Results for 'John Dupr��'

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  1.  36
    I—John Dupré: Living Causes.John Dupré - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):19-37.
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  2.  8
    I–John Dupré.John Dupré - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):153-171.
  3.  5
    John Dupré, Review of the Mind Works by Steven Pinker. [REVIEW]John Dupré - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):489-493.
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  4.  84
    Against Reductionist Explanations of Human Behaviour: John Dupré.John Dupré - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):153–172.
    [John Dupré] This paper attacks some prominent contemporary attempts to provide reductive accounts of ever wider areas of human behaviour. In particular, I shall address the claims of sociobiology (or evolutionary psychology) to provide a universal account of human nature, and attempts to subsume ever wider domains of behaviour within the scope of economics. I shall also consider some recent suggestions as to how these approaches might be integrated. Having rejected the imperialistic ambitions of these approaches, I shall briefly (...)
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  5.  19
    Against Reductionist Explanations of Human Behaviour: John Dupré.John Dupré - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):153-172.
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  6.  3
    The Latest on the Best: Essays on Evolution and Optimality : Conference on Evolution and Information : Papers.John Dupré (ed.) - 1987 - MIT Press.
    Controversies about optimality models and adaptationist methodologies have animated the discussions of evolutionary theory in recent years. The sociobiologists, following the lead of E. O. Wilson, have argued that if Darwinian natural selection can be reliably expected to produce the best possible type of organism - one that optimizes the value of its genetic contribution to future generations - then evolution becomes a powerfully predictive theory as well as an explanatory one. The enthusiastic claims of the sociobiologists for the predictability (...)
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  7.  14
    Interview: John Dupré.John Dupré & Edit Talpsepp-Randla - 2019 - Philosophy Now 133:20-22.
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  8. The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science.John Dupré - 1993 - Harvard University Press.
    With this manifesto, John Dupré systematically attacks the ideal of scientific unity by showing how its underlying assumptions are at odds with the central conclusions of science itself.
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  9.  53
    Probabilistic Causality: Reply to John Dupré.Ellery Eells - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (1):105-114.
    John Dupré (1984) has recently criticized the theory of probabilistic causality developed by, among others, Good (1961-62), Suppes (1970), Cartwright (1979), and Skyrms (1980). He argues that there is a tension or incompatibility between one of its central requirements for the presence of a causal connection, on the one hand, and a feature of the theory pointed out by Elliott Sober and me (1983), on the other. He also argues that the requirement just alluded to should be given up. (...)
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  10.  70
    Human Nature and the Limits of Science.John Dupré - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    John Dupre warns that our understanding of human nature is being distorted by two faulty and harmful forms of pseudo-scientific thinking. Not just in the academic world but in everyday life, we find one set of experts who seek to explain the ends at which humans aim in terms of evolutionary theory, while the other set uses economic models to give rules of how we act to achieve those ends. Dupre demonstrates that these theorists' explanations do not work and (...)
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  11.  60
    Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology.John Dupré - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    John Dupr explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and society. He reveals how the advance of genetic science is changing our view of the constituents of life, and shows how an understanding of microbiology will overturn standard assumptions about the living world.
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  12. John Dupré Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology.Ellen Clarke - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (1):173-177.
  13.  16
    John Dupré: Human Nature and the Limits of Science. [REVIEW]Jay Odenbaugh - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (4):849-851.
  14.  4
    John Dupré, The Disorder of Things. [REVIEW]Phil Dowe - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (6):387-389.
  15. John Dupré, The Disorder of Things. [REVIEW]Phil Dowe - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14:387-389.
  16.  40
    The Mental Lives of Nonhuman Animals John Dupre.John Dupre - 1996 - In Colin Allen & D. Jamison (eds.), Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 323.
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  17.  39
    Humans and Other Animals.John Dupré - 2002 - Clarendon Press.
    John Dupr presents a set of provocative and highly readable essays exploring the ways in which we categorize animals, including humans: he comes to surprisingly radical conclusions. We must reject the idea that each organism has an essence that determines its necessary place in the unique hierarchy of things. Nature is not organized in a single system. It is a mistake to generalize about human nature--for instance, about the gender roles or sexual behaviour of our species. We must take (...)
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  18. Commentary on John Dupré’s Human Nature and the Limits of Science. [REVIEW]Daniel C. Dennett - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2):473–483.
    Suppose we discovered that all the women in the Slobbovian culture exhibit a strong preference for blue-handled knives and red-handled forks. They would rather starve than eat with utensils of the wrong color. We’d be rightly puzzled, and eager to find an explanation. ‘Well,” these women tell us, “blue-handled knives are snazzier, you know. And just look at them: these red-handled forks are, well, just plain beautiful!” This should not satisfy us. Why do they say this? Their answers may make (...)
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  19.  10
    Commentary on John Dupré’s Human Nature and the Limits of Science.Daniel C. Dennett - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2):473-483.
    Suppose we discovered that all the women in the Slobbovian culture exhibit a strong preference for blue-handled knives and red-handled forks. They would rather starve than eat with utensils of the wrong color. We’d be rightly puzzled, and eager to find an explanation. ‘Well,” these women tell us, “blue-handled knives are snazzier, you know. And just look at them: these red-handled forks are, well, just plain beautiful!” This should not satisfy us. Why do they say this? Their answers may make (...)
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  20.  25
    Natural Kinds and Biological Taxa.John Dupre - 1981 - The Philosophical Review 90 (1):66-90.
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  21. Human Nature and the Limits of Science, John Dupré. Clarendon Press, 2001, 211 Pages. [REVIEW]Peter Carruthers - 2002 - Economics and Philosophy 18 (2):351-385.
  22.  40
    Review of Harold Kincaid, John Dupré, Alison Wylie (Eds.), Value-Free Science? Ideals and Illusions[REVIEW]Lisa Gannett - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (2).
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  23. Review of John Dupre's Human Nature and the Limits of Science. [REVIEW]P. Carruthers - 2002 - Economics and Philosophy 18 (2):357-362.
     
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  24.  10
    Harold Kincaid;, John Dupré;, Alison Wylie . Value‐Free Science? Ideals and Illusions. Xiv + 241 Pp., Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. $65. [REVIEW]Alan Richardson - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):448-448.
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  25. Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology.John Dupré - 2011 - Oxford University Press UK.
    John Dupré explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and human society. Epigenetics and related areas of molecular biology have eroded the exceptional status of the gene and presented the genome as fully interactive with the rest of the cell. Developmental systems theory provides a space for a vision of evolution that takes full account of the fundamental importance of developmental processes. Dupré shows the importance of microbiology for a proper (...)
     
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  26.  1
    Darwin's Legacy: What Evolution Means Today.John Dupré - 2003 - Oxford University Press on Demand.
    Charles Darwin transformed our understanding of the universe and our place in it with his development of the theory of evolution. 150 years later, we are still puzzling over the implications. John Dupré presents a lucid, witty introduction to evolution and what it means for our view of humanity, the natural world, and religion. He explains the right and the wrong ways to understand evolution: in the latter category fall most of the claims of evolutionary psychology, of which Dupré (...)
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  27. Varieties of Living Things: Life at the Intersection of Lineage and Metabolism.John Dupré & Maureen A. O'Malley - 2009 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 1 (20130604).
    We address three fundamental questions: What does it mean for an entity to be living? What is the role of inter-organismic collaboration in evolution? What is a biological individual? Our central argument is that life arises when lineage-forming entities collaborate in metabolism. By conceiving of metabolism as a collaborative process performed by functional wholes, which are associations of a variety of lineage-forming entities, we avoid the standard tension between reproduction and metabolism in discussions of life – a tension particularly evident (...)
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  28.  4
    Barry Barnes;, John Dupré. Genomes and What to Make of Them. Viii + 273 Pp., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2008. $25. [REVIEW]Mike Fortun - 2010 - Isis 101 (4):917-918.
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  29.  77
    Scientific Pluralism and the Plurality of the Sciences: Comments on David Hull’s S Cience as a Process.John Dupré - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 60 (1-2):61 - 76.
  30.  32
    Daniel J. Nicholson and John Dupré, Eds., Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology. Oxford: Oxford University Press , 416 Pp., $70.00.Katherine Valde - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (2):375-378.
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  31.  31
    Book Reviews: Harold Kincaid, John Dupré, and Alison Wylie, Eds. Value‐Free Science? Ideals and Illusions.New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Pp. 241. $65.00. [REVIEW]Evelyn Brister - 2008 - Ethics 118 (4):735-738.
  32.  19
    Review of John Dupre, Human Nature and the Limits of Science[REVIEW]I. I. I. Holcomb - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (6).
  33.  22
    It’s a Process: Searching for Meaning Among the Microbes: John Dupré: Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, 368pp, £35.00, $55.00 HB. [REVIEW]Chris Haufe - 2014 - Metascience 23 (2):293-296.
    John Dupré has spent his career pushing against boundaries in biology and its philosophy. In the process of building a cottage industry out of disrupting what appeared to be fairly settled biological categories, Dupré managed to articulate an influential general metaphysics of science that was able to give us much of what we wanted from scientific realism while still remaining faithful to the heterodox duprévity of the “Disunity of Science” school. All the while, his work in these domains maintained (...)
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  34. Darwin's Legacy: What Evolution Means Today.John Dupré - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Charles Darwin transformed our understanding of the universe and our place in it with his development of the theory of evolution. 150 years later, we are still puzzling over the implications. John Dupr presents a lucid, witty introduction to evolution and what it means for our view of humanity, the natural world, and religion. He explains the right and the wrong ways to understand evolution: in the latter category fall most of the claims of evolutionary psychology, of which Dupr (...)
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  35.  7
    The Structure of Biological Science.John Dupre - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (3):461-463.
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  36. Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology.Daniel J. Nicholson & John A. Dupre (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    This collection of essays explores the metaphysical thesis that the living world is not made up of substantial particles or things, as has often been assumed, but is rather constituted by processes. The biological domain is organised as an interdependent hierarchy of processes, which are stabilised and actively maintained at different timescales. Even entities that intuitively appear to be paradigms of things, such as organisms, are actually better understood as processes. Unlike previous attempts to articulate processual views of biology, which (...)
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  37.  54
    Probabilistic Causality Emancipated.John Dupré - 1984 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):169-175.
  38. Value-Free Science: Ideals and Illusions?Harold Kincaid, John Dupré & Alison Wylie (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    It has long been thought that science is our best hope for realizing objective knowledge, but that, to deliver on this promise, it must be value free. Things are not so simple, however, as recent work in science studies makes clear. The contributors to this volume investigate where and how values are involved in science, and examine the implications of this involvement for ideals of objectivity.
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  39. A Manifesto for a Processual Philosophy of Biology.John A. Dupre & Daniel J. Nicholson - 2018 - In Daniel J. Nicholson & John A. Dupre (eds.), Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology.
    This chapter argues that scientific and philosophical progress in our understanding of the living world requires that we abandon a metaphysics of things in favour of one centred on processes. We identify three main empirical motivations for adopting a process ontology in biology: metabolic turnover, life cycles, and ecological interdependence. We show how taking a processual stance in the philosophy of biology enables us to ground existing critiques of essentialism, reductionism, and mechanicism, all of which have traditionally been associated with (...)
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  40.  71
    The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science by John Dupre. [REVIEW]Mariam Thalos - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (2):351-353.
  41.  20
    Concepts and Methods in Evolutionary Biology.John Dupré - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (2):292-296.
    This book is a collection of essays by a leading philosopher of biology and spans his career over almost the last twenty years. Most of the topics that have been of concern to philosophers of biology in this period are touched on to some extent, and the collection of these essays in a convenient volume will certainly be welcomed by everyone working in this field. The essays are arranged chronologically, and divided into three sections. Although the chapters in the first (...)
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  42. Natural Kinds and Biological Taxa.John Dupre - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (1):66-90.
  43. Human Nature and the Limits of Science. By John Dupre. [REVIEW]S. Shostak - 2004 - The European Legacy 9 (1):127-127.
     
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  44.  64
    Probabilistic Causality: A Rejoinder to Ellery Eells.John Dupré - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (4):690 - 698.
    In an earlier paper (Dupré 1984), I criticized a thesis sometimes defended by theorists of probabilistic causality, namely, that a probabilistic cause must raise the probability of its effect in every possible set of causally relevant background conditions (the "contextual unanimity thesis"). I also suggested that a more promising analysis of probabilistic causality might be sought in terms of statistical relevance in a fair sample. Ellery Eells (1987) has defended the contextual unanimity thesis against my objections, and also raised objections (...)
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  45.  72
    The Lure of the Simplistic.John Dupré - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S284-S293.
    This paper attacks the perennial philosophical and scientific quest for a simple and unified vision of the world. Without denying the attraction of this vision, I argue that such a goal often seriously distorts our understanding of complex phenomena. The argument is illustrated with reference to simplistic attempts to provide extremely general views of biology, and especially of human nature, through the theory of evolution. Although that theory is a fundamental ingredient of our scientific world view, it provides only one (...)
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  46. Towards a Processual Microbial Ontology.Eric Bapteste & John Dupré - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):379-404.
    Standard microbial evolutionary ontology is organized according to a nested hierarchy of entities at various levels of biological organization. It typically detects and defines these entities in relation to the most stable aspects of evolutionary processes, by identifying lineages evolving by a process of vertical inheritance from an ancestral entity. However, recent advances in microbiology indicate that such an ontology has important limitations. The various dynamics detected within microbiological systems reveal that a focus on the most stable entities (or features (...)
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  47.  72
    Sex, Gender, and Essence.John Dupré - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 11 (1):441-457.
  48.  14
    The Latest on the Best: Essays on Evolution and Optimality John Dupré, Directeur de la Publication Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1987, Xiv, 359 P., 27,50 $. [REVIEW]Pierre Blackburn - 1992 - Dialogue 31 (1):135-.
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  49.  23
    The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions.John Dupre & Philip Kitcher - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):147.
  50.  37
    Emerging Sciences and New Conceptions of Disease; or, Beyond the Monogenomic Differentiated Cell Lineage.John Dupré - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (1):119-131.
    This paper will begin with some very broad and general considerations about the kind of biological entities we are. This exercise is motivated by the belief that the view of what we—multicellular eukaryotic organisms—are that is widely assumed by biologists, medical scientists and the general public, is an extremely limited one. It cannot be assumed a priori that a more sophisticated view will make a major difference to the science or practice of medicine, and there are areas of medicine to (...)
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