34 found
Order:
Disambiguations
John N. Martin [33]John Neil Martin [2]
  1. Themes in Neoplatonic and Aristotelian Logic.John N. Martin - 2005 - Ars Disputandi 5.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  2.  27
    Rob R. Brady. The Logicworks. Student Manual. Philosophy Documentation Center, Bowling Green1987, I + 21 Pp. + 2 Disks. - Rob R. Brady. The Logicworks. Guide for Instructors. Philosophy Documentation Center, Bowling Green1987, I + 23 Pp. + Disk. [REVIEW]John N. Martin - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (1):368-370.
  3.  24
    Themes in Neoplatonic and Aristotelian Logic: Order, Negotiation, and Abstraction.John N. Martin - 2004 - Ashgate.
    This book shows otherwise. John Martin rehabilitates Neoplatonism, founded by Plotinus and brought into Christianity by St. Augustine.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  4.  41
    Proclus and the Neoplatonic Syllogistic.John N. Martin - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (3):187-240.
    An investigation of Proclus' logic of the syllogistic and of negations in the Elements of Theology, On the Parmenides, and Platonic Theology. It is shown that Proclus employs interpretations over a linear semantic structure with operators for scalar negations (hypemegationlalpha-intensivum and privative negation). A natural deduction system for scalar negations and the classical syllogistic (as reconstructed by Corcoran and Smiley) is shown to be sound and complete for the non-Boolean linear structures. It is explained how Proclus' syllogistic presupposes converting the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  5.  35
    Existential Import in Cartesian Semantics.John N. Martin - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):211-239.
    The paper explores the existential import of universal affirmative in Descartes, Arnauld and Malebranche. Descartes holds, inconsistently, that eternal truths are true even if the subject term is empty but that a proposition with a false idea as subject is false. Malebranche extends Descartes? truth-conditions for eternal truths, which lack existential import, to all knowledge, allowing only for non-propositional knowledge of contingent existence. Malebranche's rather implausible Neoplatonic semantics is detailed as consisting of three key semantic relations: illumination by which God's (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6.  20
    Existence, Negation, and Abstraction in the Neoplatonic Hierarchy1.John N. Martin - 1995 - History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):169-196.
    The paper is a study of the logic of existence, negation, and order in the Neoplatonic tradition. The central idea is that Neoplatonists assume a logic in which the existence predicate is a comparative adjective and in which monadic predicates function as scalar adjectives that nest the background order. Various scalar predicate negations are then identifiable with various Neoplatonic negations, including a privative negation appropriate for the lower orders of reality and a hyper-negation appropriate for the higher. Reversion to the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  7. Elements of Formal Semantics: An Introduction to Logic for Students of Language.John N. Martin - 1987 - Academic Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  8.  22
    Distributive Terms, Truth, and the Port Royal Logic.John N. Martin - 2013 - History and Philosophy of Logic 34 (2):133-154.
    The paper shows that in the Art of Thinking Arnauld and Nicole introduce a new way to state the truth-conditions for categorical propositions. The definition uses two new ideas: the notion of distributive or, as they call it, universal term, which they abstract from distributive supposition in medieval logic, and their own version of what is now called a conservative quantifier in general quantification theory. Contrary to the interpretation of Jean-Claude Parienté and others, the truth-conditions do not require the introduction (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  30
    All Brutes Are Subhuman: Aristotle and Ockham on Private Negation.John N. Martin - 2003 - Synthese 134 (3):429 - 461.
    The mediaeval logic of Aristotelian privation, represented by Ockham's expositionof All A is non-P as All S is of a type T that is naturally P and no S is P, iscritically evaluated as an account of privative negation. It is argued that there aretwo senses of privative negation: (1) an intensifier (as in subhuman), the dualof Neoplatonic hypernegation (superhuman), which is studied in linguistics asan operator on scalar adjectives, and (2) a (often lexicalized) Boolean complementrelative to the extension of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10.  17
    Lukasiewicz's Many-Valued Logic and Neoplatonic Scalar Modality.John N. Martin - 2002 - History and Philosophy of Logic 23 (2):95-120.
    This paper explores the modal interpretation of ?ukasiewicz's n -truth-values, his conditional and the puzzles they generate by exploring his suggestion that by ?necessity? he intends the concept used in traditional philosophy. Scalar adjectives form families with nested extensions over the left and right fields of an ordering relation described by an associated comparative adjective. Associated is a privative negation that reverses the ?rank? of a predicate within the field. If the scalar semantics is interpreted over a totally ordered domain (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  11.  28
    Philip P. Hanson, Ed.: Environmental Ethics: Philosophy and Policy Perspectives, and John Howell, Ed.: Environment and Ethics - A New Zealand Contribution. [REVIEW]John N. Martin - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (4):357-362.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  49
    Negation, Ambiguity, and the Identity Test.John N. Martin - 1982 - Journal of Semantics 1 (3-4):251-274.
    Negation has been closely tied to semantic presupposition since the concept was first discussed. In most accounts there is a definition or a theorem to the effect that A presupposes B if and only if A and the negation of A, in one sense of negation, both entail B. The multiple senses of negation assumed by such principles have been criticized and along with it the concept of presupposition. Indeed one of the most interesting arguments against semantic presupposition is the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13. Some Misconceptions in the Critique of Semantic Presupposition.John N. Martin - 1979 - Indiana University Linguistics Club.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  40
    The Concept of the Irreplaceable.John N. Martin - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (1):31-48.
    An analysis is proposed for the common argument that something should be preserved because it is irreplaceable. The argument is shown to depend on modal elements in irreplaceable, existence assumptions of preserve, and the logic of obligation. In terms of this theory it is argued that utilitarianism can account for most, but not all instances of persuasive appeals to irreplaceability. Beingessentially backwards looking, utilitarianism cannot in principle justify preservation of objects irreplaceable because of their history or genesis.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  13
    The Semantics of Frege'sgrundgesetze.John N. Martin - 1984 - History and Philosophy of Logic 5 (2):143-176.
    Quantifiers in Frege's Grundgesetze like are not well-defined because the part Fx & Gx stands for a concept but the yoking conjunction is horizontalised and must stand for a truth-value. This standard interpretation is rejected in favor of a substitutional reading that, it is argued, both conforms better to the text and is well-defined. The theory of the horizontal is investigated in detail and the composite reading of Frege's connectives as made up of horizontals is rejected. The sense in which (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  29
    Whether Logic Should Satisfy the Humanities Requirement.John N. Martin - 1996 - Teaching Philosophy 19 (4):385-396.
    The author addresses the question of the necessity of logic courses in undergraduate education, particularly their use as a requirement in the humanities. This paper outlines why logic counts as a humanities subject and why certain virtues of logic are beneficial to a humanities education. The authors explores these two aspects of the question and invites the reader to decide whether the combination of these two aspects of a logic course jointly satisfy the educational needs of their particular institution’s curriculum.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  31
    The Disputation.John N. Martin - 1993 - Teaching Philosophy 16 (4):374-375.
  18.  10
    Epistemic Semantics for Classical and Intuitionistic Logic.John N. Martin - 1984 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 25 (2):105-116.
  19.  7
    A Syntactic Characterization of Kleene's Strong Connectives with Two Designated Values.John N. Martin - 1975 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 21 (1):181-184.
  20.  24
    A Tense Logic for Boethius.John N. Martin - 1989 - History and Philosophy of Logic 10 (2):203-212.
  21. Port Royal Logic.John N. Martin - 2017 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The Port Royal Logic Logic or the Art of Thinking, commonly known as The Port Royal Logic, was written by Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole and first published in 1662. Although it was a textbook containing much worked-over material, the Logic was extremely influential, certainly the most important textbook in logic for the next two … Continue reading Port Royal Logic →.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  21
    Philosophy and Science Fiction.John N. Martin - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (3):280-281.
  23.  15
    Philosophy and Economic Theory.John N. Martin - 1980 - Teaching Philosophy 3 (4):495-497.
  24.  22
    Order Theoretic Properties of Holistic Ethical Theories.John N. Martin - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (3):215-234.
    Using concepts from abstract algebra and type theory, I analyze the structural presuppositions of any holistic ethical theory. This study is motivated by such recent holistic theories in environmental ethics as Aldo Leopold’s land ethic, James E. Lovelock’s Gaia hypothesis, Arne Naess’ deep ecology, and various aesthetic ethics of the sublime. I also discuss the holistic and type theoretic assumptions of suchstandard ethical theories as hedonism, natural rights theory, utilitarianism, Rawls’ difference principle, and fascism. I argue that although there are (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  14
    Philosophy of Economics.John N. Martin - 1983 - Teaching Philosophy 6 (1):84-86.
  26.  5
    Order Theoretic Properties of Holistic Ethical Theories.John N. Martin - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (3):215-234.
    Using concepts from abstract algebra and type theory, I analyze the structural presuppositions of any holistic ethical theory. This study is motivated by such recent holistic theories in environmental ethics as Aldo Leopold’s land ethic, James E. Lovelock’s Gaia hypothesis, Arne Naess’ deep ecology, and various aesthetic ethics of the sublime. I also discuss the holistic and type theoretic assumptions of suchstandard ethical theories as hedonism, natural rights theory, utilitarianism, Rawls’ difference principle, and fascism. I argue that although there are (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  4
    The Concept of the Irreplaceable.John N. Martin - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (1):31-48.
    An analysis is proposed for the common argument that something should be preserved because it is irreplaceable. The argument is shown to depend on modal elements in irreplaceable, existence assumptions of preserve, and the logic of obligation. In terms of this theory it is argued that utilitarianism can account for most, but not all instances of persuasive appeals to irreplaceability. Beingessentially backwards looking, utilitarianism cannot in principle justify preservation of objects irreplaceable because of their history or genesis.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  5
    A Note on ‘Distributive Terms, Truth, and The Port Royal Logic’.John Neil Martin - 2016 - History and Philosophy of Logic 37 (4):391-392.
    A note correcting some technical terminology from linguistics found in ‘Distributive Terms, Truth, and The Port Royal Logic’, this journal, Jan. 17, 2013, 133–54.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  7
    Malebranche’s Neoplatonic Semantic Theory1.John N. Martin - 2014 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 8 (1):33-71.
    This paper argues that Malebranche’s semantics sheds light on his metaphysics and epistemology, and is of interest in its own right. By recasting issues linguistically, it shows that Malebranche assumes a Neoplatonic semantic structure within Descartes’ dualism and Augustine’s theory of illumination, and employs linguistic devices from the Neoplatonic tradition. Viewed semantically, mental states of illumination stand to God and his ideas as predicates stand in Neoplatonic semantics to ideas ordered by a privative relation on “being.” The framework sheds light (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  2
    Privative Negation in the Port Royal Logic.John N. Martin - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (4):664-685.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  1
    The Structure of Ideas in The Port Royal Logic.John N. Martin - 2016 - Journal of Applied Logic 19:1-19.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  9
    An Axiomatization of Herzberger's $2$-Dimensional Presuppositional Semantics. [REVIEW]John N. Martin - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18 (3):378-382.
  33.  1
    The Disputation: A Theological Debate Between Christians and Jews. [REVIEW]John N. Martin - 1993 - Teaching Philosophy 16 (4):374-375.
  34. Sortal Presupposition: A Study of Category Mistakes, Their Logic, and Importance.John Neil Martin - 1973 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark