Results for 'John E. Hummel'

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  1. Mapping hierarchical structures with synchrony for binding: Preliminary investigations.John E. Hummel Eric R. Melz & Jeff Thompson Keith J. Holyoak - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 433.
  2.  55
    Symbolic Versus Associative Learning.John E. Hummel - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (6):958-965.
    Ramscar and colleagues (2010, this volume) describe the “feature-label-order” (FLO) effect on category learning and characterize it as a constraint on symbolic learning. I argue that FLO is neither a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of “learning elements of a symbol system” (instead, it is an effect on nonsymbolic, association learning) nor is it, more than any other constraint on category learning, a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of “solving the symbol grounding problem.”.
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  3.  13
    Distributed representations of structure: A theory of analogical access and mapping.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):427-466.
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  4.  28
    Dynamic binding in a neural network for shape recognition.John E. Hummel & Irving Biederman - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):480-517.
  5.  41
    A symbolic-connectionist theory of relational inference and generalization.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):220-264.
  6.  17
    Analogy, explanation, and proof.John E. Hummel, John Licato & Selmer Bringsjord - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  7.  27
    Distributing structure over time.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):464-464.
  8.  38
    LISA: A computational model of analogical inference and schema induction.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 352--357.
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  9.  33
    A solution to the binding problem for compositional connectionism.John E. Hummel, Keith J. Holyoak, Collin Green, Leonidas Aa Doumas, Derek Devnich, Aniket Kittur & Donald J. Kalar - 2004 - In Simon D. Levy & Ross Gayler (eds.), Compositional Connectionism in Cognitive Science. Aaai Press.
  10.  76
    Finding the Pope in the pizza: Abstract invariants and cognitive constraints on perceptual learning.John E. Hummel & Philip J. Kellman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):30-30.
    Schyns, Goldstone & Thibaut argue that categorization experience results in the learning of new perceptual features that are not derivable from the learner's existing feature set. We explore the meaning and implications of this “nonderivability” claim and relate it to the question of whether perceptual invariants are learnable, and if so, what might be entailed in learning them.
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  11.  23
    Making Probabilistic Relational Categories Learnable.Wookyoung Jung & John E. Hummel - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (6):1259-1291.
    Theories of relational concept acquisition based on structured intersection discovery predict that relational concepts with a probabilistic structure ought to be extremely difficult to learn. We report four experiments testing this prediction by investigating conditions hypothesized to facilitate the learning of such categories. Experiment 1 showed that changing the task from a category-learning task to choosing the “winning” object in each stimulus greatly facilitated participants' ability to learn probabilistic relational categories. Experiments 2 and 3 further investigated the mechanisms underlying this (...)
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  12.  13
    “Effective systematicity” in, “effective systematicity” out: a reply to Edelman and Intrator.John E. Hummel - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (2):327-329.
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  13.  45
    Localism as a first step toward symbolic representation.John E. Hummel - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):480-481.
    Page argues convincingly for several important properties of localist representations in connectionist models of cognition. I argue that another important property of localist representations is that they serve as the starting point for connectionist representations of symbolic (relational) structures because they express meaningful properties independent of one another and their relations.
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  14.  2
    An experimental and simulation study of the impact of emotional information on analogical reasoning.Ariana A. Castro, John E. Hummel & Howard Berenbaum - 2023 - Cognition 238 (C):105510.
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  15. The proper treatment of symbols in a connectionist architecture.Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2000 - In Eric Dietrich Art Markman (ed.), Cognitive Dynamics: Conceptual Change in Humans and Machines. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 229--263.
  16.  11
    "A theory of the discovery and predication of relational concepts": Correction to Doumas, Hummel, and Sandhofer (2008).Leonidas A. A. Doumas, John E. Hummel & Catherine M. Sandhofer - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):543-543.
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  17. A neurocomputational system for relational reasoning.Barbara J. Knowlton, Robert G. Morrison, John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):373-381.
  18.  12
    Deep Problems with Neural Network Models of Human Vision.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Gaurav Malhotra, Marin Dujmović, Milton Llera Montero, Christian Tsvetkov, Valerio Biscione, Guillermo Puebla, Federico Adolfi, John E. Hummel, Rachel F. Heaton, Benjamin D. Evans, Jeffrey Mitchell & Ryan Blything - forthcoming - Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-74.
    Deep neural networks (DNNs) have had extraordinary successes in classifying photographic images of objects and are often described as the best models of biological vision. This conclusion is largely based on three sets of findings: (1) DNNs are more accurate than any other model in classifying images taken from various datasets, (2) DNNs do the best job in predicting the pattern of human errors in classifying objects taken from various behavioral datasets, and (3) DNNs do the best job in predicting (...)
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  19.  17
    No way to start a space program: Associationism as a launch pad for analogical reasoning.Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):388-389.
    Humans, including preschool children, exhibit role-based relational reasoning, of which analogical reasoning is a canonical example. The connectionist model proposed in the target article is only capable of conditional paired-associate learning.
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  20.  20
    A theory of the discovery and predication of relational concepts.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, John E. Hummel & Catherine M. Sandhofer - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (1):1-43.
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  21.  99
    Structural constraints and object similarity in analogical mapping and inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):85 – 104.
    Theories of analogical reasoning have viewed relational structure as the dominant determinant of analogical mapping and inference, while assigning lesser importance to similarity between individual objects. An experiment is reported in which these two sources of constraints on analogy are placed in competition under conditions of high relational complexity. Results demonstrate equal importance for relational structure and object similarity, both in analogical mapping and in inference generation. The human data were successfully simulated using a computational analogy model (LISA) that treats (...)
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  22.  95
    There is more to thinking than propositions.Derek C. Penn, Patricia W. Cheng, Keith J. Holyoak, John E. Hummel & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):221-223.
    We are big fans of propositions. But we are not big fans of the proposed by Mitchell et al. The authors ignore the critical role played by implicit, non-inferential processes in biological cognition, overestimate the work that propositions alone can do, and gloss over substantial differences in how different kinds of animals and different kinds of cognitive processes approximate propositional representations.
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  23.  15
    The One‐to‐One Constraint in Analogical Mapping and Inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (5):797-806.
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  24.  8
    A theory of relation learning and cross-domain generalization.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, Guillermo Puebla, Andrea E. Martin & John E. Hummel - 2022 - Psychological Review 129 (5):999-1041.
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  25.  35
    Varieties of sameness: the impact of relational complexity on perceptual comparisons.James K. Kroger, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3):335-358.
    The fundamental relations that underlie cognitive comparisons—“same” and “different”—can be defined at multiple levels of abstraction, which vary in relational complexity. We compared response times to decide whether or not two sequentially‐presented patterns, each composed of two pairs of colored squares, were the same at three levels of abstraction: perceptual, relational, and system (higher order relations). For both 150 ms and 5 s inter‐stimulus intervals (ISIs), both with and without a masking stimulus, decision time increased with level of abstraction. Sameness (...)
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  26.  77
    Why spatial-numeric associations aren't evidence for a mental number line.David H. Landy, Erin L. Jones & John E. Hummel - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 357--362.
  27.  30
    A Computational Account of the Development of the Generalization of Shape Information.Leonidas A. A. Doumas & John E. Hummel - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (4):698-712.
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  28.  27
    The problem with using associations to carry binding information.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):74-75.
    van der Velde & de Kamps argue for the importance of considering the binding problem in accounts of human mental representation. However, their proposed solution fails as a complete account because it represents the bindings between roles and their fillers through associations (or connections). In addition, many criticisms leveled by the authors towards synchrony-based bindings models do not hold.
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  29.  17
    John E. Toews on Essays from the Edge: Parerga & Paralipomena, by Martin Jay. [REVIEW]John E. Toews - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):397-410.
    This review of Martin Jay’s recent published collection of essays examines his ongoing rethinking, supplementation, and revision of central themes—the negative and positive dialectics of historical totalization, the varieties and uses of conceptions of experience, the nature of visual cultures and scopic regimes, and the ambiguities of truth-construction in the public realm—that have been the focus of his major works since the 1970s. It argues that his more recent work indicates a gradual shift toward an affirmation of the kinds of (...)
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  30.  28
    Review of John E. Atwell: Schopenhauer: the human character[REVIEW]John E. Atwell - 1992 - Ethics 102 (2):410-411.
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  31.  36
    The Structure of Religion: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1965 - Religious Studies 1 (1):63-73.
    The popular belief that religion is the same everywhere or that all religions are ‘at bottom’ identical in essentials is a widespread falsehood that is saved from being completely worthless by the fact that religion does exhibit a universal or common structure wherever it appears. This structure is intimately related to the structure of human life in the world. The enduring pattern that enables us to understand religions widely separated in both time and space depends largely on the fact that (...)
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  32.  28
    Religious Insight and the Cognitive Problem: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (2):97-111.
    Despite the title, I do not intend to launch another expedition into the domain of epistemology. I wish instead to call attention to some problems which have arisen for philosophical theologians and philosophers of religion, as a result of two facts about the development of modern philosophy and its bearing on the analysis and interpretation of religious insight. Following these considerations, I shall propose in brief compass a programme for the future which I believe will prove fruitful for the philosophical (...)
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  33.  39
    Comments on Beth J. Singer's "John E. Smith on Pragmatism".John E. Smith - 1980 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 16 (1):26 - 33.
  34. The coherence of omniscience: A defense. [REVIEW]John E. Abbruzzese - 1997 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 41 (1):25-34.
  35.  14
    Review of John E. Roemer: A Future for Socialism.[REVIEW]John E. Roemer - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):462-464.
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  36.  15
    Bresnahan, John E., O.E.S.A., The One True God. [REVIEW]John M. Quinn - 1961 - Augustinianum 1 (3):583-585.
  37.  33
    John Dewey: Philosopher of Experience.John E. Smith - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (1):60 - 78.
    Let it be clear at the outset that in reappraising Dewey's thought we have to do with no minute philosopher. In breadth of interest and range of thought he belongs with the great comprehensive thinkers of the past. And in contrast to many thinkers both in his own time and since, he had a constructive program. Philosophy for him meant more than analysis, even though analysis is an important part of the philosophic enterprise. Dewey's constructive philosophy has too often been (...)
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  38. A pragmatic theory of responsibility for the egalitarian planner.John E. Roemer - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
  39. Reviews : H. Aram Veeser (ed.), The New Historicism, London: Routledge, 1989. £30.00, paper £10.95, xvi + 318 pp. Hayden White, The Content of the Form: narrative discourse and historical representation, Baltimore, Md: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987, $18.80, xiii + 244 pp. [REVIEW]John E. Toews - 1991 - History of the Human Sciences 4 (1):154-159.
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  40.  36
    John E. Smith (1921–2009).John J. McDermott - 2011 - The Pluralist 6 (2):123-124.
  41.  19
    John Dewey. [REVIEW]John E. Smith - 1962 - New Scholasticism 36 (3):397-400.
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  42.  13
    John Dewey. [REVIEW]John E. Smith - 1962 - New Scholasticism 36 (3):397-400.
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  43.  11
    G.E. Moore and Voluntary Actions.John E. Sweeney - 1977 - New Scholasticism 51 (2):196-210.
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  44.  21
    [Book review] theories of distributive justice. [REVIEW]John E. Roemer - 2000 - Social Theory and Practice 26 (2):327-345.
  45.  9
    Samuel E. Gluck, 1925-1999.John E. Ullmann - 2000 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 73 (5):247 - 248.
  46.  6
    How We Cooperate: A Theory of Kantian Optimization.John E. Roemer - 2019 - Yale University Press.
    _A new theory of how and why we cooperate, drawing from economics, political theory, and philosophy to challenge the conventional wisdom of game theory_ Game theory explains competitive behavior by working from the premise that people are self-interested. People don’t just compete, however; they also cooperate. John Roemer argues that attempts by orthodox game theorists to account for cooperation leave much to be desired. Unlike competing players, cooperating players take those actions that they would like others to take—which Roemer (...)
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  47.  19
    The Role of Isolation in Evolution: George J. Romanes and John T. Gulick.John E. Lesch - 1975 - Isis 66 (4):483-503.
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  48. Should marxists be interested in exploitation?John E. Roemer - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):30-65.
  49.  27
    Free to lose: an introduction to Marxist economic philosophy.John E. Roemer - 1988 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Introduction Marxism is a set of ideas from which sprang particular approaches to economics, sociology, anthropology, political theory, literature, art, ...
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  50.  13
    SOAR: An architecture for general intelligence.John E. Laird, Allen Newell & Paul S. Rosenbloom - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (1):1-64.
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