Results for 'Jona Förster'

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  1.  81
    Computing a Reality. Heinz von Foerster's Lecture at the A.U.M Conference in 1973. Edited by Albert Müller.Foerster H. Von & A. Müller - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (1).
    Purpose: Commenting on the transcript of a lecture. Findings: The document reconstructs the development of the original 1973 lecture by Heinz von Foerster into his best-known paper, On Constructing a Reality. Many aspects of that paper can be identified as being shaped through interaction with the audience. Implications: The lecture documented here was a forerunner of a central paper in constructivism.
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  2.  43
    Computing a Reality. Heinz von Foerster's Lecture at the A.U.M Conference in 1973. Edited by Albert Müller.H. Foerster & A. Müller - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):62-69.
  3. Konstruktivismus Und Kognitionswissenschaft Kulturelle Wurzeln Und Ergebnisse : Heinz von Foerster Gewidmet.Heinz Von Foerster, Albert Müller & Friedrich Stadler - 1997
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  4. Emotion and the New Epistemic Challenge From Cognitive Penetrability.Jona Vance - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 169 (2):257-283.
    Experiences—visual, emotional, or otherwise—play a role in providing us with justification to believe claims about the world. Some accounts of how experiences provide justification emphasize the role of the experiences’ distinctive phenomenology, i.e. ‘what it is like’ to have the experience. Other accounts emphasize the justificatory role to the experiences’ etiology. A number of authors have used cases of cognitively penetrated visual experience to raise an epistemic challenge for theories of perceptual justification that emphasize the justificatory role of phenomenology rather (...)
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  5.  44
    The Ethical Desirability of Moral Bioenhancement: A Review of Reasons. [REVIEW]Jona Specker, Farah Focquaert, Kasper Raus, Sigrid Sterckx & Maartje Schermer - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):67.
    The debate on the ethical aspects of moral bioenhancement focuses on the desirability of using biomedical as opposed to traditional means to achieve moral betterment. The aim of this paper is to systematically review the ethical reasons presented in the literature for and against moral bioenhancement.
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  6. Principles of Self-Organization: Transactions of the University of Illinois Symposium.H. Von Foerster & G. W. Zopf Jr, (eds.) - 1962 - Pergamon Press.
  7. Noise, Uncertainty, and Interest: Predictive Coding and Cognitive Penetration.Jona Vance & Dustin Stokes - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 47:86-98.
    This paper concerns how extant theorists of predictive coding conceptualize and explain possible instances of cognitive penetration. §I offers brief clarification of the predictive coding framework and relevant mechanisms, and a brief characterization of cognitive penetration and some challenges that come with defining it. §II develops more precise ways that the predictive coding framework can explain, and of course thereby allow for, genuine top-down causal effects on perceptual experience, of the kind discussed in the context of cognitive penetration. §III develops (...)
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  8.  43
    Imagining Moral Bioenhancement Practices: Drawing Inspiration From Moral Education, Public Health Ethics, and Forensic Psychiatry.Jona Specker & Maartje H. N. Schermer - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (3):415-426.
    :In this article, we consider contexts or domains in which moral bioenhancement interventions possibly or most likely will be implemented. By looking closely at similar or related existing practices and their relevant ethical frameworks, we hope to identify ethical considerations that are relevant for evaluating potential moral bioenhancement interventions. We examine, first, debates on the proper scope of moral education; second, proposals for identifying early risk factors for antisocial behaviour; and third, the difficult balancing of individual freedom and third party (...)
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  9.  74
    Cognitive Penetration and the Tribunal of Experience.Jona Vance - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):641-663.
    Perception purports to help you gain knowledge of the world even if the world is not the way you expected it to be. Perception also purports to be an independent tribunal against which you can test your beliefs. It is natural to think that in order to serve these and other central functions, perceptual representations must not causally depend on your prior beliefs and expectations. In this paper, I clarify and then argue against the natural thought above. All perceptual systems (...)
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  10.  5
    Involuntary Top-Down Control by Search-Irrelevant Features: Visual Working Memory Biases Attention in an Object-Based Manner.Rebecca M. Foerster & Werner X. Schneider - 2018 - Cognition 172:37-45.
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  11.  9
    ERP and MEG Correlates of Visual Consciousness: The Second Decade.Jona Förster, Mika Koivisto & Antti Revonsuo - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 80:102917.
    The first decade of event-related potential (ERP) research had established that the most consistent correlates of the onset of visual consciousness are the early visual awareness negativity (VAN), a posterior negative component in the N2 time range, and the late positivity (LP), an anterior positive component in the P3 time range. Two earlier extensive reviews ten years ago had concluded that VAN is the earliest and most reliable correlate of visual phenomenal consciousness, whereas LP probably reflects later processes associated with (...)
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  12.  28
    Public Attitudes Towards Moral Enhancement. Evidence That Means Matter Morally.Jona Specker, Maartje H. N. Schermer & Peter B. Reiner - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (3):405-417.
    To gain insight into the reasons that the public may have for endorsing or eschewing pharmacological moral enhancement for themselves or for others, we used empirical tools to explore public attitudes towards these issues. Participants from the United States were recruited via Amazon’s Mechanical Turk and were randomly assigned to read one of several contrastive vignettes in which a 13-year-old child is described as bullying another student in school and then is offered an empathy-enhancing program. The empathy-enhancing program is described (...)
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  13.  6
    Commentary: Feeling the Conflict: The Crucial Role of Conflict Experience in Adaptation.Anna Foerster, Roland Pfister, Heiko Reuss & Wilfried Kunde - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  14.  16
    Cybernetics: Circular Causal and Feedback Mechanisms in Biological and Social Systems.H. von Foerster - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (4):346-347.
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  15.  27
    Long-Term Memory-Based Control of Attention in Multi-Step Tasks Requires Working Memory: Evidence From Domain-Specific Interference.Rebecca M. Foerster, Elena Carbone & Werner X. Schneider - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  16.  18
    Size Estimates Remain Stable in the Face of Differences in Performance Outcome Variability in an Aiming Task.Anna Foerster, Rob Gray & Rouwen Cañal-Bruland - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:47-52.
  17.  10
    Forensic Practitioners’ Views on Stimulating Moral Development and Moral Growth in Forensic Psychiatric Care.Jona Specker, Farah Focquaert, Sigrid Sterckx & Maartje H. N. Schermer - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (1):73-85.
    In the context of debates on psychiatry issues pertaining to moral dimensions of psychiatric health care are frequently discussed. These debates invite reflection on the question whether forensic practitioners have a role in stimulating patients’ moral development and moral growth in the context of forensic psychiatric and psychological treatment and care. We conducted a qualitative study to examine to what extent forensic practitioners consider moral development and moral growth to be a part of their current professional practices and to what (...)
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  18.  12
    Sociedad mapuche y sociedad chilena: la deuda histórica.Rolf Foerster - 2002 - Polis 2.
    El artículo presenta una visión histórica de la sociedad mapuche y del vínculo “interétnico”; y por otro lado se refiere a los diversos modos de comprensión de “Chile”, para examinar el tema de la existencia o no de una “deuda histórica” con la sociedad mapuche. Remarca que con el advenimiento de la República, los mapuche dejaron de ser vistos como un pueblo o nación y comienzan a ser tratados como chilenos, con lo que se puso fin a la política colonial (...)
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  19.  10
    Proactive Control of Affective Distraction: Experience-Based but Not Expectancy-Based.Constantin Schmidts, Anna Foerster, Thomas Kleinsorge & Wilfried Kunde - 2020 - Cognition 194:104072.
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  20. Humanism and America.Norman Foerster - 1967 - Port Washington, N.Y., Kennikat Press.
    Preface, by N. Foerster.--The pretensions of science, by L. T. More.--Humanism: an essay at definition, by I. Babbitt.--The humility of common sense, by P. E. More.--The pride of modernity, by G. R. Elliott.--Religion without humanism, by T. S. Eliot.--The plight of our arts, by F. J. Mather, Jr.--The dilemma of modern tragedy, by A. R. Thompson.--An American tragedy, by R. Shafer.--Pandora's box in American fiction, by H. H. Clark.--Dionysus in dismay, by S. P. Chase.--Our critical spokesmen, by G. B. Munson.--Behaviour (...)
     
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  21. Literary Scholarship.Norman Foerster, John Calvin McGalliard, René Wellek, Austin Warren & Wilbur Schramm (eds.) - 1941 - Chapel Hill, the University of North Carolina Press.
    The study of letters, by Norman Foerster.--Language, by J.C. McGalliard.--Literary history, by René Wellek.--Literary criticism, by Austin Warren.--Imaginative writing, by W.L. Schramm.--Notes.--Bibliography (p. 239-255).
     
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  22.  45
    Unacknowledged and Unwanted? 'Environmental Refugees' in Search of Legal Status.Nina Höing & Jona Razzaque - 2012 - Journal of Global Ethics 8 (1):19-40.
    Environmental displacement is a global phenomenon affecting millions of people. Due to climate change and the corresponding sea-level rise, it is estimated that about eight million of indigenous people of Pacific Islands will be forced to settle elsewhere by 2050. This is one of many examples confirming the need to ascertain the legal status of environmental refugee in international law. The term?environmental refugee? is controversially discussed and internationally not recognised. First, this article discusses the reasons for reluctance of international organisations (...)
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  23.  14
    Coordination Produces Cognitive Niches, Not Just Experiences: A Semi-Formal Constructivist Ontology Based on von Foerster.Konrad Werner - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):292-299.
    Context: Von Foerster’s concept of eigenbehavior can be recognized against the broader context of enactivism as it has been advocated by Varela, Thompson and Rosch, by Noë and recently by Hutto and Myin, among others. This flourishing constellation of ideas is on its way to becoming the new paradigm of cognitive science. However, in my reading, enactivism, putting stress on the constitutive role of action when it comes to mind and perception, faces a serious philosophical challenge when attempting to account (...)
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  24. Visions of Infancy. A Reading of Jona Oberski, Infancy.Fabiana Carvalho - 2007 - Childhood and Philosophy 3 (5):85-101.
    Of Jewish-German origin, Jona Oberski was born in Amersterdam. During the Nazi rule that coincided with her childhood she was arrested by the Germans and deported to the Bergen-Belsin concentration camp after having also spent time in the Westerbork camp. While at Belsen her father died at the camp, and her mother later died in 1945, after the liberation. Oberski was adopted by a couple from Amsterdam, and years later dedicated herself to the studying of Physics, the area in (...)
     
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  25. FOERSTER and QUELL, Lord. [REVIEW]The Editor The Editor - 1958 - Hibbert Journal 57:193.
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  26.  11
    Affective Distraction Along the Flexibility-Stability Continuum.Anna Foerster, Constantin Schmidts, Thomas Kleinsorge & Wilfried Kunde - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):438-449.
    This study explored whether conditions that promote flexibility in task processing enhance the detrimental impact of irrelevant negative stimulation on performance. We approached this flexibility f...
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  27. Christ and the Human Life.Friedrich Wilhelm Foerster - 1954
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  28.  8
    Capacity Limitations of Dishonesty.Anna Foerster, Robert Wirth, Frauke L. Berghoefer, Wilfried Kunde & Roland Pfister - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (6):943-961.
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  29.  6
    Der Entwickelungsgang der Kantischen Ethik Bis Zur Kritik der Reinen Vernunft.F. Foerster - 1896 - Philosophical Review 5:669.
  30.  53
    Den sicheren Pfad Gottes durch die Zeiten verfolgen.Frank Foerster - 1993 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 45 (2):97-112.
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  31. «Den sicheren Pfad Gottes durch die Zeiten verfolgen» Christian Carl Josias von Bunsen (1791-1860).Frank Foerster - 1993 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 45 (2):97-112.
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  32.  2
    „Darwin today“ Information über das 8. Kühlungsborner Kolloquium.I. Foerster & W. Stange - 1982 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 30 (3).
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  33. Epistemic Gaps and the Mind-Body Problem.Thomas Foerster - 2019 - Dissertation, Cornell University
    This dissertation defends materialism from the epistemic arguments against materialism. Materialism is the view that everything is ultimately physical. The epistemic arguments against materialism claim that there is an epistemic gap between physical and phenomenal truths (for example, that knowing the physical truths does not put you in a position to know the phenomenal truths), and conclude from this that there is a corresponding gap in the world between physical and phenomenal truths, and materialism is false. -/- Chapter 1 introduces (...)
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  34.  6
    Eine Monodie auf Theodoros Palaiologos.Richard Foerster - 1900 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 9 (3).
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  35. From the Exile to Christ: A Historical Introduction to Palestinian Judaism.Werner Foerster & Gordon E. Harris - 1964
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  36. Humanism and America Essays on the Outlook of Modern Civilisation.Norman Foerster - 1930 - Farrar & Rinehart.
  37. Italian Emigration of Our Times, by Grace Abbott. [REVIEW]R. F. Foerster - 1920 - Ethics 31:341.
     
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  38.  9
    Italian Emigration of Our Times.R. F. Foerster - 1921 - International Journal of Ethics 31 (3):341-342.
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  39. La Conquista En El Ámbito Mapuche.Roll Foerster - 1990 - Tópicos 90 (1):33-42.
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  40. Literary Scholarship, its Aims and Methods.Norman Foerster, John Calvin Mcgalliard, René Wellek, Austin Warren & Wilbur Lang Schramm - 1941 - University of North Carolina Press.
     
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  41.  6
    Lying Upside-Down: Alibis Reverse Cognitive Burdens of Dishonesty.Anna Foerster, Robert Wirth, Oliver Herbort, Wilfried Kunde & Roland Pfister - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 23 (3):301-319.
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  42. Marriage and the Sex-Problem, Tr. By M. Booth.Friedrich Wilhelm Foerster & Meyrick Booth - 1912
     
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  43. Moral Offsetting.Thomas Foerster - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 69 (276):617-635.
    This paper explores the idea of moral offsetting: the idea that good actions can offset bad actions in a way roughly analogous to carbon offsetting. For example, a meat eater might try to offset their consumption of meat by donating to an animal welfare charity. In this paper, I clarify the idea of moral offsetting, consider whether the leading moral theories and theories of moral worth are consistent with the possibility of moral offsetting, and consider potential benefits of moral offsetting. (...)
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  44.  3
    Paul Tillich and Inter‐Religious Dialogue.John Foerster - 1990 - Modern Theology 7 (1):1-27.
  45.  29
    Staphidakes.Richard Foerster - 1900 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 9 (2).
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  46. Supplentur et Emendantur Libanii ΚΕΦΑΛΟΥ kai ΑΡΙΣΤΟΦΩΝΤΟΣ ΑΝΤΙΛΟΓΙΑΙ.R. Foerster - 1877 - Hermes 12 (2):217-222.
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  47. Schopenhauer Im Münzkabinett des Historischen Museums Frankfurt Am Main.Irmgard Foerster - 1988 - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch 69:177-197.
     
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  48.  11
    Task-Irrelevant Expectation Violations in Sequential Manual Actions: Evidence for a “Check-After-Surprise” Mode of Visual Attention and Eye-Hand Decoupling.Rebecca M. Foerster - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  49. The Study of Letters.Norman Foerster - 1941 - In Norman Foerster, John Calvin McGalliard, René Wellek, Austin Warren & Wilbur Schramm (eds.), Literary Scholarship. Chapel Hill, the University of North Carolina Press. pp. 1--32.
     
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  50.  22
    Frank Foerster: Christian Carl Josias Bunsen. Diplomat, Mäzen und Vordenker in Wissenschaft, Kirche und Politik. Bad Arolsen: Waldeckischer Geschichtsverein 2001. 358 Seiten, DM 47,-, ISBN: 3-932468-07-04. [REVIEW]Ulrich Van Der Heyden - 2001 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 24 (4):293-294.
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