Results for 'Jonathan E. Fielding'

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  1.  5
    Commentary on Kauffeld & Fields.Jonathan E. Adler - unknown
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  2.  23
    Improving Laws and Legal Authorities for Public Health Emergency Legal Preparedness.Robert M. Pestronk, Brian Kamoie, David Fidler, Gene Matthews, Georges C. Benjamin, Ralph T. Bryan, Socrates H. Tuch, Richard Gottfried, Jonathan E. Fielding, Fran Schmitz & Stephen Redd - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (s1):47-51.
    This paper is one of the four interrelated action agenda papers resulting from the National Summit on Public Health Legal Preparedness convened in June 2007 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and multi-disciplinary partners. Each of the action agenda papers deals with one of the four core elements of legal preparedness: laws and legal authorities; competency in using those laws; coordination of law-based public health actions; and information. Options presented in this paper are for consideration by policymakers and (...)
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  3.  22
    Jonathan E. Adler and Lance J. Rips : Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and Its Foundations: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2008, ISBN: 978-0-521-84815-2.Juho Ritola - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (4):493-500.
    IntroductionThis title is an important collection of articles on the principles, methods, and facts of human reasoning. It is of interest to argumentation theorists, philosophers, psychologists, cognitive scientists, and researchers in related fields. Out of the 53 articles, 16 were written specifically for this volume by prominent representatives of their fields, and it makes an important contribution to the research on reasoning. The size of the collection enables it to include papers from classic philosophical articles to important new theorizing on (...)
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  4.  6
    Improving Laws and Legal Authorities for Public Health Emergency Legal Preparedness.Robert M. Pestronk, Brian Kamoie, David Fidler, Gene Matthews, Georges C. Benjamin, Ralph T. Bryan, Socrates H. Tuch, Richard Gottfried, Jonathan E. Fielding, Fran Schmitz & Stephen Redd - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (s1):47-51.
    This paper is one of the four interrelated action agenda papers resulting from the National Summit on Public Health Legal Preparedness convened in June 2007 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and multi-disciplinary partners. Each of the action agenda papers deals with one of the four core elements of legal preparedness: laws and legal authorities; competency in using those laws; coordination of law-based public health actions; and information. Options presented in this paper are for consideration by policymakers and (...)
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  5.  39
    Psycho-Physical Dualism Today: An Interdisciplinary Approach.Alessandro Antonietti, Antonella Corradini & Jonathan E. Lowe (eds.) - 2008 - Lexington Books.
    Philosophers and scientists have recently been showing renewed interest in dualistic conceptions of the human mind, owing to growing acknowledgment of the failings of materialism and reductionism in contemporary philosophical and scientific thought. This book presents a state-of-the-art overview of current developments in this exciting new area of interdisciplinary collaboration, and will be indispensable reading for all researchers and students in this field.
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  6.  19
    On Classifying the Field of Medical Ethics.Kristine Bærøe, Jonathan Ives, Martine de Vries & Jan Schildmann - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):30.
    In 2014, the editorial board of BMC Medical Ethics came together to devise sections for the journal that would give structure to the journal help ensure that authors’ research is matched to the most appropriate editors and help readers to find the research most relevant to them. The editorial board decided to take a practical approach to devising sections that dealt with the challenges of content management. After that, we started thinking more theoretically about how one could go about classifying (...)
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  7. Relativity and Quantum Field Theory.Jonathan Bain - 2010 - In V. Petkov (ed.), Space, Time and Spacetime.
    Relativistic quantum field theories (RQFTs) are invariant under the action of the Poincaré group, the symmetry group of Minkowski spacetime. Non-relativistic quantum field theories (NQFTs) are invariant under the action of the symmetry group of a classical spacetime; i.e., a spacetime that minimally admits absolute spatial and temporal metrics. This essay is concerned with cashing out two implications of this basic difference. First, under a Received View, RQFTs do not admit particle interpretations. I will argue that the concept of particle (...)
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  8. Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain.James F. Childress, Ruth R. Faden, Ruth D. Gaare, Lawrence O. Gostin, Jeffrey Kahn, Richard J. Bonnie, Nancy E. Kass, Anna C. Mastroianni, Jonathan D. Moreno & Phillip Nieburg - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):170-178.
    Public health ethics, like the field of public health it addresses, traditionally has focused more on practice and particular cases than on theory, with the result that some concepts, methods, and boundaries remain largely undefined. This paper attempts to provide a rough conceptual map of the terrain of public health ethics. We begin by briefly defining public health and identifying general features of the field that are particularly relevant for a discussion of public health ethics.Public health is primarily concerned with (...)
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  9.  8
    A Bibliometric Analysis of Privacy and Ethics in IEEE Security and Privacy.Jonathan Tse, Dawn E. Schrader, Dipayan Ghosh, Tony Liao & David Lundie - 2015 - Ethics and Information Technology 17 (2):153-163.
    The increasingly ubiquitous use of technology has led to the concomitant rise of intensified data collection and the ethical issues associated with the privacy and security of that data. In order to address the question of how these ethical concerns are discussed in the literature surrounding the subject, we examined articles published in IEEE Security and Privacy, a magazine targeted towards a general, technically-oriented readership spanning both academia and industry. Our investigation of the intersection between the ethical and technological dimensions (...)
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  10.  55
    The Science of Reason: A Festschrift for Jonathan St B.T. Evans.K. Manktelow, D. E. Over & S. Elqayam (eds.) - 2011 - Psychology Press.
    This volume is a state-of-the-art survey of the psychology of reasoning, based around, and in tribute to, one of the field "s most eminent figures: Jonathan St B.T. Evans.
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  11. Epistemological Problems of Testimony.Jonathan E. Adler - 2006 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  12.  57
    Moral Imagination: Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics.Jonathan E. Adler - 1993 - Ethics 105 (2):401-404.
  13. Lying, Deceiving, or Falsely Implicating.Jonathan E. Adler - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (9):435-452.
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  14. Testimony, Trust, Knowing.Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (5):264-275.
  15.  51
    Testimony, Trust, Knowing.Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (5):264-275.
  16. Akratic Believing?Jonathan E. Adler - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (1):1 - 27.
    Davidson's account of weakness of will dependsupon a parallel that he draws between practicaland theoretical reasoning. I argue that theparallel generates a misleading picture oftheoretical reasoning. Once the misleadingpicture is corrected, I conclude that theattempt to model akratic belief on Davidson'saccount of akratic action cannot work. Thearguments that deny the possibility of akraticbelief also undermine, more generally, variousattempts to assimilate theoretical to practicalreasoning.
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  17. Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations.Jonathan E. Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    This interdisciplinary work is a collection of major essays on reasoning: deductive, inductive, abductive, belief revision, defeasible, cross cultural, conversational, and argumentative. They are each oriented toward contemporary empirical studies. The book focuses on foundational issues, including paradoxes, fallacies, and debates about the nature of rationality, the traditional modes of reasoning, as well as counterfactual and causal reasoning. It also includes chapters on the interface between reasoning and other forms of thought. In general, this last set of essays represents growth (...)
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  18. Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia.Jonathan E. Brockopp (ed.) - 2003 - University of South Carolina Press.
    o ne -taking -Life ana Oavmg .Life The Islamic Context Jonathan E. Brockopp The great ethicists of the western world, Augustine, Aquinas, Kant, and others, ...
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  19.  63
    Muslim Medical Ethics: From Theory to Practice.Jonathan E. Brockopp & Thomas Eich (eds.) - 2008 - University of South Carolina Press.
    Muslim Medical Ethics draws on the work of historians, health-care professionals, theologians, and social scientists to produce an interdisciplinary view of ...
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  20. Transmitting Knowledge.Jonathan E. Adler - 1996 - Noûs 30 (1):99-111.
  21. Another Argument for the Knowledge Norm.Jonathan E. Adler - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):407-411.
    The knowledge norm of assertion is mainly in competition with a high probability or rational credibility norm. The argument for the knowledge norm that I offer turns on cases in which a hearer responds to a speaker's assertion by asserting another sentence that would lower the probability of the speaker's assertion, were its probability less than one. In cases like this, though with qualifications, is the hearer's contribution a challenge to the speaker's assertion or complementary to it? My answer is (...)
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  22.  29
    More on Race and Crime: Levin's Reply.Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (2):105-114.
  23. Withdrawal and Contextualism.Jonathan E. Adler - 2006 - Analysis 66 (4):280–285.
  24.  17
    Practical Reasoning: Goal-Driven, Knowledge-Based, Action-Guiding Argumentation.Jonathan E. Adler - 1990 - Ethics 102 (1):179-180.
  25.  22
    Abstraction is Uncooperative.Jonathan E. Adler - 1984 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 14 (2):165–181.
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  26. The Ethics of Belief: Off the Wrong Track.Jonathan E. Adler - 1999 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 23 (1):267–285.
  27.  2
    The Rationality of Science.Jonathan E. Adler - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (130):90-92.
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  28.  22
    Fallacies and Alternative Interpretations.Jonathan E. Adler - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (3):271 – 282.
  29. Contextualism and Fallibility: Pragmatic Encroachment, Possibility, and Strength of Epistemic Position.Jonathan E. Adler - 2012 - Synthese 188 (2):247-272.
    A critique of conversational epistemic contextualism focusing initially on why pragmatic encroachment for knowledge is to be avoided. The data for pragmatic encroachment by way of greater costs of error and the complementary means to raise standards of introducing counter-possibilities are argued to be accountable for by prudence, fallibility and pragmatics. This theme is sharpened by a contrast in recommendations: holding a number of factors constant, when allegedly higher standards for knowing hold, invariantists still recommend assertion (action), while contextualists do (...)
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  30. Moore's Paradox and the Transparency of Belief.Jonathan E. Adler & Bradley Armour-Garb - 2007 - In Mitchell S. Green & John N. Williams (eds.), Moore's Paradox: New Essays on Belief, Rationality, and the First Person. Oxford University Press.
  31.  6
    The Effect of Interactional Fairness and Detection on Taxpayers’ Compliance Intentions.Jonathan Farrar, Steven E. Kaplan & Linda Thorne - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (1):167-180.
    Although the role of fairness in tax compliance has been of increasing interest among the academic and professional tax communities, very little is known about the role of interactional fairness. Interactional fairness refers to the quality of the treatment provided to individuals from authority figures, such as tax authority representatives. We conduct an experiment using US taxpayers to examine the role of interactional fairness on tax compliance intentions, and how detection influences this relation. Taxpayers’ detection salience reflects their perceptions that (...)
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  32. Reliabilist Justification (or Knowledge) as a Good Truth-Ratio.Jonathan E. Adler - 2005 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (4):445–458.
    Fair lotteries offer familiar ways to pose a number of epistemological problems, prominently those of closure and of scepticism. Although these problems apply to many epistemological positions, in this paper I develop a variant of a lottery case to raise a difficulty with the reliabilist's fundamental claim that justification or knowledge is to be analyzed as a high truth-ratio (of the relevant belief-forming processes). In developing the difficulty broader issues are joined including fallibility and the relation of reliability to understanding.
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  33.  73
    Conservatism and Tacit Confirmation.Jonathan E. Adler - 1990 - Mind 99 (396):559-570.
  34.  26
    Belief and Negation.Jonathan E. Adler & J. Anthony Blair - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (3).
    This paper argues for the importance of the distinction between internal and external negation over expressions for belief. The common fallacy is to confuse statement like (1) and (2): (1) John believes that the school is not closed on Tuesday; (2) John does not believe that the school is closed on Tuesday. The fallacy has ramifications in teaching, reasoning, and argumentation. Analysis of the fallacy and suggestions for teaching are offered.
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  35.  23
    American Philosophy. [REVIEW]T. E. - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (3):525-525.
    An attempt to introduce readers "at the eleventh grade level" to some leading principles and practitioners of philosophy in America. This undertaking, admittedly difficult, meets with varying success. The book's most satisfactory part consists of essays by various contributors describing the different fields of philosophy; the rest outlines briefly the philosophical doctrines most influential in American thought, and sketches the lives of a wide assortment of American "philosophers," from Jonathan Edwards to Franklin D. Roosevelt, with a one- or two-paragraph (...)
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  36. Luckless Desert is Different Desert.Jonathan E. Adler - 1987 - Mind 96 (382):247-249.
  37. Presupposition, Attention, and Why Questions.Jonathan E. Adler - 2008 - In Jonathan Eric Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.), Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 748--764.
  38.  83
    Skepticism and Universalizability.Jonathan E. Adler - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy 78 (3):143-156.
  39.  60
    Critical Thinking, A Deflated Defense: A Critical Study of John E. McPeck's Teaching Critical Thinking: Dialogue and Dialectic.Jonathan E. Adler - 1991 - Informal Logic 13 (2).
    A critical study of McPeck's recent book, in which he strengthens and develops his arguments against teaching critical thinking (CT). Accepting McPeck's basic claim that there is no unitary skill of reasoning or thinking, I argue that his strictures on CT courses or programs do not follow. I set out what I consider the proper justification that programs in CT have to meet, and argue both that McPeck demands much more than is required, and also that it is plausible that (...)
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  40. Taking Life and Saving Life : The Islamic Context.Jonathan E. Brockopp - 2003 - In Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia. University of South Carolina Press.
  41.  20
    Charity, Interpretation, Fallacy.Jonathan E. Adler - 1996 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 29 (4):329 - 343.
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  42.  11
    Interpreting Azimuthal Fourier Coefficients for Anisotropic and Fracture Parameters.Jonathan E. Downton & Benjamin Roure - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (3):ST9-ST27.
    Amplitude variation with offset and azimuth analysis can be separated into two separate parts: amplitude variation with offset analysis and amplitude variation with azimuth analysis. Useful information about fractures and anisotropy can be obtained just by examining the AVAz. The AVAz can be described as a sum of sinusoids of different periodicities, each characterized by its magnitude and phase. This sum is mathematically equivalent to a Fourier series, and hence the coefficients describing the AVAz response are azimuthal Fourier coefficients. This (...)
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  43.  37
    Knowing, Betting and Cohering.Jonathan E. Adler - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (1):243-257.
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  44.  4
    Bioethics of Public Commenting: Manipulation, Data Risk, and Public Participation in E‐Rulemaking.Jonathan Beever & Lakelyn E. Taylor - 2021 - Wiley: Bioethics 36 (1):18-24.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 1, Page 18-24, January 2022.
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  45.  2
    Bioethics of Public Commenting: Manipulation, Data Risk, and Public Participation in E-Rulemaking.Jonathan Beever & Lakelyn E. Taylor - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (1):18-24.
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  46.  15
    Fallacies Not Fallacious: Not!Jonathan E. Adler - 1997 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 30 (4):333 - 350.
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  47.  32
    Surprise.Jonathan E. Adler - 2008 - Educational Theory 58 (2):149-173.
    Surprise is of great value for learning, especially in cases where deep‐seated preconceptions and assumptions are upset by vivid demonstrations. In this essay, Jonathan Adler explores the ways in which surprise positively affects us and serves as a valuable tool for motivating learning. Adler considers how students’ attention is aroused and focused self‐critically when their subject matter–related expectations are not borne out. These “surprises” point students toward discoveries about gaps or weaknesses or false assumptions within their subject matter understanding; (...)
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  48.  42
    Executive Attitudes, Organizational Size and Ethical Issues: Perspectives on a Service Industry. [REVIEW]Paul R. Murphy, Jonathan E. Smith & James M. Daley - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):11 - 19.
    Responding to Randall and Gibson''s (1990) call for more rigorous methodologies in empirically-based ethics research, this paper develops propositions — based on both previous ethics research as well as the larger organizational behavior literature — examining the impact of attitudes, leadership, presence/absence of ethical codes and organizational size on corporate ethical behavior. The results, which come from a mail survey of 149 companies in a major U.S. service industry, indicate that attitudes and organizational size are the best predictors of ethical (...)
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  49.  76
    Stove on Hume's Inductive Scepticism.Jonathan E. Adler - 1975 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53 (2):167 – 170.
  50. William James and What Cannot Be Believed.Jonathan E. Adler - 2005 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (1):65-79.
    My critical comments focus mainly on premises,, and. However, in treating these I will address other of James’s assumptions—particularly, the presupposition of his argument that it is possible to will to believe. Later I will try to accommodate existential aspects of James’s argument that retain value, even if my objections to his argument stand.
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