Results for 'John E. Hummel'

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  1. Mapping Hierarchical Structures with Synchrony for Binding: Preliminary Investigations.John E. Hummel Eric R. Melz & Jeff Thompson Keith J. Holyoak - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 433.
  2.  12
    Distributed Representations of Structure: A Theory of Analogical Access and Mapping.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):427-466.
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  3.  23
    Dynamic Binding in a Neural Network for Shape Recognition.John E. Hummel & Irving Biederman - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):480-517.
  4.  28
    A Symbolic-Connectionist Theory of Relational Inference and Generalization.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):220-264.
  5.  53
    Symbolic Versus Associative Learning.John E. Hummel - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (6):958-965.
    Ramscar and colleagues (2010, this volume) describe the “feature-label-order” (FLO) effect on category learning and characterize it as a constraint on symbolic learning. I argue that FLO is neither a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of “learning elements of a symbol system” (instead, it is an effect on nonsymbolic, association learning) nor is it, more than any other constraint on category learning, a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of “solving the symbol grounding problem.”.
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  6.  16
    Analogy, Explanation, and Proof.John E. Hummel, John Licato & Selmer Bringsjord - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  7.  23
    Distributing Structure Over Time.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):464-464.
  8.  32
    A Solution to the Binding Problem for Compositional Connectionism.John E. Hummel, Keith J. Holyoak, Collin Green, Leonidas Aa Doumas, Derek Devnich, Aniket Kittur & Donald J. Kalar - 2004 - In Simon D. Levy & Ross Gayler (eds.), Compositional Connectionism in Cognitive Science. Aaai Press.
  9.  33
    LISA: A Computational Model of Analogical Inference and Schema Induction.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 352--357.
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  10.  19
    Making Probabilistic Relational Categories Learnable.Wookyoung Jung & John E. Hummel - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (6):1259-1291.
    Theories of relational concept acquisition based on structured intersection discovery predict that relational concepts with a probabilistic structure ought to be extremely difficult to learn. We report four experiments testing this prediction by investigating conditions hypothesized to facilitate the learning of such categories. Experiment 1 showed that changing the task from a category-learning task to choosing the “winning” object in each stimulus greatly facilitated participants' ability to learn probabilistic relational categories. Experiments 2 and 3 further investigated the mechanisms underlying this (...)
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  11.  75
    Finding the Pope in the Pizza: Abstract Invariants and Cognitive Constraints on Perceptual Learning.John E. Hummel & Philip J. Kellman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):30-30.
    Schyns, Goldstone & Thibaut argue that categorization experience results in the learning of new perceptual features that are not derivable from the learner's existing feature set. We explore the meaning and implications of this “nonderivability” claim and relate it to the question of whether perceptual invariants are learnable, and if so, what might be entailed in learning them.
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  12. The Proper Treatment of Symbols in a Connectionist Architecture.Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2000 - In Eric Dietrich Art Markman (ed.), Cognitive Dynamics: Conceptual Change in Humans and Machines. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 229--263.
  13.  13
    Magnitude Comparisons Distort Mental Representations of Magnitude.Jessica M. Choplin & John E. Hummel - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (2):270-286.
  14.  13
    “Effective Systematicity” in, “Effective Systematicity” Out: A Reply to Edelman and Intrator.John E. Hummel - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (2):327-329.
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  15.  41
    Localism as a First Step Toward Symbolic Representation.John E. Hummel - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):480-481.
    Page argues convincingly for several important properties of localist representations in connectionist models of cognition. I argue that another important property of localist representations is that they serve as the starting point for connectionist representations of symbolic (relational) structures because they express meaningful properties independent of one another and their relations.
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  16.  17
    A Theory of the Discovery and Predication of Relational Concepts.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, John E. Hummel & Catherine M. Sandhofer - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (1):1-43.
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  17. A Neurocomputational System for Relational Reasoning.Barbara J. Knowlton, Robert G. Morrison, John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):373-381.
  18.  10
    "A Theory of the Discovery and Predication of Relational Concepts": Correction to Doumas, Hummel, and Sandhofer.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, John E. Hummel & Catherine M. Sandhofer - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):543-543.
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  19.  96
    Structural Constraints and Object Similarity in Analogical Mapping and Inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):85 – 104.
    Theories of analogical reasoning have viewed relational structure as the dominant determinant of analogical mapping and inference, while assigning lesser importance to similarity between individual objects. An experiment is reported in which these two sources of constraints on analogy are placed in competition under conditions of high relational complexity. Results demonstrate equal importance for relational structure and object similarity, both in analogical mapping and in inference generation. The human data were successfully simulated using a computational analogy model (LISA) that treats (...)
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  20.  15
    No Way to Start a Space Program: Associationism as a Launch Pad for Analogical Reasoning.Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):388-389.
    Humans, including preschool children, exhibit role-based relational reasoning, of which analogical reasoning is a canonical example. The connectionist model proposed in the target article is only capable of conditional paired-associate learning.
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  21.  12
    The One‐to‐One Constraint in Analogical Mapping and Inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (5):797-806.
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  22.  32
    Varieties of Sameness: The Impact of Relational Complexity on Perceptual Comparisons.James K. Kroger, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3):335-358.
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  23.  93
    There is More to Thinking Than Propositions.Derek C. Penn, Patricia W. Cheng, Keith J. Holyoak, John E. Hummel & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):221-223.
    We are big fans of propositions. But we are not big fans of the proposed by Mitchell et al. The authors ignore the critical role played by implicit, non-inferential processes in biological cognition, overestimate the work that propositions alone can do, and gloss over substantial differences in how different kinds of animals and different kinds of cognitive processes approximate propositional representations.
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  24.  73
    Why Spatial-Numeric Associations Aren't Evidence for a Mental Number Line.David H. Landy, Erin L. Jones & John E. Hummel - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 357--362.
  25.  29
    A Computational Account of the Development of the Generalization of Shape Information.Leonidas A. A. Doumas & John E. Hummel - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (4):698-712.
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  26. A Theory of Relation Learning and Cross-Domain Generalization.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, Guillermo Puebla, Andrea E. Martin & John E. Hummel - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
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  27.  27
    The Problem with Using Associations to Carry Binding Information.Leonidas A. A. Doumas, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):74-75.
    van der Velde & de Kamps argue for the importance of considering the binding problem in accounts of human mental representation. However, their proposed solution fails as a complete account because it represents the bindings between roles and their fillers through associations (or connections). In addition, many criticisms leveled by the authors towards synchrony-based bindings models do not hold.
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  28.  14
    John E. Toews on Essays From the Edge: Parerga & Paralipomena, by Martin Jay. [REVIEW]John E. Toews - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):397-410.
    This review of Martin Jay’s recent published collection of essays examines his ongoing rethinking, supplementation, and revision of central themes—the negative and positive dialectics of historical totalization, the varieties and uses of conceptions of experience, the nature of visual cultures and scopic regimes, and the ambiguities of truth-construction in the public realm—that have been the focus of his major works since the 1970s. It argues that his more recent work indicates a gradual shift toward an affirmation of the kinds of (...)
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  29.  34
    The Structure of Religion: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1965 - Religious Studies 1 (1):63-73.
    The popular belief that religion is the same everywhere or that all religions are ‘at bottom’ identical in essentials is a widespread falsehood that is saved from being completely worthless by the fact that religion does exhibit a universal or common structure wherever it appears. This structure is intimately related to the structure of human life in the world. The enduring pattern that enables us to understand religions widely separated in both time and space depends largely on the fact that (...)
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  30.  38
    Saussure.John E. Joseph - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    In the first comprehensive biography of Ferdinand de Saussure, John E. Joseph restores the full character and history of a man who is considered the founder of modern linguistics and whose ideas have influenced literary theory, philosophy, cultural studies, and virtually every other branch of humanities and the social sciences.
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  31.  27
    Religious Insight and the Cognitive Problem: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (2):97-111.
    Despite the title, I do not intend to launch another expedition into the domain of epistemology. I wish instead to call attention to some problems which have arisen for philosophical theologians and philosophers of religion, as a result of two facts about the development of modern philosophy and its bearing on the analysis and interpretation of religious insight. Following these considerations, I shall propose in brief compass a programme for the future which I believe will prove fruitful for the philosophical (...)
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  32.  34
    Comments on Beth J. Singer's "John E. Smith on Pragmatism".John E. Smith - 1980 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 16 (1):26 - 33.
  33.  4
    Contemplation.John E. Hare - 2022 - The Monist 105 (3):337-349.
    The topic of the present article is a conceptualization of the notion of contemplation and will develop its reflection around three principal questions: What is the role of desire in contemplation? Is it we who contemplate, or the god who contemplates in us? What is the relation between contemplation and the rest of human life?
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  34.  2
    Saussure’s Dichotomies and the Shapes of Structuralist Semiotics.John E. Joseph - 2022 - Sign Systems Studies 50 (1):11-37.
    The Cours de linguistique générale, which became the master text for structuralist linguistics and semiotics, is characterized by a series of dichotomies. Some of them, e.g. langue and parole, signified and signifier, arbitrary and motivated, are very well known, others less so. This paper looks at Saussure’s semiotics in terms of these dichotomies, and considers how later critiques, such as Voloshinov’s, and reformulations, particularly Hjelmslev’s and the concept of enunciation which emerged conjointly in the work of Jakobson, Lacan, Dubois, Benveniste (...)
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  35. A Companion to Philosophy of Religion (Second Edition).John E. Hare - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  36.  55
    Equality of Talent: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-188.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  37.  38
    To: “Latest Quaternary Sedimentation in the Northern Gulf of Mexico Intraslope Basin Province: II — Stratigraphic Analysis and Relationship to Glacioeustatic Climate Change,” Hilary Clement Olson, John E. Damuth, and C. Hans Nelson, Interpretation, 4, No. 1, SC81–SC95, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2015-0111.1. [REVIEW]Hilary Clement Olson, John E. Damuth & C. Hans Nelson - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (3):Y1-Y1.
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  38.  6
    Practical Magic: On the Front Lines of Teaching Excellence.John E. Roueche, Mark D. Milliron & Suanne D. Roueche - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Gain new understanding ofwhat constitutes excellence in teaching. Learn what thousands of teachers who have been recognized for educational excellence—and who have been recipients of such teaching awards—believe make up the fabric of success in the classroom. Noted experts gathered thousands of insights directly from these educators and placed them within the context of history and research. Inspiring and informative, this book sheds new light on the components of excellence in education that are both definable and intangible.
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  39.  50
    Well and Good, Third Edition: A Case Study Approach to Biomedical Ethics.John E. Thomas & Wilfrid J. Waluchow - 1998 - Broadview Press.
    Well and Good presents a combination of "classic" and little-known but real-life cases. Included are a range of cases involving nurses and other health professionals as well as many involving doctors. The cases in the main body of the book are accompanied by the editors' impartial discussions of the issues involved. The final section is comprised of unanalysed cases for further study. For the new edition, the introduction has been expanded to include discussions of feminist bioethics and of virtue ethics, (...)
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  40.  1
    Well and Good, Fourth Edition: Case Studies in Health Care Ethics.John E. Thomas, Wilfrid J. Waluchow & Elisabeth Gedge (eds.) - 2014 - Broadview Press.
    Well and Good presents a combination of "classic" and little-known cases in health care ethics. These cases, accompanied by information about the major ethical theories, give students a chance to grapple with the ethical challenges faced by health care practitioners, policy makers, and recipients. The authors' narrative style and leading questions provoke student interest and engagement, while allowing instructors the freedom to draw from the theoretical perspectives they consider most useful. This fourth edition includes an expanded discussion of feminist ethics, (...)
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  41.  8
    SOAR: An Architecture for General Intelligence.John E. Laird, Allen Newell & Paul S. Rosenbloom - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (1):1-64.
  42. Critical Thinking and Education.John E. McPeck - 1981 - New York, NY, USA: St. Martin's Press.
  43.  13
    Discourses of Unity and Purpose in the Sounds of Fascist Music: A Multimodal Approach.David Machin & John E. Richardson - 2012 - Critical Discourse Studies 9 (4):329-345.
    This article, taking a social semiotic approach, analyses two pieces of music written, shared and exalted by two pre-1945 European fascist movements – the German NSDAP and the British Union of Fascists. These movements, both political and cultural, employed mythologies of unity, common identity and purpose in order to elide the realities of social distinction and political–economic inequalities between bourgeois and proletarian groups in capitalist societies. Visually and inter-personally, the fascist cultural project communicated a machine-like certainty about a vision for (...)
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  44. La Poésie Et Son Autre: Essai Sur la Modernité.John E. Jackson - 1998 - J. Corti.
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  45. A Pragmatic Theory of Responsibility for the Egalitarian Planner.John E. Roemer - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
  46. A Field Theory of Consciousness.E. Roy John - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):184-213.
    This article summarizes a variety of current as well as previous research in support of a new theory of consciousness. Evidence has been steadily accumulating that information about a stimulus complex is distributed to many neuronal populations dispersed throughout the brain and is represented by the departure from randomness of the temporal pattern of neural discharges within these large ensembles. Zero phase lag synchronization occurs between discharges of neurons in different brain regions and is enhanced by presentation of stimuli. This (...)
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  47.  23
    John Dewey: Philosopher of Experience.John E. Smith - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (1):60 - 78.
    Let it be clear at the outset that in reappraising Dewey's thought we have to do with no minute philosopher. In breadth of interest and range of thought he belongs with the great comprehensive thinkers of the past. And in contrast to many thinkers both in his own time and since, he had a constructive program. Philosophy for him meant more than analysis, even though analysis is an important part of the philosophic enterprise. Dewey's constructive philosophy has too often been (...)
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  48.  69
    Egalitarianism, Responsibility, and Information: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):215-244.
    Radical and liberal theories of egalitarianism are distinguished, in large part, by the differing degrees to which they hold people responsible for their own well-being. The most liberal or individualistic theory calls for equality of opportunity. Once such “starting gate equality,” as Dworkin calls it, is guaranteed, then any final outcome is justified, provided certain rules, such as voluntary trading, are observed. At the other pole, the most radical egalitarianism calls for equality of welfare. In between these two extremes are (...)
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  49.  16
    John Dewey.John E. Smith - 1962 - New Scholasticism 36 (3):397-400.
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  50.  10
    John Dewey: His Thought and Influence. [REVIEW]John E. Smith - 1962 - New Scholasticism 36 (3):397-400.
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