Results for 'John D. Mcneil'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  8
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Robert D. Heslep, David L. Green, Christopher J. Lucas, Samuel Totten, Lawrence C. Stedman, Douglas Ray, Linda Irwin-Devitis, Karen R. Fellows, Roger G. Baldwin & John D. Mcneil - 1991 - Educational Studies 22 (3):352-401.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Correction to John D. Norton “How to Build an Infinite Lottery Machine”.John D. Norton & Alexander R. Pruss - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (1):143-144.
    An infinite lottery machine is used as a foil for testing the reach of inductive inference, since inferences concerning it require novel extensions of probability. Its use is defensible if there is some sense in which the lottery is physically possible, even if exotic physics is needed. I argue that exotic physics is needed and describe several proposals that fail and at least one that succeeds well enough.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  3.  26
    Otobiographies, or How a Torn and Disembodied Ear Hears a Promise of Death (a Prearranged Meeting Between Yvonne Sherwood and John D. Caputo and the Book of Amos and Jacques Derrida).Yvonne Sherwood & John D. Caputo - 2005 - In Yvonne Sherwood & Kevin Hart (eds.), Derrida and Religion: Other Testaments. Routledge.
  4. The Anthropic Cosmological Principle.John D. Barrow - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    Ever since Copernicus, scientists have continually adjusted their view of human nature, moving it further and further from its ancient position at the center of Creation. But in recent years, a startling new concept has evolved that places it more firmly than ever in a special position. Known as the Anthropic Cosmological Principle, this collection of ideas holds that the existence of intelligent observers determines the fundamental structure of the Universe. In its most radical version, the Anthropic Principle asserts that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   327 citations  
  5.  22
    The Defensibility of Zoroastrian Dualism: John D. Kronen and Sandra Menssen.John D. Kronen - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):185-205.
    Contemporary philosophical discussion of religion neglects dualistic religions: although Manichaeism from time to time is accorded mention, Zoroastrianism, a more plausible form of religious dualism, is almost entirely ignored. We seek to change this state of affairs. To this end we present the basic tenets of Zoroastrian dualism, argue that objections to the Zoroastrian conception of God are less strong than typically imagined, argue that objections to the Zoroastrian conception of the devil are less strong than typically imagined, and offer (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  31
    The Case of Dr. John D. Frame′s First Memory: Historical Truth and Psychological Distortion.Matthew Hugh Erdelyi & John D. Frame - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):95-99.
  7.  67
    An American and a Liberal: John D. Caputo's Response to Michael Zimmerman. [REVIEW]John D. Caputo - 1998 - Continental Philosophy Review 31 (2):215-220.
  8. Forever is a Day: Supertasks in Pitowsky and Malament-Hogarth Spacetimes.John Earman & John D. Norton - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (1):22-42.
    The standard theory of computation excludes computations whose completion requires an infinite number of steps. Malament-Hogarth spacetimes admit observers whose pasts contain entire future-directed, timelike half-curves of infinite proper length. We investigate the physical properties of these spacetimes and ask whether they and other spacetimes allow the observer to know the outcome of a computation with infinitely many steps.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  9.  4
    How Analogy Helped Create the New Science of Thermodynamics.John D. Norton - 2022 - Synthese 200 (4):1-42.
    Sadi Carnot’s 1824 Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire created the new science of thermodynamics. It succeeded in its audacious goal of finding a very general theory of the efficiency of heat engines, by introducing and exploiting the strange and unexpected notion of a thermodynamically reversible process. The notion is internally contradictory. It requires the states of these processes to be both in unchanging equilibrium, with a perfect balance of driving forces, while also changing. The work of Sadi’s father, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  16
    Reconsidering the Grounds for Buddhist-Christian Dialogic Communication: A Review of John D'Arcy May's "Meaning, Consensus and Dialogue in Buddhist-Christian Communication"Meaning, Consensus and Dialogue in Buddhist-Christian Communication. [REVIEW]Lauren Pfister & John D'Arcy May - 1986 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 6:121.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  60
    Radical Hermeneutics: Repetition, Deconstruction, and the Hermeneutic Project.John D. Caputo - 1986 - Indiana University Press.
    "This is a remarkable book: wide-ranging, resonant, and well-written; it is also reflective and personable, warm and engaging." —Philosophy and Literature "With this book Caputo takes his place firmly as the foremost American, continental post-modernist... " —International Philosophical Quarterly "One cannot but be impressed by the scope of Radical Hermeneutics." —Man and World "Caputo’s study is stunning in its scope and scholarship." —Robert E. Lauder, St. John’s University, The Thomist For John D. Caputo, hermeneutics means radical thinking without (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  12. Approximation and Idealization: Why the Difference Matters.John D. Norton - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (2):207-232.
    It is proposed that we use the term “approximation” for inexact description of a target system and “idealization” for another system whose properties also provide an inexact description of the target system. Since systems generated by a limiting process can often have quite unexpected, even inconsistent properties, familiar limit systems used in statistical physics can fail to provide idealizations, but are merely approximations. A dominance argument suggests that the limiting idealizations of statistical physics should be demoted to approximations.
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   102 citations  
  13.  1
    New Jump Operators on Equivalence Relations.John D. Clemens & Samuel Coskey - forthcoming - Journal of Mathematical Logic.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  99
    The Future of Folk Psychology: Intentionality and Cognitive Science.John D. Greenwood (ed.) - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
  15. A Material Theory of Induction.John D. Norton - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (4):647-670.
    Contrary to formal theories of induction, I argue that there are no universal inductive inference schemas. The inductive inferences of science are grounded in matters of fact that hold only in particular domains, so that all inductive inference is local. Some are so localized as to defy familiar characterization. Since inductive inference schemas are underwritten by facts, we can assess and control the inductive risk taken in an induction by investigating the warrant for its underwriting facts. In learning more facts, (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   158 citations  
  16. The Weakness of God: A Theology of the Event.John D. Caputo - 2006 - Indiana University Press.
    Applying an ever more radical hermeneutics, John D. Caputo breaks down the name of God in this irrepressible book. Instead of looking at God as merely a name, Caputo views it as an event, or what the name conjures or promises in the future. For Caputo, the event exposes God as weak, unstable, and barely functional. While this view of God flies in the face of most religions and philosophies, it also puts up a serious challenge to fundamental tenets (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  17.  5
    The Mystical Element in Heidegger's Thought.John D. Caputo - 2020 - Fordham University Press.
  18.  45
    On Religion.John D. Caputo - 2001 - Routledge.
    John D. Caputo explores the very roots of religious thinking in this thought-provoking book. Compelling questions come up along the way: 'What do I love when I love my God?' and 'What can Star Wars tell us about the contemporary use of religion?' Why is religion for many a source of moral guidance in a postmodern, nihilistic age? Is it possible to have 'religion without religion'? Drawing on contemporary images of religion, such as Robert Duvall's film _The Apostle_, Caputo (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  19.  22
    Theories of Everything: The Quest for Ultimate Explanation.John D. Barrow - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    In books such as The World Within the World and The Anthropic Cosmological Principle, astronomer John Barrow has emerged as a leading writer on our efforts to understand the universe. Timothy Ferris, writing in The Times Literary Supplement of London, described him as "a temperate and accomplished humanist, scientist, and philosopher of science--a man out to make a contribution, not a show." Now Barrow offers the general reader another fascinating look at modern physics, as he explores the quest for (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  20.  95
    The Prayers and Tears of Jacques Derrida: Religion Without Religion.John D. Caputo - 1997 - Indiana University Press.
    There can be no mistaking the importance of Caputo's work." —Edith Wyschogrod "No one interested in Derrida, in Caputo, or in the larger question of postmodernism and religion can afford to ignore this pathbreaking study.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   68 citations  
  21. Are Thought Experiments Just What You Thought?John D. Norton - 1996 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):333 - 366.
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 26, pp. 333-66. 1996.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   107 citations  
  22. The Dome: An Unexpectedly Simple Failure of Determinism.John D. Norton - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):786-798.
    Newton’s equations of motion tell us that a mass at rest at the apex of a dome with the shape specified here can spontaneously move. It has been suggested that this indeterminism should be discounted since it draws on an incomplete rendering of Newtonian physics, or it is “unphysical,” or it employs illicit idealizations. I analyze and reject each of these reasons. †To contact the author, please write to: Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   74 citations  
  23. Causation as Folk Science.John D. Norton - 2003 - In Huw Price & Richard Corry (eds.), Philosophers' Imprint. Oxford University Press.
    I deny that the world is fundamentally causal, deriving the skepticism on non-Humean grounds from our enduring failures to find a contingent, universal principle of causality that holds true of our science. I explain the prevalence and fertility of causal notions in science by arguing that a causal character for many sciences can be recovered, when they are restricted to appropriately hospitable domains. There they conform to a loose collection of causal notions that form a folk science of causation. This (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   113 citations  
  24.  39
    The Insistence of God: A Theology of Perhaps.John D. Caputo - 2013 - Indiana University Press.
    The Insistence of God presents the provocative idea that God does not exist, God insists, while God’s existence is a human responsibility, which may or may not happen. For John D. Caputo, God’s existence is haunted by "perhaps," which does not signify indecisiveness but an openness to risk, to the unforeseeable. Perhaps constitutes a theology of what is to come and what we cannot see coming. Responding to current critics of continental philosophy, Caputo explores the materiality of perhaps and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  25.  48
    A Note on the Teaching of Ethics in the MBA Macroeconomics Course.John D. Abell - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):21 - 29.
    While there is general agreement on the need to teach ethics in the MBA classroom, there are great difficulties in completely integrating such material within the confines of an actual MBA program. This paper attempts to address these difficulties by focusing on the teaching of such issues in one particular class — MBA macroeconomics.Ethical dilemmas often arise due to failures of the market place or due to inappropriate assumptions regarding the market model. Thus, specific suggestions are offered in regard to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  26. The Way We Reason Now: Reflective Equilibrium in Bioethics.John D. Arras - 2007 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 46--71.
    This article begins with some preliminary remarks about the general features and basic varieties of reflective equilibrium in moral reflection. It then considers a couple of preliminary doubts about this method. One of these doubts claims that the most plausible interpretation of RE is so comprehensive that it risks paralyzing our thinking, while the other claims that this same version of RE is insufficiently determinate in practical contexts and will thus fail to be sufficiently action-guiding. The article then explicates the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  27.  48
    Impossibility: The Limits of Science and the Science of Limits.John D. Barrow - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    John Barrow is increasingly recognized as one of our most elegant and accomplished science writers, a brilliant commentator on cosmology, mathematics, and modern physics. Barrow now tackles the heady topic of impossibility, in perhaps his strongest book yet. Writing with grace and insight, Barrow argues convincingly that there are limits to human discovery, that there are things that are ultimately unknowable, undoable, or unreachable. He first examines the limits on scientific inquiry imposed by the deficiencies of the human mind: (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  28. A Material Dissolution of the Problem of Induction.John D. Norton - 2014 - Synthese 191 (4):1-20.
    In a formal theory of induction, inductive inferences are licensed by universal schemas. In a material theory of induction, inductive inferences are licensed by facts. With this change in the conception of the nature of induction, I argue that the celebrated “problem of induction” can no longer be set up and is thereby dissolved. Attempts to recreate the problem in the material theory of induction fail. They require relations of inductive support to conform to an unsustainable, hierarchical empiricism.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  29. Causation as Folk Science.John D. Norton - 2007 - In Huw Price & Richard Corry (eds.), Causation, Physics, and the Constitution of Reality: Russell's Republic Revisited. Clarendon Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   78 citations  
  30.  63
    More Radical Hermeneutics: On Not Knowing Who We Are.John D. Caputo - 2000 - Indiana University Press.
    In these spirited essays, John D. Caputo continues the project he launched with Radical Hermeneutics of making hermeneutics and deconstruction work together.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  31. Ignorance and Indifference.John D. Norton - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (1):45-68.
    The epistemic state of complete ignorance is not a probability distribution. In it, we assign the same, unique, ignorance degree of belief to any contingent outcome and each of its contingent, disjunctive parts. That this is the appropriate way to represent complete ignorance is established by two instruments, each individually strong enough to identify this state. They are the principle of indifference (PI) and the notion that ignorance is invariant under certain redescriptions of the outcome space, here developed into the (...)
    Direct download (18 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   48 citations  
  32.  45
    Against Ethics: Contributions to a Poetics of Obligation with Constant Reference to Deconstruction.John D. Caputo - 1993 - Indiana University Press.
    "Against Ethics is beautifully written, clever, learned, thought-provoking, and even inspiring." —Theological Studies "Writing in the form of his ideas, Caputo offers the reader a truly exquisite reading experience.... his iconic style mirrors a truly refreshing honesty that draws the reader in to play." —Quarterly Journal of Speech "Against Ethics is, in my judgment, one of the most important works on philosophical ethics that has been written in recent years.... Caputo speaks with a passion and a concern that are rare (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  33. The Hole Argument.John D. Norton - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:56 - 64.
    I give an informal outline of the hole argument which shows that spacetime substantivalism leads to an undesirable indeterminism in a broad class of spacetime theories. This form of the argument depends on the selection of differentiable manifolds within a spacetime theory as representing spacetime. I consider the conditions under which the argument can be extended to address versions of spacetime substantivalism which select these differentiable manifolds plus some further structure to represent spacetime. Finally, I respond to the criticisms of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   73 citations  
  34.  68
    General Covariance and the Foundations of General Relativity: Eight Decades of Dispute.John D. Norton - 1993 - Reports of Progress in Physics 56:791--861.
    iinstein oered the prin™iple of gener—l ™ov—ri—n™e —s the fund—ment—l physi™—l prin™iple of his gener—l theory of rel—tivityD —nd —s responsi˜le for extending the prin™iple of rel—tivity to —™™eler—ted motionF „his view w—s disputed —lmost immedi—tely with the ™ounterE™l—im th—t the prin™iple w—s no rel—tivity prin™iple —nd w—s physi™—lly v—™uousF „he dis—greeE ment persists tod—yF „his —rti™le reviews the development of iinstein9s thought on gener—l ™ov—ri—n™eD its rel—tion to the found—tions of gener—l rel—tivity —nd the evolution of the ™ontinuing de˜—te (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   89 citations  
  35. Meditation and the Neuroscience of Consciousness: An Introduction.John D. Dunne, Antione Lutz & Richard Davidson - 2007 - In Morris Moscovitch, Philip Zelazo & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.
  36.  77
    New Theories of Everything: The Quest for Ultimate Explanation.John D. Barrow - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Will we ever discover a single scientific theory that explains everything that has ever happened and everything that will happen - a key that unlocks the ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  37. Thought Experiments in Einstein's Work.John D. Norton - 1991 - In .
    Preface: This volume originated in a conference on "The Place of Thought Experiments in Science and Philosophy" which was organized by us and held at the Center for Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh, April 18-20, 1986. The idea behind this conference was to encourage philosophers and scientists to talk to each other about the role of thought experiments in their various disciplines. These papers were either written for the conference, or were written after it by commentators and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   55 citations  
  38.  85
    Why Constructive Relativity Fails.John D. Norton - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (4):821-834.
    Constructivists, such as Harvey Brown, urge that the geometries of Newtonian and special relativistic spacetimes result from the properties of matter. Whatever this may mean, it commits constructivists to the claim that these spacetime geometries can be inferred from the properties of matter without recourse to spatiotemporal presumptions or with few of them. I argue that the construction project only succeeds if constructivists antecedently presume the essential commitments of a realist conception of spacetime. These commitments can be avoided only by (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  39. Why Thought Experiments Do Not Transcend Empiricism.John D. Norton - 2002 - In Christopher Hitchcock (ed.), Contemporary Debates in the Philosophy of Science. Blackwell. pp. 44-66.
    Thought experiments are ordinary argumentation disguised in a vivid pictorial or narrative form. This account of their nature will allow me to show that empiricism has nothing to fear from thought experiments. They perform no epistemic magic. In so far as they tell us about the world, thought experiments draw upon what we already know of it, either explicitly or tacitly; they then transform that knowledge by disguised argumentation. They can do nothing more epistemically than can argumentation. I defend my (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   62 citations  
  40. On Thought Experiments: Is There More to the Argument?John D. Norton - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1139-1151.
    Thought experiments in science are merely picturesque argumentation. I support this view in various ways, including the claim that it follows from the fact that thought experiments can err but can still be used reliably. The view is defended against alternatives proposed by my cosymposiasts.
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   50 citations  
  41.  67
    Sensus Communis: Vico, Rhetoric, and the Limits of Relativism.John D. Schaeffer - 1990 - Duke University Press.
    John D. Schaeffer shows how the seventeenth-century Italian philosopher Giambattista Vico synthesized Greek and Roman ideas of what "sensus communis" and what ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  42.  30
    Reasons to Believe.John D. Greenwood - 1991 - In The Future of Folk Psychology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 70.
  43. Must Evidence Underdetermine Theory.John D. Norton - 2003 - The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice:17--44.
    According to the underdetermination thesis, all evidence necessarily underdetermines any scientific theory. Thus it is often argued that our agreement on the content of mature scientific theories must be due to social and other factors. Drawing on a long standing tradition of criticism, I shall argue that the underdetermination thesis is little more than speculation based on an impoverished account of induction. A more careful look at accounts of induction does not support an assured underdetermination or the holism usually associated (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   52 citations  
  44. The Prayers and Tears of Jacques Derrida: Religion without Religion.John D. Caputo - 1997 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 60 (2):398-401.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   81 citations  
  45.  24
    How Einstein Found His Field Equations: 1912-1915.John D. Norton - unknown
  46. There Are No Universal Rules for Induction.John D. Norton - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):765-777.
    In a material theory of induction, inductive inferences are warranted by facts that prevail locally. This approach, it is urged, is preferable to formal theories of induction in which the good inductive inferences are delineated as those conforming to some universal schema. An inductive inference problem concerning indeterministic, non-probabilistic systems in physics is posed and it is argued that Bayesians cannot responsibly analyze it, thereby demonstrating that the probability calculus is not the universal logic of induction.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  47. Cosmic Confusions: Not Supporting Versus Supporting Not.John D. Norton - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (4):501-523.
    Bayesian probabilistic explication of inductive inference conflates neutrality of supporting evidence for some hypothesis H (“not supporting H”) with disfavoring evidence (“supporting not-H”). This expressive inadequacy leads to spurious results that are artifacts of a poor choice of inductive logic. I illustrate how such artifacts have arisen in simple inductive inferences in cosmology. In the inductive disjunctive fallacy, neutral support for many possibilities is spuriously converted into strong support for their disjunction. The Bayesian “doomsday argument” is shown to rely entirely (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  48. Probability Disassembled.John D. Norton - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2):141-171.
    While there is no universal logic of induction, the probability calculus succeeds as a logic of induction in many contexts through its use of several notions concerning inductive inference. They include Addition, through which low probabilities represent disbelief as opposed to ignorance; and Bayes property, which commits the calculus to a ‘refute and rescale’ dynamics for incorporating new evidence. These notions are independent and it is urged that they be employed selectively according to needs of the problem at hand. It (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  49. Time Really Passes.John D. Norton - 2010 - Humana. Mente: Journal of Philosophical Studies 13:23-24.
  50. A Little Survey of Induction.John D. Norton - 2005 - In Peter Achinstein (ed.), Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories and Applications. pp. 9-34.
    My purpose in this chapter is to survey some of the principal approaches to inductive inference in the philosophy of science literature. My first concern will be the general principles that underlie the many accounts of induction in this literature. When these accounts are considered in isolation, as is more commonly the case, it is easy to overlook that virtually all accounts depend on one of very few basic principles and that the proliferation of accounts can be understood as efforts (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000