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John Christman [82]John Philip Christman [6]John C. Christman [1]
  1. The Politics of Persons: Individual Autonomy and Socio-Historical Selves.John Christman - 2009 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    It is both an ideal and an assumption of traditional conceptions of justice for liberal democracies that citizens are autonomous, self-governing persons. Yet standard accounts of the self and of self-government at work in such theories are hotly disputed and often roundly criticized in most of their guises. John Christman offers a sustained critical analysis of both the idea of the 'self' and of autonomy as these ideas function in political theory, offering interpretations of these ideas which avoid such disputes (...)
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  2.  12
    The Politics of Persons: Individual Autonomy and Socio-Historical Selves.John Christman - 2009 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    It is both an ideal and an assumption of traditional conceptions of justice for liberal democracies that citizens are autonomous, self-governing persons. Yet standard accounts of the self and of self-government at work in such theories are hotly disputed and often roundly criticized in most of their guises. John Christman offers a sustained critical analysis of both the idea of the 'self' and of autonomy as these ideas function in political theory, offering interpretations of these ideas which avoid such disputes (...)
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  3. Autonomy and Personal History.John Christman - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):1 - 24.
    Virtually any appraisal of a person’s welfare, integrity, or moral status, as well as the moral and political theories built on such appraisals, will rely crucially on the presumption that her preferences and values are in some important sense her own. In particular, the nature and value of political freedom is intimately connected with the presupposition that actions one is left free to do flow from desires and values that are truly an expression of the ‘self-government’ of the agent. However, (...)
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  4. Relational autonomy, liberal individualism, and the social constitution of selves.John Christman - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 117 (1-2):143-164.
  5. Autonomy in moral and political philosophy.John Christman - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  6. Autonomy and the Challenges to Liberalism: New Essays.John Christman & Joel Anderson (eds.) - 2005 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In recent years the concepts of individual autonomy and political liberalism have been the subjects of intense debate, but these discussions have occurred largely within separate academic disciplines. Autonomy and the Challenges to Liberalism contains essays devoted to foundational questions regarding both the notion of the autonomous self and the nature and justification of liberalism. Written by leading figures in moral, legal and political theory, the volume covers inter alia the following topics: the nature of the self and its relation (...)
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  7. The Inner citadel: essays on individual autonomy.John Philip Christman (ed.) - 1989 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The concept of individual autonomy is one of the most frequently utilized--and perhaps least understood--terms of current moral, political, and legal debate. The first anthology devoted entirely to this philosophical concept, The Inner Citadel includes both extensive discussions of autonomy itself and theoretical applications of autonomy to various areas of philosophical inquiry. John Christman has assembled essays, many appearing in print for the first time, by such eminent philosophers as Gerald Dworkin, Joel Feinberg, Harry Frankfurt, and David A. J. Richards. (...)
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  8. Relational Autonomy and the Social Dynamics of Paternalism.John Christman - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (3):369-382.
    In this paper I look at various ways that interpersonal and social relations can be seen as required for autonomy. I then consider cases where those dynamics might play out or not in potentially paternalistic situations. In particular, I consider cases of especially vulnerable persons who are attempting to reconstruct a sense of practical identity required for their autonomy and need the potential paternalist’s aid in doing so. I then draw out the implications for standard liberal principles of paternalism, specifically (...)
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  9. Liberalism and individual positive freedom.John Christman - 1991 - Ethics 101 (2):343-359.
  10. Narrative unity as a condition of personhood.John Christman - 2004 - Metaphilosophy 35 (5):695-713.
    In this article I critically discuss a claim made by several writers in philosophy and the social sciences that for an individual to count as a person, a single personality, or the subject of a life, the experiences of the subject in question must take a narrative form. I argue that narrativity is a misleading and, in some ways of understanding it, implausible condition of what it is that adds unity to personhood and personality. I pursue this critique by considering (...)
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  11. Constructing the inner citadel: Recent work on the concept of autonomy.John Christman - 1988 - Ethics 99 (1):109-124.
    This paper undertakes a critical examination of recent philosophical discussions of the concept of individual autonomy. The paper is divided into two parts. Part I focusses on the work of joel feinberg, Gerald dworkin, Harry frankfurt and others, As well as their critics, In the development of the concept of autonomy itself (or its analogues). The suggestion defended is that autonomy is an important complement to freedom when the latter is construed only as the absence of restraints. Also considered is (...)
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  12. Self-ownership, Equality, and the Structure of Property Rights.John Christman - 1991 - Political Theory 19 (1):28-46.
  13. The Myth of Property: Toward an Egalitarian Theory of Ownership.John Christman (ed.) - 1994 - Oup Usa.
    Departing from most studies of property, this book focuses directly on the concept of ownership, on the complex structure of property rights, and the relation between that structure and distributive justice. The traditional view that ownership must amount to full sovereignty over what is owned is abandoned. A new theory of property is put forward, one which more accurately reflects the various social values that property ownership protects, but which also makes egalitarian economic principles more compelling and powerful.
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  14.  73
    Liberalism, Autonomy, and Self-Transformation.John Christman - 2001 - Social Theory and Practice 27 (2):185-206.
  15. Saving Positive Freedom.John Christman - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (1):79-88.
    In this article, I respond to Eric Nelson’s claim that the most prominent versions of a positive concept of freedom all reduce to negative notions. I argue that in his otherwise scholarly and well-argued article, Nelson confuses a conceptual dispute with a normative one based on moral or political principle. Further, I point out that the traditional critique of positive conceptions of liberty, which rests on skepticism about perfectionist conceptions of political value, is lost if we see the debate in (...)
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  16. Contemporary Debates in Political Philosophy.Thomas Christiano & John Philip Christman (eds.) - 2009 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    This collection of 24 essays, written by eminent philosophers and political theorists, brings together fresh debates on some of the most fundamental questions in contemporary political philosophy, including human rights, equality, constitutionalism, the value of democracy, identity and political neutrality. Presents fresh debates on six of the fundamental questions in contemporary political philosophy Each question is treated by a pair of opposing essays written by eminent scholars Lively debate format sharply defines the issues, invites the reader to participate in the (...)
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  17.  11
    Liberalism, Autonomy, and Self-Transformation.John Christman - 2001 - Social Theory and Practice 27 (2):185-206.
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  18.  69
    Defending Historical Autonomy: A Reply to Professor Mele.John Christman - 1993 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (2):281 - 289.
  19.  51
    Liberalism, Perfectionism, and Restraint.John Christman - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):604.
    Political perfectionism, by its nature, is a political morality that is always in danger of being taken as parochial, if not exclusionary, in pluralist societies. In their rejection of the traditional liberal insistence on the priority of the right over the good, defenders of perfectionist theories walk a tightrope between defending substantive moral ideals that are elitist and denigrating to reasonable dissenters, on the one hand, and resting on values that render the view indistinguishable from traditional liberal conceptions from which (...)
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  20.  89
    Autonomy: A defense of the split-level self.John Christman - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):281-293.
  21.  50
    Autonomy, History, and the Subject of Justice.John Christman - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (1):1-26.
  22. Autonomy.John Christman - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):281-293.
    To be autonomous is to be governed in one's actions by values, principles, or reflections that are truly one's own, to be one's own person, as opposed to being guided by external, manipulative, or alien forces. This chapter examines the concept of autonomy in western moral philosophy, beginning with a discussion of ancient philosophy to illustrate how autonomy is in many ways a modern idea. It then reviews contemporary debates about autonomy set against a backdrop of historical traditions that do (...)
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  23.  12
    Autonomy: A Defense of the Split‐Level Self.John Christman - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):281-293.
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  24.  11
    Autonomy, History, and the Subject of Justice.John Christman - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (1):1-26.
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  25. Procedural autonomy and liberal legitimacy.John Christman - 2005 - In J. Stacey Taylor (ed.), Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 277--298.
  26.  80
    Social and Political Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction.John Philip Christman - 2002 - New York: Routledge.
    This accessible and user-friendly text will prove invaluable to any student coming to social and political philosophy for the first time. It provides a broad survey of fundamental social and political questions in modern society, as well as clear, accessible discussions of the philosophical issues central to political thought. Topics covered include: the foundations of political authority, the nature and grounds of economic justice, the limits of tolerance, considerations of community, race, gender, and culture in questions of justice, and radical (...)
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  27. Books for review and for listing here should be addressed to Emily Zakin, Review Editor, Department of Philosophy, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056.Gareth B. Matthews New, Andrew R. Bailey, Sarah Buss, Steven M. Cahn, Howard Caygill, David J. Chalmers, John Christman, Michael Clark, David E. Cooper & Simon Critchley - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (4):403.
  28. Philip Pettit, Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government:Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government.John Christman - 1998 - Ethics 109 (1):202-206.
  29.  23
    Autonomy, Respect, and Joint Deliberation.John Christman - 2021 - In James F. Childress & Michael Quante (eds.), Thick (Concepts of) Autonomy: Personal Autonomy in Ethics and Bioethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 67-85.
    Respecting the autonomy of agents grounds various obligations to others such as non-interference, deference to her authority over self-regarding decisions, limitations on paternalism, and so on. According to a broadly liberal moral sensibility, respecting others in this way implies accepting the valuesValue they autonomously hold even if they are judged problematic, immoral, self-destructive, or otherwise non-ideal. In discussions of such respect, it is generally assumed that persons expressing that respect have no direct bearing on whether the subject of that respect (...)
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  30.  7
    Social and Political Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction.John Philip Christman - 2002 - New York: Routledge.
    This accessible book is invaluable to anyone coming to social and political philosophy for the first time. It provides a broad survey of key social and political questions in modern society, as well as clear discussions of the philosophical issues central to those questions and to political thought more generally. Unique among books of this kind is a sustained treatment of specifically social philosophy, including topics such as epistemic injustice, pornography, marriage, sexuality and the family. The relation between such social (...)
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  31.  58
    Entrepreneurs, Profits, and Deserving Market Shares.John Christman - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (1):1.
    The question I wish to take up in this paper is whether competitive markets, as mechanisms that initiate the distribution of scarce goods, allocate those goods in accordance with what participants in those markets deserve. I want to argue that in general people do not in fact deserve what they get from market interactions, when “what they get” is determined by the competitive forces coming to bear on the market. This more general claim is meant to apply to all participants (...)
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  32.  52
    Ideology and the Economic Social Contract in a Downsizing Environment.George W. Watson, Jon M. Shepard, Carroll U. Stephens & John C. Christman - 1999 - Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (4):659-672.
    Abstract:By combining normative philosophy and empirical social science, we craft a research framework for assessing differential expectations embodied in normative conceptions of the economic social contract in the United States. We argue that there are distinct views of such a contract grounded in individualist and communitarian philosophical ideologies. We apply this framework to organizational downsizing, postulating that certain human resource practices, in combination with the respective ideological orientations, will affect perceptions of the justice of downsizing policies.
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  33.  12
    "Nagging" Questions: Feminist Ethics in Everyday Life.Dana Bushnell, Anita Allen, Sandra Bartky & John Christman - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    In this anthology of new and classic articles, fifteen noted feminist philosophers explore contemporary ethical issues that uniquely affect the lives of women. These issues in applied ethics include autonomy, responsibility, sexual harassment, women in the military, new technologies for reproduction, surrogate motherhood, pornography, abortion, nonfeminist women and others. Whether generated by old social standards or intensified by recent technology, these dilemmas all pose persistent, 'nagging,' questions that cry out for answers.
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  34.  8
    What If Anything Is Wrong with Positive Liberty? The Struggles of Agency in a Non-Ideal World.John Christman - 2020 - In Jacob Levy, Jocelyn Maclure & Daniel Weinstock (eds.), Interpreting Modernity: Essays on the Work of Charles Taylor. Chicago: McGill-Queen's University Press. pp. 95-113.
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  35.  22
    5. Telling Our Own Stories: Narrative Selves and Oppressive Circumstance.John Christman - 2015 - In Christopher Cowley (ed.), The Philosophy of Autobiography. University of Chicago Press. pp. 122-140.
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  36. Why Search for Lost Time: Memory, Autonomy, and Practical Reason.John Christman - 2008 - In Catriona Mackenzie & Kim Atkins (eds.), Practical Identity and Narrative Agency. Routledge.
  37.  90
    Can ownership be justified by natural rights?John Christman - 1986 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 15 (2):156-177.
  38.  4
    Introduction.Thomas Christiano & John Christman - 2009 - In Thomas Christiano & John Christman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Political Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 1–20.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Questions of Method The Troubled Dominance of the Liberal Paradigm Democracy The Political Person International Issues.
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  39. “Left-Libertarianism and Liberty”.Thomas Christiano & John Christman - unknown
    I shall formulate and motivate a left-libertarian theory of justice. Like the more familiar rightlibertarianism, it holds that agents initially fully own themselves. Unlike right-libertarianism, it holds that natural resources belong to everyone in some egalitarian manner. Left-libertarianism is, I claim, a plausible version of liberal egalitarianism because it is suitably sensitive to considerations of liberty, security, and equality.
     
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  40.  22
    Freedom and social practices.John Christman - 2023 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 61 (S1):8-23.
    The central idea of this article is that social freedom should range over socially constituted practices and ways of life rather than merely individual actions or aggregations of such actions. To be free, it is argued, is to be capable of pursuing opportunities to engage in socially constituted practices and ways of living that one has reason to value from the point of view of one's practical identity (or identities). The implication of this position is that supporting social freedom must (...)
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  41.  43
    Autonomy, Recognition, and Social Dislocation.John Christman - 2009 - Analyse & Kritik 31 (2):275-290.
    In numerous accounts of both autonomy and freedom, social or relational elements have been offered as conceptual requirements in addition to purely procedural conditions. In addition, it is claimed that social recognition of the normative authority or self-trust of the agent is conceptually required for autonomy. In this paper I argue that in cases where people find themselves completely dislocated from the social and cultural homes that had provided them with the language in which to formulate and express their values, (...)
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  42.  44
    Freedom in Times of Struggle: Positive Liberty, Again.John Christman - 2015 - Analyse & Kritik 37 (1-2):171-188.
    Many of those critical of traditional liberalism have focused on the notion of freedom at the center of that approach, namely the (negative) idea of liberty as the absence of interferences with action. Building a plausible and normatively acceptable positive alternative, however, has faced numerous criticisms and challenges. In this paper I discuss what such critics of liberalism sec; as the; limitations of the traditional negative notion and sketch the core components of a positive alternative. Specifically I suggest that the (...)
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  43.  49
    Rousseau's silence on trans‐Atlantic slavery: Philosophical implications.John Christman - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (4):1458-1472.
    For Jean-Jacques Rousseau, freedom functions as a foundational value for his entire political philosophy. Parallel to this emphasis is his deep and abiding condemnation of “slavery”, at least the slavery that he claims marked the social existence of his European contemporaries living under unrepresentative monarchical systems. However, the striking aspect of Rousseau's work is his virtually complete silence concerning the institution of chattel slavery of his day. Despite his ubiquitous condemnation of the “slavery” of his “civilized” contemporaries, Rousseau wrote next (...)
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  44.  14
    "Nagging" Questions: Feminist Ethics in Everyday Life.Anita L. Allen, Sandra Lee Bartky, John Christman, Judith Wagner DeCew, Edward Johnson, Lenore Kuo, Mary Briody Mahowald, Kathryn Pauly Morgan, Melinda Roberts, Debra Satz, Susan Sherwin, Anita Superson, Mary Anne Warren & Susan Wendell (eds.) - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this anthology of new and classic articles, fifteen noted feminist philosophers explore contemporary ethical issues that uniquely affect the lives of women. These issues in applied ethics include autonomy, responsibility, sexual harassment, women in the military, new technologies for reproduction, surrogate motherhood, pornography, abortion, nonfeminist women and others. Whether generated by old social standards or intensified by recent technology, these dilemmas all pose persistent, 'nagging,' questions that cry out for answers.
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  45.  44
    Anti-Perfectionism and Autonomy in an Imperfect World: Comments on Joseph Raz’s The Morality of Freedom 30 Years On.John Christman - 2017 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 4 (1):5-25.
    There are numerous ways to conceptualize autonomy and to account for its value. Of particular poignancy is the question of whether autonomy has value for those people and cultures that apparently reject liberal principles, otherwise considered. The answer one gives to that question has implications for whether autonomy-based liberalism can or should be seen as a perfectionist political philosophy. I consider these issues by looking again at Joseph Raz’s influential account of autonomy and its relation to his liberal perfectionism. I (...)
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  46.  18
    Autonomy, independence, and poverty-related welfare policies.John Christman - 1998 - Public Affairs Quarterly 12 (4):383-405.
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  47. Basic freedom in the real world.John Christman - 2021 - In Positive Freedom: Past, Present, and Future. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  48.  30
    Comments on Are Liberty and Equality Compatible? by Jan Narveson and James Sterba.John Christman - 2011 - Journal of Social Philosophy 42 (4):403-415.
  49. Debates in Political Philosophy.Thomas Christiano & John Christman (eds.) - 2009 - Blackwell.
  50.  30
    Freedom and the Extended Self.John Christman - 2014 - Ethical Perspectives 21 (2):225-254.
    Theories of social freedom all rest on assumptions about the nature of the agents who are the subjects of that condition. Typically, such theorizing focuses on the condition of individualagents, whether they are acting in cooperative interaction with others or on their own. However, the question of how we should understand freedom or liberty is complicated when we take seriously the ways that agents can be understood to be deeply socially and diachronically structured. In the present article I try to (...)
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