24 found
Order:
  1.  4
    Local All-Age Bicycle Helmet Ordinances in the United States: A Review and Analysis.Molly Merrill-Francis, Jon S. Vernick & Keshia M. Pollack Porter - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (2):283-291.
    Bicycle helmets protect against head injury. Mandatory helmet laws likely increase their use. Although 21 states and Washington, DC have mandatory helmet laws for youth bicyclists, no U.S. state has a mandatory helmet law that applies to all ages; however, some localities have all-age helmet laws for bicyclists. This study abstracted local helmet laws applicable to all-ages to examine their elements.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  8
    The Ethics of Restrictive Licensing for Handguns: Comparing the United States and Canadian Approaches to Handgun Regulation.Jon S. Vernick, James G. Hodge & Daniel W. Webster - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (4):668-678.
    On April 16, 2007, Cho Seung-Hui used two semiautomatic handguns to kill 32 persons and then himself at Virginia Tech University in the largest campus shooting in U.S. history. Mr. Cho purchased his handguns from a pawnshop and a gun store in Virginia, where under state law a background check was conducted to determine whether he had any disqualifying criminal or mental health history. The paperwork for the background check was completed at the gun store, and the check itself was (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  3.  56
    The Ethics of Restrictive Licensing for Handguns: Comparing the United States and Canadian Approaches to Handgun Regulation.Jon S. Vernick, James G. Hodge & Daniel W. Webster - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (4):668-678.
    The United States and Canada regulate frearms, particularly handguns, quite differently. With only a few state and local exceptions, the U.S. approach emphasizes the ability of most individuals to purchase, possess, and carry handguns. By comparison, Canada has a form of restrictive licensing for handguns that places a premium on community safety. The authors first review the potential individual and community level harms and benefits associated with these differing fre-arm policies. Using this information, they explore the ethical dimensions of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  4.  20
    The Public Health Workforce and Willingness to Respond to Emergencies: A 50‐State Analysis of Potentially Influential Laws.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, Maxim Gakh, Jennifer Siegel, Carol B. Thompson & Daniel J. Barnett - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):64-71.
    Law plays a critical role in all stages of a public health emergency, providing an infrastructure for planning, response, and recovery efforts. A growing body of research has underscored the potential for certain types of state laws, such as those granting liability protections to responders, to influence the public health workforce's participation in emergency responses. It is therefore especially important to focus on particular state-level laws that may be associated with individuals' increased or decreased willingness to respond. We conducted a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  5.  12
    How the Law Affects Gun Policy in the United States: Law as Intervention or Obstacle to Prevention.Jon S. Vernick & Julie Samia Mair - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):692-704.
    In our experience, public health practitioners seeking to address a health problem often have just two very basic questions about the law: how can I use the law to create new interventions, or improve existing ones, to protect the public’s health; and will the law prevent me from successfully implementing certain interventions? In this way, the law is seen as either an opportunity for intervention to affect a public health problem, or an obstacle to enacting or implementing a desired intervention.In (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  6.  8
    The Public Health Workforce and Willingness to Respond to Emergencies: A 50-State Analysis of Potentially Influential Laws.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, Maxim Gakh, Jennifer Siegel, Carol B. Thompson & Daniel J. Barnett - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):64-71.
    Law plays a critical role in all stages of a public health emergency, including planning, response, and recovery. Public health emergencies introduce health concerns at the population level through, for example, the emergence of a novel infectious disease. In the United States, at the federal, state, and local levels, laws provide an infrastructure for public health emergency preparedness and response efforts: they grant the government the ability to officially declare an emergency, authorize responders to act, and facilitate interjurisdictional coordination. Law (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7.  8
    How the Law Affects Gun Policy in the United States: Law as Intervention or Obstacle to Prevention.Jon S. Vernick & Julie Samia Mair - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):692-704.
    In our experience, public health practitioners seeking to address a health problem often have just two very basic questions about the law: how can I use the law to create new interventions, or improve existing ones, to protect the public’s health; and will the law prevent me from successfully implementing certain interventions? In this way, the law is seen as either an opportunity for intervention to affect a public health problem, or an obstacle to enacting or implementing a desired intervention.In (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  8.  10
    How Litigation Can Promote Product Safety.Jon S. Vernick, Jason W. Sapsin, Stephen P. Teret & Julie Samia Mair - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):551-555.
    For at least the past three decades, injuries have been recognized as an important public health problem in the United States. In 2001, there were approximately 157,000 deaths due to injuries in the US. There were also almost 30 million non-fatal injury incidents.Injuries have been defined as: “…any unintentional or intentional damage to the body resulting from acute exposure to thermal, mechanical, electrical, or chemical energy or from the absence of such essentials as heat or oxygen”. Within public health, the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9.  10
    How Litigation Can Promote Product Safety.Jon S. Vernick, Jason W. Sapsin, Stephen P. Teret & Julie Samia Mair - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):551-555.
    For at least the past three decades, injuries have been recognized as an important public health problem in the United States. In 2001, there were approximately 157,000 deaths due to injuries in the US. There were also almost 30 million non-fatal injury incidents.Injuries have been defined as: “…any unintentional or intentional damage to the body resulting from acute exposure to thermal, mechanical, electrical, or chemical energy or from the absence of such essentials as heat or oxygen”. Within public health, the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10.  12
    Preemption and the Obesity Epidemic: State and Local Menu Labeling Laws and the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, James G. Hodge & Stephen P. Teret - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):772-789.
    Worldwide, obesity has become a major cause of preventable death, disease, and disability. While the epidemic of obesity is a significant public health issue in many developed nations, the United States has the highest prevalence of obesity among adults and children internationally. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey estimates that over 60 percent of U.S. adults are overweight or obese. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “overweight” refers to adults whose body mass index, a number calculated (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  16
    State Health Department Employees, Policy Advocacy, and Political Campaigns: Protections and Limits Under the Law.Shannon Frattaroli, Keshia M. Pollack, Jessica L. Young & Jon S. Vernick - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (S1):64-68.
    State health departments are at the core of the United States public health infrastructure. Surveillance to monitor trends in disease and injury; the development, coordination, and delivery of services; and public education are some of the core functions health department employees oversee every day. As such, agencies and their employees are well positioned to inform policy decisions that affect the public’s health. However, little is known about the role of health department staff — a sizeable proportion of the public health (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  6
    Preemption and the Obesity Epidemic: State and Local Menu Labeling Laws and the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, James G. Hodge & Stephen P. Teret - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):772-789.
    Obesity is widely recognized as a preventable cause of death and disease. Reducing obesity among adults and children has become a national health goal in the United States. As one approach to the obesity epidemic, public health practitioners and others have asserted the need to provide consumers with information about the foods they eat. Some state and local governments across the United States have introduced menu labeling bills and regulations that require restaurants to post information, such as calorie content, for (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  9
    Using the Law to Promote the Mental Health of Older Adults During Disasters.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, Adam P. Spira & Daniel J. Barnett - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):80-83.
    Disasters may disproportionately impact older adults due to sensory deficits, diminished social support networks, financial limitations, and displacement from familiar environments. During and shortly after a disaster, older adults' mental health needs may be overlooked for varied reasons, including concerns about stigma and lack of information about available services. Law can protect the mental health of older adults in disaster and non-disaster circumstances, but it sometimes may frustrate efforts to address older adults' mental health concerns. This article analyzes three areas (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  11
    Using the Law to Promote the Mental Health of Older Adults During Disasters.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, Adam P. Spira & Daniel J. Barnett - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):80-83.
    When a disaster occurs, adults over age 65 may be disproportionately impacted due to sensory deficits, chronic health conditions, diminished social support and isolation, and financial limitations. Although older adults comprised approximately 15 percent of the New Orleans population, they accounted for over 70 percent of the fatalities associated with Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Disasters can also impact older adults’ morbidity, as a disaster may disrupt established habits and routines and result in removal from a familiar environment, promoting disorientation. This (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  6
    U.S. State Ignition Interlock Laws for Alcohol Impaired Driving Prevention: A 50 State Survey and Analysis.Juliana Shulman-Laniel, Jon S. Vernick, Beth McGinty, Shannon Frattaroli & Lainie Rutkow - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (2):221-230.
    Objectives:Over the past two decades, all U.S. states have incorporated alcohol ignition interlock technology into sentencing laws for individuals convicted of driving while intoxicated. This article provides the first 50-state summary of these laws to include changes in the laws over time and their effective dates. This information is critical for policy makers to make informed decisions and for researchers to conduct quantitative evaluation of the laws.Methods:Standard legal research and legislative history techniques were used, including full-text searches in the Westlaw (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  32
    Background Checks for All Gun Buyers and Gun Violence Restraining Orders: State Efforts to Keep Guns From High-Risk Persons.Jon S. Vernick, Ted Alcorn & Joshua Horwitz - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (s1):98-102.
    There were more than 36,000 firearm-related deaths in the U.S. in 2015. Under federal law, a background check is required only for gun purchases from licensed dealers. Research suggests that some persons prohibited from owning a gun turn to private sellers, including those identified online, to attempt to obtain a firearm. State-level approaches to make it more difficult for high-risk persons to purchase or possess firearms include universal background check and gun violence restraining order laws. UBC laws, on the books (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  14
    Carrying Guns in Public: Legal and Public Health Implications.Jon S. Vernick - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):84-87.
    The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” Until recently, no federal appellate court had ever struck down any gun law as a violation of the Second Amendment. In fact, even laws outlawing most handgun possession, or restricting other types of firearms, had been upheld, in part, because the laws did not interfere with (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  17
    Mental Health Emergency Detentions and Access to Firearms.Jon S. Vernick, Emma E. McGinty & Lainie Rutkow - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (S1):76-78.
    Following the tragic shootings in Newtown, Aurora, Isla Vista and others, increased national attention has focused on the relationship between mental illness and gun violence. While some have called for enhanced regulation of firearm possession by persons with mental illness, others have argued that such actions would be ineffective and enhance stigma associated with mental illness while discouraging treatment seeking.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  10
    Regulation of Firearm Dealers in the United States: An Analysis of State Law and Opportunities for Improvement.Jon S. Vernick, Daniel W. Webster, Maria T. Bulzacchelli & Julie Samia Mair - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):765-775.
    Firearms were associated with 30, 136 deaths in the United States in 2003. Most guns are initially sold to the public through a network of retail dealers. Licensed firearm dealers are an important source of guns for criminals and gun traffickers. Just one percent of licensed dealers were responsible for more than half of all guns traced to crime. Federal law makes it difficult for ATF to inspect and revoke the licenses of problem gun dealers. State licensing systems, however, are (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  14
    Regulation of Firearm Dealers in the United States: An Analysis of State Law and Opportunities for Improvement.Jon S. Vernick, Daniel W. Webster, Maria T. Bulzacchelli & Julie Samia Mair - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):765-775.
    Firearms were associated with 30,136 deaths in the United States in 2003; of these, 11,920 were homicides. For every firearm homicide, there are four people who suffer non-fatal firearm assaults. Like many other consumer products in the US, most guns are initially sold to the public through a network of retail dealers. Persons in the business of selling firearms must obtain a federal firearm dealer's license. There were more than 54,000 federally licensed gun dealers in the United States in 2005, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  6
    The Role of Federal Preemption in Injury Prevention Litigation.Jon S. Vernick - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (s1):85-88.
    In 2007, there were 182,479 injury-related deaths in the United States — including homicides, suicides, and unintentional injuries – making injuries the leading cause of death for persons under age 45. Also in 2007, nearly 30 million Americans suffered a non-fatal injury serious enough to warrant hospital treatment. The lifetime cost of fatal and non-fatal injuries occurring in 2000 is estimated to exceed $400 billion.Efforts to prevent injuries have often focused on changes to the built environment or potentially dangerous products (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  10
    The Role of Federal Preemption in Injury Prevention Litigation.Jon S. Vernick - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (s1):85-88.
    In 2007, there were 182,479 injury-related deaths in the United States — including homicides, suicides, and unintentional injuries – making injuries the leading cause of death for persons under age 45. Also in 2007, nearly 30 million Americans suffered a non-fatal injury serious enough to warrant hospital treatment. The lifetime cost of fatal and non-fatal injuries occurring in 2000 is estimated to exceed $400 billion.Efforts to prevent injuries have often focused on changes to the built environment or potentially dangerous products (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  4
    Technologies to Detect Concealed Weapons: Fourth Amendment Limits on a New Public Health and Law Enforcement Tool.Jon S. Vernick, Matthew W. Pierce, Daniel W. Webster, Sara B. Johnson & Shannon Frattaroli - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (4):567-579.
    Firearm violence is a major public health problem in the United States. In 2000, firearms were used in 10,801 homicides – two-thirds of all homicides in the U.S. – and 533,470 non-fatal criminal victimizations including rapes, robberies, and assaults. The social costs of gun violence in the United States are also staggering, and have been estimated to be on the order of $100 billion per year.Illegal gun carrying, usually concealed, in public places is an important risk factor for firearm-related crime. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  5
    Technologies to Detect Concealed Weapons: Fourth Amendment Limits on a New Public Health and Law Enforcement Tool.Jon S. Vernick, Matthew W. Pierce, Daniel W. Webster, Sara B. Johnson & Shannon Frattaroli - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (4):567-579.
    Firearm violence is a major public health problem in the United States. In 2000, firearms were used in 10,801 homicides – two-thirds of all homicides in the U.S. – and 533,470 non-fatal criminal victimizations including rapes, robberies, and assaults. The social costs of gun violence in the United States are also staggering, and have been estimated to be on the order of $100 billion per year.Illegal gun carrying, usually concealed, in public places is an important risk factor for firearm-related crime. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark