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John Biro
University of Florida
  1.  66
    In Defense of the Objective Epistemic Approach to Argumentation.John Biro & Harvey Siegel - 2006 - Informal Logic 26 (1):91-101.
    In this paper we defend a particular version of the epistemic approach to argumentation. We advance some general considerations in favor of the approach and then examine the ways in which different versions of it play out with respect to the theory of fallacies, which we see as central to an understanding of argumentation. Epistemic theories divide into objective and subjective versions. We argue in favor of the objective version, showing that it provides a better account than its subjectivist rival (...)
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  2.  87
    Epistemic Normativity, Argumentation, and Fallacies.Harvey Siegel & John Biro - 1997 - Argumentation 11 (3):277-292.
    In Biro and Siegel we argued that a theory of argumentation mustfully engage the normativity of judgments about arguments, and we developedsuch a theory. In this paper we further develop and defend our theory.
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  3. ‘Peer Disagreement’ and Evidence of Evidence.John Biro & Fabio Lampert - 2018 - Logos and Episteme 9 (4):379-402.
    What the rational thing to do in the face of disagreement by an epistemic peer is has been much discussed recently. Those who think that a peer’s disagreement is itself evidence against one’s belief, as many do, are committed to a special form of epistemic dependence. If such disagreement is really evidence, it seems reasonable to take it into account and to adjust one’s belief accordingly. But then it seems that the belief one ends up with depends, in part, on (...)
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  4. Hume's New Science of the Mind.John Biro - 2009 - In David Fate Norton & Jacqueline Anne Taylor (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Hume. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  5.  33
    Rationality, Reasonableness, and Critical Rationalism: Problems with the Pragma-Dialectical View. [REVIEW]Harvey Siegel & John Biro - 2008 - Argumentation 22 (2):191-203.
    A major virtue of the Pragma-Dialectical theory of argumentation is its commitment to reasonableness and rationality as central criteria of argumentative quality. However, the account of these key notions offered by the originators of this theory, Frans van Eemeren and Rob Grootendorst, seems to us problematic in several respects. In what follows we criticize that account and suggest an alternative, offered elsewhere, that seems to us to be both independently preferable and more in keeping with the epistemic approach to arguments (...)
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  6. Non-Pickwickian Belief and 'the Gettier Problem'.John Biro - 2017 - Logos and Episteme 8 (1):47-69.
    That in Gettier's alleged counterexamples to the traditional analysis of knowledge as justified true belief the belief condition is satisfied has rarely been questioned. Yet there is reason to doubt that a rational person would come to believe what Gettier's protagonists are said to believe in the way they are said to have come to believe it. If they would not, the examples are not counter-examples to the traditional analysis. I go on to discuss a number of examples inspired by (...)
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  7.  91
    Argumentation, Arguing, and Arguments.John Biro & Harvey Siegel - 2011 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 26 (3):279-287.
    ABSTRACT: While we applaud several aspects of Lilian Bermejo-Luque's novel theory of argumentation and especially welcome its epistemological dimensions, in this discussion we raise doubts about her conception of argumentation, her account of argumentative goodness, and her treatments of the notion of “giving reasons” and of justification.RESUMEN: Aunque aprobamos varios aspectos de la nueva teoría de la argumentación propuesta por Lilian Bermejo Luque y, en particular, su dimensión epistemológica, en este debate planteamos algunas dudas sobre su concepción de la argumentación, (...)
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  8. Consciousness and Subjectivity.John I. Biro - 1991 - Philosophical Issues 1:113-133.
  9.  37
    Constitution and Identity.John Biro - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (6):1127-1138.
    A widely held view has it that sometimes there is more than one thing in exactly the same place, as is the case, allegedly, with a clay statue. There is the statue, but there also is a piece of clay—both obviously in the same place yet distinct in virtue of their differing properties, if only modal ones. Those holding this view—pluralists—often describe the relation between such objects as one of constitution, with the piece of clay being said to constitute the (...)
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  10.  28
    Saving the Ship.John Biro - 2017 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 13 (2):43-54.
    In defending the startling claim that that there are no artifacts, indeed, no inanimate material objects of the familiar sort, Peter van Inwagen has argued that truths about such putative objects can be paraphrased as truths that do not make essential reference to them and that we should endorse only the ontological commitments of the paraphrase. In this note I argue that the paraphrases van Inwagen recommends cannot meet his condition. Read one way, they lose us some truths. Read another, (...)
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  11.  41
    What is Evidence of Evidence Evidence Of?Fabio Lampert & John Biro - 2017 - Logos and Episteme 8 (2):195-206.
    Richard Feldman’s well-known principle about disagreement and evidence – usually encapsulated in the slogan, ‘evidence of evidence is evidence’, (EEE) – invites the question, what should a rational believer do when faced by such evidence, especially when the disagreement is with an epistemic peer? The question has been the subject of much controversy. However, it has been recently suggested both that the principle is subject to counterexamples and that it is trivial. If either is the case, the question of what (...)
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  12.  34
    Are There Scattered Objects?John Biro - 2017 - Metaphysica 18 (2).
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  13.  25
    The Pragma-Dialectician's Dilemma: Reply to Garssen and van Laar.Harvey Siegel & John Biro - 2010 - Informal Logic 30 (4):457-480.
    Garssen and van Laar in effect concede our main criticism of the pragma-dialectical approach. The criticism is that the conclusions of arguments can be ‘P-D reasonable’ yet patently unreasonable, epistemically speaking. The concession consists in the claim that the theory “remains restricted to the investigation of standpoints in the light of particular sets of starting points” which are “up to individual disputants to create” and the admission that all the relevant terms of normative appraisal have been redefined. We also discuss (...)
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  14. A Point of View on Points of View.John Biro - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):3-12.
    A number of writers have deployed the notion of a point of view as a key to the allegedly theory-resistant subjective aspect of experience. I examine that notion more closely than is usually done and find that it cannot support the anti-objectivist's case. Experience may indeed have an irreducibly subjective aspect, but the notion of a point of view cannot be used to show that it does.
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  15. Consciousness and Objectivity.John I. Biro - 1993 - In Martin Davies & Glyn W. Humphreys (eds.), Consciousness: Psychological and Philosophical Essays. Blackwell.
  16.  22
    Persistence Conditions and Identity.John Biro - 2019 - Metaphysica 20 (1):73-82.
    Pluralists believe that there are cases of distinct but spatio-temporally coinciding things. The statue goes, the piece of clay remains: differing persistence conditions, different things. Yet while both are with us, they are obviously in the same place. The argument rests on two assumptions: that statues have their shape essentially and that pieces of clay do not. Only if we make both does the conclusion follow. Here I suggest that while both assumptions are plausible on their face, each may be (...)
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  17. Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes.Olli Koistinen & John Biro - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (217):627-628.
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  18. What is 'That?'.John Biro - 2011 - Analysis 71 (4):651 - 653.
    Davidson's paratactic account of indirect speech exploits the fact that ‘that’ can be either a demonstrative pronoun or a subordinating conjunction. Davidson thinks that the fact that it is plausible to think that it inherited the latter function from the former lends support to his account. However, in other languages the two functions are performed by unrelated words, which makes the account impossible to apply to them. I argue that this shows that, rather than revealing the underlying form of indirect (...)
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  19.  14
    Rearranging the Furniture.John Biro - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (1):77-81.
    According to Peter van Inwagen, there are, from the point of view of serious metaphysics, no composites, only simples. Saying that we have built a ship is a misleading way of saying that we have rearranged some simples ship- wise. However, the notion of rearranging simples is problematic, and van Inwagen’s resort to “honorary simples” does not make it less so. Simples can be rearranged only by way of rearranging these, making talk of them not merely a convenient facon de (...)
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  20.  34
    The Editor and the Associate Editors Thank the Consulting Editors, the Members of the Editorial Board and the Following Philosophers for Their Help with Refereeing Papers During the Period July 1994 to June 1995. Adeney, Douglas Kennett, Jeanette Agar, Nicholas Lamarque, Peter. [REVIEW]David Armstrong, Rae Langton, Robert Audi, Jerrold Levinson, John Bacon, David Lewis, Rick Benitez, Gary Malinas, John Biro & Jeff Malpas - 1995 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (4).
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  21.  44
    Clocks, Evidence, and the “Truth-Maker Solution”.John Biro - 2014 - Acta Analytica 29 (3):377-381.
    Adrian Heathcote and I agree that a stopped clock does not show—as the adage has it—the right time twice a day, but he thinks, as I do not, that it does show what time it stopped. To think that it does is to treat the position of its hands as evidence of its stopping at the time it did. Add to the justified-true-belief analysis of knowledge the requirement that the evidence on the basis of which the believer is justified be (...)
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  22.  6
    Argumentation, Arguing, and Arguments: Comments on Giving Reasons.John Biro & Harvey Siegel - 2011 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 26 (3):279-287.
    While we applaud several aspects of Lilian Bermejo-Luque's novel theory of argumentation and especially welcome its epistemological dimensions, in this discussion we raise doubts about her conception of argumentation, her account of argumentative goodness, and her treatments of the notion of “giving reasons” and of justification.
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  23.  92
    Are There More Than Minimal a Priori Limits on Irrationality?John I. Biro & Kirk A. Ludwig - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (1):89-102.
    Our concern in this paper is with the question of how irrational an intentional agent can be, and, in particular, with an argument Stephen Stich has given for the claim that there are only very minimal a priori requirements on the rationality of intentional agents. The argument appears in chapter 2 of The Fragmentation of Reason.1 Stich is concerned there with the prospects for the ‘reform-minded epistemologist’. If there are a priori limits on how irrational we can be, there are (...)
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  24.  65
    In Defense of Social Content.John Biro - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 67 (3):277-93.
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  25. Persons as Corporate Entities and Corporations as Persons.John I. Biro - 1981 - Nature and System 3 (September):173-80.
     
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  26. Dretske on Phenomenal Externalism.John Biro - 1996 - Philosophical Issues 7:171-178.
  27.  68
    Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes.Olli I. Koistinen & John I. Biro (eds.) - 2002 - Oup Usa.
    This collection of previously unpublished essays on Spinoza provides a representative sample of new and interesting research on the philosopher. Spinoza's philosophy still has an underserved reputation for being obscure and incomprehensible. In these chapters, Spinoza is seen mostly as a metaphysician who tried to pave the way for the new science. The essays investigate several themes, notably Spinoza's monism, the nature of the individual, the relation between mind and body, and his place in 17th century philosophy including his relation (...)
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  28.  36
    Hume Variations. [REVIEW]John Biro - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (1):173-176.
    It is not uncommon for philosophers to seek the imprimatur of a great predecessor by attempting to show that the truths they proclaim have been perceived by the latter, even if only through a glass darkly. In this slim but rich volume, it is Jerry Fodor’s turn to claim Hume as a philosophical ancestor, both for cognitive science, in general, and for the theory of the mind he has championed for some time, in particular. He writes: “Hume’s Treatise is the (...)
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  29.  26
    Hume Variations.John Biro - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (1):173-176.
  30.  23
    Jerry A. Fodor. Hume Variations.John Biro - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (1):173.
    It is not uncommon for philosophers to seek the imprimatur of a great predecessor by attempting to show that the truths they proclaim have been perceived by the latter, even if only through a glass darkly. In this slim but rich volume, it is Jerry Fodor’s turn to claim Hume as a philosophical ancestor, both for cognitive science, in general, and for the theory of the mind he has championed for some time, in particular. He writes: “Hume’s Treatise is the (...)
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  31. Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes.Olli I. Koistinen & John Biro (eds.) - 2002 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This collection of previously unpublished essays on Spinoza provides a sample of new and interesting research on the philosopher. The essays investigate such themes as Spinoza's monism, the nature of the individual, the relation between mind and body, and his place in 17th century philosophy.
     
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  32.  2
    Reply to Forrai: No Reprieve for Gettier “Beliefs”.John Biro - 2019 - Logos and Episteme 10 (3):327-331.
    In a recent paper in this journal, Gabor Forrai offers ways to resist my argument that in so-called Gettier cases the belief condition is not, as is commonly assumed, satisfied. He argues that I am mistaken in taking someone's reluctance to assert a proposition he knows follows from a justified belief on finding the latter false as evidence that he does not believe it, as such reluctance may be explained in other ways. While this may be true, I show that (...)
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  33.  22
    A Logically Transparent Approach to Discourse Reporting.Corey Washington & John Biro - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (2):146–172.
  34.  44
    Meaning, Translation and Interpretation.John Biro - 1981 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 59 (3):267 – 282.
  35. Mind, Brain and Function.John I. Biro & Robert W. Shahan (eds.) - 1982 - Oklahoma University Press.
     
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  36.  38
    Review of Angela Coventry, Hume's Theory of Causation: A Quasi-Realist Interpretation[REVIEW]John Biro - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (4).
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  37.  23
    Saying and Understanding.John I. Biro - 1976 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):186-189.
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  38.  11
    The Neo-Fregean Argument.John Biro - 1995 - In Petr Kotatko & John Biro (eds.), Frege: Sense and Reference One Hundred Years Later. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 185--206.
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  39.  11
    Reviewing Studies Etudes Critiques — Betrachtungen Zur Literatur. Contemporary Philosophy: A New Survey.John Biro - 1988 - Dialectica 42 (1):73-76.
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  40.  12
    In Memoriam.John I. Biro - 1982 - Philosophical Topics 13 (Supplement):211-211.
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  41.  6
    Consideraciones en torno a la pragma-dialéctica.John Biro - 2014 - Logos: Revista de Lingüística, Filosofía y Literatura 24 (2):193-201.
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  42.  7
    Intelligence, behavior and internal processing/Inteligência, comportamento e processamento interno.John Biro - 2007 - Manuscrito 30 (2):291-315.
    Ned Block has recently adduced some new arguments to show that “psychologism is true and thus a natural behaviorist analysis of intelligence that is incompatible with psychologism is false”. He introduces a thought experiment in which a machine is programmed to exhibit intelligent-seeming behavior and appeals to our intuition that such a machine is nevertheless not really inteligent; he traces that intuition to the fact that the machine is being thought of as operating with internal processes that, first, lack a (...)
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  43.  2
    Saying and Understanding: A Generative Theory of Illocutions. [REVIEW]John I. Biro - 1976 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):186-189.
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  44. Conventionality In Speech Acts.John Biro - 1978 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 3.
    The question of the relative importance and precise delineation of conventional and non-conventional elements in speech acts was regarded as central in their analysis by Austin himself, and has continued to exercise subsequent writers on the subject.
     
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  45. Frege: Sense and Reference One Hundred Years Later.John Biro & Petr Kotatko - 1998 - Studia Logica 61 (3):433-439.
     
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  46. Frege: Sense and Reference One Hundred Years Later.Petr Kotatko & John Biro (eds.) - 1995 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.