Results for 'John E. Mattison'

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  1.  36
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  2.  11
    John E. Toews on Essays From the Edge: Parerga & Paralipomena, by Martin Jay. [REVIEW]John E. Toews - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):397-410.
    This review of Martin Jay’s recent published collection of essays examines his ongoing rethinking, supplementation, and revision of central themes—the negative and positive dialectics of historical totalization, the varieties and uses of conceptions of experience, the nature of visual cultures and scopic regimes, and the ambiguities of truth-construction in the public realm—that have been the focus of his major works since the 1970s. It argues that his more recent work indicates a gradual shift toward an affirmation of the kinds of (...)
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  3.  36
    Dynamics of Faith.John E. Smith - 1961 - Journal of Philosophy 58 (15):412-415.
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  4.  65
    Socialism Revised.John E. Roemer - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (3):261-315.
  5.  40
    Equality of Talent: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-188.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  6.  30
    The Structure of Religion: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1965 - Religious Studies 1 (1):63-73.
    The popular belief that religion is the same everywhere or that all religions are ‘at bottom’ identical in essentials is a widespread falsehood that is saved from being completely worthless by the fact that religion does exhibit a universal or common structure wherever it appears. This structure is intimately related to the structure of human life in the world. The enduring pattern that enables us to understand religions widely separated in both time and space depends largely on the fact that (...)
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  7. Musings on the Meno: A New Translation with Commentary.John E. Thomas - 1980 - Distributors for U.S. And Canada, Kluwer Boston.
  8. Jains in the World: Religious Values and Ideology in India.John E. Cort - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    This book presents a detailed fieldwork-based study of the ancient Indian religion of Jainism. Drawing on field research in northern Gujarat and on the study of both ancient Sanskrit and Prakrit and modern vernacular Jain religious literature, John Cort provides a rounded portrait of the religion as it is practiced today.
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  9. Ethics and Religion: Two Kantian Arguments.John E. Hare - 2011 - Philosophical Investigations 34 (2):151-168.
    This paper describes and defends two arguments connecting ethics and religion that Kant makes in Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. The first argument is that the moral demand is too high for us in our natural capacities, and God's assistance is required to bridge the resulting moral gap. The second argument is that because humans desire to be happy as well as to be morally good, morality will be rationally unstable without belief in a God who can bring (...)
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  10. Critical Thinking and Education.John E. McPeck - 1981 - St. Martin's Press.
  11.  65
    Egalitarianism, Responsibility, and Information: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):215-244.
    Radical and liberal theories of egalitarianism are distinguished, in large part, by the differing degrees to which they hold people responsible for their own well-being. The most liberal or individualistic theory calls for equality of opportunity. Once such “starting gate equality,” as Dworkin calls it, is guaranteed, then any final outcome is justified, provided certain rules, such as voluntary trading, are observed. At the other pole, the most radical egalitarianism calls for equality of welfare. In between these two extremes are (...)
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  12.  10
    The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God’s Assistance. [REVIEW]E. Hare John - 1996 - In Stephen Everson (ed.), Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 108--2.
  13.  48
    Medicine and Sociology: A Parting of the Ways.John E. Thomas - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (4):411-422.
    Sociology is a discipline in which sociologists are committed to the pursuit of knowledge but do not have an obligation to implement that knowledge by social action. The medical profession, by contrast, accepts an obligation to implement the knowledge it achieves in practice. This obligation is grounded in the fact that members of the medical profession are (a) the only candidates for the practitioner's role; (b) able to perform the practitioners role best; (c) committed to value appraisal judgments and (d) (...)
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  14.  44
    Selfhood, Conscience, and Dialectic in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.John E. Russon - 1991 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (4):533-550.
  15.  19
    A New Philosophy of History? Reflections on Postmodern Historicizing.John E. Toews - 1997 - History and Theory 36 (2):235–248.
  16.  33
    Comments on Beth J. Singer's "John E. Smith on Pragmatism".John E. Smith - 1980 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 16 (1):26 - 33.
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  17.  25
    Religious Insight and the Cognitive Problem: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (2):97-111.
    Despite the title, I do not intend to launch another expedition into the domain of epistemology. I wish instead to call attention to some problems which have arisen for philosophical theologians and philosophers of religion, as a result of two facts about the development of modern philosophy and its bearing on the analysis and interpretation of religious insight. Following these considerations, I shall propose in brief compass a programme for the future which I believe will prove fruitful for the philosophical (...)
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  18. A Pragmatic Theory of Responsibility for the Egalitarian Planner.John E. Roemer - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
  19. Nietzsche’s Perspectivism.John E. Atwell - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):157-170.
  20.  7
    G.E. Moore and Voluntary Actions.John E. Sweeney - 1977 - New Scholasticism 51 (2):196-210.
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  21.  7
    Samuel E. Gluck, 1925-1999.John E. Ullmann - 2000 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 73 (5):247 - 248.
  22.  21
    Dynamic Binding in a Neural Network for Shape Recognition.John E. Hummel & Irving Biederman - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):480-517.
  23.  8
    Distributed Representations of Structure: A Theory of Analogical Access and Mapping.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):427-466.
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  24. A Field Theory of Consciousness.E. Roy John - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):184-213.
    This article summarizes a variety of current as well as previous research in support of a new theory of consciousness. Evidence has been steadily accumulating that information about a stimulus complex is distributed to many neuronal populations dispersed throughout the brain and is represented by the departure from randomness of the temporal pattern of neural discharges within these large ensembles. Zero phase lag synchronization occurs between discharges of neurons in different brain regions and is enhanced by presentation of stimuli. This (...)
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  25.  42
    Igualdad de oportunidades.John E. Roemer - 1998 - Isegoría 18:71-87.
    El autor explora en este artículo dos concepciones de la igualdad de oportunidades ampliamente difundidas en las democracias occidentales de nuestros días. Al clásico principio del mérito opone la igualdad de oportunidades en la adquisición del mérito, que discute apoyándose en la metáfora de la nivelación del terreno de juego. Roemer propone un modelo matemático elemental para analizar el peso del esfuerzo y las circunstancias individuales en la formación individual y, de acuerdo con éste, desarrolla un algoritmo para evaluar la (...)
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  26.  35
    Historiography as Exorcism: Conjuring Up “Foreign” Worlds and Historicizing Subjects in the Context of the Multiculturalism Debate.John E. Toews - 1998 - Theory and Society 27 (4):535-564.
  27.  1
    The Theories of Instinct.John E. Boodin - 1927 - Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):50-52.
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  28.  20
    A Symbolic-Connectionist Theory of Relational Inference and Generalization.John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):220-264.
  29.  20
    Blanshard on Philosophical Style.John E. Smith - 1990 - Idealistic Studies 20 (2):100-111.
    Some time in the 1950’s I was invited to address a meeting of the English Institute which took place at Columbia University and, while I have but a dim recollection of the topic, a point came up in the discussion which I still remember very well and it bears very closely on the subject of this essay. I had said something in my opening remarks about how technical recent philosophy had become and what a formidable language was growing up around (...)
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  30.  16
    The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God’s Assistance.Linda Zagzebski & John E. Hare - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (2):291.
    The title of Hare’s book refers to the gap between the demand that morality places on us and our natural capacity to live by it. Such a gap is paradoxical if we accept the “‘ought’ implies ‘can”’ principle. The solution, Hare argues, is that the gap is filled by the Christian God. So we ought to be moral and can do so—with divine assistance. Hare’s statement and defense of the existence of the gap combines a rigorously Kantian notion of the (...)
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  31.  15
    [Book Review] Theories of Distributive Justice. [REVIEW]John E. Roemer - 2000 - Social Theory and Practice 26 (2):327-345.
  32.  10
    Discussion: "Analogy" is Analogous.John E. Thomas - 1966 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 22 (1):73.
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  33.  2
    SOAR: An Architecture for General Intelligence.John E. Laird, Allen Newell & Paul S. Rosenbloom - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (1):1-64.
  34.  8
    The Value of Community: Dewey and Royce.John E. Smith - 1974 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 12 (4):469-479.
  35.  79
    The Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages.John E. Murdoch - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (1):120-126.
  36. If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're so Rich?John E. Roemer - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):106-112.
  37.  89
    A Public Ownership Resolution of the Tragedy of the Commons*: JOHN E. ROEMER.John E. Roemer - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):74-92.
    Imagine a society of fisherfolk, who, in the state of nature, fish on a lake of finite size. Fishing on the lake is characterized by decreasing returns to scale in labor, because the lake's finite size imply that each successive hour of fishing labor is less effective than the previous one, as the remaining fish become less dense in the lake. In the state of nature, the lake is commonly owned: each fishes as much as he pleases, and, we might (...)
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  38. The Meaning of Life in a Developing Universe.John E. Stewart - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (4):395-409.
    The evolution of life on Earth has produced an organism that is beginning to model and understand its own evolution and the possible future evolution of life in the universe. These models and associated evidence show that evolution on Earth has a trajectory. The scale over which living processes are organized cooperatively has increased progressively, as has its evolvability. Recent theoretical advances raise the possibility that this trajectory is itself part of a wider developmental process. According to these theories, the (...)
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  39.  30
    Mind Matters: Studies of Medieval and Early Modern Intellectual History in Honour of Marcia Colish. Edited by Cary J. Nederman, Nancy Van Deusen, and E. Ann Matter. [REVIEW]John E. Weakland - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (4):569 - 570.
    The European Legacy, Volume 17, Issue 4, Page 569-570, July 2012.
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  40. Equality of Talent.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  41.  10
    Normative Data for 84 UK English Rebus Puzzles.Emma Threadgold, John E. Marsh & Linden J. Ball - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42. Teaching Critical Thinking: Dialogue and Dialectic.John E. McPeck - 1990 - Routledge.
     
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  43. Should Marxists Be Interested in Exploitation?John E. Roemer - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):30-65.
  44. Schopenhauer on the Character of the World the Metaphysics of Will.John E. Atwell - 1995 - University of California Press.
    The most extensive English-language study of Schopenhauer's metaphysics of the will yet published, this book represents a major contribution to Schopenhauer scholarship. Here, John E. Atwell critically but sympathetically examines the philosopher's main work, _The World as Will and Representation_, demonstrating that the philosophical system it puts forth _does_ constitute a consistent whole. The author holds that this system is centered on a single thought, "The world is self-knowledge of the will." He then traces this unifying concept through the (...)
     
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  45.  15
    The Role of Isolation in Evolution: George J. Romanes and John T. Gulick.John E. Lesch - 1975 - Isis 66 (4):483-503.
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  46. The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God’s Assistance.John E. Hare - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    Is morality too difficult for human beings? Kant said that it was, except with God's assistance. Contemporary moral philosophers have usually discussed the question without reference to Christian doctrine, and have either diminished the moral demand, exaggerated human moral capacity, or tried to find a substitute in nature for God's assistance. This book looks at these philosophers--from Kant and Kierkegaard to Swinburne, Russell, and R.M. Hare--and the alternative in Christianity.
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  47.  21
    Free to Lose: An Introduction to Marxist Economic Philosophy.John E. Roemer - 1988 - Harvard University Press.
    Introduction Marxism is a set of ideas from which sprang particular approaches to economics, sociology, anthropology, political theory, literature, art, ...
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  48.  12
    A Model of Consciousness.E. Roy John - 1976 - In Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum Press. pp. 1--50.
  49.  37
    To: “Latest Quaternary Sedimentation in the Northern Gulf of Mexico Intraslope Basin Province: II — Stratigraphic Analysis and Relationship to Glacioeustatic Climate Change,” Hilary Clement Olson, John E. Damuth, and C. Hans Nelson, Interpretation, 4, No. 1, SC81–SC95, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2015-0111.1. [REVIEW]Hilary Clement Olson, John E. Damuth & C. Hans Nelson - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (3):Y1-Y1.
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  50. The Neurophysics of Consciousness.E. Roy John - 2002 - Brain Research Reviews 39 (1):1-28.
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