Results for 'John L. Scanlon'

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  1.  7
    Discrimination and Reversal in Capuchin Monkeys as a Function of Irrelevant Cue Salience.John L. Scanlon & James E. King - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (1):41-43.
  2. G. John M. Abbarno, The Ethics of Homelessness. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1999, 258 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 90-420-0777-X, $22.00 (Pb). Robert B. Baker, Arthur L. Caplan, Linda L. Emanuel and Stephen R. Latham, Eds., The American Medical Ethics Revolution. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999, 396 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-8018-6170. [REVIEW]James Bohman, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Nicholas D. Smith, Alan Brinkley, Tex Waco, James M. Buchanan, Richard A. Musgrave, John D. Caputo, Michael J. Scanlon & Christopher Cox - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35:285-289.
     
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  3.  17
    Communicative Intentionality in the Chimpanzee.Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, John L. Scanlon & Duane M. Rumbaugh - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (4):620-623.
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  4.  13
    "Knowledge and Justification," by John L. Pollock.John L. Treloar - 1976 - Modern Schoolman 53 (4):434-435.
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  5.  18
    Herodotus, Father of History. By John L. Myres. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953. Pp. Viii + 315, with 25 Text Figs. 30s.A. R. Burn & John L. Myres - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:197-198.
  6. Contemporary Theories of Knowledge.John L. Pollock - 1986 - Hutchinson.
    This new edition of the classic Contemporary Theories of Knowledge has been significantly updated to include analyses of the recent literature in epistemology.
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  7. Aristotle on Action.John L. Ackrill - 1976 - Mind 87 (348):595-601.
  8.  2
    Cognitive Carpentry a Blueprint for How to Build a Person.John L. Pollock - 1995 - MIT Press.
    In his groundbreaking new book, John Pollock establishes an outpost at the crossroads where artificial intelligence meets philosophy. Specifically, he proposes a general theory of rationality and then describes its implementation in OSCAR, an architecture for an autonomous rational agent he claims is the "first AI system capable of performing reasoning that philosophers would regard as epistemically sophisticated." A sequel to Pollock's How to Build a Person, this volume builds upon that theoretical groundwork for the implementation of rationality through (...)
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  9.  38
    Cognitive Carpentry: A Blueprint for How to Build a Person.John L. Pollock - 1995 - MIT Press.
    "A sequel to Pollock's How to Build a Person, this volume builds upon that theoretical groundwork for the implementation of rationality through artificial ...
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  10.  51
    God, the Gift, and Postmodernism.John D. Caputo & Michael J. Scanlon (eds.) - 1999 - Indiana University Press.
    Pushing past the constraints of postmodernism which cast "reason" and"religion" in opposition, God, the Gift, and Postmodernism, seizes the opportunity to question the authority of "the modern" and open the limits of possible experience, including the call to religious experience, as a new millennium approaches. Jacques Derrida, the father of deconstruction, engages with Jean-Luc Marion and other religious philosophers to entertain questions about intention, givenness, and possibility which reveal the extent to which deconstruction is structured like religion. New interpretations of (...)
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  11. Knowledge and Justification.John L. Pollock - 1974 - Princeton University Press.
    Princeton University Press, 1974. This book is out of print, but can be downloaded as a pdf file (5 MB).
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  12. Defeasible Reasoning.John L. Pollock - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (4):481-518.
    There was a long tradition in philosophy according to which good reasoning had to be deductively valid. However, that tradition began to be questioned in the 1960’s, and is now thoroughly discredited. What caused its downfall was the recognition that many familiar kinds of reasoning are not deductively valid, but clearly confer justification on their conclusions. Here are some simple examples.
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  13.  3
    Geographical History in Greek Lands. By John L. Myres. Pp. X + 381, Pll. 12. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953. 35s.J. O. Thomson & John L. Myres - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:210-210.
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  14.  52
    Nomic Probability and the Foundations of Induction.John L. Pollock - 1990 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    In this book Pollock deals with the subject of probabilistic reasoning, making general philosophical sense of objective probabilities and exploring their ...
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  15. God, the Gift, and Postmodernism.John D. Caputo & Michael J. Scanlon - 2000 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (3):613-615.
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  16.  17
    Meaning and the Moral Sciences.John L. Koethe - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (3):460.
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  17.  37
    How to Build a Person: A Prolegomenon.John L. Pollock - 1989 - MIT Press.
    Pollock describes an exciting theory of rationality and its partial implementation in OSCAR, a computer system whose descendants will literally be persons.
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  18. John Locke; Empiricist, Atomist, Conceptualist, and Agnostic.John L. Kraus - 1968 - New York: Philosophical Library.
     
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  19.  39
    Thinking About Acting: Logical Foundations for Rational Decision Making.John L. Pollock - 2006 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, Usa.
    Pollock argues that theories of ideal rationality are largely irrelevant to the decision making of real agents. Thinking about Acting aims to provide a theory of "real rationality.".
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  20.  70
    The Law of the Jungle: Moral Alternatives and Principles of Evolution: J. L. Mackie.John L. Mackie - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (206):455-464.
    When people speak of ‘the law of the jungle’, they usually mean unions restrained and ruthless competition, with everyone out solely for his own advantage. But the phrase was coined by Rudyard Kipling, in The Second Jungle Book , and he meant something very different. His law of the jungle is a law that wolves in a pack are supposed to obey. His poem says that ‘the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, and the strength of the Wolf is (...)
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  21.  2
    A Primer of Infinitesimal Analysis.John L. Bell - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first elementary book to employ the concept of infinitesimals.
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  22.  6
    Islam: The Straight Path.John L. Esposito - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Now in a new edition, this exceptionally successful survey text introduces the faith, belief, and practice of Islam from its earliest origins up to its contemporary resurgence. John L. Esposito, an internationally renowned expert on Islam, traces the development of this dynamic faith and its impact on world history and politics. The fourth edition features updated and expanded coverage of Islam and politics; more extensive treatment of early Islam; an enhanced art program; a new appendix; and a free 6-month (...)
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  23.  26
    "Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy," Ed. John P. Anton and George L. Kustas.John L. Treloar - 1975 - Modern Schoolman 52 (4):466-466.
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  24.  85
    The Foundations of Philosophical Semantics.John L. Pollock - 1984 - Princeton University Press.
    Princeton University Press, 984. This book is out of print, but can be downloaded as a pdf file (3.9 MB).
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  25.  2
    Book Review: Introducing the Old Testament, by John Drane. Harper & Row, San Francisco, 1987. 352 Pp. $22.95.; An Introduction to the Old Testament: A Feminist Perspective, by Alice L. Laffey. Fortress Press, Philadelphia, 1988. 243 Pp. $12.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]John L. Sullivan - 1990 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 44 (1):81-81.
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  26.  11
    Set Theory: Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs.John L. Bell - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    This third edition, now available in paperback, is a follow up to the author's classic Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs in Set Theory. It provides an exposition of some of the most important results in set theory obtained in the 20th century: the independence of the continuum hypothesis and the axiom of choice.
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  27.  56
    Thinking About Acting.John L. Pollock - unknown
    The objective of this book is to produce a theory of rational decision making for realistically resource-bounded agents. My interest is not in “What should I do if I were an ideal agent?”, but rather, “What should I do given that I am who I am, with all my actual cognitive limitations?” The book has three parts. Part One addresses the question of where the values come from that agents use in rational decision making. The most comon view among philosophers (...)
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  28.  9
    Organization of Abilities and the Development of Intelligence.John L. Horn - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (3):242-259.
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  29.  4
    Prolegomena to a Philosophy of Religion.John L. Schellenberg - 2005 - Cornell University Press.
    "There is no attempt here to lay down as inviolable or to legislate certain ways of looking at things or ways of proceeding for philosophers of religion, only proposals for how to deal with a range of basic issues-proposals that I hope will ignite much fruitful discussion and which, in any case, I shall take as a basis for my own ongoing work in the field."-from the Preface Providing an original and systematic treatment of foundational issues in philosophy of religion, (...)
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  30.  81
    Reliability and Justified Belief.John L. Pollock - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):103 - 114.
    Reliabilist theories propose to analyse epistemic justification in terms of reliability. This paper argues that if we pay attention to the details of probability theory we find that there is no concept of reliability that can possibly play the role required by reliabilist theories. A distinction is drawn between the general reliability of a process and the single case reliability of an individual belief, And it is argued that neither notion can serve the reliabilist adequately.
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  31.  49
    Doing and Deserving: Essays in the Theory of Responsibility.John L. Carafides - 1972 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (2):284-285.
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  32. Epistemic Norms.John L. Pollock - 1987 - Synthese 71 (1):61 - 95.
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  33.  91
    Epistemology and Probability.John L. Pollock - 1983 - Noûs 17 (1):65-67.
    Probability is sometimes regarded as a universal panacea for epistemology. It has been supposed that the rationality of belief is almost entirely a matter of probabilities. Unfortunately, those philosophers who have thought about this most extensively have tended to be probability theorists first, and epistemologists only secondarily. In my estimation, this has tended to make them insensitive to the complexities exhibited by epistemic justification. In this paper I propose to turn the tables. I begin by laying out some rather simple (...)
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  34. Language and Thought.John L. Pollock - 1982 - Princeton University Press.
    Princeton University Press, 1982. This book is out of print, but can be downloaded as a pdf file (5 MB).
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  35. How to Reason Defeasibly.John L. Pollock - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence 57 (1):1-42.
  36.  51
    ``Defeasible Reasoning with Variable Degrees of Justification&Quot.John L. Pollock - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence 133 (1-2):233-282.
    The question addressed in this paper is how the degree of justification of a belief is determined. A conclusion may be supported by several different arguments, the arguments typically being defeasible, and there may also be arguments of varying strengths for defeaters for some of the supporting arguments. What is sought is a way of computing the “on sum” degree of justification of a conclusion in terms of the degrees of justification of all relevant premises and the strengths of all (...)
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  37.  3
    Islam: The Straight Path.John L. Esposito - 1991 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This exceptionally successful survey text introduces the teachings and practice of Islam from its earliest origins up to its contemporary practice. John L. Esposito, an internationally renowned expert on Islam, traces the development of Islam and its impact on world history and politics.Lucidly written and expansive in scope, Islam: The Straight Path, Updated Fifth Edition, provides keen insight into one of the world's least understood religions. It is ideally suited for use in courses on Islam, world religions, comparative religions, (...)
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  38.  1
    Islam: The Straight Path.John L. Esposito - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This exceptionally successful survey text introduces the teachings and practice of Islam from its earliest origins up to its contemporary practice. John L. Esposito, an internationally renowned expert on Islam, traces the development of Islam and its impact on world history and politics.Lucidly written and expansive in scope, Islam: The Straight Path, Fifth Edition, provides keen insight into one of the world's least understood religions. It is ideally suited for use in courses on Islam, world religions, comparative religions, and (...)
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  39. John Deere and the Bereavement Counselor.John L. Mcknight - 1984 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 4 (6):597-604.
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  40. John Dewey as Educator.John L. Childs - 1940 - [New York, Progressive Education Association.
     
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  41.  44
    Epistemology and Probability.John L. Pollock - 1983 - Synthese 55 (2):231-252.
    Probability is sometimes regarded as a universal panacea for epistemology. It has been supposed that the rationality of belief is almost entirely a matter of probabilities. Unfortunately, those philosophers who have thought about this most extensively have tended to be probability theorists first, and epistemologists only secondarily. In my estimation, this has tended to make them insensitive to the complexities exhibited by epistemic justification. In this paper I propose to turn the tables. I begin by laying out some rather simple (...)
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  42.  7
    Transcendence and Beyond: A Postmodern Inquiry.John D. Caputo & Michael J. Scanlon (eds.) - 2007 - Indiana University Press.
    A benchmark volume at the intersection of philosophy and religion.
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  43. The Continuous and the Infinitesimal in Mathematics and Philosophy.John L. Bell - 2007 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 13 (3):361-363.
     
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  44. Epistemology and Probability.John L. Pollock - 1983 - Noûs 17 (1):65.
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  45.  48
    How Do You Maximize Expectation Value?John L. Pollock - 1983 - Noûs 17 (3):409-421.
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  46.  25
    John Wilson as Moral Educator.John L. Harrison - 1977 - Journal of Moral Education 7 (1):50-63.
    John Wilson's work as moral educator is summarized and evaluated. His rationalist humanistic approach is based on a componential characterization of the morally educated person. Such a person consistently manifests a unity of reflection, feeling, belief, and acting under the logically structured rubrics of PHIL, EMP, GIG and KRAT, and exemplifying the formal features of 'moral opinion'. The rationale and conceptual status of the components is discussed, as is the view that the concept of education entails that teachers be (...)
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  47.  15
    L'Ancien Français. Points de Vue. Programmes. R.-L. Wagner.John L. Grigsby - 1977 - Speculum 52 (2):444-448.
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  48.  91
    Language and Life History: A New Perspective on the Development and Evolution of Human Language.John L. Locke & Barry Bogin - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):259-280.
    It has long been claimed that Homo sapiens is the only species that has language, but only recently has it been recognized that humans also have an unusual pattern of growth and development. Social mammals have two stages of pre-adult development: infancy and juvenility. Humans have two additional prolonged and pronounced life history stages: childhood, an interval of four years extending between infancy and the juvenile period that follows, and adolescence, a stage of about eight years that stretches from juvenility (...)
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  49. The Paradox of the Preface.John L. Pollock - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (2):246-258.
    In a number of recent papers I have been developing the theory of "nomic probability," which is supposed to be the kind of probability involved in statistical laws of nature. One of the main principles of this theory is an acceptance rule explicitly designed to handle the lottery paradox. This paper shows that the rule can also handle the paradox of the preface. The solution proceeds in part by pointing out a surprising connection between the paradox of the preface and (...)
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  50.  90
    Rational Choice and Action Omnipotence.John L. Pollock - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):1-23.
    Counterexamples are constructed for the theory of rational choice that results from a direct application of classical decision theory to ordinary actions. These counterexamples turn on the fact that an agent may be unable to perform an action, and may even be unable to try to perform an action. An alternative theory of rational choice is proposed that evaluates actions using a more complex measure, and then it is shown that this is equivalent to applying classical decision theory to "conditional (...)
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