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Profile: John Carroll (North Carolina State University)
Profile: John Carroll (University of West Florida)
  1. Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    John Carroll undertakes a careful philosophical examination of laws of nature, causation, and other related topics. He argues that laws of nature are not susceptible to the sort of philosophical treatment preferred by empiricists. Indeed he shows that emperically pure matters of fact need not even determine what the laws are. Similar, even stronger, conclusions are drawn about causation. Replacing the traditional view of laws and causation requiring some kind of foundational legitimacy, the author argues that these phenomena are inextricably (...)
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  2. The Unanimity Theory and Probabilistic Sufficiency.John W. Carroll - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (3):471-479.
    The unanimity theory is an account of property-level causation requiring that causes raise the probability of their effects in specified test situations. Richard Otte (1981) and others have presented counterexamples in which one property is probabilistically sufficient for at least one other property. Given the continuing discussion (e.g., Cartwright 1989; Cartwright and Dupre 1988; Eells 1988a,b), many apparently think that these problems are minor. By considering the impact of Otte's cases on recent versions of the theory, by raising several new (...)
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  3. Nailed to Hume's Cross?John Carroll - 2008 - In Theodore Sider, John Hawthorne & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics. Blackwell. pp. 67--81.
    Some scientists try to discover and report laws of nature. And, they do so with success. There are many principles that were for a long time thought to be laws that turned out to be useful approximations, like Newton’s gravitational principle. There are others that were thought to be laws and still are considered laws, like Einstein’s principle that no signals travel faster than light. Laws of nature are not just important to scientists. They are also of great interest to (...)
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  4. The Humean Tradition.John Carroll - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (2):185-219.
  5. Book Review: Many Things in Parables: Jesus and His Modern Critics. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - forthcoming - Interpretation 60 (1):104-104.
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  6. Self Visitation, Traveler Time, and Compatible Properties.John W. Carroll - 2011 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):359-370.
    Ted Sider aptly and concisely states the self-visitation paradox thus: 'Suppose I travel back in time and stand in a room with my sitting 10-year-old self. I seem to be both sitting and standing, but how can that be?' (2001, 101). I will explore a relativist resolution of this paradox offered by, or on behalf of, endurantists.1 It maintains that the sitting and the standing are relative to the personal time or proper time of the time traveler and is intended (...)
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  7. Book Review: Spiritual Landscape: Images of the Spiritual Life in the Gospel of Luke. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - forthcoming - Interpretation 60 (2):228-230.
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  8.  84
    English Riots, 2011 Two Comments.John Carroll - 2012 - Thesis Eleven 109 (1):24-28.
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  9. Ontology and the Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll - 1987 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65 (3):261 – 276.
    An argument for realism (i.E., The ontological thesis that there exist universals) has emerged in the writings of david armstrong, Fred dretske, And michael tooley. These authors have persuasively argued against traditional reductive accounts of laws and nature. The failure of traditional reductive accounts leads all three authors to opt for a non-Traditional reductive account of laws which requires the existence of universals. In other words, These authors have opted for accounts of laws which (together with the fact that there (...)
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  10.  15
    Time Travel, Double Occupancy, and The Cheshire Cat.John W. Carroll, Daniel Ellis & Brandon Moore - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):541-549.
    The possibility of continuous backwards time travel—time travel for which the traveler follows a continuous path through space between departure and arrival—gives rise to the double-occupancy problem. The trouble is that the time traveler seems bound to have to travel through his or her younger self as the trip begins. Dowe and Le Poidevin agree that this problem is solved by putting the traveler in motion for a gradual trip to the past. Le Poidevin goes on to argue, however, that (...)
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  11.  87
    An Unstable Eliminativism.John W. Carroll & William R. Carter - 2005 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (1):1–17.
    In his book Objects and Persons, Trenton Merricks has reoriented and fine-tuned an argument from the philosophy of mind to support a selective eliminativism about macroscopic objects.1 The argument turns on a rejection of systematic causal overdetermination and the conviction that microscopic things do the causal work that is attributed to a great many (though not all) macroscopic things. We will argue that Merricks’ argument fails to establish his selective eliminativism.
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  12. The Art of Education.John Carroll - 2010 - Thesis Eleven 100 (1):31-36.
  13. Review Articles : Reply to Peter Murphy.John Carroll - 1995 - Thesis Eleven 41 (1):128-129.
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  14. Counterfactuals All the Way Down?Jim Woodward, Barry Loewer, John Carroll & Marc Lange - 2011 - Metascience 20 (1):27-52.
    Counterfactuals all the way down? Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9437-9 Authors Jim Woodward, History and Philosophy of Science, 1017 Cathedral of Learning, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA Barry Loewer, Department of Philosophy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA John W. Carroll, Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8103, USA Marc Lange, Department of Philosophy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB#3125—Caldwell Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3125, USA Journal Metascience Online (...)
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  15. Readings on Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll (ed.) - 2004 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    As a subject of inquiry, laws of nature exist in the overlap between metaphysics and the philosophy of science. Over the past three decades, this area of study has become increasingly central to the philosophy of science. It also has relevance to a variety of topics in metaphysics, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, and epistemology. Readings on Laws of Nature is the first anthology to offer a contemporary history of the problem of laws. The book is organized around three (...)
     
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  16.  98
    Luke 17:11–19.John T. Carroll - forthcoming - Interpretation 53 (4):405-408.
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  17. Revelation 4:1–11.John T. Carroll - forthcoming - Interpretation 63 (1):56-58.
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  18.  97
    Book Review: Early Narrative Chrlstology: The Lord In the Gospel of Luke. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - forthcoming - Interpretation 64 (2):203-204.
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  19.  43
    Instantaneous Motion.John W. Carroll - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (1):49 - 67.
    There is a longstanding definition of instantaneous velocity. It saysthat the velocity at t 0 of an object moving along a coordinate line is r if and only if the value of the first derivative of the object's position function at t 0 is r. The goal of this paper is to determine to what extent this definition successfully underpins a standard account of motion at an instant. Counterexamples proposed by Michael Tooley (1988) and also by John Bigelow and Robert (...)
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  20.  91
    Book Review: Fracture: The Cross as Irreconcilable in the Language and Thought of the Biblical Writers. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - forthcoming - Interpretation 61 (4):455-455.
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  21. Anti-Reductionism.John Carroll - 2009 - In Helen Beebee, Christopher Hitchcock & Peter Menzies (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford University Press.
     
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  22.  54
    Book Review: Luke, Judaism, and the Scholars: Critical Approaches to Luke-Acts. [REVIEW]John T. Carroll - forthcoming - Interpretation 55 (2):200-200.
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  23.  17
    Context, Conditionals, Fatalism, Time Travel, and Freedom.John Carroll - 2010 - In Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & Harry Silverstein (eds.), Time and Identity. MIT Press. pp. 79.
    This chapter illustrates a theory that describes how certain modal statements, including counterfactual sentences, are dependent on context. Building on the work of Robert Stalnaker and David Lewis, its application to a familiar argument for fatalism and a recent exchange about time-traveler freedom between Kadri Vihvelin and Ted Sider is considered. This chapter presents a new perspective on the flaws and the seductiveness of both the fatalist argument and the freedom paradox. This new perspective may be applied to arguments for (...)
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  24. Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):971-973.
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  25.  39
    Tolerance and the Catholic.John J. Carroll - 1956 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):629-629.
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  26.  21
    Indefinite Terminating Points and the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma.John W. Carroll - 1987 - Theory and Decision 22 (3):247-256.
  27.  91
    The Law-Governed Universe. [REVIEW]John W. Carroll - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (4):895-901.
  28.  14
    Ways to Commit Autoinfanticide.John W. Carroll - 2016 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2 (1):180--191.
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  29.  33
    Property-Level Causation?John W. Carroll - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 63 (3):245 - 270.
  30.  73
    Lipton on Compatible Contrasts.John W. Carroll - 1997 - Analysis 57 (3):170–178.
  31. Context, Conditionals, Fatalism, Freedom & Time Travel.John Carroll - manuscript
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  32.  34
    Boundary in Context.John W. Carroll - 2005 - Acta Analytica 20 (1):43-54.
    A contextualist account of modal assertions is sketched that makes their truth sensitive to the presuppositions of the conversation. Support for the account is mustered by considering its application to the context-sensitivity of assertions of subjunctive conditional sentences, explanation sentences, and knowledge sentences.
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  33. Language, Thought and Reality.Benjamin Lee Whorf, John B. Carroll & Stuart Chase - 1956 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 11 (4):695-695.
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  34.  30
    The Indefinitely Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma: Reply to Becker and Cudd.John W. Carroll - 1993 - Theory and Decision 34 (1):63-72.
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  35.  51
    The Backward Induction Argument.John W. Carroll - 2000 - Theory and Decision 48 (1):61-84.
    The backward induction argument purports to show that rational and suitably informed players will defect throughout a finite sequence of prisoner's dilemmas. It is supposed to be a useful argument for predicting how rational players will behave in a variety of interesting decision situations. Here, I lay out a set of assumptions defining a class of finite sequences of prisoner's dilemmas. Given these assumptions, I suggest how it might appear that backward induction succeeds and why it is actually fallacious. Then, (...)
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  36.  39
    Iterated N-Player Prisoner's Dilemma Games.John W. Carroll - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 53 (3):411 - 415.
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  37.  10
    Break-Out From the Crystal Palace.John Carroll - 1974 - Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Introduction: liberal-rationalism and the progress model i This study stands primarily as an essay in morals. It is governed by Nietzsche's contention that ...
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  38.  20
    In Spite of Intellectuals.John Carroll - 1978 - Theory and Society 6 (1):133-150.
  39.  8
    “Purpose” in a Cognitive Theory of Reference.John M. Carroll - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (1):37-40.
  40. Humanism: The Wreck of Western Culture.John Carroll - 1993 - Fontana Press.
  41.  53
    Decision-Theoretic Finitely Iterated Prisoner's Dilemmas.John W. Carroll - 1999 - Analysis 59 (264):249–256.
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  42. Language And Thought.John B. Carroll - 1964 - Prentice-Hall.
  43. Review of S. Mumford, Dispositions. [REVIEW]John Carroll - 2001 - Philosophical Review 100:82-4.
     
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  44.  15
    General Causation.John W. Carroll - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:311 - 317.
    The traditional model and the contextual unanimity model are two probabilistic accounts of general causation subject to many well-known problems; e.g. cases of epiphenomena, causes raising their own probability, effects raising the probability of the cause, et cetera. After reviewing these problems and raising a new problem for the two models, I suggest the beginnings of an alternative probabilistic account. My suggestion avoids the problems encountered by earlier models, in large part, by an appeal to singular causation.
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  45.  16
    The Greek Foundations of the West.John Carroll - 2008 - Thesis Eleven 93 (1):5-21.
    This article returns to the question of the foundations of Western culture. Many have trod this path before, notably Nietzsche. At issue is a theory of culture, and the classical Greek preoccupation with how humans can make sense of their lives, find direction and some sort of vindication — for that is what culture is, and does. Travelling Greece today, what surprises is the vitality of the ancient sites. Alive with their own cast of timeless enchantment, it is as if (...)
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  46. Chapter 13 Anti-Reductionism.John Carroll - manuscript
    showing what makes causal facts both true and accessible enough for us to have the knowledge of them that we ordinarily take ourselves to have. Some current approaches to analyzing causation were once resisted. First, analyses that use the counterfactual conditional were viewed with suspicion because philosophers also sought (and still do seek) similar understanding of counterfactual facts. Since the same can be said for the other nomic concepts--causation, lawhood, explanation, chance, dispositions, and their conceptual kin--philosophy demonstrated a preference for (...)
     
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  47. Toward a Structural Psychology of Cinema.John M. Carroll - 1981 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 40 (2):220-222.
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  48. Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):526-529.
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  49.  36
    Natural Laws in Scientific Practice. [REVIEW]John W. Carroll - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):240–245.
    This is a review of Marc Lange's _Natural Laws in Scientific Practice<D>.
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  50.  1
    Toward Unified Cognitive Theory: The Path is Well Worn and the Trenches Are Deep.John M. Carroll - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):441.
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