Results for 'John L. Brickell'

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  1.  7
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Philip G. Altbach, Hilda Calabro, Lloyd J. Miller, Janice Ann Beran, Harvey G. Neufeldt, John Martin Rich, Clinton R. Bunke, John L. Brickell, Glorianne M. Leck & J. J. Chambliss - 1979 - Educational Studies 10 (1):94-113.
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  2. Defeasible Reasoning.John L. Pollock - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (4):481-518.
    There was a long tradition in philosophy according to which good reasoning had to be deductively valid. However, that tradition began to be questioned in the 1960’s, and is now thoroughly discredited. What caused its downfall was the recognition that many familiar kinds of reasoning are not deductively valid, but clearly confer justification on their conclusions. Here are some simple examples.
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  3.  58
    The Law of the Jungle: Moral Alternatives and Principles of Evolution: J. L. Mackie.John L. Mackie - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (206):455-464.
    When people speak of ‘the law of the jungle’, they usually mean unions restrained and ruthless competition, with everyone out solely for his own advantage. But the phrase was coined by Rudyard Kipling, in The Second Jungle Book , and he meant something very different. His law of the jungle is a law that wolves in a pack are supposed to obey. His poem says that ‘the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, and the strength of the Wolf is (...)
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  4.  18
    Herodotus, Father of History. By John L. Myres. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953. Pp. Viii + 315, with 25 Text Figs. 30s.A. R. Burn & John L. Myres - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:197-198.
  5.  13
    "Knowledge and Justification," by John L. Pollock.John L. Treloar - 1976 - Modern Schoolman 53 (4):434-435.
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  6.  55
    Thinking About Acting.John L. Pollock - unknown
    The objective of this book is to produce a theory of rational decision making for realistically resource-bounded agents. My interest is not in “What should I do if I were an ideal agent?”, but rather, “What should I do given that I am who I am, with all my actual cognitive limitations?” The book has three parts. Part One addresses the question of where the values come from that agents use in rational decision making. The most comon view among philosophers (...)
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  7.  36
    Cognitive Carpentry: A Blueprint for How to Build a Person.John L. Pollock - 1995 - MIT Press.
    "A sequel to Pollock's How to Build a Person, this volume builds upon that theoretical groundwork for the implementation of rationality through artificial ...
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  8.  85
    Rational Choice and Action Omnipotence.John L. Pollock - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):1-23.
    Counterexamples are constructed for the theory of rational choice that results from a direct application of classical decision theory to ordinary actions. These counterexamples turn on the fact that an agent may be unable to perform an action, and may even be unable to try to perform an action. An alternative theory of rational choice is proposed that evaluates actions using a more complex measure, and then it is shown that this is equivalent to applying classical decision theory to "conditional (...)
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  9.  17
    Meaning and the Moral Sciences.John L. Koethe - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (3):460.
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  10.  52
    Nomic Probability and the Foundations of Induction.John L. Pollock - 1990 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    In this book Pollock deals with the subject of probabilistic reasoning, making general philosophical sense of objective probabilities and exploring their ...
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  11.  37
    How to Build a Person: A Prolegomenon.John L. Pollock - 1989 - MIT Press.
    Pollock describes an exciting theory of rationality and its partial implementation in OSCAR, a computer system whose descendants will literally be persons.
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  12.  15
    Rational Choice and Action Omnipotence.John L. Pollock - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):1.
    A theory of rational choice is a theory of how an agent should, rationally, go about deciding what actions to perform at any given time. For example, I may want to decide whether to go to a movie this evening or stay home and read a book. The actions between which we want to choose are perfectly ordinary actions, and the presumption is that to make such a decision we should attend to the likely consequences of our decision. It is (...)
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  13. Hermann Weyl on Intuition and the Continuum.John L. Bell - 2000 - Philosophia Mathematica 8 (3):259-273.
    Hermann Weyl, one of the twentieth century's greatest mathematicians, was unusual in possessing acute literary and philosophical sensibilities—sensibilities to which he gave full expression in his writings. In this paper I use quotations from these writings to provide a sketch of Weyl's philosophical orientation, following which I attempt to elucidate his views on the mathematical continuum, bringing out the central role he assigned to intuition.
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  14.  1
    A Primer of Infinitesimal Analysis.John L. Bell - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first elementary book to employ the concept of infinitesimals.
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  15.  36
    Thinking About Acting: Logical Foundations for Rational Decision Making.John L. Pollock - 2006 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, Usa.
    Pollock argues that theories of ideal rationality are largely irrelevant to the decision making of real agents. Thinking about Acting aims to provide a theory of "real rationality.".
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  16. Vision, Knowledge, and the Mystery Link.John L. Pollock & Iris Oved - 2005 - Noûs 39 (1):309-351.
    Imagine yourself sitting on your front porch, sipping your morning coffee and admiring the scene before you. You see trees, houses, people, automobiles; you see a cat running across the road, and a bee buzzing among the flowers. You see that the flowers are yellow, and blowing in the wind. You see that the people are moving about, many of them on bicycles. You see that the houses are painted different colors, mostly earth tones, and most are one-story but a (...)
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  17. Types, Sets and Categories.John L. Bell - unknown
    This essay is an attempt to sketch the evolution of type theory from its beginnings early in the last century to the present day. Central to the development of the type concept has been its close relationship with set theory to begin with and later its even more intimate relationship with category theory. Since it is effectively impossible to describe these relationships (especially in regard to the latter) with any pretensions to completeness within the space of a comparatively short article, (...)
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  18.  5
    Islam: The Straight Path.John L. Esposito - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Now in a new edition, this exceptionally successful survey text introduces the faith, belief, and practice of Islam from its earliest origins up to its contemporary resurgence. John L. Esposito, an internationally renowned expert on Islam, traces the development of this dynamic faith and its impact on world history and politics. The fourth edition features updated and expanded coverage of Islam and politics; more extensive treatment of early Islam; an enhanced art program; a new appendix; and a free 6-month (...)
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  19.  4
    Prolegomena to a Philosophy of Religion.John L. Schellenberg - 2005 - Cornell University Press.
    "There is no attempt here to lay down as inviolable or to legislate certain ways of looking at things or ways of proceeding for philosophers of religion, only proposals for how to deal with a range of basic issues-proposals that I hope will ignite much fruitful discussion and which, in any case, I shall take as a basis for my own ongoing work in the field."-from the Preface Providing an original and systematic treatment of foundational issues in philosophy of religion, (...)
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  20.  97
    Reasoning Defeasibly About Probabilities.John L. Pollock - 2011 - Synthese 181 (2):317-352.
    In concrete applications of probability, statistical investigation gives us knowledge of some probabilities, but we generally want to know many others that are not directly revealed by our data. For instance, we may know prob(P/Q) (the probability of P given Q) and prob(P/R), but what we really want is prob(P/Q& R), and we may not have the data required to assess that directly. The probability calculus is of no help here. Given prob(P/Q) and prob(P/R), it is consistent with the probability (...)
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  21.  17
    Vision, Knowledge, and the Mystery Link.John L. Pollock & Iris Oved - 2005 - Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):309-351.
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  22.  39
    An Introduction to Connectionism.John L. Tienson - 1988 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (S1):1-16.
  23.  83
    The Foundations of Philosophical Semantics.John L. Pollock - 1984 - Princeton University Press.
    Princeton University Press, 984. This book is out of print, but can be downloaded as a pdf file (3.9 MB).
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  24.  9
    Organization of Abilities and the Development of Intelligence.John L. Horn - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (3):242-259.
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  25.  49
    Doing and Deserving: Essays in the Theory of Responsibility.John L. Carafides - 1972 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (2):284-285.
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  26.  9
    Set Theory: Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs.John L. Bell - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    This third edition, now available in paperback, is a follow up to the author's classic Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs in Set Theory. It provides an exposition of some of the most important results in set theory obtained in the 20th century: the independence of the continuum hypothesis and the axiom of choice.
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  27.  80
    Reliability and Justified Belief.John L. Pollock - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):103 - 114.
    Reliabilist theories propose to analyse epistemic justification in terms of reliability. This paper argues that if we pay attention to the details of probability theory we find that there is no concept of reliability that can possibly play the role required by reliabilist theories. A distinction is drawn between the general reliability of a process and the single case reliability of an individual belief, And it is argued that neither notion can serve the reliabilist adequately.
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  28. Epistemic Norms.John L. Pollock - 1987 - Synthese 71 (1):61 - 95.
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  29.  91
    Language and Life History: A New Perspective on the Development and Evolution of Human Language.John L. Locke & Barry Bogin - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):259-280.
    It has long been claimed that Homo sapiens is the only species that has language, but only recently has it been recognized that humans also have an unusual pattern of growth and development. Social mammals have two stages of pre-adult development: infancy and juvenility. Humans have two additional prolonged and pronounced life history stages: childhood, an interval of four years extending between infancy and the juvenile period that follows, and adolescence, a stage of about eight years that stretches from juvenility (...)
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  30.  90
    Epistemology and Probability.John L. Pollock - 1983 - Noûs 17 (1):65-67.
    Probability is sometimes regarded as a universal panacea for epistemology. It has been supposed that the rationality of belief is almost entirely a matter of probabilities. Unfortunately, those philosophers who have thought about this most extensively have tended to be probability theorists first, and epistemologists only secondarily. In my estimation, this has tended to make them insensitive to the complexities exhibited by epistemic justification. In this paper I propose to turn the tables. I begin by laying out some rather simple (...)
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  31.  51
    ``Defeasible Reasoning with Variable Degrees of Justification&Quot.John L. Pollock - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence 133 (1-2):233-282.
    The question addressed in this paper is how the degree of justification of a belief is determined. A conclusion may be supported by several different arguments, the arguments typically being defeasible, and there may also be arguments of varying strengths for defeaters for some of the supporting arguments. What is sought is a way of computing the “on sum” degree of justification of a conclusion in terms of the degrees of justification of all relevant premises and the strengths of all (...)
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  32. The Continuous and the Infinitesimal in Mathematics and Philosophy.John L. Bell - 2007 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 13 (3):361-363.
     
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  33. Language and Thought.John L. Pollock - 1982 - Princeton University Press.
    Princeton University Press, 1982. This book is out of print, but can be downloaded as a pdf file (5 MB).
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  34.  69
    The Bush Doctrine, Preventive War, and International Law.John L. Hammond - 2005 - Philosophical Forum 36 (1):97–111.
  35.  3
    Geographical History in Greek Lands. By John L. Myres. Pp. X + 381, Pll. 12. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953. 35s.J. O. Thomson & John L. Myres - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:210-210.
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  36.  24
    John Wilson as Moral Educator.John L. Harrison - 1977 - Journal of Moral Education 7 (1):50-63.
    John Wilson's work as moral educator is summarized and evaluated. His rationalist humanistic approach is based on a componential characterization of the morally educated person. Such a person consistently manifests a unity of reflection, feeling, belief, and acting under the logically structured rubrics of PHIL, EMP, GIG and KRAT, and exemplifying the formal features of 'moral opinion'. The rationale and conceptual status of the components is discussed, as is the view that the concept of education entails that teachers be (...)
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  37. Aristotle on Action.John L. Ackrill - 1976 - Mind 87 (348):595-601.
  38. Truth and Knowability.John L. Mackie - 1980 - Analysis 40 (2):90 - 92.
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  39.  48
    How Do You Maximize Expectation Value?John L. Pollock - 1983 - Noûs 17 (3):409-421.
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  40.  8
    A Possible Artifact in Electroencephalography.John L. Kennedy - 1959 - Psychological Review 66 (6):347-352.
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  41. The Paradox of the Preface.John L. Pollock - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (2):246-258.
    In a number of recent papers I have been developing the theory of "nomic probability," which is supposed to be the kind of probability involved in statistical laws of nature. One of the main principles of this theory is an acceptance rule explicitly designed to handle the lottery paradox. This paper shows that the rule can also handle the paradox of the preface. The solution proceeds in part by pointing out a surprising connection between the paradox of the preface and (...)
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  42. Institutional Analysis and the Role of Ideas in Political Economy.John L. Campbell - 1998 - Theory and Society 27 (3):377-409.
  43.  73
    Continuity and Infinitesimals.John L. Bell - unknown
    The usual meaning of the word continuous is “unbroken” or “uninterrupted”: thus a continuous entity —a continuum—has no “gaps.” We commonly suppose that space and time are continuous, and certain philosophers have maintained that all natural processes occur continuously: witness, for example, Leibniz's famous apothegm natura non facit saltus—“nature makes no jump.” In mathematics the word is used in the same general sense, but has had to be furnished with increasingly precise definitions. So, for instance, in the later 18th century (...)
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  44.  42
    Epistemology and Probability.John L. Pollock - 1983 - Synthese 55 (2):231-252.
    Probability is sometimes regarded as a universal panacea for epistemology. It has been supposed that the rationality of belief is almost entirely a matter of probabilities. Unfortunately, those philosophers who have thought about this most extensively have tended to be probability theorists first, and epistemologists only secondarily. In my estimation, this has tended to make them insensitive to the complexities exhibited by epistemic justification. In this paper I propose to turn the tables. I begin by laying out some rather simple (...)
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  45.  13
    Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism.John L. Koethe - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (1):154.
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  46.  42
    Defeasible Reasoning and Degrees of Justification.John L. Pollock † - 2010 - Argument and Computation 1 (1):7-22.
  47. A Nonclassical Framework for Cognitive Science.Terence E. Horgan & John L. Tienson - 1994 - Synthese 101 (3):305-45.
    David Marr provided a useful framework for theorizing about cognition within classical, AI-style cognitive science, in terms of three levels of description: the levels of (i) cognitive function, (ii) algorithm and (iii) physical implementation. We generalize this framework: (i) cognitive state transitions, (ii) mathematical/functional design and (iii) physical implementation or realization. Specifying the middle, design level to be the theory of dynamical systems yields a nonclassical, alternative framework that suits (but is not committed to) connectionism. We consider how a brain's (...)
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  48.  82
    A Refined Theory of Counterfactuals.John L. Pollock - 1981 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (2):239 - 266.
  49. The Meaning of a Word.John L. Austin - 1961 - In J. O. Urmson & G. J. Warnock (eds.), Journal of Symbolic Logic. Clarendon Press. pp. 23--43.
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  50.  64
    Processing Symbolic Information From a Visual Display: Interference From an Irrelevant Directional Cue.John L. Craft & J. Richard Simon - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):415.
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