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John D. Arras [45]John Dyer Arras [1]
  1.  16
    The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning.John D. Arras, Albert R. Jonsen & Stephen Toulmin - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (4):35.
    Book reviewed in this article: The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning. By Albert R. Jonsen and Stephen Toulmin.
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  2. The way we reason now: reflective equilibrium in bioethics.John D. Arras - 2007 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 46--71.
    This article begins with some preliminary remarks about the general features and basic varieties of reflective equilibrium in moral reflection. It then considers a couple of preliminary doubts about this method. One of these doubts claims that the most plausible interpretation of RE is so comprehensive that it risks paralyzing our thinking, while the other claims that this same version of RE is insufficiently determinate in practical contexts and will thus fail to be sufficiently action-guiding. The article then explicates the (...)
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  3.  30
    AZT Trials and Tribulations.Robert A. Crouch & John D. Arras - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (6):26-34.
  4.  13
    Must We Be Courageous?Ann B. Hamric, John D. Arras & Margaret E. Mohrmann - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (3):33-40.
    The notion of virtue in general, and courage in particular, has had a hard time integrating itself into the everyday lexicon of bioethics. Following the lead of enlightenment moral philosophy, which concentrates on the theory of right action as opposed to the ancient Greeks' emphasis on the development of good character, bioethics, with some notable exceptions, has tended to relegate consideration of the virtues to the sidelines of moral argument. Recently, however, there have been calls for the necessity of “moral (...)
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  5.  53
    A method in search of a purpose: The internal morality of medicine.John D. Arras - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (6):643 – 662.
    I begin this commentary with an expanded typology of theories that endorse an internal morality of medicine. I then subject these theories to a philosophical critique. I argue that the more robust claims for an internal morality fail to establish a stand-alone method for bioethics because they ignore crucial non-medical values, violate norms of justice and fail to establish the normativity of medical values. I then argue that weaker versions of internalism avoid such problems, but at the cost of failing (...)
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  6.  35
    Bioethics & Human Rights: Access to Health-Related Goods.John D. Arras & Elizabeth M. Fenton - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (5):27-38.
    There are many good reasons for a merger between bioethics and human rights. First, though, significant philosophical groundwork must be done to clarify what a human right to health would be and—if we accept that it exists—exactly how it might influence the practical decisions we face about who gets what in very different contexts.
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  7.  13
    The Fragile Web of Responsibility: AIDS and the Duty to neat.John D. Arras - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (2):10-20.
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  8.  11
    Ethical issues in modern medicine.Robert Hunt & John D. Arras (eds.) - 1977 - Palo Alto, Calif.: Mayfield Pub. Co..
  9.  56
    Freestanding pragmatism in law and bioethics.John D. Arras - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (2):69-85.
    This paper represents the first installment of alarger project devoted to the relevance of pragmatism forbioethics. One self-consciously pragmatist move would be toreturn to the classical pragmatist canon of Peirce, James andDewey in search of substantive doctrines or methodologicalapproaches that might be applied to current bioethicalcontroversies. Another pragmatist (or neopragmatist) move wouldbe to subject the regnant principlist paradigm to Richard Rorty'ssubversive assaults on foundationalism in epistemology andethics. A third pragmatist method, dubbed ``freestandingpragmatism'' by its proponents, embraces a ``pragmatist'' approachto practical (...)
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  10.  17
    Methods in bioethics: the way we reason now.John D. Arras - 2017 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Edited by James F. Childress & Matthew Adams.
    Principlism : the Borg of bioethics -- A common morality for hedgehogs : Bernard Gert -- Getting down to cases : the revival of casuistry in bioethics -- Nice story but so what : narrative and justification in ethics -- Dewey and Rorty's pragmatism and bioethics -- Freestanding pragmatism in bioethics and law -- A method in search of a purpose : the internal morality of medicine -- Method to rule them all? Reflective equilibrium in bioethics -- Concluding reflections : (...)
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  11.  6
    Toward an Ethic of Ambiguity.John D. Arras - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (2):25-33.
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  12. The hedgehog and the Borg: Common morality in bioethics.John D. Arras - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (1):11-30.
    In this commentary, I critically discuss the respective views of Gert and Beauchamp–Childress on the nature of so-called common morality and its promise for enriching ethical reflection within the field of bioethics. Although I endorse Beauchamp and Childress’ shift from an emphasis on ethical theory as the source of moral norms to an emphasis on common morality, I question whether rouging up common morality to make it look like some sort of ultimate and universal foundation for morality, untouched by the (...)
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  13. Ethical issues in modern medicine.John D. Arras & Robert Hunt (eds.) - 1977 - Palo Alto, Calif.: Mayfield Pub. Co..
    A textbook for undergraduates. Some 70 selections (more than half are new to this edition) follow an introductory essay. Current controversies (surrogacy, genetic engineering, proxy consent) are thoroughly covered. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  14. Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine.Bonnie Steinbock, John D. Arras & Alex John London - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (4):447-448.
     
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  15.  35
    Bringing the Hospital Home Ethical and Social Implications of High‐Tech Home Care.John D. Arras & Nancy Neveloff Dubler - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (5):19-22.
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  16.  81
    The Jewish chronic disease hospital case.John D. Arras - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 73.
  17. Bioethics and Human Rights: Curb Your Enthusiasm.Elizabeth Fenton & John D. Arras - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (1):127.
    The call has been made for global bioethics. In an age of pandemics, international drug trials, and genetic technology, health has gone global, and bioethics must follow suit. George Annas is one among a number of thinkers to recommend that bioethics expand beyond its traditional domain of patient–physician interactions to encompass a broader range of health-related matters. Medicine, Annas argues, must “develop a global language and a global strategy that can help to improve the health of all of the world's (...)
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  18.  24
    Narrative and Justification in Ethics.John D. Arras - 1997 - In Hilde Lindemann (ed.), Stories and Their Limits: Narrative Approaches to Bioethics. Routledge. pp. 65.
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  19.  5
    Noncompliance in AIDS Research.John D. Arras - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (5):24-32.
    Participants in AIDS research may justify noncompliance with protocols by a “coercion defense.” While this defense may not be philosophically successful, a prudent social policy can enhance compliance by encouraging community participation and providing greater access to non‐validated therapies.
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  20.  74
    Pragmatism in bioethics: Been there, done that.John D. Arras - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):29-58.
    It has often been remarked that bioethics is a quintessentially American phenomenon. Broadly speaking, bioethics as a field has tended to enshrine the value of autonomy, it places individual rights above communal well-being, and it has adopted a largely permissive and optimistic view of emerging biotechnologies. In contrast to much European thinking at the intersection of ethics and medicine, American-style bioethics has been resolutely middlebrow, eschewing grand philosophical schemes in favor of pragmatic policy-making and democratic consensus. It was, then, perhaps (...)
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  21. Bioethics &.John D. Arras & Elizabeth M. Fenton - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  22.  10
    Common Law Morality.John D. Arras - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (4):35-37.
    Book reviewed in this article: The Abuse of Casuistry: A History of Moral Reasoning. By Albert R. Jonsen and Stephen Toulmin.
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  23.  14
    Reproductive Responsibility and Long‐Acting Contraceptives.John D. Arras - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):27-29.
  24.  12
    Bringing the Hospital Home Ethical and Social Implications of High‐Tech Home Care.John D. Arras - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (5):S19-S22.
  25.  13
    Access to Health‐Related Goods.John D. Arras & Elizabeth M. Fenton - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 39 (5):27-38.
    There are many good reasons for a merger between bioethics and human rights. First, though, significant philosophical groundwork must be done to clarify what a human right to health would be and—if we accept that it exists—exactly how it might influence the practical decisions we face about who gets what in very different contexts.
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  26.  36
    Rorty's pragmatism and bioethics.John D. Arras - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (5 & 6):597 – 613.
    In spite of the routine acknowledgement of Richard Rorty's ubiquitous influence, those who have invoked his name en route to advancing their case for a pragmatist bioethics have not given us a very clear picture of exactly how Rorty's work might actually contribute to methodological discussion in this field. I try to provide such an account here. Given the impressive depth and scope of Rorty's work during the past two decades, I make no pretense of presenting either a comprehensive or (...)
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  27.  56
    The Right to Die on the Slippery Slope.John D. Arras - 1982 - Social Theory and Practice 8 (3):285-328.
  28.  88
    Wrong Again—Rejoinder to Annas.Elizabeth Fenton & John D. Arras - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (1):141.
    It is clear from George Annas's response to our arguments that he has misunderstood and misrepresented our positions on several key points. We suspect that this may be due in part to significant differences between our respective agendas and points of view, so we begin this exchange with an exploration of these differences.
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  29. The Routledge Companion to Bioethics.John D. Arras, Elizabeth Fenton & Rebecca Kukla (eds.) - 2014 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    The Routledge Companion to Bioethics is a comprehensive reference guide to a wide range of contemporary concerns in bioethics. The volume orients the reader in a changing landscape shaped by globalization, health disparities, and rapidly advancing technologies. Bioethics has begun a turn toward a systematic concern with social justice, population health, and public policy. While also covering more traditional topics, this volume fully captures this recent shift and foreshadows the resulting developments in bioethics. It highlights emerging issues such as climate (...)
     
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  30. A Critique of Sartrian Authenticity.John D. Arras - 1976 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (2):171.
     
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  31.  7
    Health Care Vouchers & the Rhetoric of Equity.John D. Arras - 1981 - Hastings Center Report 11 (4):29-39.
  32.  21
    The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy.John D. Arras, Thomas J. Bole, Joseph Boyle, Alisa L. Carse, Peter Caws, Robert J. Connelly, John Coverdale, Shi Da Pu, Alan Donagan & Sara T. Fry - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16:695-698.
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  33.  4
    A Case Approach.John D. Arras - 2009 - In Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (eds.), A Companion to Bioethics. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 117–125.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Top‐down vs Bottom‐up Core Elements of Casuistical Analysis Advantages of a Casuistical Approach Objections and Replies Conclusion References Further reading.
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  34.  16
    Art, truth, and aesthetics in Nietzsche's philosophy of power.John D. Arras - 1980 - Nietzsche Studien 9 (1):239.
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  35.  7
    Art, truth, and aesthetics in nietzsche’s philosophy of power.John D. Arras - 1980 - Nietzsche Studien 9:239-259.
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  36.  2
    Art, Truth, and Aesthetics in Nietzsche's Philosophy of Power.John D. Arras - 1980 - In Mazzino Montinari, Wolfgang Müller-Lauter, Heinz Wenzel, Günter Abel & Werner Stegmaier (eds.), 1980. De Gruyter. pp. 239-259.
  37.  6
    In Memoriam—Nancy Rhoden.John D. Arras - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (1):50-50.
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  38.  4
    In Memoriam—Nancy Rhoden.John D. Arras - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 20 (1):50-50.
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  39.  1
    Reproductive Technology.John D. Arras - 2005 - In R. G. Frey & Christopher Heath Wellman (eds.), A Companion to Applied Ethics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 342–355.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Reproductive Liberty Strong Libertarianism Reproductive Liberty in the Balance Conclusion.
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  40.  11
    A Time to be Born and a Time to Die: The Ethics of Choice.John D. Arras - 1991 - Routledge.
    This volume brings together original essays by many of the best and most prominent figures in the emerging field of biomedical ethics and presents them in a dialogue that significantly updates their earlier work. Focusing on the moral dilemmas that recent medical advances have created at both ends of the life course, the contributors discuss such issues as patient autonomy, hospital policies of risk-management, new developments in the abortion debate, genetic counseling and perinatal care, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, testing and (...)
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  41.  10
    Rockefeller Medicine Men: Medicine and Capitalism in America. [REVIEW]John D. Arras & E. Richard Brown - 1980 - Hastings Center Report 10 (3):41.
    Book reviewed in this article: Rockefeller Medicine Men: Medicine and Capitalism in America. By E. Richard Brown.
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  42.  1
    Review of Barry S. Kogan: A Time to Be Born and a Time to Die: The Ethics of Choice.[REVIEW]John D. Arras - 1994 - Ethics 104 (3):648-650.
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  43. William L. McBride, "Fundamental Change in Law and Society: Hart and Sartre on Revolution". [REVIEW]John D. Arras - 1974 - Man and World 7 (2):192.
     
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  44.  13
    Review of Barry S. Kogan: A Time to Be Born and a Time to Die: The Ethics of Choice.[REVIEW]John D. Arras - 1994 - Ethics 104 (3):648-650.
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