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John David Shotter
University of New Hampshire, Durham
  1.  15
    Performing Phronesis: On the Way to Engaged Judgment.John Shotter & Haridimos Tsoukas - unknown
    Practical wisdom and judgment, rather than seen as ‘things’ hidden inside the mind, are best talked of, we suggest, as emerging developmentally within an unceasing flow of activities, in which practitioners are inextricably immersed. Following a performative line of thinking, we argue that when practitioners face a bewildering situation in which they do not know, initially at least, how to proceed, the judgment they exercise emerges out of seeking to establish a new orientation to their puzzling surroundings. They do so (...)
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  2. Conversational Realities: Constructing Life Through Language.John Shotter - 1997 - Human Studies 20 (1):117-123.
     
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  3. Social Accountability and Selfhood.John Shotter - 1984 - Blackwell.
     
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  4.  22
    "Duality of Structure" and "Intentionality" in an Ecological Psychology.John Shotter - 1983 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 13 (1):19–44.
  5. Reviews : Theodore R. Sarbin (Ed.), Narrative Psychology: The Storied Nature of Human Conduct, London: Praeger Press, 1986, £34.50, Xviii+303 Pp. [REVIEW]John Shotter - 1989 - History of the Human Sciences 2 (2):279-282.
  6.  16
    Why Being Dialogical Must Come Before Being Logical: The Need for a Hermeneutical–Dialogical Approach to Robotic Activities.John Shotter - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (1):29-35.
    Currently, our official rationality is still of a Cartesian kind; we are still embedded in a mechanistic order that takes it that separate, countable entities, related logically to each other, are the only ‘things’ that matter to us—an order clearly suited to advances in robotics. Unfortunately, it is an order that renders invisible ‘relational things’, non-objective things that exist in time, in the transitions from one state of affairs to another, things that ‘point’ toward possibilities in the future, which mean (...)
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  7.  20
    Agentive Spaces, the “Background”, and Other Not Well Articulated Influences in Shaping Our Lives.John Shotter - 2013 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (2):133-154.
    What is special about all our living exchanges with our surroundings is that they occur within the ceaseless, intertwined flow of many unfolding strands of spontaneously responsive, living activity. This requires us to adopt a kind of fluid, process thinking, a shift from thinking of events as occurring between things and beings existing as separate entities prior to their inter-action, to events occurring within a continuously unfolding, holistic but stranded flow of events, with no clear, already existing boundaries to be (...)
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  8.  18
    From Minds Hidden in the Heads of Individuals to the Use of Mind-Talk Between Us: Wittgensteinian Developmental Investigations.John Shotter - 2006 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (3):279–297.
    I criticize Carpendale and Lewis's attempt to produce a Wittgensteinian theory, as an alternative to work in the “theory of mind” tradition, not because I disagree with it as theory, but because Wittgenstein would be critical of any attempt to make such a use of his work. Theories are concerned with discovering rules, principles, of lawful regularities hidden behind appearances. Wittgenstein's whole latter philosophy is inimical to such an aim. His concern is not with theories but with descriptions—which can be (...)
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  9.  25
    Undisciplining Social Science: Wittgenstein and the Art of Creating Situated Practices of Social Inquiry.John Shotter - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (1):60-83.
    There are now countless social scientific disciplines—listed either as the science of … X … or as an -ology of one kind or another—each with their own internal controversies as to what are their “proper objects of their study.” This profusion of separate sciences has emerged, and is still emerging, tainted by the classical Cartesian-Newtonian assumption of a mechanistic world. We still seem to assume that we can begin our inquiries simply by reflecting on the world around us, and by (...)
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  10.  64
    ‘Now I Can Go On:’ Wittgenstein and Our Embodied Embeddedness in the ‘Hurly-Burly’ of Life. [REVIEW]John Shotter - 1996 - Human Studies 19 (4):385 - 407.
    Wittgenstein is not primarily concerned with anything mysterious going on inside people's heads, but with us simply going on with each other; that is, with us being able to inter-relate our everyday, bodily activities in unproblematic ways in with those of others, in practice. Learning to communicate with clear and unequivocal meanings; to send messages; to fully understand each other; to be able to reach out, so to speak, from within language-game entwined forms of life, and to talk in theoretical (...)
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  11.  88
    Is Bhaskar's Critical Realism Only a Theoretical Realism ?John Shotter - 1992 - History of the Human Sciences 5 (3):157-173.
  12. Goethe and the Refiguring of Intellectual Inquiry: From 'Aboutness'-Thinking to 'Withness'-Thinking in Everyday Life.John Shotter - 2005 - Janus Head 8 (1):132-158.
    Central to the paper below, is an emphasis on the spontaneously responsive nature of our living bodies, and on the special intertwined, dialogic, or chiasmic nature of events that can occur only in our meetings with others and otherness around us. As participants in such meetings, immediately responsive ‘withness-understandings’ become available to us that are quite different to the ‘aboutness-understandings’ we arrive at as disengaged, intellectual spectators. I argue that Goethe’s “delicate empiricism”, far from being an arcane form of understanding, (...)
     
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  13. Roy Bhaskar, Reclaiming Reality: A Critical Introduction to Contemporary Philosophy, London: Verso, 1989, £24.95, Paper £8.95, Ix + 218 Pp. [REVIEW]John Shotter - 1990 - History of the Human Sciences 3 (3):443-457.
  14.  25
    Harré, Vygotsky, Bakhtin, Vico, Wittgenstein: Academic Discourses and Conversational Realities.John Shotter - 1993 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 23 (4):459-482.
  15.  16
    Wittgenstein and Psychology: On Our ‘Hook Up’ to Reality: John Shotter.John Shotter - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 28:193-208.
    We must do away with explanation, and description alone must take its place. And this description gets its light, that is to say its purpose, from … philosophical problems. These are, of course, not empirical problems; they are solved, rather, by looking into the workings of our language, and that in such a way as to make us recognize those workings: in spite of an urge to misunderstand them. The problems are solved, not by giving new information, but by arranging (...)
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  16.  14
    Living in a Wittgensteinian World: Beyond Theory to a Poetics of Practices.John Shotter - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (3):293–311.
    As human beings, we share many historically developed, language-game interwoven, public forms of life. Due to the joint, dialogically responsive nature of all social life within such forms, we cannot as individuals just act as we please; our forms of life exert a normative influence on what we can say and do. They act as a backdrop against which all our claims to knowledge are judged as acceptable or not. As a result, it is not easy to articulate their inadequacies (...)
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  17.  15
    Bateson, Double Description, Todes, and Embodiment: Preparing Activities and Their Relation to Abduction.John Shotter - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (2):219-245.
    Does all understanding consist in our using concepts to relate to the things around us, or do we also possess a more direct, spontaneous, bodily way of doing so? I explore this second possibility via Bateson's notion of “double description.” These phenomena are dynamic phenomena, in that they have their existence only in our embodied relations to the temporal unfolding of events in the two or more relevant sources. As such, as Bateson put it, they are of a different “logical (...)
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  18.  6
    Towards a Third Revolution in Psychology: From Inner Mental Representations to Dialogically-Structured Social Practices.John Shotter - 2001 - In David Bakhurst & Stuart Shanker (eds.), Jerome Bruner: Language, Culture, Self. Sage Publications. pp. 167--183.
  19.  17
    Dialogical Realities: The Ordinary, the Everyday, and Other Strange New Worlds.John Shotter - 1997 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 27 (2&3):345–357.
    We tend to seek theoretical explanations of our own human behavior, to understand everything we do as arising, computationally, from a systematic set of simple laws, principles, or rules. Here, influenced by the later Wittgenstein, I argue that the very possibility of the kind of talk we use in our theorizing arises out of the joint or dialogical activities in which we engage in our practical lives together, and only has its meaning within the context of such activities – thus (...)
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  20. Cognitive Psychology,“Taylorism”, and the Manufacture of Unemployment.John Shotter - 1987 - In Alan Costall (ed.), Cognitive Psychology in Question. St Martin's Press. pp. 44--54.
  21.  16
    Wittgensteinian Developmental Investigations.John Shotter - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):121-122.
    I criticize Carpendale & Lewis's (C&L) attempt to produce a Wittgensteinian theory, as an alternative to work in the “theory of mind” tradition, not because I disagree with it as theory, but because Wittgenstein would be critical of any attempt to make such a use of his work. His concern is with descriptions, not theories.
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  22.  14
    Prolegomena to an Understanding of Play.John Shotter - 1973 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 3 (1):47–89.
  23.  13
    Acquired Powers: The Transformation of Natural Into Personal Powers.John Shotter - 1973 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 3 (2):141–156.
  24. Cartesian Change, Chiasmic Change: The Power of Living Expression.John Shotter - 2003 - Janus Head 6 (1):6-29.
     
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  25.  17
    The Dialogical Nature of Our Inner Lives.John Shotter - 1998 - Philosophical Explorations 1 (3):185 – 200.
    Classically, we have treated talk of such things as meaning, understanding, and thinking, etc., as raising problems about mental states assumed to exist inside people's heads. And in our philosophical inquiries, we have sought determinate in-principle solutions to these problems. In the dialogical, relational-responsive view of language use presented here — influenced by Wittgenstein, Bakhtin, and Voloshinov — a very different view of such talk is presented. Our 'inner lives' are not hidden 'inside' us, but are 'displayed' out 'in' the (...)
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  26.  26
    Power on the Margins: A New Place for Intellectuals to Be. [REVIEW]John Shotter - 1995 - Argumentation 9 (1):95-113.
    This paper is concerned with rethinking the nature of social life in terms of how it appears — not to us academics at the centre of it, as consisting in a system, or a plurality of systems -but how it might appear from a position more in on the margins, at those moments when ordinary people must relate themselves to each other, unsystematically and practically. To do this, we must also rethink the nature of language and thought as possessing within (...)
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  27.  30
    On a Different Ground: From Contests Between Monologues to Dialogical Contest.John Shotter - 1997 - Argumentation 11 (1):95-112.
    Feeling that they must aim for certainty in their claims, each side presents its version of reality, monologically, simply for acceptance or rejection by the other. In this form of argumentation, one individualistically formulated, systematic, finished version is pitted against another. By its very nature, such a form of rational argumentation prevents the construction of a shared version of things; it is not dialogical. In attempting to recover what has been rendered ’rationally-invisible‘ by our modern modes of reasoning, I first (...)
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  28.  1
    Rhetoric and the Roots of the Homeless Mind.John Shotter - 1993 - Theory, Culture and Society 10 (4):41-62.
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  29.  17
    Warranting Interpretations.Alan Gauld & John Shotter - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (2):239-240.
  30.  16
    Making Sense on the Boundaries: On Moving Between Philosophy and Psychotherapy.John Shotter - 1994 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 37:55-.
    The philosopher is the man who has to cure himself of many sicknesses of the understanding before he can arrive at the notions of the sound human understanding.
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  31.  9
    Complex Thought, Simple Talk: An Ecological Approach to Language-Based Change in Organizations.John Shotter & Haridimos Tsoukas - 2011 - In Peter Allen, Steve Maguire & Bill McKelvey (eds.), The Sage Handbook of Complexity and Management. Sage Publications. pp. 333.
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  32. Causalità e grammatica: Wittgenstein, Bachtin e il terzo regno dell’ordinario.John Shotter - 1998 - Discipline Filosofiche 8 (2).
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  33. 84 History of the Human Sciences Vol. 7 No. 1 3 This Development in Social Psychology Can Be Seen Both Here (Gergen, 1985) and in a Large Number of Subsequent Publications and Collections, Too Numerous to Cite, in Which Gergen has Played a Major Role. That He is Not Alone Can Be Seen in the Work Of. [REVIEW]John Shotter - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7 (1).
     
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