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John Shook
State University of New York, Buffalo
  1.  20
    Neuroethics and the Possible Types of Moral Enhancement.John R. Shook - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (4):3-14.
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  2.  30
    A Principled and Cosmopolitan Neuroethics: Considerations for International Relevance.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:1.
    Neuroethics applies cognitive neuroscience for prescribing alterations to conceptions of self and society, and for prescriptively judging the ethical applications of neurotechnologies. Plentiful normative premises are available to ground such prescriptivity, however prescriptive neuroethics may remain fragmented by social conventions, cultural ideologies, and ethical theories. Herein we offer that an objectively principled neuroethics for international relevance requires a new meta-ethics: understanding how morality works, and how humans manage and improve morality, as objectively based on the brain and social sciences. This (...)
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  3.  29
    Advancing Neuroscience on the 21st Century World Stage: The Need for - and Structure of - an Internationally-Relevant Neuroethics.Elisabetta Lanzilao, John R. Shook, Roland Benedikter & James Giordano - forthcoming - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine.
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  4.  15
    Neuroethics Beyond Normal.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (1):121-140.
    :An integrated and principled neuroethics offers ethical guidelines able to transcend conventional and medical reliance on normality standards. Elsewhere we have proposed four principles for wise guidance on human transformations. Principles like these are already urgently needed, as bio- and cyberenhancements are rapidly emerging. Context matters. Neither “treatments” nor “enhancements” are objectively identifiable apart from performance expectations, social contexts, and civic orders. Lessons learned from disability studies about enablement and inclusion suggest a fresh way to categorize modifications to the body (...)
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  5.  20
    A Four-Part Working Bibliography of Neuroethics: Part 4 - Ethical Issues in Clinical and Social Applications of Neuroscience.Kira Becker, John R. Shook, Martina Darragh & James Giordano - 2017 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 12:1.
    BackgroundAs a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research, and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing "trans-" (...)
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  6.  10
    Minding Brain Science in Medicine: On the Need for Neuroethical Engagement for Guidance of Neuroscience in Clinical Contexts.James Giordano & John R. Shook - 2015 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal 6 (1-2):37-41.
  7.  13
    A four-part working bibliography of neuroethics: Part 4 - Ethical issues in clinical and social applications of neuroscience.Kira Becker, John R. Shook, Martina Darragh & James Giordano - 2017 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2017 12:1 12 (1):1.
    As a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research, and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing "trans-" (...)
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  8.  7
    Neuropragmatism: A Neurophilosophical Manifesto.Tibor Solymosi & John Shook - 2013 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 5 (1).
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  9.  45
    A Companion to Pragmatism.John R. Shook & Joseph Margolis (eds.) - 2006 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _A Companion to Pragmatism,_ comprised of 38 newly commissioned essays, provides comprehensive coverage of one of the most vibrant and exciting fields of philosophy today. Unique in depth and coverage of classical figures and their philosophies as well as pragmatism as a living force in philosophy. Chapters include discussions on philosophers such as John Dewey, Jürgen Habermas and Hilary Putnam.
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  10.  71
    Deweys Empirical Theory of Knowledge and Reality.John R. Shook - 2000 - Vanderbilt University Press.
    While previous studies of Dewey's work have taken either a historical or topical focus, Shook offers an innovative, organic approach to understanding Dewey and eloquently shows that Dewey's instrumentalism grew seamlessly out of his idealism. He argues that most current scholarship operates under a mistaken impression of Dewey's early philosophical positions.
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  11.  3
    Ethical and Regulatory Concerns About Direct-to-Consumer Brain Stimulation for Athletic Enhancement.Robert Martone & John Shook - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (4):191-193.
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  12.  8
    Ethics Transplants? Addressing the Risks and Benefits of Guiding International Biomedicine.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (4):230-232.
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  13. F. C. S. Schiller and European Pragmatism.John R. Shook - 2006 - In John R. Shook & Joseph Margolis (eds.), A Companion to Pragmatism. Blackwell.
     
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  14.  14
    John Dewey's Philosophy of Spirit: With the 1897 Lecture on Hegel.John R. Shook - 2010 - Fordham University Press.
    This book shows that, far from repudiating Hegel, Dewey's entire pragmatic philosophy is premised on a "philosophy of spirit" inspired by Hegel's project.
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  15. Deweys Empirical Theory of Knowledge and Reality.John R. Shook - 2000 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 37 (1):134-136.
     
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  16.  30
    My Brain Made Me Moral: Moral Performance Enhancement for Realists.John Shook - 2016 - Neuroethics 9 (3):199-211.
    How should ethics help decide the morality of enhancing morality? The idea of morally enhancing the human brain quickly emerged when the promise of cognitive enhancement in general began to seem realizable. However, on reflection, achieving moral enhancement must be limited by the practical challenges to any sort of cognitive modification, along with obstacles particular to morality’s bases in social cognition. The objectivity offered by the brain sciences cannot ensure the technological achievement of moral bioenhancement for humanity-wide application. Additionally, any (...)
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  17. Pragmatist Neurophilosophy: American Philosophy and the Brain.John R. Shook & Tibor Solymosi (eds.) - 2014 - Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  18.  47
    Rationalist Atheology.John R. Shook - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (3):329-348.
    Atheology, accurately defined by Alvin Plantinga, offers reasons why god’s existence is implausible. Skeptically reasoning that theological arguments for god fail to make their case is one way of leaving supernaturalism in an implausible condition. This ‘rationalist’ atheology appeals to logical standards to point out fallacies and other sorts of inferential gaps. Beyond that methodological marker, few shared tactics characterize atheists and agnostics stalking theological targets. If unbelief be grounded on reason, let atheology start from a theological stronghold: the principle (...)
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  19.  22
    The God Debates: A 21st Century Guide for Atheists and Believers (and Everyone in Between).John R. Shook - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The God Debates presents a comprehensive, non-technical survey of the quest for knowledge of God, allowing readers to participate in a debate about the ...
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  20. Pragmatic Naturalism and Realism.John Shook (ed.) - 2003 - Prometheus.
     
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  21. The Direct Contextual Realism Theory of Perception.John R. Shook - 2003 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (4):245-258.
  22.  13
    Erratum To: A Four-Part Working Bibliography of Neuroethics: Part 4 - Ethical Issues in Clinical and Social Applications of Neuroscience.Kira Becker, John R. Shook, Martina Darragh & James Giordano - 2017 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 12:2.
    Background As a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research, and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing (...)
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  23.  33
    Dewey's Ethical Justification for Public Deliberation Democracy.John Shook - 2013 - Education and Culture 29 (1):3-26.
    John Dewey developed sophisticated theories for a liberal civil society and a deliberative democracy. These theories have recently enjoyed renewed attention, discussion, and practical application.1 However, no consensus on Dewey's primary theoretical strategies has yet emerged.2 What precisely was Dewey's justification for democracy and its superiority over other ways of life and forms of government? This essay explains how Dewey attempted to formulate a philosophical justification for democracy on ethical grounds, rather than just epistemic or satisfaction-maximization grounds alone. Provided with (...)
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  24.  86
    Larry Hickman, Pragmatism as Post-Postmodernism: Lessons From John Dewey. [REVIEW]John R. Shook - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):109-114.
  25.  10
    Moral Enhancement? Acknowledging Limitations of Neurotechnology and Morality.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (2):118-120.
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  26. A Pragmatically Realistic Philosophy of Science.John Shook - 2003 - In Pragmatic Naturalism and Realism. Prometheus Books. pp. 323--344.
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  27.  16
    Consideration of Context and Meanings of Neuro-Cognitive Enhancement: The Importance of a Principled, Internationally Capable Neuroethics.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):48-49.
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  28.  11
    The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers.John R. Shook & Richard T. Hull (eds.) - 2005 - Thoemmes Continuum.
    v. 1. A-C -- v. 2. D-J -- v. 3. K-Q -- v. 4. R-Z.
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  29. The Dictionary of Early American Philosophers.John R. Shook (ed.) - 2012 - Continuum.
  30. Dewey's Naturalized Philosophy of Spirit and Religion.John R. Shook - 2010 - In John Dewey's Philosophy of Spirit: With the 1897 Lecture on Hegel. Fordham University Press.
     
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  31.  29
    Neuropragmatism, Knowledge, and Pragmatic Naturalism.John Shook - 2013 - Human Affairs 23 (4):576-593.
    Neuropragmatism is a research program taking sciences about cognitive development and learning methods most seriously, in order to reevaluate and reformulate philosophical issues. Knowledge, consciousness, and reason are among the crucial philosophical issues directly affected. Pragmatism in general has allied with the science-affirming philosophy of naturalism. Naturalism is perennially tested by challenges questioning its ability to accommodate and account for knowledge, consciousness, and reason. Neuropragmatism is in a good position to evaluate those challenges. Some ways to defuse them are suggested (...)
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  32.  10
    Dewey and Quine on the Logic of What There Is.John Shook - 2002 - In F. Thomas Burke, D. Micah Hester & Robert B. Talisse (eds.), Dewey's Logical Theory: New Studies and Interpretations. Vanderbilt University Press. pp. 93--118.
  33.  45
    The Nature Philosophy of John Dewey.John R. Shook - 2017 - Dewey Studies 1 (1):13-43.
    John Dewey’s pragmatism and naturalism are grounded on metaphysical tenets describing how mind’s intelligence is thoroughly natural in its activity and productivity. His worldview is best classified as Organic Realism, since it descended from the German organicism and Naturphilosophie of Herder, Schelling, and Hegel which shaped the major influences on his early thought. Never departing from its tenets, his later philosophy starting with Experience and Nature elaborated a philosophical organon about science, culture, and ethics to fulfill his particular version of (...)
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  34. The God Debates: A 21st Century Guide for Atheists and Believers.John R. Shook - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The God Debates_ presents a comprehensive, non-technical survey of the quest for knowledge of God, allowing readers to participate in a debate about the existence of God and gain understanding and appreciation of religion?s conceptual foundations. Explains key arguments for and against God's existence in clear ways for readers at all levels Brings theological debates up to the present with current ideas from modernism, postmodernism, fideism, evidentialism, presuppositionalism, and mysticism Updates criticism of theology by dealing with the latest terms of (...)
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  35.  58
    Comparative Political Philosophy: Categorizing Political Philosophies Using Twelve Archetypes.John R. Shook - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (5):633-655.
    Abstract: Comparative political philosophy can be stimulated by imposing a categorization scheme on possible varieties of political philosophies. This article develops a categorization scheme using four essential features of political philosophies, resulting in twelve archetypal political philosophies. The four essential features selected are a political philosophy's views concerning human nature, the proper function of morality, the best form of society, and the highest responsibility of citizenship. The twelve archetypal political philosophies range from the communal (Rousseau), the democratic (J. S. Mill), (...)
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  36.  42
    It's Only Natural: Humanism's Higher Purpose: Shook It's Only Natural: Humanism's Higher Purpose.John Shook - 2010 - Think 9 (24):7-11.
    It's only natural to wonder about the higher purposes in one's life. Religious people sometimes argue that because they discover and enjoy a higher purpose to life, then religious beliefs appear quite natural and reasonable. This argument can be turned around, to make humanism look unnatural and unreasonable, if humanism denies any higher purpose to life. Either way, humanism seems inhumanly cold towards the very notion of ‘higher purpose’, but is this matter really so clear-cut and simple? Religious humanists stand (...)
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  37. Pragmatism: An Annotated Bibliography 1898-1940.John R. Shook (ed.) - 1998 - Rodopi.
    Designed to fill a large gap in American philosophy scholarship, this bibliography covers the first four decades of the pragmatic movement. It references most of the philosophical works by the twelve major figures of pragmatism: Charles S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, George H. Mead, F.C.S. Schiller, Giovanni Papini, Giovanni Vailati, Guiseppe Prezzolini, Mario Calderoni, A.W. Moore, John E. Boodin, and C.I. Lewis. It also includes writings of dozens of minor pragmatic writers, along with those by commentators and critics of (...)
     
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  38.  17
    Is Moral Enhancement a Right, or a Threat to Rights?John R. Shook - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83:209-231.
    Enhancements for morality could become technologically practical at the expense of becoming unethical and uncivil. A mode of moral enhancement intensifying a person's imposition of conformity upon others, labeled here as “moral righteousness”, is particularly problematic. Moral energies contrary to expansions of civil rights and liberties can drown out reasoned justifications for equality and freedom, delaying social progress. The technological capacity of moral righteousness in the hands of a majority could impose puritanical conformities and override some rights and liberties. Fortunately, (...)
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  39.  6
    Ethical Contexts for the Future of Neuroethics.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (3):134-136.
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  40.  15
    John Dewey's Struggle with American Realism, 1904-1910.John R. Shook - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (3):542 - 566.
  41.  11
    John Dewey and Edward Scribner Ames: Partners in Religious Naturalism.John R. Shook - 2007 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 28 (2):178 - 207.
  42.  11
    Panentheism and Peirce's God.John R. Shook - 2016 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 3 (1):8.
  43.  27
    Entrepreneurship and Values in a Democratic and Pragmatic Economics: Commentary on 'A Transactional View of Entrepreneurship'.John R. Shook - 2003 - Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (2):181-190.
    Entrepreneurship cannot be explained by any economic theory that isolates innovation from ongoing social processes or locates creativity in a space of given, fixed values. Unfortunately, mainstream economics has committed these mistakes, rooted in instrumentalist and antidemocratic notions of consumption and rationality that permits reasoning only about means toward given ends. Genuine innovation is, on Dewey's pragmatic approach to values, the intelligent modification of both means and ends for experimental action. When joined to an appreciation that consumption is just a (...)
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  44. Preface.John Shook & Paul Kurtz - 2009 - In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
     
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  45.  14
    Freedom Is as Freedom Does: Neuropragmatism, Neuroethics, and Free Will.John R. Shook - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (2):28-30.
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  46. Euthanasia, Unnecessary Suffering, and the Proper Aims of Medicine.John Shook - 2007 - In Paul Kurtz & David R. Koepsell (eds.), Science and Ethics: Can Science Help Us Make Wise Moral Judgments? Prometheus Books. pp. 125.
     
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  47. Introduction.John Shook - 2007 - Free Inquiry 27:27-27.
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  48.  11
    Dewey's Rejection of Retributivism and His Moral-Education Theory of Punishment.John Shook - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):66–78.
  49.  57
    Peirce's Pragmatic Theology and Stoic Religious Ethics1.John R. Shook - 2011 - Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (2):344-363.
    Charles S. Peirce believed that his pragmatic philosophy could reconcile religion and science and that this reconciliation involves a religious ethics creating a real community with the cosmos and God. After some rival pragmatic approaches to God and religious belief inconsistent with Peirce's philosophy are set aside, his metaphysical plan for a reconciliation of religion and science is outlined. A panentheistic God makes the best match with his desired conclusions from the Neglected Argument for the reality of God, and this (...)
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  50. A Symposium on James Good's: A Search for Unity in Diversity.John R. Shook - 2008 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (4):1-602.
     
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1 — 50 / 112