Results for 'John E. Hummel'

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  1.  22
    Dynamic Binding in a Neural Network for Shape Recognition.John E. Hummel & Irving Biederman - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):480-517.
  2.  8
    Distributed Representations of Structure: A Theory of Analogical Access and Mapping.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):427-466.
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  3.  21
    A Symbolic-Connectionist Theory of Relational Inference and Generalization.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):220-264.
  4. Mapping Hierarchical Structures with Synchrony for Binding: Preliminary Investigations.John E. Hummel Eric R. Melz & Jeff Thompson Keith J. Holyoak - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 433.
  5.  15
    Analogy, Explanation, and Proof.John E. Hummel, John Licato & Selmer Bringsjord - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  6.  23
    Distributing Structure Over Time.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):464-464.
  7.  49
    Symbolic Versus Associative Learning.John E. Hummel - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (6):958-965.
    Ramscar and colleagues (2010, this volume) describe the “feature-label-order” (FLO) effect on category learning and characterize it as a constraint on symbolic learning. I argue that FLO is neither a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of “learning elements of a symbol system” (instead, it is an effect on nonsymbolic, association learning) nor is it, more than any other constraint on category learning, a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of “solving the symbol grounding problem.”.
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  8.  31
    LISA: A Computational Model of Analogical Inference and Schema Induction.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 352--357.
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  9.  30
    A Solution to the Binding Problem for Compositional Connectionism.John E. Hummel, Keith J. Holyoak, Collin Green, Leonidas Aa Doumas, Derek Devnich, Aniket Kittur & Donald J. Kalar - 2004 - In Simon D. Levy & Ross Gayler (eds.), Compositional Connectionism in Cognitive Science. Aaai Press.
  10. The Proper Treatment of Symbols in a Connectionist Architecture.Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2000 - In Eric Dietrich Art Markman (ed.), Cognitive Dynamics: Conceptual Change in Humans and Machines. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 229--263.
  11.  37
    Localism as a First Step Toward Symbolic Representation.John E. Hummel - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):480-481.
    Page argues convincingly for several important properties of localist representations in connectionist models of cognition. I argue that another important property of localist representations is that they serve as the starting point for connectionist representations of symbolic (relational) structures because they express meaningful properties independent of one another and their relations.
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  12.  19
    Making Probabilistic Relational Categories Learnable.Wookyoung Jung & John E. Hummel - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (6):1259-1291.
    Theories of relational concept acquisition based on structured intersection discovery predict that relational concepts with a probabilistic structure ought to be extremely difficult to learn. We report four experiments testing this prediction by investigating conditions hypothesized to facilitate the learning of such categories. Experiment 1 showed that changing the task from a category-learning task to choosing the “winning” object in each stimulus greatly facilitated participants' ability to learn probabilistic relational categories. Experiments 2 and 3 further investigated the mechanisms underlying this (...)
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  13.  13
    Magnitude Comparisons Distort Mental Representations of Magnitude.Jessica M. Choplin & John E. Hummel - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (2):270-286.
  14.  15
    A Theory of the Discovery and Predication of Relational Concepts.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, John E. Hummel & Catherine M. Sandhofer - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (1):1-43.
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  15.  15
    No Way to Start a Space Program: Associationism as a Launch Pad for Analogical Reasoning.Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):388-389.
    Humans, including preschool children, exhibit role-based relational reasoning, of which analogical reasoning is a canonical example. The connectionist model proposed in the target article is only capable of conditional paired-associate learning.
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  16.  13
    “Effective Systematicity” in, “Effective Systematicity” Out: A Reply to Edelman and Intrator.John E. Hummel - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (2):327-329.
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  17.  75
    Finding the Pope in the Pizza: Abstract Invariants and Cognitive Constraints on Perceptual Learning.John E. Hummel & Philip J. Kellman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):30-30.
    Schyns, Goldstone & Thibaut argue that categorization experience results in the learning of new perceptual features that are not derivable from the learner's existing feature set. We explore the meaning and implications of this “nonderivability” claim and relate it to the question of whether perceptual invariants are learnable, and if so, what might be entailed in learning them.
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  18. A Neurocomputational System for Relational Reasoning.Barbara J. Knowlton, Robert G. Morrison, John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):373-381.
  19.  90
    Structural Constraints and Object Similarity in Analogical Mapping and Inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):85 – 104.
    Theories of analogical reasoning have viewed relational structure as the dominant determinant of analogical mapping and inference, while assigning lesser importance to similarity between individual objects. An experiment is reported in which these two sources of constraints on analogy are placed in competition under conditions of high relational complexity. Results demonstrate equal importance for relational structure and object similarity, both in analogical mapping and in inference generation. The human data were successfully simulated using a computational analogy model (LISA) that treats (...)
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  20.  12
    The One‐to‐One Constraint in Analogical Mapping and Inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (5):797-806.
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  21.  30
    Varieties of Sameness: The Impact of Relational Complexity on Perceptual Comparisons.James K. Kroger, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3):335-358.
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  22.  25
    A Computational Account of the Development of the Generalization of Shape Information.Leonidas A. A. Doumas & John E. Hummel - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (4):698-712.
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  23.  9
    "A Theory of the Discovery and Predication of Relational Concepts": Correction to Doumas, Hummel, and Sandhofer.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, John E. Hummel & Catherine M. Sandhofer - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):543-543.
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  24.  27
    The Problem with Using Associations to Carry Binding Information.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):74-75.
    van der Velde & de Kamps argue for the importance of considering the binding problem in accounts of human mental representation. However, their proposed solution fails as a complete account because it represents the bindings between roles and their fillers through associations (or connections). In addition, many criticisms leveled by the authors towards synchrony-based bindings models do not hold.
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  25.  72
    Why Spatial-Numeric Associations Aren't Evidence for a Mental Number Line.David H. Landy, Erin L. Jones & John E. Hummel - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 357--362.
  26.  92
    There is More to Thinking Than Propositions.Derek C. Penn, Patricia W. Cheng, Keith J. Holyoak, John E. Hummel & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):221-223.
    We are big fans of propositions. But we are not big fans of the proposed by Mitchell et al. The authors ignore the critical role played by implicit, non-inferential processes in biological cognition, overestimate the work that propositions alone can do, and gloss over substantial differences in how different kinds of animals and different kinds of cognitive processes approximate propositional representations.
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  27.  16
    The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God’s Assistance.Linda Zagzebski & John E. Hare - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (2):291.
    The title of Hare’s book refers to the gap between the demand that morality places on us and our natural capacity to live by it. Such a gap is paradoxical if we accept the “‘ought’ implies ‘can”’ principle. The solution, Hare argues, is that the gap is filled by the Christian God. So we ought to be moral and can do so—with divine assistance. Hare’s statement and defense of the existence of the gap combines a rigorously Kantian notion of the (...)
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  28.  21
    Blanshard on Philosophical Style.John E. Smith - 1990 - Idealistic Studies 20 (2):100-111.
    Some time in the 1950’s I was invited to address a meeting of the English Institute which took place at Columbia University and, while I have but a dim recollection of the topic, a point came up in the discussion which I still remember very well and it bears very closely on the subject of this essay. I had said something in my opening remarks about how technical recent philosophy had become and what a formidable language was growing up around (...)
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  29.  12
    John E. Toews on Essays From the Edge: Parerga & Paralipomena, by Martin Jay. [REVIEW]John E. Toews - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):397-410.
    This review of Martin Jay’s recent published collection of essays examines his ongoing rethinking, supplementation, and revision of central themes—the negative and positive dialectics of historical totalization, the varieties and uses of conceptions of experience, the nature of visual cultures and scopic regimes, and the ambiguities of truth-construction in the public realm—that have been the focus of his major works since the 1970s. It argues that his more recent work indicates a gradual shift toward an affirmation of the kinds of (...)
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  30.  20
    A Critical Discussion of John E. Smith's Communitarian Vision.Felicia E. Kruse - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (1):41 - 51.
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  31.  43
    Equality of Talent: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-188.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  32.  50
    Corpus Glossariorum Latinorum III. V. [REVIEW]John E. B. Mayor - 1894 - The Classical Review 8 (6):263-264.
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  33.  25
    Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum. Vol. XLVI. Tyrannii Rufini Opera. Pars I. Orationum Gregorii Nazianzen Novem Interpretatio. Edidit Augustus Engelbrecht. [REVIEW]John E. B. Mayor - 1911 - The Classical Review 25 (2):61-62.
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  34.  22
    Hardy's Edition of Pliny's Correspondence with Trajan. [REVIEW]John E. B. Mayor - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (3):120-124.
  35.  21
    Helmreich's Marcelli de Medicamentis Liber. [REVIEW]John E. B. Mayor - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (5):218-219.
  36.  29
    M. Valerii Martialis Epigrammatum Libri. MIT Erklärenden Anmerhungen Von. [REVIEW]John E. B. Mayor - 1887 - The Classical Review 1 (2-3):56-58.
  37.  75
    Sittl's Edition of Firmicus. [REVIEW]John E. B. Mayor - 1894 - The Classical Review 8 (6):260-261.
  38.  35
    Morally Indifferent Acts?John E. Pattantyus - 1973 - Idealistic Studies 3 (2):163-178.
    It is customary to distinguish three kinds of moral acts: good, bad, and indifferent. This distinction gained its classic formulation by St. Thomas Aquinas. According to him the three basic sources of morality are the object, the end, and the circumstances of concrete acts determining their goodness or badness through their relation to right reason as the moral norm. In other words, what a man does, why, and under what circumstances he acts, determine the moral character of his actions in (...)
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  39. Self and the World: The Religious Philosophy of Richard Kroner.John E. Skinner - 1962 - University of Pennsylvania Press.
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  40.  4
    Consent, Coercion, and Limit: The Medieval Origins of Parliamentary Democracy : Arthur P. Monahan , Xxi+ 345 Pp., $51.25. [REVIEW]John E. Weakland - 1990 - History of European Ideas 12 (2):291-292.
  41.  1
    The Egyptian Hermes. A Historical Approach to the Late Pagan Mind : Garth Fowden , Xvii + 244pp, £27.50. [REVIEW]John E. Weakland - 1988 - History of European Ideas 9 (5):623-624.
  42.  32
    The Structure of Religion: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1965 - Religious Studies 1 (1):63-73.
    The popular belief that religion is the same everywhere or that all religions are ‘at bottom’ identical in essentials is a widespread falsehood that is saved from being completely worthless by the fact that religion does exhibit a universal or common structure wherever it appears. This structure is intimately related to the structure of human life in the world. The enduring pattern that enables us to understand religions widely separated in both time and space depends largely on the fact that (...)
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  43. Critical Thinking and Education.John E. McPeck - 1981 - St. Martin's Press.
  44.  66
    Egalitarianism, Responsibility, and Information: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):215-244.
    Radical and liberal theories of egalitarianism are distinguished, in large part, by the differing degrees to which they hold people responsible for their own well-being. The most liberal or individualistic theory calls for equality of opportunity. Once such “starting gate equality,” as Dworkin calls it, is guaranteed, then any final outcome is justified, provided certain rules, such as voluntary trading, are observed. At the other pole, the most radical egalitarianism calls for equality of welfare. In between these two extremes are (...)
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  45.  5
    SOAR: An Architecture for General Intelligence.John E. Laird, Allen Newell & Paul S. Rosenbloom - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (1):1-64.
  46. How We Cooperate: A Theory of Kantian Optimization.John E. Roemer - 2019 - Yale University Press.
    _A new theory of how and why we cooperate, drawing from economics, political theory, and philosophy to challenge the conventional wisdom of game theory_ Game theory explains competitive behavior by working from the premise that people are self-interested. People don’t just compete, however; they also cooperate. John Roemer argues that attempts by orthodox game theorists to account for cooperation leave much to be desired. Unlike competing players, cooperating players take those actions that they would like others to take—which Roemer (...)
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  47.  33
    Comments on Beth J. Singer's "John E. Smith on Pragmatism".John E. Smith - 1980 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 16 (1):26 - 33.
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  48.  26
    Religious Insight and the Cognitive Problem: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (2):97-111.
    Despite the title, I do not intend to launch another expedition into the domain of epistemology. I wish instead to call attention to some problems which have arisen for philosophical theologians and philosophers of religion, as a result of two facts about the development of modern philosophy and its bearing on the analysis and interpretation of religious insight. Following these considerations, I shall propose in brief compass a programme for the future which I believe will prove fruitful for the philosophical (...)
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  49. A Pragmatic Theory of Responsibility for the Egalitarian Planner.John E. Roemer - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
  50. A Field Theory of Consciousness.E. Roy John - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):184-213.
    This article summarizes a variety of current as well as previous research in support of a new theory of consciousness. Evidence has been steadily accumulating that information about a stimulus complex is distributed to many neuronal populations dispersed throughout the brain and is represented by the departure from randomness of the temporal pattern of neural discharges within these large ensembles. Zero phase lag synchronization occurs between discharges of neurons in different brain regions and is enhanced by presentation of stimuli. This (...)
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