Results for 'John V. Howard'

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  1.  28
    Countable Additivity and the Foundations of Bayesian Statistics.John V. Howard - 2006 - Theory and Decision 60 (2-3):127-135.
    At a very fundamental level an individual can process only a finite amount of information in a finite time. We can therefore model the possibilities facing such an observer by a tree with only finitely many arcs leaving each node. There is a natural field of events associated with this tree, and we show that any finitely additive probability measure on this field will also be countably additive. Hence when considering the foundations of Bayesian statistics we may as well assume (...)
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  2.  17
    New Books. [REVIEW]Howard V. Knox, A. E. Taylor, John Laird, F. C. S. Schiller, Bernard Bosanquet, L. J. Russel, S. W. & B. D. - 1921 - Mind 30 (119):354-374.
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  3.  13
    John Passmore., Serious Art.V. A. Howard - 1994 - International Studies in Philosophy 26 (2):141-143.
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  4.  11
    Doing Justice to the Complex Legacy of John Howard Yoder: Restorative Justice Resources in Witness and Feminist Ethics.Karen V. Guth - 2015 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 35 (2):119-139.
    John Howard Yoder's reclamation of Christ's law of love as normative for Christian ethics makes important contributions to the field, but this pacifist legacy is tainted by his sexual violence against women. Prominent "witness" and "feminist" ethicists either defend or condemn Yoder, reflecting retributive approaches to wrongdoing. Restorative justice models—with their emphasis on truth-telling, particularity, and communal responses to violence—illuminate common ground between these often antagonistic groups of ethicists, whose specific resources are needed to "do justice" to Yoder's (...)
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  5.  32
    Wittgenstein and Zen: John V. Canfield.John V. Canfield - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (194):383-408.
    Wittgenstein's later philosophy and the doctrines of Mahayana Buddhism integral to Zen coincide in a fundamental aspect: for Wittgenstein language has, one might say, a mystical base; and this base is exactly the Buddhist ideal of acting with a mind empty of thought. My aim is to establish and explore this phenomenon. The result should be both a deeper understanding of Wittgenstein and the removal of a philosophical objection to Zen that has troubled some people.
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  6.  2
    The Philosophy of William James ; & Responses and Reviews.Howard Vicenté Knox - 2001 - Thoemmes Press.
    The Foundations of Pragmatism in American Thought Series offers two sets of volumes containing the most significant defenses and critiques of pragmatism written before World War I: the Early Defenders of Pragmatism and Early Critics of Pragmatism . This, the first collection, Early Defenders , provides key texts for understanding the context of pragmatism’s years of greatest vitality. The early defenders were products of pragmatism’s three cradles. H. Heath Bawden was a graduate of the Chicago philosophy department, having studied with (...)
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  7.  6
    The Early Career of Simon de Cramaud.Howard Kaminsky - 1974 - Speculum 49 (3):499-534.
    To those who do not know him, Simon de Cramaud is best introduced at the supreme moment of his public life, when he presided over the Council of Pisa and, on 5 June 1409, read out its decree deposing both papal contenders in the Great Schism, the Avignonese pope Benedict XIII and the Roman pope Gregory XII. At that time Simon was Patriarch of Alexandria and administrator of the bishopric of Carcassonne; Pope Alexander V, elected at Pisa, made him archbishop (...)
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  8. John S. Wilkins and Malte C. Ebach: The Nature of Classification: Relationships and Kinds in the Natural Sciences: Palgrave, Macmillan, 2014, Pp., Vii + 197, Price £60/$100.00.Catherine Kendig - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 37 (4):477-479.
    John Wilkins and Malte Ebach respond to the dismissal of classification as something we need not concern ourselves with because it is, as Ernest Rutherford suggested, mere ‘‘stamp collecting.’’ They contend that classification is neither derivative of explanation or of hypothesis-making but is necessarily prior and prerequisite to it. Classification comes first and causal explanations are dependent upon it. As such it is an important (but neglected) area of philosophical study. Wilkins and Ebach reject Norwood Russell Hanson’s thesis that (...)
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  9. Themes From Kaplan.Joseph Almog, John Perry & Howard Wettstein (eds.) - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    This anthology of essays on the work of David Kaplan, a leading contemporary philosopher of language, sprang from a conference, "Themes from Kaplan," organized by the Center for the Study of Language and Information at Stanford University.
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  10.  48
    Images.John V. Kulvicki - 2013 - Routledge.
    The nature of representation is a central topic in philosophy. This is the first book to connect problems with understanding representational artifacts, like pictures, diagrams, and inscriptions, to the philosophies of science, mind, and art. Can images be a source of knowledge? Are images merely conventional signs, like words? What is the relationship between the observer and the observed? In this clear and stimulating introduction to the problem John V. Kulvicki explores these questions and more. He discusses: the nature (...)
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  11. Themes from Kaplan.Joseph Almog, John Perry & Howard Wettstein - 1990 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (3):572-573.
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  12. Purpose in Nature.John V. Canfield - 1966 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
  13.  6
    Modeling the Meanings of Pictures: Depiction and the Philosophy of Language.John V. Kulvicki - 2020 - Oxford University Press.
    John Kulvicki explores the many ways in which pictures can be meaningful, taking inspiration from the philosophy of language. Pictures are important parts of communicative acts. They express a variety of thoughts, and they are also representations. Kulvicki shows how the meanings of pictures let us put them to a wide range of communicative uses.
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  14.  26
    John Stuart Mill, John Herschel, and the 'Probability of Causes'.John V. Strong - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:31-41.
    While historians of scientific method have recently called attention to the views of many of John Stuart Mill's contemporaries on the relation between probability and inductive inference, little if any note has been taken of Mill's own vigorous attack on the received "Laplacean" interpretation of probability in the first edition of the System of Logic. This paper examines the place of Mill's critique, both in the overall framework of his philosophy, and in the tradition of assessing the so-called "probability (...)
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  15.  71
    A Companion to African-American Philosophy.Tommy L. Lott & John P. Pittman (eds.) - 2003 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Part I Philosophic Traditions Introduction to Part I 3 1 Philosophy and the Afro-American Experience 7 CORNEL WEST 2 African-American Existential Philosophy 33 LEWIS R. GORDON 3 African-American Philosophy: A Caribbean Perspective 48 PAGET HENRY 4 Modernisms in Black 67 FRANK M. KIRKLAND 5 The Crisis of the Black Intellectual 87 HORTENSE J. SPILLERS Part II The Moral and Political Legacy of Slavery Introduction to Part II 107 6 Kant and Knowledge of Disappearing Expression 110 RONALD A. T. JUDY 7 (...)
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  16.  9
    No Calculation Necessary: Accessing Magnitude Through Decimals and Fractions.John V. Binzak & Edward M. Hubbard - 2020 - Cognition 199:104219.
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  17.  46
    The Mother of Philip V of Macedon.John V. A. Fine - 1934 - Classical Quarterly 28 (02):99-.
    In 1924 W. W. Tarn published an article in which he attempted to prove that the mother of Philip V of Macedon was the Epirot princess Phthia. Previously all historians had accepted the statement of Eusebius that Philip was the son of Demetrius II and Chryseis, whom, after the death of her husband, the Macedonians gave in marriage to Antigonus Doson. Despite the cogency of Tarn's arguments, his theory has been rejected by both Beloch and Dinsmoor, who adhere to the (...)
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  18.  44
    Moore and Wittgenstein on Certainty.John V. Canfield - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (2):281.
    I can’t help but like a book that calls Wittgenstein the greatest philosopher since Kant and then proceeds to show how On Certainty, a manifestly brilliant but understudied book, sheds light on matters under current debate. It is pleasant to see a highly skilled contemporary put texts from the later philosophy under close scrutiny and mine them for insight, and that outside the bounds of familiar Wittgenstein scholarship.
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  19.  25
    John Hick's Theocentrism: Revolutionary or Implicitly Exclusivist?John V. Apczynski - 1992 - Modern Theology 8 (1):39-52.
  20. The Community View.John V. Canfield - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (4):469-488.
    Saul Kripke, among others, reads Wittgenstein’s private-language argument as an inference from the idea of rule following: The concept of a private language is inconsistent, because using language entails following rules, and following rules entails being a member of a community. Kripke expresses the key exegetical claim underlying that reading as follows.
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  21.  9
    Working Knowledges Before and After Circa 1800.John V. Pickstone - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):489-516.
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  22.  1
    Becoming Human: The Development of Language, Self and Self-Consciousness.John V. Canfield - 2007 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book is a philosophical examination of the main stages in our journey from hominid to human. It deals with the nature and origin of language, the self, self-consciousness, and the religious ideal of a return to Eden. It approaches these topics through a philosophical anthropology derived from the later writings of Wittgenstein. The result is an account of our place in nature consistent with both a hard-headed empiricism and a this-worldy but religiously significant mysticism.
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  23.  9
    Bureaucracy, Liberalism and the Body in Post-Revolutionary France: Bichat's Physiology and the Paris School of Medicine.John V. Pickstone - 1981 - History of Science 19 (2):115-142.
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  24.  20
    Museological Science? The Place of the Analytical/Comparative in Nineteenth-Century Science, Technology and Medicine.John V. Pickstone - 1994 - History of Science 32 (2):111-138.
  25.  16
    Out of the Labyrinth: Einstein, Hertz and Göttingen Answer to the Hole Argument.John D. Norton & Don Howard - 1993 - In .
  26. Self-Deception.John V. Canfield & Don F. Gustavson - 1962 - Analysis 23 (December):32-36.
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  27.  10
    Past and Present Knowledges in the Practice of the History of Science.John V. Pickstone - 1995 - History of Science 33 (100):203-224.
  28.  18
    The Emerging Good in Plato's Philebus.John V. Garner - 2017 - Evanston, IL, USA: Northwestern University Press.
    This study examines Plato's dialogue on the good life and argues, most centrally, that the "pleasures of learning" exemplify, for Socrates, the possibility of good becoming or change.
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  29. Payment Theory and the Last Mile Problem.John V. Jacobi - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (3):474-479.
    Health reform debate understandably focuses on large system design. We should not omit attention to the “last mile” problem of physician payment theory. Achieving fundamental goals of integrative, patient-centered primary care depends on thoughtful financial support. This commentary describes the nature and importance of innovative primary care payment programs.
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  30.  21
    Criteria and Rules of Language.John V. Canfield - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (1):70-87.
  31.  29
    Gadamer and the Lessons of Arithmetic in Plato’s Hippias Major.John V. Garner - 2017 - Meta: Research in Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, and Practical Philosophy 9 (1):105-136.
    In the 'Hippias Major' Socrates uses a counter-example to oppose Hippias‘s view that parts and wholes always have a "continuous" nature. Socrates argues, for example, that even-numbered groups might be made of parts with the opposite character, i.e. odd. As Gadamer has shown, Socrates often uses such examples as a model for understanding language and definitions: numbers and definitions both draw disparate elements into a sum-whole differing from the parts. In this paper I follow Gadamer‘s suggestion that we should focus (...)
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  32. The Compatibility of Free Will and Determinism.John V. Canfield - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (July):352-368.
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  33.  17
    The Community View.John V. Canfield - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (4):469-488.
    Saul Kripke, among others, reads Wittgenstein’s private-language argument as an inference from the idea of rule following: The concept of a private language is inconsistent, because using language entails following rules, and following rules entails being a member of a community. Kripke expresses the key exegetical claim underlying that reading as follows.
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  34. The Philosophy of Wittgenstein: Logic and Ontology.John V. Canfield (ed.) - 1986 - New York and London: Garland.
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  35.  10
    How Might We Map the Cultural Fields of Science? Politics and Organisms in Restoration France.John V. Pickstone - 1999 - History of Science 37 (117):347-364.
  36. Ned Block, Wittgenstein, and the Inverted Spectrum.John V. Canfield - 2009 - Philosophia 37 (4):691-712.
    In ‘Wittgenstein and Qualia’ Ned Block argues for the existence of inverted spectra and those ineffable things, qualia. The essence of his discussion is a would-be proof, presented through a series of pictures, of the possible existence of an inverted spectrum. His argument appeals to some remarks by Wittgenstein which, Block holds, commit the former to a certain ‘dangerous scenario’ wherein inverted spectra, and consequently qualia live and breath. I hold that a key premise of this proof is incoherent. Furthermore, (...)
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  37. Student Evaluations: The Ratings Game.John V. Adams - 1997 - Inquiry (ERIC) 1 (2):10-16.
  38.  10
    Wittgenstein and Buddhism.John V. Canfield - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (1):140.
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  39.  10
    A Brief Introduction to Ways of Knowing and Ways of Working.John V. Pickstone - 2011 - History of Science 49 (3):235-245.
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  40.  52
    Wittgenstein, Language and World.John V. Canfield - 1981 - University of Massachusetts Press.
    Language Games 2 This chapter provides some background necessary for subsequent discussions by sketching in the idea of a language game, thereby giving a ...
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  41.  46
    Tractatus Objects.John V. Canfield - 1976 - Philosophia 6 (1):81-99.
  42. Giorgio Agamben: The Signature of All Things: On Method, Luca D’Isanto with Kevin Attell : Zone Books, 2009, 124 Pp, ISBN: 1890951986 , US $ 24.95.John V. Garner - 2010 - Continental Philosophy Review 43 (4):579-588.
  43.  97
    Essays on Berkeley: A Tercentennial Celebration.John Foster & Howard Robinson (eds.) - 1985 - Oxford University Press.
    Marking the tercentenary of Berkeley's birth, this collection of previously unpublished essays covers such Berkeleian topics as: imagination, experience, and possibility; the argument against material substance; the physical world; idealism; science; the self; action and inaction; beauty; and the general good. Among the contributors are: Christopher Peacocke, Ernest Sosa, Margaret Wilson, C.C.W. Taylor, and J.O. Urmson.
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  44.  2
    The Incarnate God.John V. Taylor - 2004 - Continuum.
    A follow up to 'The Easter God'. John V. Taylor sets out God's incarnation in Jesus and his interaction with the world.
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  45. "A Model" Tractatus "Language".John V. Canfield - 1972 - Philosophical Forum 4 (2):199.
     
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  46. Wittgenstein, language and World.John V. Canfield - 1981 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 90 (1):130-132.
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  47.  34
    Dysfunctional Counterfactual Thinking: When Simulating Alternatives to Reality Impedes Experiential Learning.John V. Petrocelli, Catherine E. Seta & John J. Seta - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (2):205 - 230.
    Using a multiple-trial stock market decision paradigm, the possibility that counterfactual thinking can be dysfunctional for learning and performance by distorting the processing of outcome information was examined. Correlational (Study 1) and experimental (Study 2) evidence suggested that counterfactuals are associated with a decrease in experiential learning. When counterfactuals were made salient, participants displayed significantly poorer performance compared to their counterparts for whom counterfactuals were relatively less salient. A counterfactual salience ? need for cognition (NFC) interaction qualified these findings. High (...)
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  48.  79
    Wittgenstein and Zen.John V. Canfield - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (194):383 - 408.
  49.  7
    Peirce’s Philosophy of Science: Critical Studies in His Theory of Induction and Scientific Method.John V. Strong - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (4):655-657.
  50.  14
    Note on Fossil Leaves From the Banke Clays.John V. L. Rennie - 1931 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 19 (3):251-253.
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