53 found
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  1.  4
    Rationality and Intelligence.Jonathan Baron - 1987 - British Journal of Educational Studies 35 (1):74-76.
  2.  38
    Unsentimental Ethics: Towards a Content-Specific Account of the Moral–Conventional Distinction.Edward B. Royzman, Robert F. Leeman & Jonathan Baron - 2009 - Cognition 112 (1):159-174.
  3.  32
    Nonconsequentialist decisions.Jonathan Baron - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):1-10.
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  4.  3
    Individual Differences in Syllogistic Reasoning: Deduction Rules or Mental Models?Kathleen M. Galotti, Jonathan Baron & John P. Sabini - 1986 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 115 (1):16-25.
  5.  40
    Thinking About Consequences.Jonathan Baron - 1990 - Journal of Moral Education 19 (2):77-87.
    Abstract Critical thinking about moral decisions considers the consequences of options for the achievement of people's goals. Attempts to think critically lead to error and bias, so intuitive rules are needed to guard against these errors and to save time. Intuitive rules, however, lead to errors and biases of their own. I propose that students be taught to approximate critical thinking itself and that they learn rules of thumb to guard against its pitfalls. In particular, students need to learn certain (...)
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  6.  23
    Tradeoffs Among Reasons for Action.Jonathan Baron - 1986 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 16 (2):173–195.
  7.  6
    Utility, Exchange, and Commensurability.Jonathan Baron - 1988 - Journal of Thought 23:111-131.
  8.  10
    Ignorance of Hedonic Adaptation to Hemodialysis: A Study Using Ecological Momentary Assessment.Jason Riis, George Loewenstein, Jonathan Baron, Christopher Jepson, Angela Fagerlin & Peter A. Ubel - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (1):3-9.
  9.  23
    Utilitarian Emotions: Suggestions From Introspection.Jonathan Baron - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):286-286.
    In folk psychology and some academic psychology, utilitarian thinking is associated with coldness and deontological thinking is associated with emotion. I suggest, mostly through personal examples, that these associations are far from perfect. Utilitarians experience emotions, which sometimes derive from, and sometimes cause or reinforce, their moral judgments.
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  10.  11
    A Decision Analysis of Consent.Jonathan Baron - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):46 – 52.
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  11.  21
    Challenges for the Sequential Two-System Model of Moral Judgement.Burcu Gürçay & Jonathan Baron - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (1):49-80.
    Considerable evidence supports the sequential two-system model of moral judgement, as proposed by Greene and others. We tested whether judgement speed and/or personal/impersonal moral dilemmas can predict the kind of moral judgements subjects make for each dilemma, and whether personal dilemmas create difficulty in moral judgements. Our results showed that neither personal/impersonal conditions nor spontaneous/thoughtful-reflection conditions were reliable predictors of utilitarian or deontological moral judgements. Yet, we found support for an alternative view, in which, when the two types of responses (...)
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  12.  26
    Myside Bias in Thinking About Abortion.Jonathan Baron - 1995 - Thinking and Reasoning 1 (3):221 – 235.
    College-student subjects made notes about the morality of early abortion, as if they were preparing for a class discussion. Analysis of the quality of their arguments suggests that a distinction can be made between arguments based on well-supported warrants and those based on warrants that are easily criticised. The subjects also evaluated notes made by other, hypothetical, students preparing for the same discussion. Most subjects evaluated the set of arguments as better when the arguments were all on one side than (...)
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  13.  12
    Back to Basics.Jonathan Baron - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):706-706.
  14.  66
    Use of a Rasch Model to Predict Response Times to Utilitarian Moral Dilemmas.Jonathan Baron, Burcu Gürçay, Adam B. Moore & Katrin Starcke - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):107-117.
    A two-systems model of moral judgment proposed by Joshua Greene holds that deontological moral judgments (those based on simple rules concerning action) are often primary and intuitive, and these intuitive judgments must be overridden by reflection in order to yield utilitarian (consequence-based) responses. For example, one dilemma asks whether it is right to push a man onto a track in order to stop a trolley that is heading for five others. Those who favor pushing, the utilitarian response, usually take longer (...)
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  15.  20
    Social Acceptability, Personal Responsibility, and Prognosis in Public Judgments and Transplant Allocation.Peter A. Ubel, Jonathan Baron & David A. Asch - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (1):57–68.
  16. How Serious Are Expressions of Protected Values?Jonathan Baron & Sarah Leshner - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (3):183-194.
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  17.  27
    Second-Order Probabilities and Belief Functions.Jonathan Baron - 1987 - Theory and Decision 23 (1):25-36.
  18.  45
    Uncertainty and Probability Within Utilitarian Theory.Jonathan Baron - 2017 - Diametros 53:6-25.
    Probability is a central concept in utilitarian moral theory, almost impossible to do without. I attempt to clarify the role of probability, so that we can be clear about what we are aiming for when we apply utilitarian theory to real cases. I point out the close relationship between utilitarianism and expected-utility theory, a normative standard for individual decision-making. I then argue that the distinction between “ambiguity” and risk is a matter of perception. We do not need this distinction in (...)
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  19.  19
    Normative, Descriptive and Prescriptive Responses.Jonathan Baron - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):32-42.
  20.  67
    A Psychological View of Moral Intuition.Jonathan Baron - 1995 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 5 (1):36-40.
  21.  26
    Norm-Endorsement Utilitarianism and the Nature of Utility.Jonathan Baron - 1996 - Economics and Philosophy 12 (2):165.
    In this article, I shall suggest an approach to the justification of normative moral principles which leads, I think, to utilitarianism. The approach is based on asking what moral norms we would each endorse if we had no prior moral commitments. I argue that we would endorse norms that lead to the satisfaction of all our nonmoral values or goals. The same approach leads to a view of utility as consisting of those goals that we would want satisfied. In the (...)
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  22.  39
    Belief-Overkill in Political Judgments.Jonathan Baron - 2009 - Informal Logic 29 (4):368-378.
    When people tend toward a political decision, such as voting for the Republican Party, they are often attracted to this decision by one issue, such as the party’s stance on abortion, but then they come to see other issues, such as the party’s stand on taxes, as supporting their decision, even if they would not have thought so in the absence of the decision. I demonstrate this phenomenon with opinion poll data and with an experiment done on the World Wide (...)
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  23.  11
    Determinants of Insensitivity to Quantity in Valuation of Public Goods: Contribution, Warm Glow, Budget Constraints, Availability, and Prominence.Jonathan Baron & Joshua Greene - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 2 (2):107.
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  24.  6
    Actively Open-Minded Thinking in Politics.Jonathan Baron - 2019 - Cognition 188:8-18.
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  25.  12
    Normative and Prescriptive Implications of Individual Differences.Jonathan Baron - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):668-669.
    Stanovich & West (S&W) have two goals, one concerned with the evaluation of normative models, the other with development of prescriptive models. Individual differences have no bearing on normative models, which are justified by analysis, not consensus. Individual differences do, however, suggest where it is possible to try to improve human judgments and decisions through education rather than computers.
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  26.  6
    Deduction as an Example of Thinking.Jonathan Baron - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):336-337.
  27.  14
    Correlations of Trait and State Emotions with Utilitarian Moral Judgements.Jonathan Baron, Burcu Gürçay & Mary Frances Luce - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):116-129.
    In four experiments, we asked subjects for judgements about scenarios that pit utilitarian outcomes against deontological moral rules, for example, saving more lives vs. a rule against active killing. We measured trait emotions of anger, disgust, sympathy and empathy, asked about the same emotions after each scenario. We found that utilitarian responding to the scenarios, and higher scores on a utilitarianism scale, were correlated negatively with disgust, positively with anger, positively with specific sympathy and state sympathy, and less so with (...)
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  28.  34
    Why Do Groups Cooperate More Than Individuals to Reduce Risks?Min Gong, Jonathan Baron & Howard Kunreuther - 2013 - Theory and Decision 75 (1):101-116.
    Previous research has discovered a curious phenomenon: groups cooperate less than individuals in a deterministic prisoner’s dilemma game, but cooperate more than individuals when uncertainty is introduced into the game. We conducted two studies to examine three possible processes that might drive groups to be more cooperative than individuals in reducing risks: group risk concern, group cooperation expectation, and pressure to conform to social norms. We found that ex post guilt aversion and ex-post blame avoidance cause group members to be (...)
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  29.  8
    Protected Values and Other Types of Values.Jonathan Baron - 2017 - Analyse & Kritik 39 (1).
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  30.  54
    Cognitive Biases in Moral Judgments That Affect Political Behavior.Jonathan Baron - 2010 - Synthese 172 (1):7 - 35.
    Cognitive biases that affect decision making may affect the decisions of citizens that influence public policy. To the extent that decisions follow principles other than maximizing utility for all, it is less likely that utility will be maximized, and the citizens will ultimately suffer the results. Here I outline some basic arguments concerning decisions by citizens, using voting as an example. I describe two types of values that may lead to sub-optimal consequences when these values influence political behavior: moralistic values (...)
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  31.  25
    Kuhn`s The Skills of Argument.Jonathan Baron - 1992 - Informal Logic 14 (1).
  32.  40
    The Problem of Global Warming From a Decision‐Theoretic Perspective.Jonathan Baron & Jay Schulkin - 1995 - Social Epistemology 9 (4):353 – 368.
  33.  15
    Criteria and Explanations.Jonathan Baron - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):287.
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  34.  17
    Optimality as an Evaluative Standard in the Study of Decision-Making.Jonathan Baron - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):216-216.
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  35.  27
    Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy, Robert E. Goodin. Cambridge University Press, 1995, 352 + Xii Pages.Jonathan Baron - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (1):151.
  36.  16
    Stimuli and Subjects in One-Tailed Tests.Jonathan Baron - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (6):608-610.
  37.  15
    Decision-Making and the Threat of Global Warming.Jonathan Baron & Jay Schulkin - forthcoming - Social Epistemology.
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  38.  7
    Schools of Thought. [REVIEW]Jonathan Baron - 1991 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 8 (1):17-19.
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  39.  9
    Some Thinking is Irrational.Jonathan Baron - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):486-487.
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  40.  9
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “A Decisional Analysis of Consent”.Jonathan Baron - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):W51-W53.
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  41.  14
    A Theory of Social Decisions.Jonathan Baron - 1995 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 25 (2):103–114.
  42.  7
    Situated Cognition, Prescriptive Theory, Evolution, and Something.Jonathan Baron - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (2):324-326.
  43.  14
    Rationality and Illusion.Jonathan Baron - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):252-253.
    Commitment to a pattern of altruism or self-control may indeed be learnable and sometimes rational. Commitment may also result from illusions. In one illusion, people think that their present behavior causes their future behavior, or causes the behavior of others, when really only correlation is present. Another happy illusion is that morality and self-interest coincide, so that altruism appears self-interested.
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  44.  3
    Schools of Thought: How the Politics of Literacy Shape Thinking in the Classroom. [REVIEW]Jonathan Baron - 1991 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 8 (1):17-19.
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  45.  4
    Cognitive Biases in Moral Judgments That Affect Political Behavior.Jonathan Baron - 2010 - Synthese 172 (1):7-35.
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  46.  9
    Biting the Utilitarian Bullet.Jonathan Baron - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):545-546.
    The heuristics-and-biases approach requires a clear separation of normative and descriptive models. Normative models cannot be justified by intuition, or by consensus. The lack of consensus on normative theory is a problem for prescriptive approaches. One solution to the prescriptive problem is to argue contingently: if you are concerned about consequences, here is a way to make them better.
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  47.  7
    Purposes and Methods.Jonathan Baron - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):403-403.
    The methods of experiments in the social sciences should depend on their purposes. To support this claim, I attempt to state some general principles relating method to purpose for three of the issues addressed. (I do not understand what is not a script, so I will omit that issue.) I illustrate my outline with examples from psychological research on judgment and decision making (JDM).
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  48.  3
    Reliability and G.Jonathan Baron - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):220-221.
  49.  3
    Joint Presentation Reduces the Effect of Emotion on Evaluation of Public Actions.Ilana Ritov & Jonathan Baron - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (4):657-675.
  50.  1
    No Title Available: Reviews.Jonathan Baron - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (1):151-157.
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