Results for 'John Reflexivity'

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  1. The Reflexive Theory of Perception.John Dilworth - 2005 - Behavior and Philosophy 33 (1):17-40.
    ABSTRACT: The Reflexive Theory of Perception (RTP) claims that perception of an object or property X by an organism Z consists in Z being caused by X to acquire some disposition D toward X itself. This broadly behavioral perceptual theory explains perceptual intentionality and correct versus incorrect, plus successful versus unsuccessful, perception in a plausible evolutionary framework. The theory also undermines cognitive and perceptual modularity assumptions, including informational or purely epistemic views of perception in that, according to the RTP, any (...)
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    Reflexive and Transcendent Cognition.John Laird - 1937 - Travaux du IXe Congrès International de Philosophie 8:188-194.
    Toute connaissance est à la fois transcendante et réflexive ; elle est transcendante, puisque tout savoir est savoir de quelque chose ; on prouve qu’il en est ainsi, même lorsqu’il s’agit de la connaissance de soi ; elle est réflexive puisque tout savoir est conscient. Il y a d’ailleurs, entre ces deux caractères, une disparité radicale, et c’est ce que montre l’analyse des arguments de ceux qui croient trouver une contradiction dans la notion d’une « connaissance de soi transcendante ».
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  3. The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology.John Dewey - 1896 - Psychological Review 3:357-370.
    Dewey on the reflex arc concept--an important theme in William James.
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  4. Reflexivity, Indexicality and Names.John Perry - 1997 - In W. Künne, A. Newen & M. Anduschus (eds.), Direct Reference, Indexicality and Propositional Attitudes. CSLI Publications. pp. 3--19.
    It has been persuasively argued by David Kaplan and others that the proposition expressed by statements like (1) is a singular proposition, true in just those worlds in which a certain person, David Israel, is a computer scientist. Call this proposition P . The truth of this proposition does not require that the utterance (1) occur, or even that Israel has ever said anything at all. Marcus, Donnellan, Kripke and others have persuasively argued for a view of proper names that, (...)
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  5.  15
    Bioethical Reflexivity and Requirements of Valid Consent: Conceptual Tools.John Barugahare - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):44.
    Despite existing international, regional and national guidance on how to obtain valid consent to health-related research, valid consent remains both a practical and normative challenge. This challenge persists despite additional evidence-based guidance obtained through conceptual and empirical research in specific localities on the same subject. The purpose of this paper is to provide an account for why, despite this guidance, this challenge still persist and suggest conceptual resources that can help make sense of this problem and eventually mitigate it’. This (...)
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  6. John Perry, Reference and Reflexivity[REVIEW]Robert Harnish - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23:135-138.
     
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  7. John Perry, Reference and Reflexivity Reviewed By.Robert M. Harnish - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (2):135-138.
     
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  8.  1
    “Doing” Reflexive Modernization in Pig Husbandry: The Hard Work of Changing the Course of a River.John Grin & Bram Bos - 2008 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 33 (4):480-507.
    The Dutch animal production sector faces significant pressure for change. We discuss a project for the design of a sustainable husbandry system for pigs. Named after the Greek hero Hercules, the project aimed for structural changes in both animal and crop production. However, instead of changing the course of the river, the project ended up merely adapting its flow. The Hercules project ran into difficulties typical for projects aiming at reflexive modernization. It relapsed from an effort for reflexive modernization to (...)
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  9.  57
    Reference and Reflexivity.John Perry - 2001 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    Following his recently expanded _The Problem of the Essential Indexical and Other Essays,_ John Perry develops a reflexive-referential' account of indexicals, demonstratives and proper names. On these issues the philosophy of language in the twentieth century was shaped by two competing traditions, descriptivist and referentialist. Oddly, the classic referentialist texts of the 1970s by Kripke, Donnellan, Kaplan and others were seemingly refuted almost a century earlier by co-reference and no-reference problems raised by Russell and Frege. Perry's theory, borrowing ideas (...)
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  10. A Reflexive Dispositional Analysis of Mechanistic Perception.John Dilworth - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (4):479-493.
    The field of machine perception is based on standard informational and computational approaches to perception. But naturalistic informational theories are widely regarded as being inadequate, while purely syntactic computational approaches give no account of perceptual content. Thus there is a significant need for a novel, purely naturalistic perceptual theory not based on informational or computational concepts, which could provide a new paradigm for mechanistic perception. Now specifically evolutionary naturalistic approaches to perception have been—perhaps surprisingly—almost completely neglected for this purpose. Arguably (...)
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  11.  9
    Broadly Reflexive Relationships, a Special Type of Hyperbole, and Implications for Metaphor and Metonymy.John Barnden - 2018 - Metaphor and Symbol 33 (3):218-234.
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  12.  3
    Habitual Reflexivity and Skilled Action.John Toner - 2017 - Body and Society 23 (4):3-26.
    Theorists have used the concept of habitus to explain how skilled agents are capable of responding in an infinite number of ways to the infinite number of possible situations that they encounter in their field of practice. According to some perspectives, habitus is seen to represent a form of regulated improvisation that functions below the threshold of consciousness. However, Bourdieu argued that rational and conscious computation may be required in situations of ‘crisis’ where habitus proves insufficient as a basis for (...)
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  13.  91
    The Reflexivity of Evil.John Kekes - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (1):216.
    The aim of this essay is to argue for the following claims: evil is prevalent; its prevalence is mainly the result of habitual and predictable patterns of action; these actions follow from the vices of their agents; in many cases, neither the evil actions nor the vices from which they follow are autonomous; it is nevertheless justified to hold the agents who perform these actions morally responsible for them; the widespread denial of this claim rests on the principle “ought implies (...)
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  14.  2
    Emergence and Reflexive Downward.John Symons - 2002 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 6 (1):183-202.
    This paper responds to Jaegwon Kim’s powerful objection to the very possibility of genuinely novel emergent properties. Kim argues that the incoherence of reflexive downward causation means that the causal power of an emergent phenomenon is ultimately reducible to the causal powers of its constituents. I offer a simple argument showing how to characterize emergent properties in terms of the effects of structural relations on the causal powers of their constituents.
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    Emergence and Reflexive Downward.John Symons - 2002 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 6 (1):183-201.
    This paper responds to Jaegwon Kim's powerful objection to the very possibility of genuinely novel emergent properties Kim argue that the incoherence of reflexive downward causation means that the causal power of an emergent phenomenon is ultimately reducible to the causal powers of its constituents. I offer a a simple argument showing how to characterize emergent properties m terms of the effects of structural relations an the causal powers of that constituents.
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  16.  25
    Emergence and Reflexive Downward Causation.John Symons - 2002 - Principia 6 (1):183-202.
    This paper responds to Jaegwon Kim's powerful objection to the very possibility of genuinely novel emergent properties. Kim argues that the incoherence of reflexive downward causation means that the causal power of an emergent phenomenon is ultimately reducible to the causal powers of its constituents. I offer a simple argument showing how to characterize emergent properties m terms of the effects of structural relations an the causal powers of that. constituents.
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  17.  73
    On Sense and Reflexivity.John Justice - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (7):351-364.
    "On Sense and Reflexivity" offers the answer to a crucial question that was posed, and left without a satisfactory answer, by Gottlob Frege in "On Sense and Reference" (1892): What is the sense of a proper name? The century-long failure to answer this question has been the main motivation and support for recent nondescriptional accounts of lexical singular terms.
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  18.  33
    Reflexive and Orienting Properties of Rem Sleep Dreaming and Eye Movements.John Herman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):950-950.
    In this manuscript Hobson et al. propose a model exploring qualitative differences between the three states of consciousness, waking, NREM sleep, and REM sleep, in terms of state-related brain activity. The model consists of three factors, each of which varies along a continuum, creating a three-dimensional space: activation (A), information flow (I), and mode of information processing (M). Hobson has described these factors previously (1990; 1992a). Two of the dimensions, activation and modulation, deal directly with subcortical influences upon cortical structures (...)
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  19. Perceptual Causality Problems Reflexively Resolved.John Dilworth - 2005 - Acta Analytica 20 (3):11-31.
    Causal theories of perception typically have problems in explaining deviant causal chains. They also have difficulty with other unusual putative cases of perception involving prosthetic aids, defective perception, scientifically extended cases of perception, and so on. But I show how a more adequate reflexive causal theory, in which objects or properties X cause a perceiver to acquire X-related dispositions toward that very same item X, can provide a plausible and principled perceptual explanation of all of these kinds of cases. A (...)
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  20. A Naturalistic, Reflexive Dispositional Approach to Perception.John Dilworth - 2005 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):583-601.
    This paper will investigate the basic question of the nature of perception, as theoretically approached from a purely naturalistic standpoint. An adequate theory must not only have clear application to a world full of pre-existing biological examples of perception of all kinds, from unicellular perception to conscious human perception, but it must also satisfy a series of theoretical or philosophical constraints, as enumerated and discussed in Section 1 below. A perceptual theory invoking _reflexive dispositions_--that is, dispositions directed toward the very (...)
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  21. Reference and Reflexivity.John Perry - 2009 - Critica 41 (123):147-162.
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  22.  17
    Japanese Reflexes of the Proto-Altaic Lateral.John C. Street - 1985 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (4):637-651.
  23.  27
    The Reflexive Turn, the Linguistic Turn, and the Pragmatic Outcome.John E. Smith - 1969 - The Monist 53 (4):588-605.
    One of the important philosophical advantages stemming from study of the historical development of philosophical movements and traditions is the insight that comes from observing the logical out-working of a set of ideas over a period of time that far exceeds the lifetime of any individual thinker. An Aristotle or a Hegel may develop a philosophical mode of thought in an almost unbelievably comprehensive way, but no individual can grasp all the implications and ramifications of his philosophical vision, no matter (...)
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  24. Reflexive Awareness Does Belong to the Main Function of Perception: Reply to Victor Caston.John Sisko - 2004 - Mind 113 (451):513-521.
  25.  35
    The Intelligent Reflex.John W. Krakauer - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (5):822-830.
    ABSTRACTThe seeming distinction between motor and cognitive skills has hinged on the fact that the former are automatic and non-propositional, whereas the latter are slow and deliberative. Here, the physiological and behavioral phenomenon of long-latency stretch reflexes is used to show that “knowing-that” can be incorporated into “knowing-how,” either immediately or through learning. The experimental demonstration that slow computations can, with practice, be cached for fast retrieval, without the need for re-computation, dissolves the intellectualist/anti-intellectualist distinction: All complex human tasks, at (...)
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  26.  10
    The Reflexive Turn, the Linguistic Turn, and the Pragmatic Outcome.John E. Smith - 1969 - The Monist 53 (4):588-605.
    One of the important philosophical advantages stemming from study of the historical development of philosophical movements and traditions is the insight that comes from observing the logical out-working of a set of ideas over a period of time that far exceeds the lifetime of any individual thinker. An Aristotle or a Hegel may develop a philosophical mode of thought in an almost unbelievably comprehensive way, but no individual can grasp all the implications and ramifications of his philosophical vision, no matter (...)
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  27.  5
    Reflexive Awareness Does Belong to the Main Function of Perception: Reply to Victor Caston.John E. Sisko - 2004 - Mind 113 (451):513-521.
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  28.  42
    Soros's Reflexivity Concept in a Complex World: Cauchy Distributions, Rational Expectations, and Rational Addiction.John B. Davis - 2013 - Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (4):368-376.
    George Soros makes an important analytical contribution to understanding the concept of reflexivity in social science by explaining reflexivity in terms of how his cognitive and manipulative causal functions are connected to one another by a pair of feedback loops (Soros, 2013). Fallibility, reflexivity and the human uncertainty principle. Here I put aside the issue of how the natural sciences and social sciences are related, an issue he discusses, and focus on how his thinking applies in economics. (...)
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  29.  28
    Durkheim and the Reflexive Condition of Modernity.John Rundell - 2006 - Critical Horizons 7 (1):179-206.
    In this essay, Durkheim's work is approached from a double vantage point. One vantage point looks at Durkheim's work with a post-classical attitude that intersects the ontological recasting of the social in the work of Castoriadis. It is in the context of social opening that I will concentrate on Durkheim's work as it presents a model of reflexivity that concentrates on the historical development of the modern period. Durkheim's model of reflexivity also opens onto the other vantage point (...)
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  30.  48
    “The Word is Not Reflexive”: Mind and World in Aquinas and Gadamer.John Arthos - 2004 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (4):581-608.
    Hans-Georg Gadamer’s appropriation of Augustine’s analogy of the inner word, the verbum interius, is by now a well-known theme in philosophical hermeneutics. But what has received scarcely any attention is the Thomist side of Gadamer’s appropriation. Two thirds of Gadamer’s analysis of the verbum interius in his magnum opus, Truth and Method, is devoted to Aquinas, who employs Augustine’s verbum in developing a theory of the mind. In particular, Gadamer gives great emphasis to the Thomist insistence on the “non-reflective” character (...)
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  31. On Sense and Reflexivity.John Justice - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (7):351.
    Frege’s claim that proper names have senses has come to seem untenable following Kripke’s argument that names are rigid designators. It is commonly thought that if names had senses, their referents would vary with circumstances of evaluation. The article defends Frege’s claim by arguing that names have word-reflexive senses. This analysis of names’ senses does not violate Kripke’s noncircularity condition, and it differs crucially from related views of Bach and Katz. That names have reflexive senses confirms Frege’s own solution to (...)
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  32.  13
    Acoustic Reflex Partitioning in the Stapedius.Michael P. McCue, John J. Guinan, James B. Kobler & Sylvette R. Vacher - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):663-665.
  33.  2
    Reading and Reflexivity: Bourdieu's Faulkner.John Speller - 2012 - Paragraph 35 (1):83-96.
    A rarely examined internal reading by Bourdieu at the end of The Rules of Art of William Faulkner's short story ‘A Rose for Emily’ provides the starting point for a reflection on Bourdieu's theories of reading and reflexivity. The article begins by looking at Bourdieu's theory of literary reception, and its identification of two distinct modalities of reading, ‘scholastic’ and ‘naive’. It then places Bourdieu's discussion of ‘A Rose for Emily’ as a ‘reflexive’ text in the context of his (...)
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  34. The Cold Cruelty of Ethics: Žižek, Kristof and Reflexive Subjectivization.John Mcsweeney - 2011 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 5 (4).
    In The Monstrosity of Christ, Slavoj Žižek cites the twins Claus and Lucas, from Agota Kristof’s The Notebook, as exemplars of the simultaneously naive and reflexive stance, which he considers to be crucial to a materialist ethics. This article argues, however, that the twins’ stance suffers from a ‘blindness’ as to the ethicality of their acts, shared by Žižek’s own ethics. It proposes that, by situating their actions within the trilogy to which The Notebook belongs, a richer three-fold ethics of (...)
     
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  35.  12
    On Putnam and His Models, Timothy Bays.On Sense & John Reflexivity - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (7).
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  36.  37
    Review of John Perry, Reference and Reflexivity[REVIEW]Marga Reimer - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (6).
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  37. Applying Intelligence to the Reflexes: Embodied Skills and Habits Between Dreyfus and Descartes.John Sutton, Doris McIlwain, Wayne Christensen & Andrew Geeves - 2011 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 42 (1):78-103.
    ‘There is no place in the phenomenology of fully absorbed coping’, writes Hubert Dreyfus, ‘for mindfulness. In flow, as Sartre sees, there are only attractive and repulsive forces drawing appropriate activity out of an active body’1. Among the many ways in which history animates dynamical systems at a range of distinctive timescales, the phenomena of embodied human habit, skilful movement, and absorbed coping are among the most pervasive and mundane, and the most philosophically puzzling. In this essay we examine both (...)
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  38.  24
    Pragmatism, Truth and Social Reflexivity.John Stevenson - 1995 - Southwest Philosophy Review 11 (1):169-176.
  39. Book Review The Brahma Kumaris as a 'Reflexive Tradition' by John Walliss. [REVIEW]Swami Narasimhananda - 2009 - Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India 114 (4):303-4.
    Review of the book 'The Brahma Kumaris as a Reflexive Tradition' by John Wallis published by Motilal Banarsidass.
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  40. Behaviourism a Psychology Based on Reflex-Action.John B. Watson - 1926 - Humana Mente 1 (4):454-466.
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  41. The Brahma Kumaris as a 'Reflexive Tradition': Responding to Late Modernity.John Walliss - 2003 - Ars Disputandi 3.
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  42.  9
    The Adolescent `Unfinished Body', Reflexivity and HIV/Aids Risk.Deborah Lupton & John Tulloch - 1998 - Body and Society 4 (2):19-34.
    School-based sexuality education is a type of sexology directed at specific bodies: `unfinished' adolescent bodies in the process of becoming sexual bodies. This article explores notions of the adolescent `unfinished' body in the context of HIV/aids education for young people. Drawing on empirical research carried out in Australian secondary schools, we look at the concepts of the project of the self and reflexivity as they are articulated by young people in their evaluation of HIV/aids education. The open character of (...)
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  43.  20
    Health Technology Assessment Between Our Health Care System and Our Health: Exploring the Potential of Reflexive HTA.John Grin - 2004 - Poiesis and Praxis 2 (s 2-3):157-174.
    In this contribution, I wish to explore the potential of health technology assessment and ethics for increasing our capacity to pre-empt the shortcomings and undesired consequences of modern health care while maintaining its benefits. Central is the presumption that in case of some health problems this cannot be done unless we explicitly reconsider some features of the modern health care system, especially those related to its strong reliance on scientific rationality and the strong role played by medical professionals.So as to (...)
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  44.  13
    Behaviourism: A Psychology Based on Reflex-Action.John B. Watson - 1926 - Philosophy 1 (4):454-466.
    The Behaviourist finds himself in rather a peculiar situation to-day. Denying mind, the philosophers will have nothing to do with him; denying consciousness and its sub-divisions, the psychologist will have nothing to do with him. The further implication from all this, viz. that there is no unconscious, no sub-conscious, no conscious, leads the psychoanalyst to have nothing to do with him.
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  45. Behaviourism: A Psychology Based on Reflex-Action.John B. Watson - 1926 - Philosophy 1 (4):454.
    The Behaviourist finds himself in rather a peculiar situation to-day. Denying mind, the philosophers will have nothing to do with him; denying consciousness and its sub-divisions, the psychologist will have nothing to do with him. The further implication from all this, viz. that there is no unconscious, no sub-conscious, no conscious, leads the psychoanalyst to have nothing to do with him.
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  46. Afferent Fibers Involved in Defense Reflexes From the Respiratory Tract.Hazel M. Coleridge & John Cg Coleridge - 1981 - In G. Adam, I. Meszaros & E. I. Banyai (eds.), Advances in Physiological Science. pp. 467-477.
  47.  11
    The Relationship of "Intelligence" and Reflex Conduction Rate as Found in Hypophrenic Children.Lee Edward Travis & John M. Dorsey - 1930 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 13 (4):370.
  48. Durand of St.-Pourçain on Reflex Acts and State Consciousness.Peter John Hartman - 2021 - Vivarium 59 (3):215-240.
    Some of my mental states are conscious and some of them are not. Sometimes I am so focused on the wine in front of me that I am unaware that I am thinking about it; but sometimes, of course, I take a reflexive step back and become aware of my thinking about the wine in front of me. What marks the difference between a conscious mental state and an unconscious one? In this paper, I focus on Durand of St.-Pourçain’s rejection (...)
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  49. Reflexive Rules as Content: The Case of Deictic Demonstratives.Eduarda Calado Barbosa - 2019 - Sofia 8 (1):54-66.
    Determining what content is expressed by a demonstrative when its reference cannot be determined is a problem for those who assume that demonstrative reference is cognized by interpreters and demonstrative meaning has a mere indicative role. Here, I explore a concept of content that gives meaning a cognitively relevant role, namely, John Perry’s classificatory concept of content. With that purpose, I compare the interpretation of a deictic demonstrative in two cases: for an eavesdropper and a conversational participant, aiming to (...)
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  50. Reflections on Reference and Reflexivity.Kent Bach - 2007 - In Michael O'Rourke Corey Washington (ed.), Situating Semantics: Essays on the Philosophy of John Perry. pp. 395--424.
    In Reference and Reflexivity, John Perry tries to reconcile referentialism with a Fregean concern for cognitive significance. His trick is to supplement referential content with what he calls ‘‘reflexive’’ content. Actually, there are several levels of reflexive content, all to be distinguished from the ‘‘official,’’ referential content of an utterance. Perry is convinced by two arguments for referentialism, the ‘‘counterfactual truth-conditions’’ and the ‘‘same-saying’’ arguments, but he also acknowledges the force of two Fregean arguments against it, arguments that (...)
     
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