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John D. Lantos [63]John Lantos [39]
  1. Sequencing Newborns: A Call for Nuanced Use of Genomic Technologies.Josephine Johnston, John D. Lantos, Aaron Goldenberg, Flavia Chen, Erik Parens & Barbara A. Koenig - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48:S2-S6.
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  2.  32
    Should the “Slow Code” Be Resuscitated?John D. Lantos & William L. Meadow - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):8-12.
    Most bioethicists and professional medical societies condemn the practice of ?slow codes.? The American College of Physicians ethics manual states, ?Because it is deceptive, physicians or nurses should not perform half-hearted resuscitation efforts (?slow codes?).? A leading textbook calls slow codes ?dishonest, crass dissimulation, and unethical.? A medical sociologist describes them as ?deplorable, dishonest and inconsistent with established ethical principles.? Nevertheless, we believe that slow codes may be appropriate and ethically defensible in situations in which cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is likely (...)
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  3.  6
    Pediatric Participation in Medical Decision Making: Optimized or Personalized?Maya Sabatello, Annie Janvier, Eduard Verhagen, Wynne Morrison & John Lantos - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):1-3.
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  4.  62
    Agency and Authenticity: Which Value Grounds Patient Choice?Daniel Brudney & John Lantos - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (4):217-227.
    In current American medical practice, autonomy is assumed to be more valuable than human life: if a patient autonomously refuses lifesaving treatment, the doctors are supposed to let him die. In this paper we discuss two values that might be at stake in such clinical contexts. Usually, we hear only of autonomy and best interests. However, here, autonomy is ambiguous between two concepts—concepts that are tied to different values and to different philosophical traditions. In some cases, the two values (that (...)
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  5. Informed Consent for Comparative Effectiveness Research Should Not Consider the Risks of the Standard Therapies That Are Being Studied as Risks of the Research.John D. Lantos - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (3):365-374.
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  6. SUPPORT and the Ethics of Study Implementation: Lessons for Comparative Effectiveness Research From the Trial of Oxygen Therapy for Premature Babies.John D. Lantos & Chris Feudtner - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (1):30-40.
  7.  38
    The Doctor-Patient Relationship in the Post-Managed Care Era.G. Caleb Alexander & John D. Lantos - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):29 – 32.
  8.  28
    Rethinking Professional Ethics in the Cost-Sharing Era.G. Alexander, Mark Hall & John Lantos - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):W17-W22.
    Changes in healthcare financing increasingly rely upon patient cost-sharing to control escalating healthcare expenditures. These changes raise new challenges for physicians that are different from those that arose either under managed care or traditional indemnity insurance. Historically, there have been two distinct bases for arguing that physicians should not consider costs in their clinical decisions?an ?aspirational ethic? that exhorts physicians to treat all patients the same regardless of their ability to pay, and an ?agency ethic? that calls on physicians to (...)
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  9. Confessions of a Medicine Man: An Essay in Popular Philosophy (Review).John D. Lantos - 2001 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (1):132-134.
  10.  6
    On Cultural Sanctions for Shaping Our Children's Genitalia.John Lantos - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):55-57.
  11.  7
    Vaccine Mandates Are Justifiable Because We Are All in This Together.John D. Lantos & Mary Anne Jackson - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):1 - 2.
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  12.  4
    Genomic Contraindications for Heart Transplantation.Danton S. Char, Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz, Aliessa Barnes, David Magnus, Michael J. Deem & John D. Lantos - 2017 - Pediatrics 139 (4).
  13.  5
    The Authority of the Clinical Ethicist.David J. Casarett, Frona Daskal & John Lantos - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (6):6.
  14.  22
    Community Equipoise and the Architecture of Clinical Research.Jason H. T. Karlawish & John Lantos - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):385-.
    Equipoise is an essential condition to justify a clinical trial. The term, describes a state of uncertainty: the data suggest but do not prove a drug's safety and efficacy The only way to resolve this uncertainty is further study In many cases, a clinical trial seems to be the most efficient way to prove safety and efficacy Equipoise is therefore not an esoteric philosophic construct applied to research ethics. Rather, since it is vital for the justification of clinical trials, it (...)
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  15.  10
    Fragile Lives with Fragile Rights: Justice for Babies Born at the Limit of Viability.Manya J. Hendriks & John D. Lantos - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (3):205-214.
    There is an inconsistency in the ways that doctors make clinical decisions regarding the treatment of babies born extremely prematurely. Many experts now recommend that clinical decisions about the treatment of such babies be individualized and consider many different factors. Nevertheless, many policies and practices throughout Europe and North America still appear to base decisions on gestational age alone or on gestational age as the primary factor that determines whether doctors recommend or even offer life-sustaining neonatal intensive care treatment. These (...)
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  16.  4
    Do Patients Want to Participate in Decisions About Their Own Medical Care?John D. Lantos - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (10):1-2.
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  17.  4
    Considering Whether the Dismissal of Vaccine-Refusing Families Is Fair to Other Clinicians.Michael J. Deem, Mark Christopher Navin & John D. Lantos - 2018 - JAMA Pediatrics 172 (6):515-516.
  18. Ethics Committees and Resource Allocation.John D. Lantos - 1994 - Bioethics Forum 10:27-29.
     
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  19.  44
    Are Newborns Morally Different From Older Children?Annie Janvier, Karen Lynn Bauer & John D. Lantos - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):413-425.
    Policies and position statements regarding decision-making for extremely premature babies exist in many countries and are often directive, focusing on parental choice and expected outcomes. These recommendations often state survival and handicap as reasons for optional intervention. The fact that such outcome statistics would not justify such approaches in other populations suggests that some other powerful factors are at work. The value of neonatal intensive care has been scrutinized far more than intensive care for older patients and suggests that neonatal (...)
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  20.  17
    It's Not the Growth Attenuation, It's the Sterilization!John Lantos - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1):45-46.
  21.  5
    The Weird Divergence of Ethics and Regulation With Regard to Informed Consent.John D. Lantos - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (12):31-33.
  22. Special Care Medical Decisions at the Beginning of Life.John Lantos - 1986
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  23.  15
    The Karamazov Complex: Dostoevsky and DNR Orders.Martha M. Montello & John D. Lantos - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (2):190-199.
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  24.  5
    To Whom Do Children Belong?John Lantos - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (11):4-5.
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  25.  14
    Commentary: Physicians as Public Servants in the Setting of Bioterrorism.G. Caleb Alexander & John D. Lantos - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):422-423.
    Physicians have special professional obligations to respond to medical emergencies. A bioterrorism attack would be a medical emergency. Thus, it seems that physicians would have an obligation to respond to a bioterrorist attack. However, the scope of those obligations, and their limits, are vexed topics. General rules may be comforting but the details and nuances of particular situations will always be relevant.
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  26.  3
    Intractable Disagreements About Futility.John Lantos - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 60 (3):390-399.
    It used to be futile to try to save babies born at 23 weeks. It isn’t anymore. It used to be futile to try to keep patients with end-stage congestive heart failure alive. It isn’t anymore. Futility is a moving target. Thus, it is not surprising that doctors, patients, and families often disagree about which treatments are efficacious or futile, appropriate or inappropriate, obligatory or obligatorily withheld. The goalposts keep moving. Yesterday’s impossibility is today’s routine. Why should a patient believe (...)
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  27.  6
    What We Do When We Resuscitate Extremely Preterm Infants.Jeremy R. Garrett, Brian S. Carter & John D. Lantos - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (8):1-3.
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  28.  13
    Innovation in Human Research Protection: The AbioCor Artificial Heart Trial.E. Morreim, George Webb, Harvey Gordon, Baruch Brody, David Casarett, Ken Rosenfeld, James Sabin, John Lantos, Barry Morenz, Robert Krouse & Stan Goodman - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):W6-W16.
  29.  1
    Community Equipoise and the Architecture of Clinical Research.Jason Karlawish & John Lantos - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):385-396.
    Equipoise is an essential condition to justify a clinical trial. The term, describes a state of uncertainty: the data suggest but do not prove a drug's safety and efficacy The only way to resolve this uncertainty is further study In many cases, a clinical trial seems to be the most efficient way to prove safety and efficacy Equipoise is therefore not an esoteric philosophic construct applied to research ethics. Rather, since it is vital for the justification of clinical trials, it (...)
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  30.  4
    Why Are There So Few Ethics Consults in Children’s Hospitals?Brian Carter, Manuel Brockman, Jeremy Garrett, Angie Knackstedt & John Lantos - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (2):91-102.
    In most children’s hospitals, there are very few ethics consultations, even though there are many ethically complex cases. We hypothesize that the reason for this may be that hospitals develop different mechanisms to address ethical issues and that many of these mechanisms are closer in spirit to the goals of the pioneers of clinical ethics than is the mechanism of a formal ethics consultation. To show how this is true, we first review the history of collaboration between philosophers and physicians (...)
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  31.  2
    Bethann's Death.John D. Lantos - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (2):22-23.
  32.  3
    To Whom Do Children Belong?John Lantos - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (11):4-5.
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  33. The Last Physician Walker Percy and the Moral Life of Medicine.Carl Elliott & John D. Lantos - 1999
     
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  34. Ethical Issues in Drug Testing, Approval and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs.John Lantos - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (3):455.
  35.  1
    Commentary on "a Draft Model Aggregated Code for Bioethicists".John D. Lantos - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):45 – 46.
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  36.  2
    Do We Still Need Doctors?John D. Lantos - 1997 - Routledge.
    Written with poignancy and compassion, Do We Still Need Doctors? is a personal account from the front lines of the moral and political battles that are reshaping America's health care system. Using compelling firsthand experiences, clinical vignettes, and moral arguments, John D. Lantos, a pediatrician, asks whether, as we proceed with the redesign of our health care system, doctors will -- or should -- continue to fulfill the roles and responsibilities that they have in the past. Interspersing moving personal stories (...)
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  37.  21
    Does Pediatrics Need its Own Bioethics?John D. Lantos - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (4):613-624.
  38.  15
    The Continuing Complexity of End-of-Life Decisions.John D. Lantos - 2015 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (2):51-52.
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  39.  16
    Correspondence.James B. Swire, Peter A. Singer, Mark Siegler, John D. Lantos, Jean C. Emond, Peter F. Whitington, J. Richard Thistlethwaite & Christoph E. Broelsch - 1990 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (4).
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  40.  6
    Seeking Justice for Priscilla.John Lantos - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (4):485.
    I am currently caring for a child named Priscilla who is ventilator-dependent and whose care confronted me with questions of justice. Priscilla was born at the County Hospital after a normal pregnancy to a 17-year-old single mother. At birth, she was noted to have some dysmorphic features: widely spaced eyes, low-set ears, and a cleft palate. Her chest X-ray showed hypoplastic ribs and scapulae. Her chromosome studies were normal. Eventually, a diagnosis of a rare dwarfing syndrome campomelic dysplasia – was (...)
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  41.  14
    Commentary: Liver-Donors Liver Transplants.James F. Blumstein, Arthur Caplan, Kazumasa Hoshino, Mark Siegler & John D. Lantos - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (4):307.
  42.  20
    The National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care Clinical Practice Guidelines Domain 8: Ethical and Legal Aspects of Care. [REVIEW]William Colby, Constance Dahlin, John Lantos, John Carney & Myra Christopher - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (2):117-131.
    In 2001, leaders with palliative care convened to discuss the standardization of palliative care and formed the National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care. In 2004, the National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care produced the first edition of Clinical Guidelines for Quality Palliative Care. The Guidelines were developed by leaders in the field who examined other national and international standards with the intent to promote consistent, accessible, comprehensive, optimal palliative care through the health care spectrum. Within the guidelines there (...)
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  43.  2
    Attitudes of Paediatric and Obstetric Specialists Towards Prenatal Surgery for Lethal and Non-Lethal Conditions.Ryan M. Antiel, Farr A. Curlin, John D. Lantos, Christopher A. Collura, Alan W. Flake, Mark P. Johnson, Natalie E. Rintoul, Stephen D. Brown & Chris Feudtner - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (4):234-238.
    Background While prenatal surgery historically was performed exclusively for lethal conditions, today intrauterine surgery is also performed to decrease postnatal disabilities for non-lethal conditions. We sought to describe physicians' attitudes about prenatal surgery for lethal and non-lethal conditions and to elucidate characteristics associated with these attitudes. Methods Survey of 1200 paediatric surgeons, neonatologists and maternal–fetal medicine specialists. Results Of 1176 eligible physicians, 670 responded. In the setting of a lethal condition for which prenatal surgery would likely result in the child (...)
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  44.  1
    Should We Always Tell Children the Truth?John D. Lantos - 1996 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (1):78.
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  45.  10
    At the Lok Nayak Hospital, Delhi.John D. Lantos - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (1):9-9.
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  46.  9
    Stories of Caring and Connection: Four Books on Death and Dying.Joshua Hauser & John Lantos - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (2):44-47.
  47.  28
    The Ethical Assessment of Innovative Therapies: Liver Transplantation Using Living Donors.Peter A. Singer, Mark Siegler, John D. Lantos, Jean C. Emond, Peter F. Whitington, J. Richard Thistlethwaite & Christoph E. Broelsch - 1990 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (2).
    Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice for many forms of liver disease. Unfortunately, the scarcity of cadaveric donor livers limits the availability of this technique. To improve the availability of liver transplantation, surgeons have developed the capability of removing a portion of liver from a live donor and transplanting it into a recipient. A few liver transplants using living donors have been performed worldwide.Our purpose was to analyze the ethics of liver transplants using living donors and to propose guidelines (...)
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  48.  1
    Stories of Caring and Connection Four Books on Death and Dying. [REVIEW]Joshua Hauser & John Lantos - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (2):44.
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  49.  1
    Stories of Biology and Medicine. [REVIEW]John D. Lantos - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (3):17.
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  50.  23
    A Better Life Through Science?John D. Lantos - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (4):22-25.
    There is a moment in The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks that brought tears to my eyes. Henrietta Lacks is the woman whose cervical tumor gave rise to a cell line—brand named HeLa—that became quite useful in many important lines of biomedical research. When the book’s author, Rebecca Skloot, tracks down Lacks’s descendents in a Baltimore ghetto, they are not doing well. Zakariyya, the youngest of her children, has had the toughest life. He was born after his mother’s cancer was (...)
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