Results for 'Jonathan E. Brockopp'

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  1. Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia.Jonathan E. Brockopp (ed.) - 2003 - University of South Carolina Press.
    o ne -taking -Life ana Oavmg .Life The Islamic Context Jonathan E. Brockopp The great ethicists of the western world, Augustine, Aquinas, Kant, and others, ...
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  2.  63
    Muslim Medical Ethics: From Theory to Practice.Jonathan E. Brockopp & Thomas Eich (eds.) - 2008 - University of South Carolina Press.
    Muslim Medical Ethics draws on the work of historians, health-care professionals, theologians, and social scientists to produce an interdisciplinary view of ...
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  3. Taking Life and Saving Life : The Islamic Context.Jonathan E. Brockopp - 2003 - In Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia. University of South Carolina Press.
  4.  18
    Islam and Bioethics.Jonathan E. Brockopp - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (1):3-12.
    Muslim theologians, jurists, and healthcare workers have been addressing the challenges of modern biotechnology for years. Major textbooks on religion and bioethics cover Islam in one or two articles, offering only a general introduction to these important discussions. The five articles in this issue of the "Journal of Religious Ethics", originating from a conference at Pennsylvania State University, are unusual in the specificity of their topics-brain death, feeding tubes, sex selection, spiritual counseling, and organ transplantation-and in their engagement with complex (...)
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  5.  7
    Contingency in a Sacred Law: Legal and Ethical Norms in the Muslim Fiqh.Jonathan E. Brockopp & Baber Johansen - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (1):108.
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    Rereading the History of Early Mālikī JurisprudenceDas "K. Al-Wāḍiḥa" des ʿAbd Al-Malik B. Ḥabīb: Edition Und Kommentar Zu Ms. Qarawiyyīn 809/40 (Abwāb Al-Tahāra)Rereading the History of Early Maliki JurisprudenceDas "K. Al-Wadiha" des Abd Al-Malik B. Habib: Edition Und Kommentar Zu Ms. Qarawiyyin 809/40. [REVIEW]Jonathan E. Brockopp & Beatrix Ossendorf-Conrad - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (2):233.
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  7.  16
    Early Maliki Law: Ibn Abd Al-Hakam and His Major Compendium of Jurisprudence.Joseph Lowry & Jonathan E. Brockopp - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (1):91.
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    Review: Early Maliki Law: Ibn 'Abd Al-Hakam and His Major Compendium of Jurisprudence * Jonathan E. Brockopp: Early Maliki Law: Ibn 'Abd Al-Hakam and His Major Compendium of Jurisprudence. [REVIEW]Y. Dutton - 2002 - Journal of Islamic Studies 13 (1):42-49.
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    Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War and Euthanasia. Edited by Jonathan E. Brockopp . 262 Pp. Price PB $24.95 ISBN 1–570–03471–0. [REVIEW]A. F. M. Ebrahim - 2005 - Journal of Islamic Studies 16 (3):376-378.
  10. Der heilige Krieg (Ǧihād) aus der Sicht der mālikitischen Rechtsschule (Ibn Abī Zayd al-Qayrawānī)Der heilige Krieg (Gihad) aus der Sicht der malikitischen Rechtsschule.Jonathan E. Brockopp & Mathias von Bredow - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (1):179.
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  11.  7
    RESPONSE TO: "Cultivating a Liberal Islamic Ethos, Building an Islamic Civil Society".Jonathan E. Brockopp - 2007 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 27 (1):23-26.
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  12. The Good Death in Islamic Theology and Law.Jonathan E. Brockopp - 2003 - In Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia. University of South Carolina Press.
  13. Epistemological Problems of Testimony.Jonathan E. Adler - 2006 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  14.  57
    Moral Imagination: Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics.Jonathan E. Adler - 1993 - Ethics 105 (2):401-404.
  15. Lying, Deceiving, or Falsely Implicating.Jonathan E. Adler - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (9):435-452.
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  16. Testimony, Trust, Knowing.Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (5):264-275.
  17.  49
    Testimony, Trust, Knowing.Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (5):264-275.
  18. Akratic Believing?Jonathan E. Adler - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (1):1 - 27.
    Davidson's account of weakness of will dependsupon a parallel that he draws between practicaland theoretical reasoning. I argue that theparallel generates a misleading picture oftheoretical reasoning. Once the misleadingpicture is corrected, I conclude that theattempt to model akratic belief on Davidson'saccount of akratic action cannot work. Thearguments that deny the possibility of akraticbelief also undermine, more generally, variousattempts to assimilate theoretical to practicalreasoning.
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  19. Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations.Jonathan E. Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    This interdisciplinary work is a collection of major essays on reasoning: deductive, inductive, abductive, belief revision, defeasible, cross cultural, conversational, and argumentative. They are each oriented toward contemporary empirical studies. The book focuses on foundational issues, including paradoxes, fallacies, and debates about the nature of rationality, the traditional modes of reasoning, as well as counterfactual and causal reasoning. It also includes chapters on the interface between reasoning and other forms of thought. In general, this last set of essays represents growth (...)
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  20. Transmitting Knowledge.Jonathan E. Adler - 1996 - Noûs 30 (1):99-111.
  21. Another Argument for the Knowledge Norm.Jonathan E. Adler - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):407-411.
    The knowledge norm of assertion is mainly in competition with a high probability or rational credibility norm. The argument for the knowledge norm that I offer turns on cases in which a hearer responds to a speaker's assertion by asserting another sentence that would lower the probability of the speaker's assertion, were its probability less than one. In cases like this, though with qualifications, is the hearer's contribution a challenge to the speaker's assertion or complementary to it? My answer is (...)
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  22. Withdrawal and Contextualism.Jonathan E. Adler - 2006 - Analysis 66 (4):280–285.
  23.  29
    More on Race and Crime: Levin's Reply.Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (2):105-114.
  24. Contextualism and Fallibility: Pragmatic Encroachment, Possibility, and Strength of Epistemic Position.Jonathan E. Adler - 2012 - Synthese 188 (2):247-272.
    A critique of conversational epistemic contextualism focusing initially on why pragmatic encroachment for knowledge is to be avoided. The data for pragmatic encroachment by way of greater costs of error and the complementary means to raise standards of introducing counter-possibilities are argued to be accountable for by prudence, fallibility and pragmatics. This theme is sharpened by a contrast in recommendations: holding a number of factors constant, when allegedly higher standards for knowing hold, invariantists still recommend assertion (action), while contextualists do (...)
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  25.  22
    Abstraction is Uncooperative.Jonathan E. Adler - 1984 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 14 (2):165–181.
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  26. The Ethics of Belief: Off the Wrong Track.Jonathan E. Adler - 1999 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 23 (1):267–285.
  27.  22
    Fallacies and Alternative Interpretations.Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (3):271 – 282.
  28.  2
    The Rationality of Science.Jonathan E. Adler - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (130):90-92.
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  29. Moore's Paradox and the Transparency of Belief.Jonathan E. Adler & Bradley Armour-Garb - 2007 - In Mitchell S. Green & John N. Williams (eds.), Moore's Paradox: New Essays on Belief, Rationality, and the First Person. Oxford University Press.
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    Practical Reasoning: Goal-Driven, Knowledge-Based, Action-Guiding Argumentation.Jonathan E. Adler - 1990 - Ethics 102 (1):179-180.
  31. Reliabilist Justification (or Knowledge) as a Good Truth-Ratio.Jonathan E. Adler - 2005 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (4):445–458.
    Fair lotteries offer familiar ways to pose a number of epistemological problems, prominently those of closure and of scepticism. Although these problems apply to many epistemological positions, in this paper I develop a variant of a lottery case to raise a difficulty with the reliabilist's fundamental claim that justification or knowledge is to be analyzed as a high truth-ratio (of the relevant belief-forming processes). In developing the difficulty broader issues are joined including fallibility and the relation of reliability to understanding.
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  32.  12
    In Defense of Radical Empiricism: Essays and Lectures.Jonathan E. Adler, Roderick Firth & John Troyer - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):453.
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  33.  73
    Conservatism and Tacit Confirmation.Jonathan E. Adler - 1990 - Mind 99 (396):559-570.
  34.  6
    The Effect of Interactional Fairness and Detection on Taxpayers’ Compliance Intentions.Jonathan Farrar, Steven E. Kaplan & Linda Thorne - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (1):167-180.
    Although the role of fairness in tax compliance has been of increasing interest among the academic and professional tax communities, very little is known about the role of interactional fairness. Interactional fairness refers to the quality of the treatment provided to individuals from authority figures, such as tax authority representatives. We conduct an experiment using US taxpayers to examine the role of interactional fairness on tax compliance intentions, and how detection influences this relation. Taxpayers’ detection salience reflects their perceptions that (...)
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  35. Presupposition, Attention, and Why Questions.Jonathan E. Adler - 2008 - In Jonathan Eric Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.), Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 748--764.
  36. Luckless Desert is Different Desert.Jonathan E. Adler - 1987 - Mind 96 (382):247-249.
  37.  83
    Skepticism and Universalizability.Jonathan E. Adler - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy 78 (3):143-156.
  38.  60
    Critical Thinking, A Deflated Defense: A Critical Study of John E. McPeck's Teaching Critical Thinking: Dialogue and Dialectic.Jonathan E. Adler - 1991 - Informal Logic 13 (2).
    A critical study of McPeck's recent book, in which he strengthens and develops his arguments against teaching critical thinking (CT). Accepting McPeck's basic claim that there is no unitary skill of reasoning or thinking, I argue that his strictures on CT courses or programs do not follow. I set out what I consider the proper justification that programs in CT have to meet, and argue both that McPeck demands much more than is required, and also that it is plausible that (...)
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  39. On the Supposed Limits of Physicalist Theories of Mind.Jonathan E. Dorsey - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (2):207-225.
    Is physicalism compatible with either panpsychism or so-called fundamental mentality ? Minimal physicalism, I contend, is compatible with both. We should therefore jettison the No Fundamental Mentality constraint, a proposed constraint on the definition of the physical, not to mention the false limits it places on physicalist theories of mind.
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  40.  20
    Charity, Interpretation, Fallacy.Jonathan E. Adler - 1996 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 29 (4):329 - 343.
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  41.  37
    Knowing, Betting and Cohering.Jonathan E. Adler - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (1):243-257.
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  42.  6
    Construct Validity and Psychometric Properties of the Hebrew Version of the City Birth Trauma Scale.Jonathan E. Handelzalts, Ilana S. Hairston & Adi Matatyahu - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  43.  11
    Interpreting Azimuthal Fourier Coefficients for Anisotropic and Fracture Parameters.Jonathan E. Downton & Benjamin Roure - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (3):ST9-ST27.
    Amplitude variation with offset and azimuth analysis can be separated into two separate parts: amplitude variation with offset analysis and amplitude variation with azimuth analysis. Useful information about fractures and anisotropy can be obtained just by examining the AVAz. The AVAz can be described as a sum of sinusoids of different periodicities, each characterized by its magnitude and phase. This sum is mathematically equivalent to a Fourier series, and hence the coefficients describing the AVAz response are azimuthal Fourier coefficients. This (...)
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  44.  32
    Surprise.Jonathan E. Adler - 2008 - Educational Theory 58 (2):149-173.
    Surprise is of great value for learning, especially in cases where deep‐seated preconceptions and assumptions are upset by vivid demonstrations. In this essay, Jonathan Adler explores the ways in which surprise positively affects us and serves as a valuable tool for motivating learning. Adler considers how students’ attention is aroused and focused self‐critically when their subject matter–related expectations are not borne out. These “surprises” point students toward discoveries about gaps or weaknesses or false assumptions within their subject matter understanding; (...)
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  45. William James and What Cannot Be Believed.Jonathan E. Adler - 2005 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (1):65-79.
    My critical comments focus mainly on premises,, and. However, in treating these I will address other of James’s assumptions—particularly, the presupposition of his argument that it is possible to will to believe. Later I will try to accommodate existential aspects of James’s argument that retain value, even if my objections to his argument stand.
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    Stove on Hume's Inductive Scepticism.Jonathan E. Adler - 1975 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53 (2):167 – 170.
  47.  22
    Shedding Dialectical Tiers: A Social-Epistemic View. [REVIEW]Jonathan E. Adler - 2004 - Argumentation 18 (3):279-293.
    Is there a duty to respond to objections in order to present a good argument? Ralph Johnson argues that there is such a duty, which he refers to as the ‘dialectical tier’ of an argument. I deny the (alleged) duty primarily on grounds that it would exert too great a demand on arguers, harming argumentation practices. The valuable aim of responding to objections, which Johnson’s dialectical tier is meant to satisfy, can be achieved in better ways, as argumentation is a (...)
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  48.  36
    Why Be Charitable?Jonathan E. Adler - 1981 - Informal Logic 4 (2).
  49.  15
    Fallacies Not Fallacious: Not!Jonathan E. Adler - 1997 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 30 (4):333 - 350.
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  50.  26
    Belief and Negation.Jonathan E. Adler & J. Anthony Blair - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (3).
    This paper argues for the importance of the distinction between internal and external negation over expressions for belief. The common fallacy is to confuse statement like (1) and (2): (1) John believes that the school is not closed on Tuesday; (2) John does not believe that the school is closed on Tuesday. The fallacy has ramifications in teaching, reasoning, and argumentation. Analysis of the fallacy and suggestions for teaching are offered.
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