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Profile: John Stewart
  1. The Meaning of Life in a Developing Universe.John E. Stewart - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (4):395-409.
    The evolution of life on Earth has produced an organism that is beginning to model and understand its own evolution and the possible future evolution of life in the universe. These models and associated evidence show that evolution on Earth has a trajectory. The scale over which living processes are organized cooperatively has increased progressively, as has its evolvability. Recent theoretical advances raise the possibility that this trajectory is itself part of a wider developmental process. According to these theories, the (...)
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  2.  60
    From Autonomy to Heteronomy (and Back): The Enaction of Social Life. [REVIEW]Pierre Steiner & John Stewart - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):527-550.
    The term “social cognition” can be construed in different ways. On the one hand, it can refer to the cognitive faculties involved in social activities, defined simply as situations where two or more individuals interact. On this view, social systems would consist of interactions between autonomous individuals; these interactions form higher-level autonomous domains not reducible to individual actions. A contrasting, alternative view is based on a much stronger theoretical definition of a truly social domain, which is always defined by a (...)
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  3.  16
    The Future of Life and What It Means for Humanity.John Stewart - 2012 - Foundations of Science 17 (1):47-50.
    Vidal’s (Found Sci, 2010 ) and Rottiers’s (Found Sci, 2010 ) commentaries on my (2010) paper raised a number of important issues about the possible future trajectory of evolution and its implications for humanity. My response emphasizes that despite the inherent uncertainty involved in extrapolating the trajectory of evolution into the far future, the possibilities it reveals nonetheless have significant strategic implications for what we do with our lives here and now, individually and collectively. One important implication is the replacement (...)
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  4. The Future Evolution of Consciousness.John E. Stewart - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (8):58-92.
    What is the potential for improvements in the functioning of consciousness? The paper addresses this issue using global workspace theory. According to this model, the prime function of consciousness is to develop novel adaptive responses. Consciousness does this by putting together new combinations of knowledge, skills and other disparate resources that are recruited from throughout the brain. The paper's search for potential improvements in consciousness is aided by studies of a developmental transition that enhances functioning in whichever domain it occurs. (...)
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  5.  6
    The Reality of Phlogiston in Great Britain.John Stewart - 2012 - Hyle 18 (2):175 - 194.
    Mi Gyung Kim (2008) has challenged the historiographical assumption that phlogiston was the paradigmatic concept in eighteenth century chemistry. Her analysis of the operational, theoretical, and philosophical identities of phlogiston demonstrates how Stahlian phlogiston was appropriated into the burgeoning field of affinity theory. However, this new French conception of phlogiston was destabilized by the introduction of Boerhaave's thermometrics. By extending this story through 1790, I will show that British pneumatic chemists integrated new understandings of heat with an affinity based operational (...)
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  6.  40
    Management for the Public Domain: Enabling the Learning Society.Stewart Ranson & John Stewart - 1995 - British Journal of Educational Studies 43 (4):474-475.
  7.  30
    Reciprocal Modelling of Active Perception of 2-D Forms in a Simple Tactile-Vision Substitution System.John Stewart & Olivier Gapenne - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (3):309-330.
    The strategies of action employed by a human subject in order to perceive simple 2-D forms on the basis of tactile sensory feedback have been modelled by an explicit computer algorithm. The modelling process has been constrained and informed by the capacity of human subjects both to consciously describe their own strategies, and to apply explicit strategies; thus, the strategies effectively employed by the human subject have been influenced by the modelling process itself. On this basis, good qualitative and semi-quantitative (...)
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  8.  1
    Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy.John B. Stewart - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
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  9.  33
    “You Never Fail to Surprise Me”: The Hallmark of the Other: Experimental Study and Simulations of Perceptual Crossing.Charles Lenay, John Stewart, Marieke Rohde & Amal Ali Amar - 2011 - Interaction Studies 12 (3):373-396.
    Classically, the question of recognizing another subject is posed unilaterally, in terms of the observed behaviour of the other entity. Here, we propose an alternative, based on the emergent patterns of activity resulting from the interaction of both partners. We employ a minimalist device which forces the subjects to externalize their perceptual activity as trajectories which can be observed and recorded; the results show that subjects do identify the situation of perceptual crossing with their partner. The interpretation of the results (...)
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  10.  11
    Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science.John Stewart, Olivier Gapenne & Ezequiel A. Di Paolo (eds.) - 2010 - Bradford.
    This book presents the framework for a new, comprehensive approach to cognitive science. The proposed paradigm, enaction, offers an alternative to cognitive science's classical, first-generation Computational Theory of Mind. _Enaction_, first articulated by Varela, Thompson, and Rosch in _The Embodied Mind_, breaks from CTM's formalisms of information processing and symbolic representations to view cognition as grounded in the sensorimotor dynamics of the interactions between a living organism and its environment. A living organism enacts the world it lives in; its embodied (...)
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  11.  41
    A Response to Douglas Long.John B. Stewart - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (2):193-195.
  12.  86
    Future Psychological Evolution.John Stewart - 2001 - [Journal (on-Line/Unpaginated)] 16 (2001).
    Humans are able to construct mental representations and models of possible interactions with their environment. They can use these mental models to identify actions that will enable them to achieve their adaptive goals. But humans do not use this capacity to identify and implement the actions that would contribute most to the evolutionary success of humanity. In general, humans do not find motivation or satisfaction in doing so, no matter how effective such actions might be in evolutionary terms. From an (...)
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  13. Drifting Continents & Colliding Paradigms Perspectives on the Geoscience Revolution.John A. Stewart - 1990
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  14. Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy.John B. Stewart - 1996 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 50 (3):502-506.
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  15.  26
    Paul Ricoeur's Phenomenology of Evil.John David Stewart - 1969 - International Philosophical Quarterly 9 (4):572-589.
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  16. Introduction.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 3-12.
  17.  23
    Radical Constructivism in Biology and Cognitive Science.John Stewart - 2001 - Foundations of Science 6 (1-3):99-124.
    This article addresses the issue of objectivism vs constructivism in two areas,biology and cognitive science, which areintermediate between the natural sciences suchas physics (where objectivism is dominant) andthe human and social sciences (whereconstructivism is widespread). The issues inbiology and in cognitive science are intimatelyrelated; in each of these twin areas, the objectivism vs constructivism issue isinterestingly and rather evenly balanced; as aresult, this issue engenders two contrastingparadigms, each of which has substantialspecific scientific content. The neo-Darwinianparadigm in biology is closely resonant (...)
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  18.  17
    The Moral and Political Philosophy of David Hume.John B. Stewart - 1963 - Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press.
  19. The Pursuit of Certainty: David Hume, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Beatrice Webb.Shirley Robin Letwin, John B. Stewart, Carl B. Cone, Alfred Cobban & Joseph Hamburger - 1967 - Science and Society 31 (1):37-47.
     
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  20. The Social Interpretation of the French Revolution.Alfred Cobban, Albert Soboul, Georges Lefebvre, John Hall Stewart & James Friguglietti - 1965 - Science and Society 29 (4):472-477.
     
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  21.  4
    'Science Fights Death': David Stark Murray, Science, and Socialism in Interwar Britain.John Stewart - 2000 - Annals of Science 57 (2):143-161.
    The pathologist David Stark Murray was a founder and leading member of the Socialist Medical Association , an organization affiliated to the Labour Party and instrumental in shaping its health policy in the period up to 1945. Murray played a prominent role in the SMA as a member of its Executive Committee and as Editor of its journal MedicineToday and Tomorrow. This article examines Murray's popular writings about science during the interwar period, focusing on his emphasis on the relationship between, (...)
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  22.  11
    Hume's Philosophical Politics.John B. Stewart - 1977 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (2):231-233.
  23.  4
    Magnitude Estimates of Rotational Velocity During and Following Prolonged Increasing, Constant, and Zero Angular Acceleration.Brant Clark & John D. Stewart - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (2p1):329.
  24.  9
    Genetics, Biology and Multifactorial Diseases.John Stewart - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (4):323-329.
    The schematic concept of levels of causal interaction is applied to the relation between genetics and biology. The strength of classical formal genetics lies in its power to proceed directly from observations on an external phenotype, to inferences concerning the nature and properties of the fundamental genetic factors. Its weakness comes from the fact that by short-circuiting the causal chain leading from genotype to phenotype, it creates a divorce between genetics and biology. It is argued that in order to reestablish (...)
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  25.  2
    Monitoring State Fulfillment of Economic and Social Rights Obligations in the United States.Susan Randolph, Michelle Prairie & John Stewart - 2012 - Human Rights Review 13 (2):139-165.
    This article adapts the economic and social rights fulfillment index (SERF Index) developed by Fukuda-Parr, Lawson-Remer, and Randolph to assess the extent to which each of the 50 US states fulfills the economic and social rights obligations set forth in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It then extends the index to incorporate discrimination and examines differences in economic and social rights fulfillment by race and sex within each of the states. The overall SERF Index score varies (...)
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  26.  1
    2. The Argument Before Hume: Beginning a New Science.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 47-108.
  27.  1
    Methionine or Not Methionine at the Beginning of a Protein.Fred Sherman, John W. Stewart & Susumu Tsunasawa - 1985 - Bioessays 3 (1):27-31.
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  28. “You Never Fail to Surprise Me”: The Hallmark of the Other: Experimental Study and Simulations of Perceptual Crossing.Charles Lenay, John Stewart, Marieke Rohde & Amal Ali Amar - 2011 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 12 (3):373-396.
  29. Bibliographic Note.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. ix-2.
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  30. Contents.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press.
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  31. 4. Civil Society.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 152-193.
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  32. 6. Changing the British Mind.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 224-318.
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  33. Duncan Forbes, "Hume's Philosophical Politics". [REVIEW]John Stewart - 1977 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (2):231.
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  34.  2
    Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science.John Stewart, Olivier Gapenne & Ezequiel A. Di Paolo (eds.) - 2014 - Bradford.
    This book presents the framework for a new, comprehensive approach to cognitive science. The proposed paradigm, enaction, offers an alternative to cognitive science's classical, first-generation Computational Theory of Mind. _Enaction_, first articulated by Varela, Thompson, and Rosch in _The Embodied Mind_, breaks from CTM's formalisms of information processing and symbolic representations to view cognition as grounded in the sensorimotor dynamics of the interactions between a living organism and its environment. A living organism enacts the world it lives in; its embodied (...)
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  35. 5. Hume and Reform: Discovering True Principles.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 194-223.
  36. Index.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 319-325.
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  37. 3. Morality Explained.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 109-151.
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  38. Opus Maximum; or, the Great Essay to Reduce the Moral World From Contingency to System.John Stewart - 1803
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  39. Preface.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press.
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  40. Quantitative Laws for Sensory Perception.John L. Stewart - 1963 - Psychological Review 70 (2):180-192.
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  41. 1. The Argument Before Hume: The Legalists' Dilemma.John B. Stewart - 1992 - In Opinion and Reform in Hume's Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 13-46.
  42. The Conquest of the Moral World [by J. Stewart].John Stewart - 1806
     
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  43. The Moral and Political Philosophy of David Hume.John B. Stewart - 1966 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (62):76-77.
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  44. The Revelation of Reason and Nature, as Exhibited in the ... Opus Maximum [by J. Stewart].John Stewart - 1807
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  45. The Scientific Claims of British Child Guidance, 1918–45.John Stewart - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (3):407-432.
    This article examines the British child guidance movement's claim to scientific status and what it sought to gain by the wider acceptance of such a claim. The period covered is from the movement's origins in the 1920s to the end of the Second World War, by which point it had been incorporated into the welfare state. This was also an era when science commanded high intellectual and cultural status. Child guidance was a form of psychiatric medicine that addressed the emotional (...)
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  46. The Scripture of Reason and Nature the Laws of Intellect : The Laws of Virtue : The Laws of Policy : The Laws of Physiology, or, the Philosophy of Sense : Developing the Origin, End, Essence and Constitution of Nature.John Stewart - 1813 - Printed for T. Egerton.
     
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  47. The Sophiometer; or, Regulator of Mental Power Forming the Nucleus of the Moral World, to Convert Talent, Abilities, Literature, and Science, Into Thought, Sense, Wisdom, and Prudence, the God of Man; to Form Those Intermodifications.John Stewart - 1812 - Printed by S. Gosnell,.
     
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