model and the Model in the World.John B. Davis - 2014 - Metascience 23 (2):385-390.
  41.  8
    Introduction.John B. Davis - 2005 - Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (3):361-361.
  42.  8
    Metaphor.John B. Davis - 1981 - Philosophical Studies 28:259-265.
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  43.  3
    Introduction.John B. Davis & Wade Hands - 2011 - Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (3):215-215.
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  44. Bernard Delfgaauw, "The Student History of Philosophy". [REVIEW]John B. Davis - 1968 - The Thomist 32 (4):593.
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  45. Derek L. Phillips: "Toward a Just Social Order". [REVIEW]John B. Davis - 1990 - The Thomist 54 (3):564.
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  46. Edo Pivcevic , "Phenomenology and Philosophical Understanding". [REVIEW]John B. Davis - 1978 - The Thomist 42 (1):156.
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  47. J. Baldwin, "Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi". [REVIEW]John B. Davis - 1973 - The Thomist 37 (2):411.
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  48. John K. Ryan , "Heirs and Ancestors". [REVIEW]John B. Davis - 1975 - The Thomist 39 (1):156.
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  49. No Title Available: Reviews.John B. Davis - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (3):331-338.
  50. Peter Koestenbaum: "The New Image of the Person: The Theory and Practice of Clinical Philosophy". [REVIEW]John B. Davis - 1981 - The Thomist 45 (3):490.
     
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