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John W. Cook [27]John Cook [15]John R. Cook [9]John Oliver Cook [3]
John Manuel Cook [1]John Granger Cook [1]John T. Cook [1]John Russell Cook [1]

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John R. Cook
St. Francis Xavier University
John David Cook
Open University (UK)
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  1.  76
    Rational Irrationality: Modeling Climate Change Belief Polarization Using Bayesian Networks.John Cook & Stephan Lewandowsky - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):160-179.
    Belief polarization is said to occur when two people respond to the same evidence by updating their beliefs in opposite directions. This response is considered to be “irrational” because it involves contrary updating, a form of belief updating that appears to violate normatively optimal responding, as for example dictated by Bayes' theorem. In light of much evidence that people are capable of normatively optimal behavior, belief polarization presents a puzzling exception. We show that Bayesian networks, or Bayes nets, can simulate (...)
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  2.  99
    The ‘Alice in Wonderland’ Mechanics of the Rejection of (Climate) Science: Simulating Coherence by Conspiracism.Stephan Lewandowsky, John Cook & Elisabeth Lloyd - 2018 - Synthese 195 (1):175-196.
    Science strives for coherence. For example, the findings from climate science form a highly coherent body of knowledge that is supported by many independent lines of evidence: greenhouse gas emissions from human economic activities are causing the global climate to warm and unless GHG emissions are drastically reduced in the near future, the risks from climate change will continue to grow and major adverse consequences will become unavoidable. People who oppose this scientific body of knowledge because the implications of cutting (...)
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  3. Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine.Ruth Macklin & John W. Cook - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (202):121-124.
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  4. Morality and Cultural Differences.John W. Cook - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    The scholars who defend or dispute moral relativism, the idea that a moral principle cannot be applied to people whose culture does not accept it, have concerned themselves with either the philosophical or anthropological aspects of relativism. This study, shows that in order to arrive at a definitive appraisal of moral relativism, it is necessary to understand and investigate both its anthropological and philosophical aspects. Carefully examining the arguments for and against moral relativism, Cook exposes not only that anthropologists have (...)
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  5.  4
    A Gradient Theory of Multiple-Choice Learning.John Oliver Cook - 1953 - Psychological Review 60 (1):15-22.
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  6. Is Davidson a Gricean?John Cook - 2009 - Dialogue 48 (3):557.
    ABSTRACT: In his recent collection of essays, Language, Truth and History, Donald Davidson appears to endorse a philosophy of language which gives primary importance to the notion of the speaker’s communicative intentions, a perspective on language not too dissimilar from that of Paul Grice. If that is right, then this would mark a major shift from the formal semanticist approach articulated and defended by Davidson in his Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation. In this paper, I argue that although there are (...)
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  7.  81
    Wittgenstein’s Metaphysics.John W. Cook - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    Wittgenstein's Metaphysics offers a radical new interpretation of the fundamental ideas of Ludwig Wittgenstein. It takes issue with the conventional view that after 1930 Wittgenstein rejected the philosophy of the Tractatus and developed a wholly new conception of philosophy. By tracing the evolution of Wittgenstein's ideas Cook shows that they are neither as original nor as difficult as is often supposed. Wittgenstein was essentially an empiricist, and the difference between his early views (as set forth in the Tractatus) and the (...)
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  8.  24
    Community Food Security: Practice in Need of Theory? [REVIEW]Molly D. Anderson & John T. Cook - 1999 - Agriculture and Human Values 16 (2):141-150.
    Practitioners and advocates of community food security (CFS) envision food systems that are decentralized, environmentally-sound over a long time-frame, supportive of collective rather than only individual needs, effective in assuring equitable food access, and created by democratic decision-making. These themes are loosely connected in literature about CFS, with no logical linkages among them. Clear articulation in a theoretical framework is needed for CFS to be effective as a guide for policy and action. CFS theory should delimit the level of analysis (...)
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  9.  68
    Magic, Witchcraft, and Science.John W. Cook - 1983 - Philosophical Investigations 6 (1):2-36.
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  10.  17
    A Reappraisal of Leibniz's Views on Space, Time, and Motion.John W. Cook - 1979 - Philosophical Investigations 2 (2):22-63.
  11.  46
    Wittgenstein’s Metaphysics.Lars Hertzberg & John W. Cook - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):163.
    Which famous twentieth-century philosopher instigated a revolution in philosophy, arguing that the philosopher’s business is not to advance general theories about reality, but rather to help release our thinking from the intellectual cramps produced by a misunderstanding of the forms of language? Wittgenstein? Wrong! according to John W. Cook. This revolution in philosophy actually had no author. Apparently, it arose through a misinterpretation of Wittgenstein’s later writings. In fact, Cook implies, Wittgenstein himself was not genuinely engaged in a struggle with (...)
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  12.  72
    Hume's Scepticism with Regard to the Senses.John W. Cook - 1968 - American Philosophical Quarterly 5 (1):1 - 17.
  13.  37
    The Fate of Ordinary Language Philosophy.John W. Cook - 1980 - Philosophical Investigations 3 (2):1-72.
  14.  82
    Wittgenstein on Privacy.John W. Cook - 1965 - Philosophical Review 74 (3):281-314.
  15.  39
    The Metaphysics of Wittgenstein's On Certainty.John W. Cook - 1985 - Philosophical Investigations 8 (2):81-119.
  16.  22
    Agnotology, Scientific Consensus, and the Teaching and Learning of Climate Change: A Response to Legates, Soon and Briggs.Daniel Bedford & John Cook - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (8):2019-2030.
  17. Cultural Relativism as an Ethnocentric Notion.John Cook - 1978 - In Rodger Beehler & Alan R. Drengson (eds.), The Philosophy of Society. Methuen. pp. 69.
     
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  18.  70
    Bouwsma on Wittgenstein's Philosophical Method.John W. Cook - 2008 - Philosophical Investigations 31 (4):285-317.
    It is argued that Wittgenstein was a greatly misunderstood philosopher, both as regards his own philosophical views and his ideas about philosophical method. O. K. Bouwsma's interpretation of Wittgenstein is used to illustrate the most common misunderstandings.
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  19. Locating Wittgenstein: John W. Cook.John W. Cook - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (2):273-289.
    Wittgenstein wrote ‘While thinking philosophically we see problems in places where there are none. It is for philosophy to show that there are no problems’. He meant that the ‘problems’ philosophers grapple with are of their own making. In a related remark he said: ‘This is the essence of a philosophical problem. The question itself is the result of a muddle. And when the question is removed, this is not by answering it’. Even more explicitly he said: ‘All that philosophy (...)
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  20.  28
    Notes on Wittgenstein's on Certainty.John W. Cook - 1980 - Philosophical Investigations 3 (4):15-37.
  21. Deconstructing Climate Misinformation to Identify Reasoning Errors.John Cook, Dave Kinkead & Peter Ellerton - 2018 - Environmental Research Letters 3.
    Misinformation can have significant societal consequences. For example, misinformation about climate change has confused the public and stalled support for mitigation policies. When people lack the expertise and skill to evaluate the science behind a claim, they typically rely on heuristics such as substituting judgment about something complex (i.e. climate science) with judgment about something simple (i.e. the character of people who speak about climate science) and are therefore vulnerable to misleading information. Inoculation theory offers one approach to effectively neutralize (...)
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  22. Review of Donald Davidson's Truth, Language, and History. [REVIEW]John R. Cook - 2006 - Philosophy in Review (6):399-401.
    Language, Truth, and History is an excellent volume of essays coming from one of the most important philosophers in the last fifty years. It would be of interest to anyone interested in the ways Davidson's philosophy evolved after the publication of the first two volumes, and it is essential reading for anyone working in philosophy of language or philosophy of mind.
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  23.  41
    Whorf's Linguistic Relativism.John W. Cook - 1978 - Philosophical Investigations 1 (1):1-30.
  24. Review of Doris Olin's Paradox. [REVIEW]John R. Cook - 2005 - Philosophy in Review (6):422-424.
    Doris Olin's Paradox is a very helpful book for those who want to be introduced to the philosophical treatment of paradoxes, or for those who already have knowledge of the general area and would like to have a helpful resource book.
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  25. Mindblindness and Radical Interpretation in Davidson.John R. Cook - 2009 - Analecta Hermeneutica 1:15-34.
    This paper reviews some of the arguments put forward by some psychologists in which they come to the conclusion that autistic individuals suffer from mindblindness, and also looks at one particular implication these sorts of individuals pose for Donald Davidson’s theory of radical interpretation. It has been claimed that a particular manifestation of mindblindness in autistic people serves as a counter example to claims Davidson has made about the relation between belief and intention in linguistic competence.
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  26.  18
    Malcolm's Misunderstandings.John W. Cook - 1981 - Philosophical Investigations 4 (2):72-90.
  27.  32
    Julian and Porphyry on the Resurrection of Jesus in the Gospels.John Granger Cook - 2016 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 10 (2):193-207.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 193 - 207 Julian, in a Syriac fragment of his _Contra Galilaeos_, attacked the resurrection narratives in Matthew and Mark, because they were inconsistent with each other concerning the time of the arrival of the women to the tomb, the nature of the being they met in the tomb, and the women’s subsequent actions. Other texts in Syriac and Latin indicate the probability that Julian took over the substance of his argument from Porphyry.
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  28. Actin Dynamics Regulate Myosin Assembly in Muscle Cells.John Dylan Cook - 2002 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 3.
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  29. Gerhard Preyer and Georg Peter, Eds., Logical Form and Language Reviewed By.John R. Cook - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (5):362-363.
     
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  30.  32
    Wittgenstein and Religious Belief: John W. Cook.John W. Cook - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (246):427-452.
    I find myself in profound disagreement with Wittgenstein's philosophy of religion and hence in disagreement also with those philosophers who have undertaken to elaborate and defend Wittgenstein's position. My principal objection is to the idea that religion is a language-game and that because of the kind of language-game it is, religious believers are not to be thought of as necessarily harbouring beliefs about the world over and above their secular beliefs. I reject this position, not because I think that there (...)
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  31. Donald Davidson, Truth, Language, and History Reviewed By.John R. Cook - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (6):399-401.
     
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  32. Donald Davidson, Truth, Language, and History. [REVIEW]John Cook - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26:399-401.
     
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  33. Doris Olin, Paradox Reviewed By.John R. Cook - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (6):422-424.
     
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  34. Doris Olin, Paradox. [REVIEW]John Cook - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25:422-424.
     
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  35. Gerhard Preyer and Georg Peter, Eds., Logical Form and Language. [REVIEW]John Cook - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23:362-363.
     
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  36. Lewis Edwin Hahn, Ed., The Philosophy of Donald Davidson Reviewed By.John R. Cook - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (1):42-45.
     
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  37. Lewis Edwin Hahn, Ed., The Philosophy of Donald Davidson. [REVIEW]John Cook - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21:42-45.
     
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  38. Review of Michael P. Lynch, Truth in Context: An Essay on Pluralism and Objectivity.John R. Cook - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (2):121-123.
     
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  39. Paul Thom, Making Sense: A Theory of Interpretation Reviewed By.John R. Cook - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (3):222-224.
     
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  40. Paul Thom, Making Sense: A Theory of Interpretation. [REVIEW]John Cook - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22:222-224.
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  41.  1
    The Undiscovered Wittgenstein: The Twentieth Century's Most Misunderstood Philosopher.John W. Cook - 2004 - Humanity Books.
    Who was Wittgenstein? -- Wittgenstein, neutral monism, and privacy -- Common sense, skepticism, and reductionism -- An ordinary language philosopher? -- Meaning and verification -- Investigating Wittgenstein's practice -- On being fair to Wittgenstein -- Wittgenstein and conceptual relativism -- Language-games -- The wages of empiricism -- Are there objective scientific truths? -- Belief, superstition, and religion -- Wittgenstein on primitive practices -- Religious belief and reductionism -- Are there religious language-games? -- A failed defense of Wittgenstein -- Preconceptions and (...)
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  42.  9
    M. M. Bakhtin and the German Proto-Romantic Tradition.John Cook - 2020 - Studies in East European Thought 72 (1):59-81.
    This paper seeks to explore the relationship between Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin’s theoretical apparatus and ideas of the immediate precursors of the Jena Romantik school of German Romanticism: Johann Georg Hamann (1730–1788) and Johann Gottfried Herder (1744–1803). In doing so, it examines the themes and treatments that are common to these two thinkers and Bakhtin, tracing the tradition of anti-systematic thought through Hamann, Nietzsche and Bakhtin, and the transmission of Herder’s philosophy of Bildung through the Russian cultural milieu and Goethe. Initially, (...)
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  43.  26
    Kierkegaard and Wittgenstein: JOHN W. COOK.John W. Cook - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (2):199-219.
    In recent years there has been a tendency in some quarters to see an affinity between the views of Kierkegaard and Wittgenstein on the subject of religious belief. It seems to me that this is a mistake, that Kierkegaard's views were fundamentally at odds with Wittgenstein's. That this fact is not generally recognized is, I suspect, owing to the obscurity of Kierkegaard's most fundamental assumptions. My aim here is to make those assumptions explicit and to show how they differ from (...)
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  44.  51
    Did Wittgenstein Practise What He Preached?John Cook - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (3):445-462.
    Wittgenstein made numerous pronouncements about philosophical method. But did he practice what he preached? Cook addresses this question by studying Wittgenstein’s treatment of the problem of other minds, tracing a line of argument that runs through his writings and lectures from the early 1930s to the 1950s. Cook finds that there is an inconsistency between Wittgenstein’s methodological advice and his actual practice. Instead of bringing words back from their metaphysical to their everyday use, he allows himself to use uncritically words (...)
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  45.  42
    Wittgenstein and Religious Belief.John W. Cook - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (246):427-452.
    This article argues that wittgenstein's account of religious belief is fundamentally defective because he treats religion as a language-Game and holds that language-Games arise spontaneously from prelinguistic (or primitive) reactions, And yet such reactions as wittgenstein postulates are a philosophical myth. It is further argued that his treatment of several other philosophical issues, Such as induction, Are infected with the same mistake. Wittgenstein's view of language, It is argued, Is basically behavioristic. Defenses of wittgenstein's account of religious belief by peter (...)
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  46.  42
    How to Read Wittgenstein.John W. Cook - 1997 - Philosophical Investigations 20 (3):224–245.
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  47.  15
    Supplementary Report: Prompting Versus Confirmation in Paired-Associate Learning.John Oliver Cook & Morton Edward Spitzer - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (4):275.
  48.  20
    Kierkegaard and Wittgenstein.John W. Cook - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (2):199 - 219.
  49. Solipsism and Language.John W. Cook - 1972 - In Alice Ambrose & Morris Lazerowitz (eds.), Ludwig Wittgenstein: Philosophy and Language. George Allen and Unwin (London), Humanities Press (New York).
  50.  2
    Does It Matter If the Consensus on Anthropogenic Global Warming Is 97% or 99.99%?Dana Nuccitelli, Peter Jacobs, Sarah A. Green, Ken Rice, Bärbel Winkler, Mark Richardson, John Cook & Andrew G. Skuce - 2016 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 36 (3):150-156.
    Cook et al. reported a 97% scientific consensus on anthropogenic global warming, based on a study of 11,944 abstracts in peer-reviewed science journals. Powell claims that the Cook et al. methodology was flawed and that the true consensus is virtually unanimous at 99.99%. Powell’s method underestimates the level of disagreement because it relies on finding explicit rejection statements as well as the assumption that abstracts without a stated position endorse the consensus. Cook et al.’s survey of the papers’ authors revealed (...)
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