17 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Jon Oberlander [15]Jonathan Oberlander [2]
  1.  43
    Foundations of Representation: Where Might Graphical Symbol Systems Come From?Simon Garrod, Nicolas Fay, John Lee, Jon Oberlander & Tracy MacLeod - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (6):961-987.
    It has been suggested that iconic graphical signs evolve into symbolic graphical signs through repeated usage. This article reports a series of interactive graphical communication experiments using a ‘pictionary’ task to establish the conditions under which the evolution might occur. Experiment 1 rules out a simple repetition based account in favor of an account that requires feedback and interaction between communicators. Experiment 2 shows how the degree of interaction affects the evolution of signs according to a process of grounding. Experiment (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   62 citations  
  2.  42
    A Cognitive Theory of Graphical and Linguistic Reasoning: Logic and Implementation.Keith Stenning & Jon Oberlander - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (1):97-140.
    We discuss external and internal graphical and linguistic representational systems. We argue that a cognitive theory of peoples' reasoning performance must account for (a) the logical equivalence of inferences expressed in graphical and linguistic form, and (b) the implementational differences that affect facility of inference. Our theory proposes that graphical representation limit abstraction and thereby aid “processibility”. We discuss the ideas of specificity and abstraction, and their cognitive relevance. Empirical support both comes from tasks which involve the manipulation of external (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   51 citations  
  3.  71
    Systematicity and arbitrariness in novel communication systems.Carrie Ann Theisen, Jon Oberlander & Simon Kirby - 2010 - Interaction Studies 11 (1):14-32.
  4.  25
    Systematicity and arbitrariness in novel communication systems.Carrie Ann Theisen-White, Jon Oberlander & Simon Kirby - 2010 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 11 (1):14-32.
    Arbitrariness and systematicity are two of language’s most fascinating properties. Although both are characterizations of the mappings between signals and meanings, their emergence and evolution in communication systems has generally been explored independently. We present an experiment in which both arbitrariness and systematicity are probed. Participants invent signs from scratch to refer to a set of items that share salient semantic features. Through interaction, the systematic re-use of arbitrary signal elements emerges.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  5.  40
    A cognitive theory of graphical and linguistic reasoning: Logic and implementation. Cognitive science.Keith Stenning & Jon Oberlander - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (1):97-140.
    We discuss external and internal graphical and linguistic representational systems. We argue that a cognitive theory of peoples' reasoning performance must account for (a) the logical equivalence of inferences expressed in graphical and linguistic form; and (b) the implementational differences that affect facility of inference. Our theory proposes that graphical representations limit abstraction and thereby aid processibility. We discuss the ideas of specificity and abstraction, and their cognitive relevance. Empirical support comes from tasks (i) involving and (ii) not involving the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  6.  19
    Between Liberal Aspirations and Market Forces: Obamacare's Precarious Balancing Act.Jonathan Oberlander - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):431-441.
    The 2010 Affordable Care Act represents a milestone in U.S. health care policy. The ACA moves the American health care system away, in important respects, from market-driven health care, including imposing new regulations on health insurers. Yet the ACA also relies, in other respects, on market forces to achieve its aims, including its embrace of health plan competition and high-deductible insurance. This article explores how the ACA balances liberal aspirations and market principles, and the implications for health reform implementation and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7.  16
    Between Liberal Aspirations and Market Forces: Obamacare's Precarious Balancing Act.Jonathan Oberlander - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):431-441.
    The American health care system long has been distinctive in its embrace of market forces. For-profit private insurers play a major role in providing coverage, though they operate alongside public insurance programs that cover over one-third of the population. Historically, federal and state governments’ regulation of insurance markets was limited, leaving insurers to set premiums and coverage rules largely as they saw fit.Government’s role in controlling health care spending has been even more circumscribed. Purchasing power is fragmented, with each insurer (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  8.  4
    Temporal Representation and Inference.Barry Richards, Inge Bethke, Jon Oberlander & Jaap van der Does - 1989
  9.  23
    Nonsentential representation and nonformality.Keith Stenning & Jon Oberlander - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):365-366.
  10.  28
    Vaulting optimality.Peter Dayan & Jon Oberlander - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):221-222.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  12
    Levels of Representation in Discourse Relations.Alistair Knott, Ted Sanders & Jon Oberlander - 2002 - Cognitive Linguistics 12 (3).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Altered States and Virtual Beliefs.Jon Oberlander & Peter Dayan - 1996 - In Andy Clark & Peter Millican (eds.), Connectionism, Concepts, and Folk Psychology: The Legacy of Alan Turing, Volume 2. Clarendon Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Altered States and Virtual Beliefs.Jon Oberlander & Peter Dayan - 1999 - In Andy Clark & Peter Millican (eds.), Connectionism, Concepts, and Folk Psychology: The Legacy of Alan Turing, Volume Ii. Clarendon Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  20
    Discourse cues: Further evidence for the corecontributor distinction.Jon Oberlander & Johanna D. Moore - 2002 - Cognitive Linguistics 12 (3).
  15.  5
    Intentions in communication.Jon Oberlander - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 63 (1-2):511-520.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  14
    Of ants and academics: The computational power of external representation.Jon Oberlander - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):78-79.
    Clark & Thornton speculate that intervening in the real world might be a way of transforming type-2 problems into type-1, but they state that they are not aware of any definite cases. It is argued that the active construction of external representations often performs exactly this function, and that recoding via the real world is therefore common, if not ubiquitous.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  30
    What is Cognitive Science? [REVIEW]Jon Oberlander - 1994 - Teaching Philosophy 17 (4):377-380.