Results for 'John P. Barlow'

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  1. Intellectual Property: Moral, Legal, and International Dilemmas.John P. Barlow, David H. Carey, James W. Child, Marci A. Hamilton, Hugh C. Hansen, Edwin C. Hettinger, Justin Hughes, Michael I. Krauss, Charles J. Meyer, Lynn Sharp Paine, Tom C. Palmer, Eugene H. Spafford & Richard Stallman - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    As the expansion of the Internet and the digital formatting of all kinds of creative works move us further into the information age, intellectual property issues have become paramount. Computer programs costing thousands of research dollars are now copied in an instant. People who would recoil at the thought of stealing cars, computers, or VCRs regularly steal software or copy their favorite music from a friend's CD. Since the Web has no national boundaries, these issues are international concerns. The contributors-philosophers, (...)
     
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  2. Christophori Scheibleri, Antehac in Academia Gissena Professoris, Et Pæagogiarchæ Nunc Tremoniæin Ecclesia Superintendentis, & in Gymnasio Rectoris Metaphysica Duobus Libris Universum Hujus Scientiæsystema Comprehendens: Opus Tum Omnium Facultatum: Tum Inprimis Philosophiæ& Theologiæstudiosis Utile & Necessarium. Præissa Est Summaria Methodus, Sive Dispositio Totius Scientiæ Et Accessit Proœium de Usu Philosophiæin Theologia, & Præensa Ejus Ad Theologiam Contrarietate. Additi Sunt Singulis Libris Indices Duo: Alter Capitum Generalium Titulorum & Articulorum, in Initio: Alter Rerum in Fine. Quibus Omnibus Accessit Exercitationum Auctarium, de Selectis Aliquibus Metaphysicæcapitibus. [REVIEW]Christoph Scheibler, Thomas Barlow, William Turner, John Westall & Thomas Allam - 1638 - Excudebat Guil: Turner, Pro Joh. Westall, Tho: Allam, & Jos: Godwin.
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  3.  24
    Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Patricia R. Lawler, Ann Byrne von Hoffman, Thomas A. Barlow, David O. Porter, Teddie W. Porter, D. L. Bachelor, James R. Covert, Joan L. Roberts, Roy R. Nasstrom, Cole S. Brembeck, Lois S. Steinbert, John S. Packard, A. L. Sebaley, James Steve Counelis, Stephen P. Philips, Stephen W. Brown, Hector Correa & Robert E. Taylor - 1974 - Educational Studies 5 (1-2):64-78.
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    Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Patricia R. Lawler, Ann Byrne von Hoffman, Thomas A. Barlow, David O. Porter, Teddie W. Porter, D. L. Bachelor, James R. Covert, Joan L. Roberts, Roy R. Nasstrom, Cole S. Brembeck, Lois S. Steinbert, John S. Packard, A. L. Sebaley, James Steve Counelis, Stephen P. Philips, Stephen W. Brown, Hector Correa & Robert E. Taylor - 1974 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 5 (1&2):64-78.
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  5. Knowledge and Lotteries.John P. Hawthorn - 2003 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Knowledge and Lotteries is organized around an epistemological puzzle: in many cases, we seem consistently inclined to deny that we know a certain class of propositions, while crediting ourselves with knowledge of propositions that imply them. In its starkest form, the puzzle is this: we do not think we know that a given lottery ticket will be a loser, yet we normally count ourselves as knowing all sorts of ordinary things that entail that its holder will not suddenly acquire a (...)
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  6.  29
    John P. Portelli & Douglas J. Simpson.John P. Portelli - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  7.  3
    Rigor and Structure.John P. Burgess - 2015 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK.
    While we are commonly told that the distinctive method of mathematics is rigorous proof, and that the special topic of mathematics is abstract structure, there has been no agreement among mathematicians, logicians, or philosophers as to just what either of these assertions means. John P. Burgess clarifies the nature of mathematical rigor and of mathematical structure, and above all of the relation between the two, taking into account some of the latest developments in mathematics, including the rise of experimental (...)
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  8. A Subject with No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics.John P. Burgess & Gideon Rosen - 1997 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Numbers and other mathematical objects are exceptional in having no locations in space or time or relations of cause and effect. This makes it difficult to account for the possibility of the knowledge of such objects, leading many philosophers to embrace nominalism, the doctrine that there are no such objects, and to embark on ambitious projects for interpreting mathematics so as to preserve the subject while eliminating its objects. This book cuts through a host of technicalities that have obscured previous (...)
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  9.  92
    The Sceptical Realism of David Hume.John P. Wright - 1983 - Manchester Up.
    Introduction A brief look at the competing present-day interpretations of Hume's philosophy will leave the uninitiated reader completely baffled. On the one hand , Hume is seen as a philosopher who attempted to analyse concepts with ...
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  10.  24
    A 'Great Man' Approach: A Book Review by John P. Ferre. [REVIEW]John P. Ferre - 1995 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 10 (1):55 – 56.
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  11. Book Review: Toward a History of Journalism Ethics: An Essay Review by John P. Ferre. [REVIEW]John P. Ferre - 1991 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 6 (3):182 – 187.
     
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  12.  14
    Book Review: The American View: A Book Review by John P. Ferre. [REVIEW]John P. Ferre - 1998 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 13 (3):196 – 198.
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  13.  57
    Fixing Frege.John P. Burgess - 2005 - Princeton University Press.
    This book surveys the assortment of methods put forth for fixing Frege's system, in an attempt to determine just how much of mathematics can be reconstructed in ...
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  14.  23
    "Cajetan's Notion of Existence," by John P. Reilly.John P. Doyle - 1973 - Modern Schoolman 51 (1):73-74.
  15. When is a Robot a Moral Agent.John P. Sullins - 2006 - International Review of Information Ethics 6 (12):23-30.
    In this paper Sullins argues that in certain circumstances robots can be seen as real moral agents. A distinction is made between persons and moral agents such that, it is not necessary for a robot to have personhood in order to be a moral agent. I detail three requirements for a robot to be seen as a moral agent. The first is achieved when the robot is significantly autonomous from any programmers or operators of the machine. The second is when (...)
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  16.  16
    The American View: A Book Review by John P. Ferre. [REVIEW]John P. Ferre - 1998 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 13 (3):196-198.
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  17.  75
    Defining Death: Beyond Biology.John P. Lizza - 2018 - Diametros 55:1-19.
    The debate over whether brain death is death has focused on whether individuals who have sustained total brain failure have satisfied the biological definition of death as “the irreversible loss of the integration of the organism as a whole.” In this paper, I argue that what it means for an organism to be integrated “as a whole” is undefined and vague in the views of those who attempt to define death as the irreversible loss of the integration of the organism (...)
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  18. Reviving Material Theories of Induction.John P. McCaskey - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 83:1–7.
    John Norton says that philosophers have been led astray for thousands of years by their attempt to treat induction formally. He is correct that such an attempt has caused no end of trouble, but he is wrong about the history. There is a rich tradition of non-formal induction. In fact, material theories of induction prevailed all through antiquity and from the Renaissance to the mid-1800s. Recovering these past systems would not only fill lacunae in Norton’s own theory but would (...)
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  19.  32
    Machiavellian Democracy.John P. McCormick (ed.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction: class, liberty, and popular government; Part I: 2. Peoples, patricians, and the prince; 3. Democratic republics and the oppressive appetite of young nobles; Part II: 4. The benefits and limits of popular participation and judgment; 5. Elections, lotteries and class specific institutions; 6. Political trials and 'the free way of life'; Part III: 7. Republicanism and democracy; 8. Post-electoral republics and the people's tribunate revived.
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  20. Philosophical Logic.John P. Burgess - 2009 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    Philosophical Logic is a clear and concise critical survey of nonclassical logics of philosophical interest written by one of the world's leading authorities on the subject. After giving an overview of classical logic, John Burgess introduces five central branches of nonclassical logic, focusing on the sometimes problematic relationship between formal apparatus and intuitive motivation. Requiring minimal background and arranged to make the more technical material optional, the book offers a choice between an overview and in-depth study, and it balances (...)
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  21. Episodic Memory, Amnesia, and the Hippocampal–Anterior Thalamic Axis.John P. Aggleton & Malcolm W. Brown - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):425-444.
    By utilizing new information from both clinical and experimental (lesion, electrophysiological, and gene-activation) studies with animals, the anatomy underlying anterograde amnesia has been reformulated. The distinction between temporal lobe and diencephalic amnesia is of limited value in that a common feature of anterograde amnesia is damage to part of an comprising the hippocampus, the fornix, the mamillary bodies, and the anterior thalamic nuclei. This view, which can be traced back to Delay and Brion (1969), differs from other recent models in (...)
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  22. Hume's 'a Treatise of Human Nature': An Introduction.John P. Wright - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature presents the most important account of skepticism in the history of modern philosophy. In this lucid and thorough introduction to the work, John P. Wright examines the development of Hume's ideas in the Treatise, their relation to eighteenth-century theories of the imagination and passions, and the reception they received when Hume published the Treatise. He explains Hume's arguments concerning the inability of reason to establish the basic beliefs which underlie science and morals, (...)
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  23. Why I Am Not a Nominalist.John P. Burgess - 1983 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 24 (1):93-105.
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  24.  34
    Publication and Other Reporting Biases in Cognitive Sciences: Detection, Prevalence, and Prevention.John P. A. Ioannidis, Marcus R. Munafò, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Brian A. Nosek & Sean P. David - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (5):235-241.
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    Frege's Conception of Numbers as Objects. [REVIEW]John P. Burgess - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (4):638-640.
  26.  32
    Abstract Objects.John P. Burgess - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):414.
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  27.  47
    Platonism and Anti-Platonism in Mathematics.John P. Burgess - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):79.
    Mathematics tells us there exist infinitely many prime numbers. Nominalist philosophy, introduced by Goodman and Quine, tells us there exist no numbers at all, and so no prime numbers. Nominalists are aware that the assertion of the existence of prime numbers is warranted by the standards of mathematical science; they simply reject scientific standards of warrant.
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  28. Mathematics and Bleak House.John P. Burgess - 2004 - Philosophia Mathematica 12 (1):18-36.
    The form of nominalism known as 'mathematical fictionalism' is examined and found wanting, mainly on grounds that go back to an early antinominalist work of Rudolf Carnap that has unfortunately not been paid sufficient attention by more recent writers.
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  29. The Sceptical Realism of David Hume.John P. Wright - 1983 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 47 (1):129-130.
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  30. The Truth is Never Simple.John P. Burgess - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (3):663-681.
    The complexity of the set of truths of arithmetic is determined for various theories of truth deriving from Kripke and from Gupta and Herzberger.
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  31.  42
    Truth and the Absence of Fact.John P. Burgess - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):602-604.
    This volume reprints a dozen of the author’s papers, most with substantial postscripts, and adds one new one. The bulk of the material is on topics in philosophy of language, but there are also two papers on philosophy of mathematics written after the appearance of the author’s collected papers on that subject, and one on epistemology. As to the substance of Field’s contributions, limitations of space preclude doing much more below than indicating the range of issues addressed, and the general (...)
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  32.  73
    Book Review: Stewart Shapiro. Philosophy of Mathematics: Structure and Ontology. [REVIEW]John P. Burgess - 1999 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (2):283-291.
  33. Informed Consent, Big Data, and the Oxymoron of Research That Is Not Research.John P. A. Ioannidis - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):40 - 42.
    (2013). Informed Consent, Big Data, and the Oxymoron of Research That Is Not Research. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 40-42. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2013.768864.
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    Quick Completeness Proofs for Some Logics of Conditionals.John P. Burgess - 1981 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 22 (1):76-84.
  35. E Pluribus Unum: Plural Logic and Set Theory.John P. Burgess - 2004 - Philosophia Mathematica 12 (3):193-221.
    A new axiomatization of set theory, to be called Bernays-Boolos set theory, is introduced. Its background logic is the plural logic of Boolos, and its only positive set-theoretic existence axiom is a reflection principle of Bernays. It is a very simple system of axioms sufficient to obtain the usual axioms of ZFC, plus some large cardinals, and to reduce every question of plural logic to a question of set theory.
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  36. Hume’s Academic Scepticism: A Reappraisal of His Philosophy of Human Understanding.John P. Wright - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):407-435.
    A philosopher once wrote the following words:If I examine the PTOLOMAIC and COPERNICAN systems, I endeavour only, by my enquiries, to know the real situation of the planets; that is, in other words, I endeavour to give them, in my conception, the same relations, that they bear towards each other in the heavens. To this operation of the mind, therefore, there seems to be always a real, though often an unknown standard, in the nature of things; nor is truth or (...)
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  37.  22
    Kripke.John P. Burgess - 2012 - Polity.
    Saul Kripke has been a major influence on analytic philosophy and allied fields for a half-century and more. His early masterpiece, _Naming and Necessity_, reversed the pattern of two centuries of philosophizing about the necessary and the contingent. Although much of his work remains unpublished, several major essays have now appeared in print, most recently in his long-awaited collection _Philosophical Troubles_. In this book Kripke’s long-time colleague, the logician and philosopher John P. Burgess, offers a thorough and self-contained guide (...)
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  38. A Subject with No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics.John P. Burgess & Gideon Rosen - 2001 - Studia Logica 67 (1):146-149.
     
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  39.  67
    Interleaving Brain Systems for Episodic and Recognition Memory.John P. Aggleton & Malcolm W. Brown - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (10):455-463.
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  40. Robowarfare: Can Robots Be More Ethical Than Humans on the Battlefield? [REVIEW]John P. Sullins - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (3):263-275.
    Telerobotically operated and semiautonomous machines have become a major component in the arsenals of industrial nations around the world. By the year 2015 the United States military plans to have one-third of their combat aircraft and ground vehicles robotically controlled. Although there are many reasons for the use of robots on the battlefield, perhaps one of the most interesting assertions are that these machines, if properly designed and used, will result in a more just and ethical implementation of warfare. This (...)
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  41. Logic and Time.John P. Burgess - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (4):566-582.
  42.  28
    Understanding Moment‐to‐Moment Processing of Visual Narratives.John P. Hutson, Joseph P. Magliano & Lester C. Loschky - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):2999-3033.
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  43.  68
    Carl Schmitt's Critique of Liberalism: Against Politics as Technology.John P. McCormick - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first in-depth critical appraisal in English of the political, legal, and cultural writings of Carl Schmitt, perhaps this century's most brilliant critic of liberalism. It offers an assessment of this most sophisticated of fascist theorists without attempting either to apologise for or demonise him. Schmitt's Weimar writings confront the role of technology as it finds expression through the principles and practices of liberalism. Contemporary political conditions such as disaffection with liberalism and the rise of extremist political organizations (...)
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  44. On a Derivation of the Necessity of Identity.John P. Burgess - 2014 - Synthese 191 (7):1-19.
    The source, status, and significance of the derivation of the necessity of identity at the beginning of Kripke’s lecture “Identity and Necessity” is discussed from a logical, philosophical, and historical point of view.
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  45.  66
    John Dewey and Ancient Philosophies.John P. Anton - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 25 (4):477-499.
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  46. Which Modal Logic Is the Right One?John P. Burgess - 1999 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (1):81-93.
    The question, "Which modal logic is the right one for logical necessity?," divides into two questions, one about model-theoretic validity, the other about proof-theoretic demonstrability. The arguments of Halldén and others that the right validity argument is S5, and the right demonstrability logic includes S4, are reviewed, and certain common objections are argued to be fallacious. A new argument, based on work of Supecki and Bryll, is presented for the claim that the right demonstrability logic must be contained in S5, (...)
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  47.  38
    Therapy and Prevention for Mental Health: What If Mental Diseases Are Mostly Not Brain Disorders?John P. A. Ioannidis - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Neurobiology-based interventions for mental diseases and searches for useful biomarkers of treatment response have largely failed. Clinical trials should assess interventions related to environmental and social stressors, with long-term follow-up; social rather than biological endpoints; personalized outcomes; and suitable cluster, adaptive, and n-of-1 designs. Labor, education, financial, and other social/political decisions should be evaluated for their impacts on mental disease.
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  48.  72
    Occam's Razor and Scientific Method.John P. Burgess - 1998 - In Matthias Schirn (ed.), The Philosophy of Mathematics Today. Clarendon Press. pp. 195--214.
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  49. Machiavelli Against Republicanism: On the Cambridge School's "Guicciardinian Moments".John P. McCormick - 2003 - Political Theory 31 (5):615-643.
    Scholars loosely affiliated with the "Cambridge School" (e.g., Pocock, Skinner, Viroli, and Pettit) accentuate rule of law, common good, class equilibrium, and non-domination in Machiavelli's political thought and republicanism generally but underestimate the Florentine's preference for class conflict and ignore his insistence on elite accountability. The author argues that they obscure the extent to which Machiavelli is an anti-elitist critic of the republican tradition, which they fail to disclose was predominantly oligarchic. The prescriptive lessons these scholars draw from republicanism for (...)
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  50. Metaphysics and Physiology: Mind, Body, and the Animal Economy in Eighteenth-Century Scotland.John P. Wright - 1990 - In M. A. Stewart (ed.), Studies in the Philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment. Clarendon Press. pp. 251-301.
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