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John A. Barker
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
John Barker
University of Illinois at Springfield
  1. Towards Closure on Closure.Fred Adams, John A. Barker & Julia Figurelli - 2012 - Synthese 188 (2):179-196.
    Tracking theories of knowledge are widely known to have the consequence that knowledge is not closed. Recent arguments by Vogel and Hawthorne claim both that there are no legitimate examples of knowledge without closure and that the costs of theories that deny closure are too great. This paper considers the tracking theories of Dretske and Nozick and the arguments by Vogel and Hawthorne. We reject the arguments of Vogel and Hawthorne and evaluate the costs of closure denial for tracking theories (...)
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  2.  90
    On the Ethics of Facial Transplantation Research.Osborne P. Wiggins, John H. Barker, Serge Martinez, Marieke Vossen, Claudio Maldonado, Federico V. Grossi, Cedric G. Francois, Michael Cunningham, Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Moshe Kon & Joseph C. Banis - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):1 – 12.
    Transplantation continues to push the frontiers of medicine into domains that summon forth troublesome ethical questions. Looming on the frontier today is human facial transplantation. We develop criteria that, we maintain, must be satisfied in order to ethically undertake this as-yet-untried transplant procedure. We draw on the criteria advanced by Dr. Francis Moore in the late 1980s for introducing innovative procedures in transplant surgery. In addition to these we also insist that human face transplantation must meet all the ethical requirements (...)
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  3. Satan, Saint Peter and Saint Petersburg: Decision Theory and Discontinuity at Infinity.Paul Bartha, John Barker & Alan Hájek - 2014 - Synthese 191 (4):629-660.
    We examine a distinctive kind of problem for decision theory, involving what we call discontinuity at infinity. Roughly, it arises when an infinite sequence of choices, each apparently sanctioned by plausible principles, converges to a ‘limit choice’ whose utility is much lower than the limit approached by the utilities of the choices in the sequence. We give examples of this phenomenon, focusing on Arntzenius et al.’s Satan’s apple, and give a general characterization of it. In these examples, repeated dominance reasoning (...)
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  4. Beat the (Backward) Clock.Fred Adams, John A. Barker & Murray Clarke - 2016 - Logos and Episteme 7 (3):353-361.
    In a recent very interesting and important challenge to tracking theories of knowledge, Williams & Sinhababu claim to have devised a counter-example to tracking theories of knowledge of a sort that escapes the defense of those theories by Adams & Clarke. In this paper we will explain why this is not true. Tracking theories are not undermined by the example of the backward clock, as interesting as the case is.
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  5. Autism and the "Theory of Mind" Debate.Robert M. Gordon & John A. Barker - 1994 - In George Graham & G. Lynn Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.
  6.  47
    The Fallacy of Begging the Question.John A. Barker - 1976 - Dialogue 15 (2):241-255.
  7.  84
    Knowledge as Fact-Tracking True Belief.Fred Adams, John A. Barker & Murray Clarke - 2017 - Manuscrito 40 (4):1-30.
    ABSTRACT Drawing inspiration from Fred Dretske, L. S. Carrier, John A. Barker, and Robert Nozick, we develop a tracking analysis of knowing according to which a true belief constitutes knowledge if and only if it is based on reasons that are sensitive to the fact that makes it true, that is, reasons that wouldn’t obtain if the belief weren’t true. We show that our sensitivity analysis handles numerous Gettier-type cases and lottery problems, blocks pathways leading to skepticism, and validates the (...)
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  8.  40
    Epistemic Closure and Skepticism.John A. Barker & Fred Adams - 2010 - Logos and Episteme 1 (2):221-246.
    Closure is the epistemological thesis that if S knows that P and knows that P implies Q, then if S infers that Q, S knows that Q. Fred Dretske acknowledges that closure is plausible but contends that it should be rejected because it conflicts with the plausible thesis: Conclusive reasons : S knows that P only if S believes P on the basis of conclusive reasons, i.e., reasons S wouldn‘t have if it weren‘t the case that P. Dretske develops an (...)
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  9.  86
    Conclusive Reasons, Knowledge, and Action.John A. Barker & Fred Adams - 2012 - Philosophical Issues 22 (1):35-52.
    The article presents information on the capabilities of Dretske-style analysis of knowing (DAK) and of several competing analyses with respect to accounting for the apparent facts. It informs that the DAK can ground plausible verdicts about knowledge and ignorance in cases involving lotteries. It further informs that the knowledge-efficacy donor imply the implausible thesis.
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  10.  47
    What You Don't Know Won't Hurt You?John A. Barker - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (4):303 - 308.
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  11. Disquotation, Conditionals, and the Liar.John Barker - 2009 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):5-21.
    In this paper I respond to Jacquette’s criticisms, in (Jacquette, 2008), of my (Barker, 2008). In so doing, I argue that the Liar paradox is in fact a problem about the disquotational schema, and that nothing in Jacquette’s paper undermines this diagnosis.
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  12.  18
    Undeniably Paradoxical: Reply to Jacquette.John Barker - 2008 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):137-142.
    Jacquette’s proposed solution to the Liar paradox—namely, that the paradox can be defused by declaring Liar sentences to be false—is criticized. Specifically, it is argued that the proposed solution rests on misidentifying the condition that a sentence needs to satisfy in order to count as a Liar sentence. If Jacquette’s condition is used, then the resulting “Liar” sentences are indeed straightforwardly false; however, a genuine paradox remains if a more standard formulation is employed.
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  13.  66
    Relevance Logic, Classical Logic, and Disjunctive Syllogism.John A. Barker - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 27 (6):361 - 376.
  14.  38
    Brand and Swain on Causation.John A. Barker - 1974 - Synthese 26 (3-4):396 - 400.
  15.  22
    The Nature of Question-Begging Arguments.John A. Barker - 1978 - Dialogue 17 (3):490-498.
  16.  73
    Paradox Without Knowledge.John A. Barker - 1974 - Synthese 28 (2):261 - 270.
  17. Methods Matter: Beating the Backward Clock.Murray Clarke, Fred Adams & John A. Barker - 2017 - Logos and Episteme 8 (1):99-112.
    In “Beat the (Backward) Clock,” we argued that John Williams and Neil Sinhababu’s Backward Clock Case fails to be a counterexample to Robert Nozick’s or Fred Dretske’s Theories of Knowledge. Williams’ reply to our paper, “There’s Nothing to Beat a Backward Clock: A Rejoinder to Adams, Barker and Clarke,” is a further attempt to defend their counterexample against a range of objections. In this paper, we argue that, despite the number and length of footnotes, Williams is still wrong.
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  18. Agathias.John W. Barker & Averil Cameron - 1973 - American Journal of Philology 94 (1):103.
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  19.  36
    Hypotheticals: Conditionals and Theticals.John A. Barker - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):335-345.
  20.  80
    'If' and 'Even If'.John A. Barker - 1980 - Analysis 40 (2):93 - 98.
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  21. Computer Modeling and the Fate of Folk Psychology.John A. Barker - 2002 - Metaphilosophy 33 (1-2):30-48.
    Although Paul Churchland and Jerry Fodor both subscribe to the so-called theory-theory– the theory that folk psychology (FP) is an empirical theory of behavior – they disagree strongly about FP’s fate. Churchland contends that FP is a fundamentally flawed view analogous to folk biology, and he argues that recent advances in computational neuroscience and connectionist AI point toward development of a scientifically respectable replacement theory that will give rise to a new common-sense psychology. Fodor, however, wagers that FP will be (...)
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  22. Audi on Epistemic Disavowals.John A. Barker - 1976 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (4):376.
  23. Piękno matematyczne.John Barker - 2009 - Sztuka I Filozofia (Art and Philosophy) 35.
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  24.  33
    Les Italiens À Byzance: Edition Et Présentation de Documents. Michel Balard, Angeliki E. Laiou, Catherine Otten-Froux.John W. Barker - 1989 - Speculum 64 (2):382-384.
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  25.  32
    Graeculus perfidus/'Ιταλὸς ἰταμός: Il senso dell'alterità nei rapporti greco-romani ed italo-bizantini. Herbert Hunger.John Barker - 1989 - Speculum 64 (4):979-980.
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  26.  31
    Donald M. Nicol, The Despotate of Epiros, 1267–1479: A Contribution to the History of Greece in the Middle Ages. Cambridge, Eng., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Pp. Xiii, 297; Map. $49.50.John Barker - 1986 - Speculum 61 (3):689-691.
  27. A Formal Analysis of Conditionals.John A. Barker - 1969
     
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  28. Book Review. [REVIEW]John Barker - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (2):304-305.
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  29. Enrico Dandolo and the Rise of Venice. [REVIEW]John Barker - 2004 - The Medieval Review 8.
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  30. Relevance Logic and Inferential Knowledge.John A. Barker - 1989 - In J. Norman & R. Sylvan (eds.), Directions in Relevant Logic. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 317-326.
     
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  31. Strange Contrarieties: Pascal in England During the Age of Reason.John Barker - 1975 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Each chapter heading bears a phrase from a contemporary author, held to incorporate the character of that section of the study under consideration. Chapter 1 carries the title given to early English translations of the Lettres provinciales; chapter 2 recalls the description of Pascall by Boyle and other English scientists; and chapter 3 draws from Kennett's preface to his version of the Pensees. The heading of chapter 4 is from Pope's Essay on Man. The exclamation which introduces chapter 5 concludes (...)
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  32. Kriminalaffe: Sultan at the Dole Office.Ines Doujak & John Barker - 2015 - Continent 4 (4).
    After committing the original sin in paradise, mankind was forced to work for a living. After that only lazy scoundrels like apes have gotten away without needing to work. Later, the rise of capitalism and the co-occurrence of slaves, workers and citizens demanded scientific theories of racial hierarchy. These taxonomies of racialized social structure were never abandoned: in 2011, the media still referred to the London rioters as ‘apes’.
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  33.  53
    Response to Selected Commentaries on the AJOB Target Article “On the Ethics of Facial Transplantation Research”.Joseph C. Banis, John H. Barker, Michael Cunningham, Cedric G. Francois, Allen Furr, Federico Grossi, Moshe Kon, Claudio Maldonado, Serge Martinez, Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Marieke Vossen & Osborne P. Wiggins - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):W23-W31.
    Main Response Topics ? Introduction ? Open display and public evaluation ? Publicity versus patient privacy ? Facial tissue donation ? Validity of Louisville Instrument for Risk Acceptance ? Patients' understanding of risk ? Face versus hand transplantation ? Rejection rates/risks ? Patient compliance ? Exit strategy ? Functional recovery ? Societietal implications ? Psychological implications ? Conclusion: Uncertainty likely to persist.
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  34.  28
    Procopius and the Sixth Century. Averil Cameron.John Barker - 1986 - Speculum 62 (2):394-396.
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  35.  26
    Dialogum de Matrimonio/Περὶ Γάμον. Manuel Palaeologus, Claudius Bevegni.John Barker - 1993 - Speculum 68 (1):204-205.
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  36.  49
    Presupposition and Entailment.John A. Barker - 1976 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 17 (2):272-278.
  37.  42
    A Note on Knowledge and Belief.John A. Barker - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):143 - 144.
  38.  23
    I vespri siciliani e le relazioni tra Roma e Bisanzio. Antonino Franchi.John Barker - 1986 - Speculum 61 (3):651-653.
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  39.  23
    Les Sources de Théophylacte Simocatta, Historien. Thérèse Olajos.John W. Barker - 1990 - Speculum 65 (4):1033-1033.
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  40.  22
    Das Strategikon des Maurikios. Maurikios, George T. Dennis, Ernst Gamillscheg.John Barker - 1983 - Speculum 58 (3):782-784.
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  41.  21
    Eretici, Dissidenti, Musulmani Ed Ebrei a Bisanzio: Una Raccolta Eresiologica Del XII Secolo.Paolo Eleuteri, Antonio Rigo.John W. Barker - 1995 - Speculum 70 (2):362-362.
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  42.  21
    Einführung in die Byzantinologie. Gyula Moravcsik.John W. Barker - 1978 - Speculum 53 (2):408-409.
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  43.  21
    Justinian and Theodora. Robert Browning.John Barker - 1972 - Speculum 47 (4):748-750.
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  44.  18
    A History of the Byzantine State and Society.Warren Treadgold.John W. Barker - 2000 - Speculum 75 (2):515-520.
  45.  18
    Empereur et prêtre: Etude sur le "césaropapisme" byzantin.Gilbert Dagron.John W. Barker - 1998 - Speculum 73 (2):494-497.
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  46.  18
    Joanna Kantakuzenos — Aristokrat, Staatsmann, Kaiser und Mönch — in der Gesellschaftsentwicklung von Byzanz im 14. Jahrhundert.John Barker - 1971 - Speculum 46 (4):751-753.
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  47.  18
    Venezia nel duecento: Tra oriente e occidente. Roberto Cessi.John Barker - 1986 - Speculum 62 (2):399-400.
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  48.  22
    István Vásáry, Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185–1365. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Pp. Xvi, 230; 1 Table and 4 Maps. $85. [REVIEW]John W. Barker - 2006 - Speculum 81 (4):1270-1271.
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  49.  34
    Power, Positionality and Practicality: Carrying Out Fieldwork with Children.John Barker & Fiona Smith - 2001 - Ethics, Place and Environment 4 (2):142 – 147.
    In this paper we provide a reflexive account of fieldwork in out of school clubs in a range of localities across England and Wales. By reflecting upon our personal experiences of researching with children aged between 5 and 12 years, we examine the impact of the positionality of the researcher on the research encounter, and highlight the ways in which relationships between adult researchers and child subjects are gendered. Finally, we identify a number of issues for researchers to consider when (...)
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  50.  15
    Die byzantinische Stadt im 6. Jahrhundert. Dietrich Claude.John Barker - 1970 - Speculum 45 (4):663-666.
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